Pokiston: Pokiston sizning talabalar va ularning madaniy orqa tushunish

Ingliz tili, shuningdek,Hech Ingliz tili

Pokiston qochqinlar talabalar: Madaniyat fon profillar

Pakistani refugee students: Cultural background profiles

Ko'chirilgan Pokiston bolalar ikkinchi til sifatida ingliz tilini o'rganish. Foto. U.S. Fotoğrafçı ning Mate 2-sinf Erik S tomonidan Navy. Pauell.
Ko'chirilgan Pokiston bolalar ikkinchi til sifatida ingliz tilini o'rganish. Foto. U.S. Fotoğrafçı ning Mate 2-sinf Erik S tomonidan Navy. Pauell.
Displaced Pakistani children learn English as their second language. Photo from. U.S. Navy by Photographer's Mate 2nd Class Eric S. Powell.
Displaced Pakistani children learn English as their second language. Photo from. U.S. Navy by Photographer’s Mate 2nd Class Eric S. Powell.

Pokiston xaritasi

Pakistan Map

turli talabalarga o'rgatish Ko'pchilik o'qituvchilar ular talabalarning yetarli madaniy fon ma'lumot olish yo'q, deb xabar. Agar qochoq talabalarga saboq bo'lsa, u yangi kelgan xabardor bo'lishi muhim ahamiyatga ega’ fon. Quyidagi ma'lumotlar asosiy diqqatga sazovor umumiy ta'minlash uchun mo'ljallangan, Bas, siz talabalar bilan hamohang bo'lgan madaniy javob o'quv strategiyalar ishlab chiqish’ noyob ta'lim turmagi.

Many educators teaching diverse students report that they do not receive enough cultural background information on their students. If you are teaching refugee students, it is important to be aware of newcomers’ backgrounds. The information below is meant to provide an overview of key highlights, so you develop culturally responsive teaching strategies that are in tune with your students’ unique learning styles.

til

Language

Urdu, Punjabi, va ingliz

Urdu, Punjabi, and English

Sinf ta'lim

Teaching in the Classroom

kam 65% bolalar boshlang'ich maktabni tugatish, va barcha kattalar, faqat yarmi savodli bo'ladi, ayollar uchun ko'proq erkaklar uchun ancha yuqori bo'lgan savodxonlik darajasi. Savodxonlik zo'ravonlik va joyidan joylarda tomchi. Bundan tashqari, savodli har qanday rasmiy ta'lim bor edi, balki qilingan kishilarning ham muhim nisbati ayniqsa qizlar. ta'lim, ayollarda ulushi asta-sekin ibtidoiy maktab sathidan kamaytirayotganini.

Fewer than 65% of children finish primary school, and only half of all adults are literate, the literacy rate being significantly higher for males than for females. Literacy drops in areas of violence and displacement. Further, even a substantial proportion of those who are literate have not had any formal education especially girls. The share of females in education progressively diminishes above the primary school level.

Pokiston bolalar mehnatidan foydalanish keng tarqalgan, lekin nima bolalar ta'lim Pokiston joy yuqori qiymati maktabga. Maktabda bolalar odatda sinfiga, yumushlarida yordam, va keyin o'qishga. Pokiston maktablarida, Xotiraga og'ir urg'u beriladi, emas, balki tanqidiy fikrlash va sinf ishtirok, Ular rostlash shuning talabalar bu sohalarda murabbiylikni kerak bo'lishi mumkin. murojaatlarni tayanib va ​​akademik ishida manbalari kuzatib Pokistonda urg'u emas. ham, tufayli yod e'tibor uchun, Boshqa sinfdoshi yoki kitoblardan ish nusxa olish uchun bir necha oqibatlari bor.

The use of child labor in Pakistan is widespread, but children who do attend school in Pakistan place high value on education. Children in school typically attend class, help with chores, and then study. In Pakistani schools, memorization is heavily emphasized, not critical thinking and classroom participation, so students might need coaching in these areas as they adjust. Citing references and keeping track of sources in academic work are not emphasized in Pakistan. Also, due to the emphasis on memorization, there are few repercussions for copying work from other classmates or from books.

