快到该缴纳税款的时候了:在美国支付所得税 (Chinese)

英语也不会说英语

快到该缴纳税款的时候了:在美国支付所得税

Taxes are amounts of money people contribute to the costs of running a country or community. For example, taxes pay for schools, hospitals, and roads.When citizens and green card holders pay taxes, they are paying their share of programs that benefit them.

什么是税?

How to pay taxes in the US: understanding the forms and process

税就是我们向政府支付的一笔款项。政府包括联邦政府、州政府以及负责各县市的较小的地方政府。

What is a tax?

如果您在美国赚钱、花钱或拥有房产,您将要缴纳这种或那种税款。当公民和绿卡持有人缴纳税款时,就是为了对他们自己和所在社区有利的项目支付自己的一部分款项。例如,税收用来建设学校、医院和道路。

A tax is an amount of money we pay to governments. Governments include federal government, state governments, and the smaller, local governments that run counties and cities. If you earn money, spend money, or own property in America, you will pay taxes of one kind or another. It is important to understand how to pay taxes in the right way.

 

What is income tax?

什么是所得税?

How do I pay taxes

所得税是为您的收入(您每年赚取或收到的钱)付税。人们向联邦政府和大多数州政府缴纳所得税。(有些州,如新罕布什尔州和佛罗里达州,不收取所得税。)联邦所得税由国税局(IRS)收取,并交给美国政府财政部。国家所得税交给国家收入部门。

Income tax is a tax on your income (what you earn or receive every year). People pay income tax to the federal government and to most state governments. (Some states, such as New Hampshire and Florida, do not charge income tax.) Federal income tax is collected by the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) and goes to the US Treasury. State income tax goes to state revenue departments.

您所支付的所得税的税率或金额取决于您赚取多少及开支多少。赚取或收取更多钱的人缴纳税款更多。

The rate, or amount, of income tax you pay depends on how much you earn and what your expenses are. People who earn or receive more money pay more in taxes than people who get less money.

提交报税表

Other things affect how much you pay. If you have children, you get a large tax credit to help you with the costs of raising a family. A tax credit means you pay tax on less of your income.

每年,雇员和雇主都必须计算自己前一年的收入。然后他们算出自己欠多少税,并把该数目寄给政府。此一过程称为提交报税表。很多人在提交报税表时,已经缴完税了。这是因为在他们收到薪水前,税金已从他们的正常薪水中扣除。有时,您的纳税申报表可能会显示您已经缴纳了太多的税款,政府该向您退款!

Getting married can affect how much tax you pay, too. Single people get a lower tax credit than a married couple, so they may pay more tax. But married couples who both work may pay more tax together than when they were single.

我的纳税责任是什么?

How do I file a tax return?

无论您欠税还是政府欠您的,您都有责任每年在4月15日之前将你的报税表寄给政府。您将在政府印制的表格上填写报税表并寄回。该表格很长,要求您提供有关您收入和支出的详细信息。

Every year, workers and businesses have to calculate their income for the year before. Then they figure out how much tax they owe and send their figures to the government. This process is called “filing a tax return.” Many people have already paid their taxes by the time they file their tax return. This is because an amount for taxes is taken from their regular paychecks before they get paid. Sometimes, your tax return may show you’ve already paid too much tax, and the government owes you a refund!

获得帮助

Do I need to file a tax return?

如果听起来这很困难,别担心。您可以得到帮助。许多社区和移民组织提供援助。如果您是最近安置的难民,请到您的安置办公室寻求帮助。

Whether you owe taxes or the government owes you, it is your responsibility to know when and how to pay taxes . You must send your tax return for the previous year to the government before April 15 every year. You will send in your tax return on a form printed by the government. The forms are very long and ask for lots of details about your income and expenses.

即使您不是难民,政府也有方案来帮助有需要者。志愿者所得税协助(VITA)计划为每年收入54,000美元或以下者、残疾人士及英语水平不足人士免费提供纳税帮助。以下是有关VITA信息的页面。您可以使用此VITA定位器快速找到离您最近的帮助。许多地方提供西班牙语、阿拉伯语、中文和其他语言的帮助。

How do I get help paying taxes?

在线提交报税表

If you are having a hard time understanding how to pay taxes, do not worry. You can get help. Many community and resettlement organizations offer assistance. If you are a recently resettled refugee, ask for help at your resettlement office.

如果您想自己提交纳税申报单,有几种程序您可以选择使用。以下是IRS有关在线提交报税单的视频。或者您可以直接进入IRS Freefile网站,在那里开始填写报税表。

Even if you are not a refugee, the government has a program to help people who need it. The Volunteer Income Tax Assistance (VITA) program offers free tax help to people who earn $54,000 a year or less, to people with disabilities, and to people with limited English. You can quickly find the nearest help by using the VITA locator. Many places offer help in Spanish, Arabic, Chinese and other languages.

祝您今年提交报税表顺利!

Filing your tax return online

 

If you prefer to file your own tax return, there are several programs you can use, including the most common one, Turbo Tax. But you do have to pay for Turbo Tax.

You can also go straight to the IRS Freefile website and start the process there.

Learn more

Find help near you

Use FindHello to search for services and resources in your city.

Start your search
本页是否帮助您? 笑脸 是啊 皱眉脸 没有
感谢您的反馈!