在美国定居

英语也不会说英语

当你在美国避难时,会发生什么?

What happens when you are a refugee in America?

在美国定居

Resettlement in America

抵达美国

Arriving in the United States

当你第一次抵达美国, 你将可能会到机场迎接由志愿者从您重新安置机构. 他们会带你去你的公寓. 帮助你组织仅有极少量的钱,你找个地方住. 这意味着公寓可能小,可能只有在它的几件事. 美国家庭可能捐赠家居用品, 如床和桌子, 为你的公寓.

When you first arrive in the United States, you will probably be greeted at the airport by volunteers from your resettlement agency. They will take you to your apartment. The organization that is helping you only has a small amount of money to find you a place to live. This means the apartment might be small and might only have a few things in it. American families probably donated household items, such as a bed and table, for your apartment.

你必须学会如何在你的公寓 — — 例如使用新的项目, 你的冰箱, 微波炉和洗衣机. 此页上 基本技能 有信息可帮助您了解如何使用这些项目. 您可以访问此页 了解食物和吃 在美国.

You will have to learn how to use the new items in your apartment – for example, your fridge, microwave and washing machine. This page on basic skills has information to help you learn how to use these items. You can visit this page to learn about food and eating in the USA.

你的个案

Your caseworker

在你到达之后, 您将分配到社会工作者. 这个人会帮助您适应美国. 你的个案可能会很忙,帮助其他家庭, 太. 你社会工作者必须遵循的许多规则的重新安置难民. 它是重要的是保持良好的关系与你的个案.

After you arrive, you will be assigned to a caseworker. This person will help you adjust to the USA. Your caseworker will probably be very busy helping other families, too. Your caseworker must follow the many rules of refugee resettlement. It is important to maintain a good relationship with your caseworker.

你将不得不完成大量的文书工作. 这项文书作业是你需要去收钱. 根据所处的状态,你住在, 您将收到少量的钱为你的家人. 这可能被称为现金援助难民或它可能调用贫困家庭临时援助. 你将可能还会收到一种叫做"粮票"或管理单元. 这是花钱买杂货. 你可以了解更多关于您可能会收到在此页的好处 公共福利.

You will have to complete a lot of paperwork. This paperwork is required for you to receive money. Depending on what state you live in, you will receive a small amount of money for your family. This might be called Refugee Cash Assistance or it might be called Temporary Assistance for Needy Families. You will probably also receive something called “food stamps” or SNAP. This is to pay for groceries. You can learn more about the benefits you might receive at this page on public benefits.

医学考试

Medical exams

在你的家庭中的每个人都会有去体检. 你来美国之前你可能医疗检查过. 你和你的孩子可能要接种疫苗,以防止你的疾病. 要了解更多关于美国医疗的, 请访问此 美国医疗系统页. 如果你有一个医疗问题, 你应该在你是在美国的首八个月期间去看医生, 因为你有很好的医疗保险.

Everyone in your family will have to get medical examinations. You probably had a medical exam before you came to America. You and your children may have to get vaccinations to prevent you from getting diseases. To learn more about healthcare in the US, visit this page on the US medical system. If you have a medical problem, you should see a doctor during the first eight months you are in the US, because you have good medical insurance.

注册您的孩子在学校

Enrolling your children in school

如果你有孩子, 你必须为他们登记在学校. 你可以阅读这个页面上 公立学校 要了解更多关于美国学校. 大多数的州要求儿童年龄 5 自 18 去上学.

If you have children, you must enroll them in school. You can read this page on public schools to learn more about US schools. Most states require children ages 5 to 18 to attend school.

你可能想要, 或需要, 年轻的孩子送到幼儿园. 也有说领先和早期领先的孩子们太年轻,不适合学校的免费程序.

You may want, or need, to send younger children to preschool. There are also free programs called HeadStart and early Headstart for children who are too young for school.

找一份工作

Finding a job

你重新安置机构和个案经理会帮助你找到一份工作. 作为一个难民, 你可以在你的护照上显示入境盖章立即开始工作. 美国重新安置计划的目标是"自给自足"。这意味着政府要你,只要你能找到一份工作. 可能会要求你参加你提供的第一份工作. 你可能不想要这份工作. 很重要的是要记住,你可以继续寻找更好的工作. 要了解更多关于找工作或找个更好的工作, 您可以访问我们 职业生涯页.

Your resettlement agency and case manager will help you get a job. As a refugee, you can start working immediately by showing the entry stamp on your passport. The goal of the US resettlement program is “self-sufficiency.” This means the government wants you to get a job as soon as you can. You will probably be required to take the first job you are offered. You might not want to have this job. It is important to remember that you can keep looking for a better job. To learn more about finding a job or getting a better job, you can visit our career page.