Pokistonda, talabalar, odatda, homerooms bor va o'qituvchilar auditoriyalarda tiklash orqali. O'quvchilar ko'pincha bir necha mavzu sohada uchun bir muallim bor. Pokiston madaniyat o'qituvchilari bilan juda rasmiy xatti bor talabalarni talab. hech hazillar bor, hech off Kaytarmak va hech bo'lmagan o'quv munozaralar. O'qituvchilar janob, yoki ayol sifatida murojaat etiladi, va talabalar o'qituvchi tomonidan o'tib qachon yurishni o'qituvchi yuradigan bo'lsa ham o'rnidan turib yoki to'xtatish bilan hurmat ko'rsatish.

In Pakistan, students usually have homerooms and teachers rotate through the classrooms. Students often have the same teacher for more than one subject area. Pakistani culture requires students to have very formal behavior with teachers. There are no jokes, no slacking off and no non-curricular discussions. Teachers are addressed as Sir or Madam, and students show respect by standing up when the teacher walks in or stopping walking when the teacher passes by.

Eng talabalar qarama-qarshi jins bilan do'stlashish emas. o'g'il va qizlar quchoqlay uchun madaniy qabul qilinadi, faqat bir jinsda a'zolari bilan qo'l yoki masxara titrash. Qizlar bilan sochlarini qamrab mumkin Hijob yoki sharf. bir echinish xonasida o'zgartirish noqulay bo'lishi mumkin, va Pokiston qizlar Sport zali sinfda to'liq qopqoqni kiyim kiyish mumkin.

Most students do not socialize with the opposite gender. It is culturally acceptable for boys and girls to hug, shake hands or jest just with members of the same sex. Girls may cover their hair with a hijab or scarf. Changing in a locker room may be uncomfortable, and Pakistani girls may choose to wear full-cover clothing in gym class.

Pokiston bir turli mamlakat, ammo u ham ierarxik biridir. Bu U.S turli ijtimoiy normalar moslashtirish uchun bir talaba uchun bir oz vaqt va muhokama olishi mumkin. Ko'pchilik Pokiston bolalar (ayniqsa qizlar) qaror qabul qilish kerak, shuning uchun, ularning ota-onalari juda to'g'ridan-to'g'ri hidoyat ko'nikkan, u ikki yoki uchta variant taklif qilish yordam berishi mumkin, kamida birinchi da, Bu mahorat rivojlantirishga yordam berish. Talabalar juda vaqt yo'naltirilgan U.S o'rnatish uchun vaqt kerak bo'lishi mumkin. muhim madaniyat vaqtida bo'lishi voqealar, Vaqt Vaqt.

Pakistan is a diverse country but it is also a hierarchical one. It might take some time and discussion for a student to adjust to the different social norms in the U.S. Many Pakistani children (especially girls) are accustomed to very direct guidance from their parents so when decision-making is required, it can help to offer two or three choices, at least at first, to help develop this skill. Students may need time to adjust to a very time-oriented U.S. culture where it is important to schedule events to be on time.

O'quvchilar odatda ko'proq bilvosita muloqot uslublari uchun ishlatiladi va xabar etkazish kontekst va og'zaki bo'lmagan ko'rsatkichlar tayanib, ehtimol bor. Bu xafa qilish emas, balki muhim ahamiyatga ega, va bu tinglovchi eshitishni istagan nima tinglovchini jonli anglatadi mumkin, yuqori lavozimlarda, ayniqsa, odamlar, Bas, ular yuz saqlashingiz mumkin. Ba'zi sukut tomonidan ta'qib Yopiq so'zlar, ancha savollarga nisbatan, ochib, o'quvchilar olish da yaxshiroq bo'lishi mumkin.

