为大学做准备需要时间. 这是人生中激动人心的一步, 但有很多事情要做. 那你是怎么申请上大学的？?
Preparing for college will take time. It is an exciting step in life, but there is a lot to do. So how do you apply for college?
如果你想上大学, 在高中时开始准备. 最重要的是, 你将需要在高中取得好成绩. 你应该参加额外的活动, 太. 这意味着俱乐部, 体育, 和额外的课程. 大学也会看你的志愿工作. 这些事情将帮助你进入大学.
If you want to go to college, start preparing while you are in high school. Most of all, you will need to get good grades in high school. You should take part in extra activities, too. This means clubs, sports, and extra classes. Colleges will also look at your volunteer work. These things will help you to get into college.
在美国, 人们常说 “大学” 或 “学校” 高中毕业后的所有教育.
In the United States, people often say “college” or “school” for all education after high school.
College admission requirements
直接入读两年制学院, 四年大学, 或大学, 你将需要一个高中文凭. 如果你没有高中毕业, 你可以得到高中同等学历文凭相反. 这是一个长期的测试, 所有不同的主题在学校教. 如果您通过, 它表明你有足够的教育上大学.
To be admitted to a two-year college, four-year college, or university, you will need a high school diploma. If you did not graduate from high school, you can get a high school equivalency diploma instead. This is a long test about all the different topics taught in school. If you pass, it shows you have enough education to go to college.
你可以赚你高中同等学历文凭 (称为 GED® 或 HiSET 或 TASC) 在社区学院. 你也可以去夜校为移民和难民, 或参加我们的在线课程.
You can earn your high school equivalency diploma (called GED® or HiSET or TASC) at community colleges. You can also go to evening classes for immigrants and refugees, or take our online class.
Types of colleges
社区学院注重职业技能. 经常从社区学院毕业的学生收到的证书或副学士学位. 学士学位需要大约两年的学习. 社区学院可以帮助学生获得重要的技能，开始提供最低生活工资的职业生涯. 这意味着任何为人们支付足够钱的工作. 生活工资也意味着你不需要两份工作或政府的帮助. 一些社区学院有计划来帮助学生转入四年制大学.
Community colleges focus on career skills. Students who graduate from community colleges often receive certificates or associate degrees. Associates degrees take around two years of study. Community colleges can help students gain important skills to begin careers offering a living wage. This means any jobs that pay enough money for people. Living wage also means you would not need two jobs or help from the government. Some community colleges have programs to help students transfer to four-year colleges.
社区学院比大学小. 他们让学生参加兼职. 他们也更便宜. 一年在社区学院的平均价格是 $2,000. 大学的平均价格是 $8,000.
Community colleges are smaller than universities. They let students attend part-time. They are also cheaper. The average price of a year at a community college is $2,000. The average price at a university is $8,000.
College and university
高校比社区学院更难进入. 你将不得不通过测试进入. 很多美国人去上四年大学后他们完成高中学业. 大学是一所提供不只是本科生的大学 (学士学位) 度但研究生学位太 (硕士或博士学位). 学士学位和硕士学位将帮助你获得更好的工作, 当你毕业.
Colleges and universities are harder to get into than community colleges. You will have to pass tests to enter. Many Americans go to a four-year college after they finish high school. A university is a college that offers not just undergraduate (bachelor’s) degrees but post-graduate degrees too (master’s or PhD). bachelor’s and master’s degrees will help you get a better job when you graduate.
Public and private
高校可以是私人或公共学校. 私立大学花的钱比公立大学要多. 每年的平均成本是 $30,000. 然而, 民办高校也可能更多的奖学金钱可用. 他们有较小的班级, 所以学生可以更多地与老师交谈.
Colleges can be either private or public schools. Private colleges cost a lot more money than public colleges. The average cost per year is $30,000. However, private colleges may also have more scholarship money available. They have smaller classes so students get to talk to teachers more.
How to apply
您可以在10月开始填写大学申请. 他们需要在1月之前完成. 填写应用程序需要很长时间. 你应该早点出发, 填写 6-8 应用. 大学申请费用约 $40 每个, 所以只适用于你真正喜欢的学校. 以最好的教育著称的大学可以是非常有竞争力的. 这意味着许多学生申请, 但大多数不进入. 如果你申请的是非常有竞争力的学校, 你可能想申请一些学校, 很容易进入, 以及, 以防万一你没有进入你的第一个选择.
You can start filling out college applications in October. They need to be finished by January. It takes a long time to fill out applications. You should start early and fill out 6-8 applications. College applications cost about $40 each, so only apply to schools you really like. Colleges that are known for having the best education can be very competitive. This means that many students apply but most don’t get in. If you are applying to very competitive schools, you may want to apply to some schools that are easy to get into as well, just in case you do not get into your first choices.
如果你知道你想参加哪所大学, 您可以查看其网站, 了解如何申请. 这是你需要的:
If you know which college you want to attend, you can look on its website to learn about how to apply. This is what you need:
- 个人陈述: 这是一篇关于你为什么要去这所学校的文章. 它也是一个机会, 谈论你的技能和成绩.
- 两封或多份推荐信: 老师或你工作过的人的来信. 这些信会说为什么学校应该让你在.
- 考试成绩: 为大学, 你将需要参加 SAT 或 ACT 考试. 这些是你在学校学到的所有科目的测试. 一个好的分数将帮助你进入大学
- An online application form
- A personal statement: this is an essay about why you want to go to this school. It is also a chance to talk about your skills and grades.
- Two or more letters of recommendation: letters from teachers or people you have worked for. These letters will say why the school should let you in.
- High school transcripts
- Test scores: for university, you will need to take an SAT or ACT test. These are tests on all the subjects you learned in school. A good score will help you get into college
If you get in
你会收到一封信或电子邮件告诉你得到了. 这将在3月1日和5月1日之间发生. 如果你进了一所多所学校, 你将不得不决定去哪里. 考虑成本, 位置, 教育有多好. 告诉学校是或否尽快你可以. 这将帮助其他学生谁正在等待听到, 如果有一个地方为他们.
You will get a letter or email telling you got in. This will happen between March 1st and May 1st. If you got into more than one school, you will have to decide where to go. Think about costs, location, and how good the education is. Tell the schools yes or no as soon as you can. This will help other students who are waiting to hear if there is a spot for them.
If you don’t get in
有些学生在申请第一年不进大学. 如果你没有进入, 有选项.
Some students do not get into college the first year they apply. If you do not get in, there are options.
一些学校提供滚动招生. 这意味着他们不接受所有的学生在同一时间. 相反, 他们接受学生一次, 直到所有的斑点都不见了. 如果有斑点留下, 你可以在春季或夏季申请这些学校。.
Some colleges offering rolling admissions. This means that they do not accept all the students at one time. Instead, they accept students one at a time until all the spots are gone. If there are spots left, you can apply to these school in the late spring or summer.
你可能决定休假一年, 努力省钱. 你将有时间去研究大学, 并决定明年你想申请哪一项。. 您还可以尝试在您感兴趣的领域获得实习或做志愿者活动。. 实习是没有报酬的工作. 此体验将帮助您在下次申请时获得.
You might decide to take a year off and work to save money. You will have time to research colleges and decide where you want to apply next year. You can also try to get an internship or do volunteering in the field you are interested in. An internship is an unpaid job. This experience will help you get in the next time they apply.
申请大学可以是一个漫长的过程. 一步步走. 即使你的孩子没有进入, 还有其他选项.
Applying for college can be a long process. Take it step by step. Even if your child doesn’t get in, there are other options.