Puerto-Riko: Puerto-Riko sizning talabalar va ularning madaniy orqa tushunish

Ingliz tili, shuningdek,Hech Ingliz tili

Puerto-Riko talabalar: Madaniyat fon profillar

Puerto Rican students: Cultural background profiles

Puerto-Riko talabalar
Jeff Troth fototuhfasi
Puerto Rican students
Photo courtesy of Jeff Troth

turli talabalarga o'rgatish Ko'pchilik o'qituvchilar ular talabalarning yetarli madaniy fon ma'lumot olish yo'q, deb xabar. Agar qochoq talabalarga saboq bo'lsa, u yangi kelgan xabardor bo'lishi muhim ahamiyatga ega’ fon. Quyidagi ma'lumotlar asosiy diqqatga sazovor umumiy ta'minlash uchun mo'ljallangan, Bas, siz talabalar bilan hamohang bo'lgan madaniy javob o'quv strategiyalar ishlab chiqish’ noyob ta'lim turmagi.

Many educators teaching diverse students report that they do not receive enough cultural background information on their students. If you are teaching refugee students, it is important to be aware of newcomers’ backgrounds. The information below is meant to provide an overview of key highlights, so you develop culturally responsive teaching strategies that are in tune with your students’ unique learning styles.

tilPuerto-Riko

LanguagePuerto Rico

Ispaniya va ingliz rasmiy tillar. Boshqa Ispaniya mamlakatlar bir oz boshqacha intonations va ta'kidlaydi bo'lishi mumkin.

Spanish and English are the official languages. There may be slightly different intonations and accents than other Spanish countries.

sinfda o'rgatish

Teaching in the classroom

ta'lim modeli AQSh juda o'xshaydi: Puerto-Riko federal qonunlar va qoidalarga rioya qilish kerak, yoshdagilar uchun majburiy ta'lim, jumladan, 5 uchun 18, va Essam (Har bir talaba akti tutsangiz,). Xalq maktab qo'llanma ispan uchraydi. Ingliz maktabda barcha darajalarida bir majburiy ikkinchi til sifatida o'qitiladi. Ingliz talab qilinadi-da,, Agar talaba mutaxassis bo'lishi mumkin emas, deb topish mumkin va ingliz tilida noqulay bo'lishi mumkin.

The education model is very similar to the US: Puerto Rico has to follow federal laws and regulations, including mandatory education for ages 5 to 18, and ESSA (Every Student Succeeds Act). Public school instruction occurs in Spanish. English is taught as a mandatory second language at all levels of schooling. Although English is required, you may find that students may not be proficient and may be uncomfortable speaking English.

Oliy maktab talabalari juda tuzilgan dastur bor, minimal bet. Natijada, talabalar shu sinfdoshi bilan sinflari barcha olish istagi. sinflar va sinf do'stlari kommutatsiya qo'shimcha chalg'itib yoki tashvish qo'shishingiz mumkin. o'quvchilar o'z jadvalini tushunish ishonch hosil qiling yoki ular butun maktab kun uchun amal peer bor.

High school students have very structured schedules, with minimal electives. As a result, students tend to take all of their classes with the same classmates. Switching classes and classmates may add extra confusion or anxiety. Ensure that students understand their schedule or have a peer that they follow for the whole school day.

xususiy maktabni borolmaydi badavlat oilalar ko'pincha bu marshrutni tanlash. Ko'p oilalar xususiy maktablar ko'proq og'ir va maktabda muvaffaqiyatli ularning bolalar ehtimolini kuchaytiradi iymon. Ko'pchilik materik AQSh amin bo'ladi, davlat maktablari xususiy maktablar ham yaxshiroq bo'ladi. Bosh, Puerto-Riko maktablarida o'quvchilar AQSh nisbatan kam amalga, Ta'lim taraqqiyot Milliy baholash ko'ra (2005). faqat 12% talabalar Puerto-Riko yoki yuqorida kiritdi “Asosiy” nisbatan to'rtinchi sinfda darajasi 79% AQSh materik talabalar.

Wealthier families who can afford private schooling often choose that route. Many families believe private schools are more rigorous and will improve their children’s chances of succeeding at school. Many are convinced that in the mainland US, public schools are better than private schools. Overall, students in Puerto Rican schools perform lower than their US counterparts, according to the National Assessment of Educational Progress (2005). Only 12% of students in Puerto Rico scored at or above “basic” level in fourth grade compared to 79% of students in the US mainland.

High school dropout rates are estimated to be around 60% in recent (2014) data. ammo, over recent decades, the rates of high school and college degrees are increasing and becoming more important in the culture for job placement. Puerto Rico is atypical in that more students graduate with college degrees than the labor market can absorb. Many college graduates find jobs off the island.

High school dropout rates are estimated to be around 60% in recent (2014) data. However, over recent decades, the rates of high school and college degrees are increasing and becoming more important in the culture for job placement. Puerto Rico is atypical in that more students graduate with college degrees than the labor market can absorb. Many college graduates find jobs off the island.

Much of the population (ustida 90%) is located in urban areas with access to public schools. Due to Hurricanes Irma and Maria in September 2017, many public schools have closed indefinitely in urban and rural areas.

Much of the population (over 90%) is located in urban areas with access to public schools. Due to Hurricanes Irma and Maria in September 2017, many public schools have closed indefinitely in urban and rural areas.

Oila / Maktab ish

Family/school engagement

An estimated 93 percent of Puerto Ricans are literate. Teachers should take the time to reach out to parents, giving access to Spanish and English materials, keeping in mind that Spanish is the dominant language.

An estimated 93 percent of Puerto Ricans are literate. Teachers should take the time to reach out to parents, giving access to Spanish and English materials, keeping in mind that Spanish is the dominant language.