获取社会安全号码

Getting a Social Security number

你也要申请 社会安全号码. 你的个案可能会帮助你做这. 这是一个数字,显示你可以住在美国. 当你工作时, 一些你的钱是从你的薪水作为税收和一些社会保障.

You also have to apply for a Social Security number. Your caseworker will probably help you do this. This is a number that shows you can live in the US. When you work, some of your money is taken out of your paycheck as taxes and some for social security.

学习如何驾驶

Learn how to drive

你需要学会如何乘公共汽车或 如何驾驶. 在美国, 你必须通过测试及赚取你的驾驶执照,驾驶. 你也要为你的车, 你的车的保险, 和维护成本.

You will need to learn how to take the bus or how to drive. In the US, you must pass a test and earn your driver’s license in order to drive. You also have to pay for your car, insurance for your car, and the cost of maintenance.

学习英语

Learn English

它是非常重要的是你集中精力学习英语. 这可能是最重要的事情,你能如何帮助您的家庭获得成功. 你重新安置机构,很可能会替你签订英语课. 你也可以 在线英语课 或在你的社区中找到类在其他地方. 它也是重要的尝试,以帮助你的孩子学习自己的母语.

It is very important that you focus on learning English. This is probably the most important thing you can do to help your family succeed. Your resettlement agency will probably sign you up for English classes. You can also take English classes online or find classes at other places in your community. It is also important to try to help your kids learn your native language.

适应美国文化

Adjust to American culture

在这段期间, 你也将学会适应 美国文化. 你可能会面临 文化冲击. 它是重要的你要记住你文化是宝贵和你随身携带更多的资产到美国. 你可以帮助你的文化教美国人.

During all of this time, you will also be learning to adapt to American culture. You may face culture shock. It is important that you remember you culture is valuable and that you bring lots of assets with you to the United States. You can help teach Americans about your culture.

一年后, 获得绿卡

After one year, get a Green Card

一年后你已经抵达美国, 你可以申请永久居留 (一个 格林卡). 你的个案可能将帮助你将.

One year after you have arrived in the US, you can apply for permanent residency (a green card). Your caseworker will probably help you apply.

在一年后, 你可能会止步看到你个案工作者. 但, 还有很多的其他组织和个人,可以帮助你在美国. 如果你需要在你的社区中查找程序的帮助, 您可以搜索我们 数据库 资源的 在你的城市.

After the first year, you will probably stop seeing your case worker. But, there are still lots of other organizations and people that can help you in the US. If you need help finding programs in your community, you can search our database of resources In Your City.

搬到一个新城市

Moving to a new city

有时, 难民决定他们不喜欢他们被重新安置的城市和他们想要移动到一个新的城市. 虽然可以产生效益的如果你可以靠拢,向家人或朋友或者什么地方有一份好工作, 它也可以很难. 它是重要的是知道,当你移动, 你不必重新申请您的好处. 如果你正在考虑搬到一个新的地方, 请阅读这个页面上 搬到一个新的城市 在移动之前.

Sometimes, refugees decide they do not like the city they were resettled and they want to move to a new city. While there can be benefits to this if you can move closer to family or friends or somewhere with a good job, it can also be very hard. It is important to know that when you move, you have to reapply for your benefits. If you are thinking about moving to a new place, please read this page on moving to a new city before you move.

完成高中学业,赚取你 GED

Finish high school and earn your GED

你第一年后, 为了得到更好的工作, 您可能还需要完成你的教育, 特别是如果您没有完成高中在您的国家. RCO 有一个免费的程序来帮助你赚你 高中同等学历文凭. 你可以访问本页面以了解更多关于 大学和其他教育的机会 在美国.

After your first year, in order to get a better job, you may also need to finish your education, especially if you did not finish high school in your country. The RCO has a free program to help you earn your high school equivalency diploma. You can visit this page to learn more about college and other educational opportunities in the USA.

带你的家人到美国

Bring your family to the United States

你可能还想申请要给美国带来其他家庭成员. 在一般情况下, 您需要申请做这你来到美国的第一个两年内. 您可以访问此页上 家庭团聚 了解更多或你社会工作者谈谈.

You may also want to apply to bring other family members to America. In general, you need to apply to do this within the first two years you come to the USA. You can visit this page on family reunification to learn more or talk to your caseworker about it.

如果你对你第一年有更多的问题在美国, 请访问我们 在线论坛 所以你可以问问题.

If you have more questions about your first year in America, please visit our online forums so you can ask questions.

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