Students are generally used to more indirect communication styles and are likely to rely on context and nonverbal indicators to convey a message. It is important not to offend, and this can mean telling the listener what the listener wants to hear, especially people in higher positions, so they can save face. Closed statements followed by some silence, rather than questions, may be better at getting students to open up.

Sizning Pokiston talaba taklif qilingan narsalarni rad qilish ham muloyim, (ovqat, masalan) Ular qabul oldin kutish bilan bir necha marta taklif qilinadi. shu kabi, «Yo'q», aytganida, talabalar yo'q "aytdi keyin qayta-qayta so'rab / bahslasha mumkin,"Buyon bu ular kutilgan natijani olib bo'ladi, deb o'ylayman, nima.

It is also polite for your Pakistani student to refuse things that are offered (food, for example) with the expectation that it will be offered several times before they can accept. Likewise, when told “no”, students may argue/ask repeatedly after being told “no,” since this is what they think will bring the expected result.

peshin namozi uchun, xususiy kosmik bezovta ibodat qilish talaba uchun taqdim etilishi mumkin. Ko'pchilik maktablar talabalar o'qish zalida yoki maslahatchi ofisida uchun mo'ljallangan bir xonaning bir burchagida foydalanish imkonini beradi. Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlari,, Makka sharqiy emas.

For the noon prayer, a private space can be provided for the student to pray undisturbed. Many schools allow the students to use a corner of a room designated for study hall or a counselor’s office. From the United States, Mecca is southeast.

Pokiston oila intizom tizimi juda kuchli-bolalar o'z ota-onalari uchun hurmat to'lash va ular bilan bahslasha emas bo'ladi. Bolalar dam olish kunlari va yozgi ta'til davrida o'tkazilgan diniy ta'lim darslari ishtirok etish uchun tavsiya etiladi.

The Pakistani family discipline system is very strong—children pay respect to their parents and don’t argue with them. Children are encouraged to attend religious education classes held on weekends and during the summer vacation.

Oila / Maktab Engagement

Family/School Engagement

ularning o'smirlar do'stlashish uchun Pokiston ota-onalar bilan bir xil-gender ijtimoiy yig'inlarni afzal. Aralash anjumanlar, shuningdek, ota-onalar tomonidan yo'l qo'ymaslik mumkin. Pokiston ota-onalar odatda do'stlik muvofiqligi ustidan INPUT ko'p bo'ladi. Odatda do'stlik bir jinsda bo'lgan, Ko'p yillar davomida shakllangan, va bir talabaning do'st oilasi bir qismi bo'lib.

Pakistani parents prefer same-gender social gatherings for their teenagers to socialize. Mixed gatherings may be avoided by parents as well. Pakistani parents will typically have a lot of input on the appropriateness of friendships. Usually friendships are of the same sex, formed over many years, and a student’s friends become part of the family.

Ota-ona-o'qituvchi uchrashuvlar Pokistonda o'tkaziladigan, lekin ota-onalar, deb to'g'ridan-to'g'ri jalb emas. Pokiston onalar odatda ularning bolalar ta'lim ehtiyojlariga ishtirok. Pokiston ota-onalar ko'pincha ko'rish uchun maktab ziyorat bo'lsa-da, ularning bola sport va CO-o'quv faoliyatida ishtirok, ular juda umumiy jalb mumkin emas. Bu ko'p qochqinlar haydovchi qanday bilaman yoki avtomobil foydalanish imkoniyatiga ega emas yo'q, deb yodda tutish muhim hisoblanadi, Bas, maktab voqealar transport bir qiyinchilik bo'ladi.

Parent-teacher meetings are held in Pakistan, but parents aren’t as directly involved. Pakistani mothers generally attend to their children’s educational needs. Although Pakistani parents often visit schools to see their child participate in sports and co-curricular activities, they may not be very involved overall. It is important to keep in mind that many refugees do not know how to drive or lack access to a car, so transportation to school events will be a challenge.