It is important to keep in mind that many recently arrived Puerto Rican citizens may lack access to a car, so transportation may be a challenge. Qo'shimcha, the recent hurricanes have hampered studentsabilities to retrieve records of schooling, birth certificates, and other common requirements for enrollment. Consider adopting waivers or allowing enrollment prior to receiving these documents so that students do not miss school upon arrival.

It is important to keep in mind that many recently arrived Puerto Rican citizens may lack access to a car, so transportation may be a challenge. In addition, the recent hurricanes have hampered students’ abilities to retrieve records of schooling, birth certificates, and other common requirements for enrollment. Consider adopting waivers or allowing enrollment prior to receiving these documents so that students do not miss school upon arrival.

Puerto Ricans are generally indirect communicators and tend to find public conflict to be rude and abrasive. They may partake in a joking form of indirect criticism to convey potentially negative information. If a child is having issues at school, or if information could be seen as negative, it is important for teachers to address the parents in private. Maintain strong boundaries of respect, and pre-identify statements that convey your concern without coming across as rude or aggressive. Gestures and animated conversation are preferred over stoic, neutral conversational tones.

Puerto Ricans are generally indirect communicators and tend to find public conflict to be rude and abrasive. They may partake in a joking form of indirect criticism to convey potentially negative information. If a child is having issues at school, or if information could be seen as negative, it is important for teachers to address the parents in private. Maintain strong boundaries of respect, and pre-identify statements that convey your concern without coming across as rude or aggressive. Gestures and animated conversation are preferred over stoic, neutral conversational tones.

Elementary students tend to need more physical contact. They may be clingy and affectionate. Older female students do not want others to touch them and may be very verbal about anything thatcrosses the line.

Elementary students tend to need more physical contact. They may be clingy and affectionate. Older female students do not want others to touch them and may be very verbal about anything that “crosses the line.”

Puerto Ricans have an event-based idea of time and may not identify lateness as rude or improper, so teachers should explain the value and standards pertaining to punctuality in the U.S. Time is important for image purposes and health; other events have more flexibility with beingon time.

Puerto Ricans have an event-based idea of time and may not identify lateness as rude or improper, so teachers should explain the value and standards pertaining to punctuality in the U.S. Time is important for image purposes and health; other events have more flexibility with being “on time.”

madaniyat, gender va oila

Culture, gender and family

Puerto Ricans love their children, elders, flag, and heritage. Puerto Ricans are the second-largest Latino group in the US. In Puerto Rico, 99 percent of the population is Latino. Puerto Ricans are US citizens, whether they were born on the island or on the mainland. They are considered migrants rather than refugees or immigrants. Although Puerto Ricans do not vote for the US president, Puerto Rican residents pay taxes and have one voting representative in the House of Representatives. The statehood of Puerto Rico was most recently discussed in a close vote in 2012 after many previously failed votes. Adolescents are engaged and passionate about the issue of Puerto Rico’s statehood.

Puerto Ricans love their children, elders, flag, and heritage. Puerto Ricans are the second-largest Latino group in the US. In Puerto Rico, 99 percent of the population is Latino. Puerto Ricans are US citizens, whether they were born on the island or on the mainland. They are considered migrants rather than refugees or immigrants. Although Puerto Ricans do not vote for the US president, Puerto Rican residents pay taxes and have one voting representative in the House of Representatives. The statehood of Puerto Rico was most recently discussed in a close vote in 2012 after many previously failed votes. Adolescents are engaged and passionate about the issue of Puerto Rico’s statehood.

Gender roles are increasingly egalitarian. Women are active in public and intellectual settings. Aslini olib qaraganda, Puerto Rico elected the first woman legislator in the Western Hemisphere in 1932.

Gender roles are increasingly egalitarian. Women are active in public and intellectual settings. In fact, Puerto Rico elected the first woman legislator in the Western Hemisphere in 1932.

The majority of Puerto Rican residents are Roman Catholic. The culture celebrates many holidays. Students love technology, dominoes, fashion, musiqa (including merengue and salsa), and the latest musical trends and dances.

The majority of Puerto Rican residents are Roman Catholic. The culture celebrates many holidays. Students love technology, dominoes, fashion, music (including merengue and salsa), and the latest musical trends and dances.

Qo'shimcha resurslar

Additional resources

Puerto-Riko talabalarga yordam berish uchun qanday

How to help Puerto Rican students

WORLD hasratlarni o'z ichiga sig'dirolmas

WORLD FACTBOOK

SALOMATLIK

HEALTH

PUERTO RICAN AMERICANS

PUERTO RICAN AMERICANS

Sizning fikr almashish

Share your ideas

If you have comments or additional information or ideas to share on teaching Puerto Rican students, elektron pochta iltimos: info@therefugeecenter.org.

If you have comments or additional information or ideas to share on teaching Puerto Rican students, please email: info@therefugeecenter.org.

tarbiyachilar uchun saboq oling

Take our course for educators

Agar qochqinlar va immigrant talabalarga ta'lim berish qanday qo'shimcha ta'lim olmoqchi bo'lsangiz, Bizning kurs yozilish iltimos, Muhojirlar va immigratsion talabalar ta'lim.

If you would like more training on how to educate refugee and immigrant students, please consider enrolling in our course, Educating Refugee and Immigrant Students.

PDF sifatida bu ma'lumotlarni chop

Print this information as a PDF

Siz yuklab olish va bu chop etishingiz mumkin Puerto Rican cultural background PDF sifatida va sinfda bir manba sifatida uni ushlab qolish.

You can download and print this Puerto Rican cultural background as a PDF and keep it as a resource in your classroom.

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