Syerra-Leone: Understanding your students from Sierra Leone and their cultural backgrounds

Ingliz tili, shuningdek,Hech Ingliz tili

Serra-Leone qochqinlar talabalar: Madaniyat fon profillar

Sierra Leone refugee students: Cultural background profiles

turli talabalarga o'rgatish Ko'pchilik o'qituvchilar ular talabalarning yetarli madaniy fon ma'lumot olish yo'q, deb xabar. Agar qochoq talabalarga saboq bo'lsa, u yangi kelgan xabardor bo'lishi muhim ahamiyatga ega’ fon. Quyidagi ma'lumotlar asosiy diqqatga sazovor umumiy ta'minlash uchun mo'ljallangan, Bas, siz talabalar bilan hamohang bo'lgan madaniy javob o'quv strategiyalar ishlab chiqish’ noyob ta'lim turmagi.

Many educators teaching diverse students report that they do not receive enough cultural background information on their students. If you are teaching refugee students, it is important to be aware of newcomers’ backgrounds. The information below is meant to provide an overview of key highlights, so you develop culturally responsive teaching strategies that are in tune with your students’ unique learning styles.

Flickr Janchan surati.
Flickr Janchan surati.
Photo by Janchan on Flickr.
Photo by Janchan on Flickr.

Syerra-Leone xaritasitil

Sierra Leone MapLanguage

Ingliz tili, kriyo, mende, til, va Temne

English, Krio, Mende, Limba, and Temne

Sinf ta'lim

Teaching in the Classroom

sinflar 1-3 Talabalarning jamoa tilida o'qitiladigan oliy va sinflar ingliz tilida o'qitiladi. Nodavlat tashkilotlar (NNTlar) va imon asoslangan tashkilotlar (FBOs) Serra-Leon ta'lim katta rol o'ynaydi. deyarli 75% Serra-Leon asosiy maktablar egalik va FBOs tomonidan boshqariladi. afsuski, FBOs kam mablag 'kerak.
Grades 1-3 are taught in the students’ community language and higher grades are taught in English. Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) and faith-based organizations (FBOs) play a major role in education in Sierra Leone. Almost 75% of primary schools in Sierra Leone are owned and managed by FBOs. Unfortunately, FBOs have insufficient funds.
Birinchi 9 ta'lim yil majburiy va nazariyasi bepul. ammo, urush yillarida va shuning uchun talabalar maktabga ega emas tufayli inshootlarini bir qiyinchilik yo'q. sinf oxirida 6 talabalar Milliy Boshlang'ich maktabi sinovga (NPSE) o'rta maktabda Mustahkamlash uchun, ikki darajada bo'linadi qaysi, kichik va katta, doimiy uch yil har bir. o'rta Katta ikki treklarni bor: ilmiy va kasbiy. Tizim shahar bolalar ne'mat, ko'p maktablarda cheklangan kirish ega va / yoki qizlarning ta'lim qarshi jamoalar yashaydi, chunki, qishloq qizlar off yomon bo'ladi. Ular bajarish uchun ishlarini, chunki ko'p talabalar tez-tez maktab sog'indim; Bu qizlar uchun, ayniqsa, to'g'ridir, kim o'tkazib yuborilgan yoki chap maktab uyda yordam berish.

The first 9 years of education are compulsory and free in theory. However, there is a shortage of facilities due to the years of war and so students are not able to attend school. At the end of grade 6 students take the National Primary School Examination (NPSE) to advance to secondary school, which is divided into two levels, junior and senior, lasting three years each. Senior secondary has two tracks: academic and vocational. The system favors urban children, and rural girls are worst off since many have limited access to schools and/or live in communities that oppose girls’ education. Many students frequently miss school because they have chores to perform; this is particularly true for girls, who missed or left school to help out at home.

qochqinlar lagerlariga kelgan talabalar uchun, o'qituvchilar xabardor bo'lishi kerak, deb bir necha lagerlarida, bolalar o'g'irlab va inson qalqon yoki jinsiy qul sifatida ishlatiladi. Ko'pchilik qochqinlar, bolalar, shu jumladan,, mayib qurbonlari bo'lgan. Etim bolalar, shuningdek qo'lda va kasanachilikning uchun mo'ljallangan.

