我该如何申请大学?

英语也不会说英语

How do I apply for college

How do I apply for college

准备上大学会花一段时间。这是令人兴奋的人生阶段,可是也有很多事要做。你该如何准备上大学?

Preparing for college will take time. It is an exciting step in life, but there is a lot to do. So how do you apply for college?

如果你想要上大学,在高中时就应该开始准备。高中时的好成绩是最重要的。你也应该参加课外活动,包括俱乐部、运动、和额外课程。大学也会看你的志工记录。这些方面的成绩会帮助你进入大学。

If you want to go to college, start preparing while you are in high school. Most of all, you will need to get good grades in high school. You should take part in extra activities, too. This means clubs, sports, and extra classes. Colleges will also look at your volunteer work. These things will help you to get into college.

在美国,人们通常以“college” 或“school”来形容高中后的所有教育阶段。

In the United States, people often say “college” or “school” for all education after high school.

进入大学的要求

College admission requirements

你必须有高中毕业文凭才能被二年制学院、四年制学院、或大学录取。如果你没有从高中毕业,你可以取得高中同等学历,这个考试是关于学校里教的不同的课程。如果你通过,就意味着你拥有足够的教育基础让你进入大学。

To be admitted to a two-year college, four-year college, or university, you will need a high school diploma. If you did not graduate from high school, you can get a high school equivalency diploma instead. This is a long test about all the different topics taught in school. If you pass, it shows you have enough education to go to college.

你可以从社区学院获得高中同等学历证书(叫做GED®或HiSET或TASC)。你也可以上针对移民及难民的夜间课程,或自修线上课程。

You can earn your high school equivalency diploma (called GED® or HiSET or TASC) at community colleges. You can also go to evening classes for immigrants and refugees, or take our online class.

学院的种类

Types of colleges

社区学院

Community college

社区学院注重职业技能。从社区学院毕业的学生通常会取得证书或副学士学位。副学士学位得花大约两年的时间。社区学院可以帮助学生获得重要技能,让他们做能提供足够薪资的工作,而这也意味着你不需要做两份工作或接受政府的帮助。有些社区学院有课程可以帮助学生转学到四年制学院。

Community colleges focus on career skills. Students who graduate from community colleges often receive certificates or associate degrees. Associates degrees take around two years of study. Community colleges can help students gain important skills to begin careers offering a living wage. This means any jobs that pay enough money for people. Living wage also means you would not need two jobs or help from the government. Some community colleges have programs to help students transfer to four-year colleges.

社区学院比大学小,也更便宜,而且他们会让学生半工半读。社区学院的平均学费是一年美金两千元,而在大学则是美金八千元。

Community colleges are smaller than universities. They let students attend part-time. They are also cheaper. The average price of a year at a community college is $2,000. The average price at a university is $8,000.

大学

College and university

 

比起社区学院,学院和大学的录取门槛较高,而且你将必须通过某些考试。许多美国人在高中毕业后会进入四年制学院。比起学院,大学提供了不只大学课程(学士学位),还有大学后学位(硕士或博士学位)。学士和硕士学位会帮助你在毕业后找到比较好的工作。

Colleges and universities are harder to get into than community colleges. You will have to pass tests to enter. Many Americans go to a four-year college after they finish high school. A university is a college that offers not just undergraduate (bachelor’s) degrees but post-graduate degrees too (master’s or PhD). bachelor’s and master’s degrees will help you get a better job when you graduate.

公立及私立

Public and private

大学可能是私立或公立学校。私立大学的学费比公立大学要贵得很多,每年平均学费是$30,000。不过,私立大学也可能会有比较多的奖学金。他们的班级较小,所以学生可以更多地与老师交谈。

Colleges can be either private or public schools. Private colleges cost a lot more money than public colleges. The average cost per year is $30,000. However, private colleges may also have more scholarship money available. They have smaller classes so students get to talk to teachers more.

如何申请

How to apply

你在十月的时候可以开始填写大学申请表,并且需要在一月前完成。填写申请表要花很长的一段时间。你应该尽早开始填写6-8份申请表。每份申请表每个大约花费40美元,所以你应该只申请你真正喜欢的学校。要进入以提供最好教育而闻名的大学可能会很竞争,这表示大多数申请的学生不会被录取。如果你申请非常竞争的学校,你可能会想要同时申请比较不竞争的学校,以防万一不被你的第一志愿学校录取,仍然有学校可读。

You can start filling out college applications in October. They need to be finished by January. It takes a long time to fill out applications. You should start early and fill out 6-8 applications. College applications cost about $40 each, so only apply to schools you really like. Colleges that are known for having the best education can be very competitive. This means that many students apply but most don’t get in. If you are applying to very competitive schools, you may want to apply to some schools that are easy to get into as well, just in case you do not get into your first choices.

如果你知道你想去哪一所学校,你可以看看它的网站以了解如何申请。你将会需要这些:

If you know which college you want to attend, you can look on its website to learn about how to apply. This is what you need:

  • 线上申请表
  • 个人介绍:这是一篇陈述你为何想要进入这所学校的文章,也是介绍你的技能和成绩的机会。
  • 两封以上的推荐信:老师或雇主提供的信件,对学校推荐为何应该录取你。
  • 高中成绩单
  • 考试成绩:SAT或ACT考试是进大学必须的考试,内容包含所有在高中上过的课程。好的成绩会帮助你进入大学。
  • An online application form
  • A personal statement: this is an essay about why you want to go to this school. It is also a chance to talk about your skills and grades.
  • Two or more letters of recommendation: letters from teachers or people you have worked for. These letters will say why the school should let you in.
  • High school transcripts
  • Test scores: for university, you will need to take an SAT or ACT test. These are tests on all the subjects you learned in school. A good score will help you get into college

如果你被录取

If you get in

你会收到一封信或电子邮件通知你被录取了,通常是在三月一日到五月一日间。如果你被一所学校以上录取,你就得决定要去哪一间学校。考虑成本、地点和教育的质量。尽快告诉学校你的决定,因为这会帮助其他正在等待的学生知道是否有他们的位置。

You will get a letter or email telling you got in. This will happen between March 1st and May 1st. If you got into more than one school, you will have to decide where to go. Think about costs, location, and how good the education is. Tell the schools yes or no as soon as you can. This will help other students who are waiting to hear if there is a spot for them.

如果你没有被录取

If you don’t get in

有些学生在申请的第一年没有被大学录取。如果你没有被录取,还有一些方案。

Some students do not get into college the first year they apply. If you do not get in, there are options.

有些大学提供滚动录取,这意味着他们不是同时录取所有学生,而是持续一个一个学生,直到学籍满了为止。如果有空位,你可以在晚春或夏季申请这些学校。

Some colleges offering rolling admissions. This means that they do not accept all the students at one time. Instead, they accept students one at a time until all the spots are gone. If there are spots left, you can apply to these school in the late spring or summer.

你可能决定休假一年,努力省钱。你将有时间研究不同的大学,并决定明年你想申请的地方。你也可以尝试在您感兴趣的领域实习或做志工。实习是无薪工作,相关经验会在下次申请时对你有帮助。

You might decide to take a year off and work to save money. You will have time to research colleges and decide where you want to apply next year. You can also try to get an internship or do volunteering in the field you are interested in. An internship is an unpaid job. This experience will help you get in the next time they apply.

申请大学可能是一个漫长的过程,要一步一步来。即使你或孩子没有被录取,也有其他选择。

Applying for college can be a long process. Take it step by step. Even if you or your child don’t get in, there are other options.

更多Refugee Center Online的资源

More resources from the Refugee Center Online

有用的连结

Useful links

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