How do I apply for college?
To apply for college takes a lot of time and work. But it is worth the effort!
College admission requirements
直接入读两年制学院, 四年制学院或大学, 你将需要一个高中文凭. 如果你没有去高中, 或如果你在毕业之前离开, 你可以得到高中同等学历文凭相反. 这表明你有足够的教育去上大学.
To be admitted to a two-year college, four-year collge or university, you will need a high school diploma. If you did not go to high school, or if you left before graduating, you can get a high school equivalency diploma instead. This shows you have enough education to go to college.
You can earn your high school equivalency diploma (called GED or HiSET) at community colleges, through evening classes for immigrants and refugees, or online with the RCO’s free GED preparation class.
What types of colleges are there?
社区学院是专注于职业技能的主要的两年制公立学校. 经常从社区学院毕业的学生收到的证书或副学士学位. 社区学院可以帮助学生获得重要的技能，开始提供最低生活工资的职业生涯 (这意味着任何支付足够的钱来生活而无需做两份不同的工作或得到政府的帮助的人的就业机会). 一些社区学院有计划来帮助学生转入四年制大学. 社区学院是通常低于四年制大学.
Community colleges are primarily two-year public schools that focus on career skills. Students who graduate from community colleges often receive certificates or associate degrees. Community colleges can help students gain important skills to begin careers offering a living wage (this means any jobs that pay enough money for people to live without needing to work two different jobs or get help from the government). Some community colleges have programs to help students transfer to four-year colleges. Community colleges are typically cheaper than four-year colleges.
很多美国人去上四年大学后他们完成高中学业. 一所大学是大学提供的不只是学士 (本科) 度但研究生学位太 (硕士或博士学位). 然而, 在美国的日常生活用语, 人们常说 “大学” 所有的教育，高中毕业后.
Many Americans go to a four-year college after they finish high school. A university is a college that offers not just bachelor’s (undergraduate) degrees but post-graduate degrees too (Master’s or PhD). However, in everyday speech in the United States, people often say “college” for all education that comes after high school.
高校可以是私人或公共学校. 民办高校通常成本比公立大学更多的钱. 然而, 民办高校也可能更多的奖学金钱可用.
Colleges can be either private or public schools. Private colleges normally cost more money than public colleges. However, private colleges may also have more scholarship money available.
College application requirements
If you know which college you with to attend, you can look on its website for information about how to apply. Below is a list the usual application requirements, courtesy of bestcolleges.com:
任何人试图出席两次会议- 或四年制学院或大学应付学校的入学要求所需. 虽然这些可以从学校的不同, 应用过程通常包括提交:
Anyone seeking to attend a two- or four-year college or university is required to meet the school’s admission requirements. While these can differ from school to school, the application process typically consists of submitting:
an online application form;
a letter of intent or personal statement;
at least one supplemental essay (the topic is typically provided by the school);
two or more letters of recommendation from previous teachers;
high school transcripts;
standardized test scores;
Other helpful information
How can I pay for college?
Students must pay to attend college before they start classes. Here are some ways you can pay for your education:
一些学生支付学费与贷款, 无论是从政府或私人贷款. 向政府申请贷款, 你必须完成申请表, 这是联邦学生援助免费申请表. 当你申请贷款从政府, 你要好好报答他们感兴趣地. 这意味着任何你借你的钱要回来付给政府, 通常用额外的钱叫做利息. 私人贷款有时会有非常利率. 在你决定采取学生贷款之前, 你应该跟学校辅导员或人可以帮助你，请确保您了解贷款.
Some students pay for college with loans, either from the government or private loans. To apply for a loan from the government, you have to complete the FAFSA, which is the Free Application for Federal Student Aid. When you apply for loans from the government, you have to repay them with interest. This means any money you borrow you have to pay back to the government, normally with extra money called interest. Private loans can sometimes have very interest rates. Before you decide to take student loans, you should talk to a school counselor or someone who can help you and make sure you understand the loans.
这是联邦学生援助免费申请的政府官方网站. 来自低收入家庭的学生可以得到助学金或奖学金，帮助他们支付学费. 填写申请表是非常复杂和令人困惑的美国家庭为难民家庭.
This is the official government website for the Free Application for Federal Student Aid. Students from low-income families can receive grants or scholarships to help them pay for school. Completing the FAFSA is very complicated and confusing for American families as well as refugee families.
一些学生支付学费由兼职去学校兼职和工作. 有时, 学校将给学生让他们在校园工作，薪水从联邦工作研究基金的资助. 你也可以找到一份兼职的工作，具有灵活的工作时间，以便你可以上大学. 然而, 它很难去上大学你在工作的时候, 特别是如果你有一个家.
Some students pay for college by going to school part-time and working part-time. Sometimes, schools will give students grants that allow them to work on campus and get paid from Federal Work Study funds. You can also find a part-time job that has flexible hours so that you can attend college. However, it can be very hard to go to college while you are working, especially if you have a family.
. 然而, 你可以从你的大学申请任何奖学金, 从地方组织, 从国家.
如果你有更多的问题，关于如何申请大学, 您可以访问 我们的在线论坛 征求意见.
If you have more questions about how to apply for college, you can visit our online forums to ask for advice.