For students coming from refugee camps, educators should be aware that at some camps, children are abducted and used as human shields or sex slaves. Many refugees, including children, are victims of mutilation. Orphaned children are targeted for manual and domestic labor as well.

Yangi mavzular Serra-Leon o'quv qo'shilgan - Misol uchun, mahalliy tillar va Syerra-Leone tadqiqotlar. Hukumat hali ham xizmatlarni taqdim bilan kurashayotgan, va maktablar maktablar boshqarish va ish haqi to'lash uchun ota-onalar ta'lim haq.

New subjects have been added to the curriculum in Sierra Leone – for example, indigenous languages and Sierra Leone studies. The government is still struggling with providing services, and schools charge parents tuition fees to manage schools and pay wages.

Boshlang'ich ta'lim qochqinlar lagerlaridagi mavjud va ko'pgina bolalar uchun birinchi rasmiy maktab bo'lishi mumkin. maktabga hech qachon, juda yosh yosh talabalar bilan boshlang'ich darajasi darslari ishtirok.

Primary education is available in the refugee camps and may be the first formal schooling for many children. Teenagers who have never been to school attend elementary level classes with much younger students.

Oila / Maktab Engagement

Family/School Engagement

Odatda salom o'ylangan. Serra Leoneans juda muloyim va ularning xulq bilmaydilar. E'tibor kimningdir ko'rinishi va ozodalik qaratilmoqda. Oqsoqollar katta hurmat bilan muomala qilinadi. Bu odamlarni qarash qo'pol bo'ladi, ayniqsa oqsoqollar, Ko'zdagi. Bu qattiq his-tuyg'ularini oldini olish uchun nizolarni bevosita o'rnashishlari bilan shug'ullanish uchun oddiy bo'lgan.

Typical greetings are elaborate. Sierra Leoneans are very polite and conscious of their manners. Much attention is paid to someone’s appearance and neatness. Elders are treated with great respect. It is rude to look people, especially elders, in the eye. It is customary to engage in immediate settling of disputes so as to avoid hard feelings.

Yaxshi mezbonlik har doim saxiy va haqiqiy ovqatlar uchun qo'shilish uchun har qanday yo'ldan o'tgan taklif. mehmon sifatida, bu sizning plastinka ustida ba'zi oziq-ovqat tark muloyim va ularning saxiylik uchun countlessly, uy egasi minnatdorchilik.

A good host is always generous and genuinely invites any passerby to join for meals. As a guest, it is polite to leave some food on your plate and thank your host countlessly for their generosity.

Qachon, ota-onalar bilan bog'lanib, maktab voqealar ularni taklif, u ko'p qochqinlar haydovchi qanday bilaman yoki avtomobil kirish etishmaydi yo'q, deb yodda tutish muhim hisoblanadi, Bas, maktab voqealar transport ota-onalar ishtirok istagan bo'lsa ham, bir qiyinchilik bo'ladi.

When you reach out to parents and invite them to school events, it is important to keep in mind that many refugees do not know how to drive or lack access to a car, so transportation to school events will be a challenge even if parents want to be involved.

gender, madaniyat, va Oila

Gender, Culture, and Family

o'rtasida mavjud 15-20 Serra-Leon etnik guruhlar. Eng yirik etnik guruhlar Mende bo'ladi (Sharqiy va Janubiy) va Temne (markazi va shimoli-). Krio (AQSh sobiq qullar avlodlari) Freetown joylashgan. Bu etnik guruhlar odatda yaxshi munosabatlarni bor.

There are between 15-20 ethnic groups in Sierra Leone. The largest ethnic groups are the Mende (east and south) and the Temne (center and northwest). The Krio (descendants of former US slaves) are located in Freetown. These ethnic groups have generally had good relations.

Deyarli aholisining uchdan ikki qismi musulmon sunniylar va taxminan bir chorak nasroniylardan. Diniy rahbarlar katta hurmat va ishonchli. Din xalq xulq ta'sir, axloq, va axloq hissiy ta'minlash esa, ahloqiy, va ma'naviy qo'llab-quvvatlash.

