文化冲击

英语也不会说英语

当你适应一种新的文化时,你可能会经历不同的时期,在那里你会感受到不同的方式。其中一个阶段被称为“文化冲击”。

As you adjust to a new culture, you may go through different periods where you feel different ways. Part of the process is known as “culture shock.” Understanding about culture shock will help you accept the feelings and make it easier to adjust.

Culture shock infographic
Image courtesy of the Cultural Orientation Resource Center

Culture shock infographic
Image courtesy of the Cultural Orientation Resource Center

上图显示了你可能经历的文化调整阶段。让我们更详细地看一下阶段。

The picture above shows how people feel as they go through the stages of cultural adjustment. Let’s look at the stages in more detail.

1.蜜月阶段

1. The honeymoon phase

当你第一次来到美国时,你可能会感到高兴和兴奋。你可能对你的新生活有很多目标和期望。你可能期待美国很久了。你可能听说过很多关于美国的伟大的事情。你希望你能很快找到一份好工作,拥有一个好房子,或者学习英语。你可能很紧张,但你期待着美国的一切新事物。

When you first arrive in the USA, you may feel happy and excited. You may have lots of goals and expectations for what will happen in your new life. You have probably been waiting to come to America for a long time. You may have heard lots of great things about the USA. You expect that you will quickly get a good job, have a nice house, and earn English. You may be nervous, but you look forward to all the new things in America.

2.文化冲击阶段<

2. The culture shock phase

在这段时间里,你可能会开始感到沮丧和悲伤。你可能开始感到愤怒。你可能会感到害怕或真的怀念你的祖国。

During this time period, you may start to feel upset and sad. You may start to feel angry. You might feel scared or really miss your home country.

如果你不说英语,文化冲击阶段会持续很长时间。为了在这段时间内帮助你,你应该试着与来自你文化的其他难民会面,找到卖你传统食物的商店。

If you do not speak English, the culture shock phase can last a long time. To help you during this time, you should try to meet other refugees from your culture and find stores that sell your traditional food.

文化冲击的迹象包括:

Signs of culture shock include:

  • 无助
  • 以为一切都是肮脏的
  • 感到害怕
  • 愤怒
  • 无聊
  • 睡得太多
  • helplessness
  • thinking that everything is dirty
  • feeling afraid
  • anger
  • boredom
  • sleeping too much

你可能开始认为美国文化很糟糕,或者你不喜欢美国的任何东西。请知道,对于所有生活在新文化中的人来说,这是一个共同的阶段。最终,您将进入下一阶段。如果你不继续前进,你仍然感到悲伤或愤怒,你可能需要一些额外的帮助,你应该和你的社会工作者聊一聊。作为难民,你经历了很多困难,需要额外的帮助是可以的。

You may start to think that American culture is terrible or that you do not like anything about America. Please know that this is a common phase for all people living in new cultures. Eventually, you will move to the next phase. If you do not move on, and you still feel sad or angry, you may need some extra help, and you should talk to your caseworker about it. As a refugee, you have been through many hard things and it is all right to need extra help.

3.调整阶段

3. The adjustment phase

过了一段时间,你将有希望越过文化冲击阶段,你将开始适应美国的生活。你开始了解美国生活的现实。你或许决定做一份低薪的工作来帮助你的家人。你将开始学习英语。你可能开始有了生活规律。生活开始变得正常。

After some time, you will hopefully move past the culture shock phase and you will begin to adjust to life in the USA. You start to understand the reality of what life will be like in a new country. You may decide to take a low-paying job because it will help your family. You will begin to learn English. You are probably starting to have a routine. Life begins to feel normal.

在这个时期,一个常见的挑战是,你的孩子可能比你更快地适应美国的生活。这是很常见的,但是你可以做一些事情来帮助你的孩子与你的家庭文化保持联系。

One common challenge during this time period is that your children may be adjusting to life in the USA more quickly than you are. This is very common, but there are things you can do to help your children stay connected to your home culture.

4.集成阶段

4. The integration phase

这是文化调整的最后阶段。在这段时间里,美国将开始感觉像家一样。你会开始觉得自己属于这里。你现在可以把美国文化的一部分和你的文化的一部分混合起来。美国可能有你真正喜欢的东西,也有你在祖国真正珍视的东西。在美国,你可以很容易地驾驭你的日常生活。你可能有一些美国朋友和一些同样是移民和难民的朋友。现在是继续提高教育水平的时候了。你可以选择成为美国公民。

This is the final phase of cultural adjustment. During this time, America will begin to feel like home. You will start to feel like you belong here. You can now mix parts of American culture with parts of your culture. There may be things you really like about the United States and things you really treasure from your home country. You can easily navigate your daily life in the United States. You probably have some American friends and some friends who are also immigrants and refugees. Now is the time to continue to improve your education. You may choose to become an American citizen.

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