Bu siz bir kishining nomi va ularning familiyasi foydalanish kutilmoqda. Birinchi nomlari

It is expected that you will use a person’s title and their surname. First names are

faqat yaqin do'stlari orasida asosan ishlatiladi. Bu ular hal qilmoqchi qanday shaxsni so'rash yaxshi emas. Ko'z aloqa asosiy tamoyillaridan biri hisoblanadi va u juda Pokiston madaniyat qaraladi. ammo, bobosi va hurmatli oqsoqollar bilan gaplashib turganlarida ko'z aloqani saqlab emas, balki yoshlar tomonidan hurmat ramzi hisoblanadi.

used mostly just among close friends. It is best to ask a person how they wish to be addressed. Eye contact is one of the basic principles of communication and it is highly regarded in Pakistani culture. However, it is considered a symbol of respect by the youth to not maintain eye contact while talking to grandparents and respected elders.

madaniyat, Gender va Oila

Culture, Gender and Family

Eng pokistonliklar dindor musulmonlar. atrofida 75% bo'lgan sunniy va 20% shia bo'lgan. Qolgan 5% nasroniylarni o'z ichiga oladi, Ahmadis va hindular. Zamonaviy Pokiston aholisi bir necha etnik guruhga ajratish mumkin, Yagona yirik Punjabis bo'lish.

Most Pakistanis are devout Muslims. About 75% are Sunni and 20% are Shia. The remaining 5% includes Christians, Ahmadis and Hindus. Modern Pakistan’s population can be divided into several ethnic groups, the single largest being the Punjabis.

Oila Pokiston madaniyat har bir narsani anglatadi, va u oila obro'siga aks shaxsiy obro'si har doim Pokistonda hisoblanadi. Barcha do'st munosabatlar butun oila ustida tafakkur. Pokiston oilada, otasi odatda hokimiyat va provayder esa ona, odatda, texnik beruvchi va uy bekasi bo'ladi. umumiy ayollar va erkaklar juda alohida saqlanadi va ayollar bu vaziyatlar tashqarida noqulay his mumkin. Bir uyingizda bir necha asrlarni bo'lishi mumkin.

Family means everything in Pakistani culture, and personal reputation as it reflects on family reputation is always considered in Pakistan. All peer relationships reflect on the entire family. In a Pakistani family, the mother is usually the caregiver and homemaker whereas the father is typically the authority and provider. In general women and men are kept very separate and women may feel uncomfortable outside of these situations. There may be several generations under one roof.

Qo'shimcha manbalar

Additional Resources

BRYCS resurslari

BRYCS RESOURCES

WORLD hasratlarni o'z ichiga sig'dirolmas

WORLD FACTBOOK

Pokiston AMERICANS

PAKISTANI AMERICANS

Sizning fikr almashish

Share Your Ideas

Izohlari yoki qo'shimcha ma'lumot yoki g'oyalar bo'lsa Pokiston talabalarga o'rgatish bilan baham ko'rish uchun, elektron pochta iltimos: info@therefugeecenter.org.

If you have comments or additional information or ideas to share on teaching Pakistani students, please email: info@therefugeecenter.org.

O`qituvchilar uchun Free saboq olish

Take our Free Course for Educators

Agar qochqinlar va immigrant talabalarga ta'lim berish qanday qo'shimcha ta'lim olmoqchi bo'lsangiz, Bizning bepul kursi yozilish iltimos, Muhojirlar va immigratsion talabalar ta'lim: O'qituvchilar uchun Online Kurs.

If you would like more training on how to educate refugee and immigrant students, please consider enrolling in our free course, Educating Refugee and Immigrant Students: An Online Course for Teachers.

PDF sifatida bu ma'lumot chop

Print this Information as a PDF

Siz yuklab olish va bu chop etishingiz mumkin Pokiston talaba profili PDF sifatida va sinfda bir manba sifatida uni ushlab qolish.

You can download and print this Pakistani learner profile as a PDF and keep it as a resource in your classroom.

Bu sahifa sizga yordam edi? Kulgich ha qoshlarini yuzi yo'q
Fikr va mulohazalaringiz uchun rahmat!