Nearly two thirds of the population is Sunni Muslim and about one quarter is Christian. Religious leaders are greatly respected and trusted. Religion influences people’s conduct, ethics, and morality while providing emotional, moral, and spiritual support.

Kengaytirilgan oila uy umumiy bo'lgan. Ko'pxotinlilik ham qishloq joylarda qo'llaniladi. Katta oilalar qadrli hisoblanadi, va ota-onalar farzandlariga nisbatan mehribon bo'ladi. bolalarni tarbiyalash, odatda bir jamoa uy mas'uliyatdir.

Extended family households are common. Polygamy is also practiced in rural areas. Large families are treasured, and parents are affectionate toward their children. Raising children is typically a collective household responsibility.

An'anaga, erkaklar, ayollar esa qo'lda mehnat vazifalarini amalga oshirish (va qizlar) ichki vazifalarni bajarish. Ayollar erkaklarga bo'ysunadigan va iqtisodiy va ta'lim olish imkoniyatlarini cheklangan. Shunday bo'lsa-da, Ular Bundu yoki deb o'yladingmi jamiyatlarda a'zo ba'zi umumiy energiya, yashirin va faoliyati va amaliy off-limitlar odamlarga ko'pincha qaysi.

Traditionally, men carry out manual labor tasks while women (and girls) perform domestic duties. Women are subordinate to men and have limited economic and educational opportunities. Nevertheless, they some collective power from memberships in Bundu or Sande societies, which are secretive and whose activities and practices are often off-limits to men.

Qizlar sunnat, odatda bir akusher yoki deb o'yladingmi yoki Bundu jamiyatlari a'zolari tomonidan. Sunnat poklik belgisi sifatida idrok qilinadi, axloq va poklik, shuningdek madaniy murojaat ko'rib sifatida. Bu AQShda yana bir huquqiy va madaniy masalalarni olib kelishi mumkin.

Girls are circumcised, usually by a midwife or by members of the Sande or Bundu societies. Circumcision is perceived as a sign of purity, morality and cleanliness, as well as considered culturally appealing. This can cause legal and cultural issues once in the US.

Qo'shimcha manbalar

Additional Resources

BRYCS resurslari

BRYCS RESOURCES

WORLD hasratlarni o'z ichiga sig'dirolmas

WORLD FACTBOOK

qochoq BACKGROUNDERS

REFUGEE BACKGROUNDERS

TA'LIM

EDUCATION

Sierra LEONEAN AMERICANS

SIERRA LEONEAN AMERICANS

Sizning fikr almashish

Share Your Ideas

Agar Serra Leonean talabalarga o'rgatish bilan baham ko'rish uchun izoh yoki qo'shimcha ma'lumot yoki g'oyalar bo'lsa, elektron pochta iltimos: info@therefugeecenter.org.

If you have comments or additional information or ideas to share on teaching Sierra Leonean students, please email: info@therefugeecenter.org.

O`qituvchilar uchun Free saboq olish

Take our Free Course for Educators

Agar qochqinlar va immigrant talabalarga ta'lim berish qanday qo'shimcha ta'lim olmoqchi bo'lsangiz, Bizning bepul kursi yozilish iltimos, Muhojirlar va immigratsion talabalar ta'lim: O'qituvchilar uchun Online Kurs.

If you would like more training on how to educate refugee and immigrant students, please consider enrolling in our free course, Educating Refugee and Immigrant Students: An Online Course for Teachers.

PDF sifatida bu ma'lumot chop

Print this Information as a PDF

Siz yuklab olish va bu chop etishingiz mumkin Serra Leonean talaba profili PDF sifatida va sinfda bir manba sifatida uni ushlab qolish.

You can download and print this Sierra Leonean learner profile as a PDF and keep it as a resource in your classroom.

Bu sahifa sizga yordam edi? Kulgich ha qoshlarini yuzi yo'q
Fikr va mulohazalaringiz uchun rahmat!