Nepal: Understanding Nepali culture and your students

Ingliz tili, shuningdek,Hech Ingliz tili

Understanding Nepali culture. Learn about Nepal and your Nepali refugee and immigrant students

Understanding Nepali culture. Learn about Nepal and your Nepali refugee and immigrant students

Nepal - a nepali girl and her younger sister

Nepal - a nepali girl and her younger sister

turli talabalarga o'rgatish Ko'pchilik o'qituvchilar ular talabalarning yetarli madaniy fon ma'lumot olish yo'q, deb xabar. Agar qochoq talabalarga saboq bo'lsa, u yangi kelgan xabardor bo'lishi muhim ahamiyatga ega’ fon. Quyidagi ma'lumotlar asosiy diqqatga sazovor umumiy ta'minlash uchun mo'ljallangan, Bas, siz talabalar bilan hamohang bo'lgan madaniy javob o'quv strategiyalar ishlab chiqish’ noyob ta'lim turmagi.

Many educators teaching diverse students report that they do not receive enough cultural background information on their students. If you are teaching refugee students, it is important to be aware of newcomers’ backgrounds. The information below is meant to provide an overview of key highlights, so you develop culturally responsive teaching strategies that are in tune with your students’ unique learning styles.

Nepal xaritasi

Nepal Map

til

Language

Nepali, Nevari, Tibet-Burman tillar, Hind-Aryan tillar, va ingliz

Nepali, Newari, Tibet-Burman languages, Indo-Aryan languages, and English

Sinf ta'lim

Teaching in the Classroom

1970 uchun 1950 dan Nepalning o'quv AQSh maktablarida ta'sir va YUNESKO yordamida ishlab chiqilgan. Ko'pchilik o'qituvchilar malakasiz bo'lgan, ammo. Ta'lim mamlakat bo'ylab majburiy emas, lekin hukumat besh yoshdagi va o'rtasida barcha castes bolalar uchun bepul boshlang'ich ta'lim beradi 12, Eng talabalar imtihonga ba'zi xarajatlarini tug'di va kiyim sotib olish uchun bo'lsa-da,. Hukumat ko'ra ko'proq xabar 95% maktab-yoshidagi bolalar boshlang'ich maktablarda ishtirok.

Nepal’s curriculum from the 1950s to the 1970s was influenced by US schools and developed with help from UNESCO. Many teachers are untrained, however. Education is not compulsory across the country, but the government does provide free primary education for children of all castes between the ages of five and 12, although most students bore some costs for examinations and had to buy uniforms. The government reported that more than 95% of school-age children attended primary schools.

Ta'lim ijtimoiy Jins GAP qishloq joylarda emas maktabda ham o'smir qizlar bir xabar, ikki-uchdan bilan davom. ayollar uchun savodxonlik sur'atlari taxminan edi 44.5% farqli o'laroq 71% erkaklar uchun. Ko'plab maktab yoshidagi qizlar tufayli alohida yoki to'g'ri dush yo'qligi maktabga emas. ammo, Dunyo bolalarining ahvoli ko'ra 2016 xabar, Bu gender tafovut qisqarib bormoqda. Masalan, Bugun 90% o'g'il yoshdagi 15-24 bo'lgan savodli va 80% qizlar 15-25 savodli bo'lgan. ham, 62% qizlar yuqori maktabda tahsil olmoqda qilish farqli o'laroq 58% Maktabni o'qishlari bolalar.

A gender gap in education persisted with a reported two-thirds of adolescent girls in rural areas not attending school. Literacy rates for women were approximately 44.5% as opposed to 71% for men. Many school-age girls do not attend school due to the absence of separate or proper toilets. However, according to the State of the World’s Children 2016 report, this gender gap is narrowing. For example, today 90% of boys ages 15-24 are literate and 80% of girls 15-25 are literate. Also, 62% of girls are enrolled in high school as opposed to 58% of boys who enroll in high school.

asosiy ta'lim teng kirish kengaytirishda yaxshi taraqqiyot qaramay (sinflar 1-8), bolalar, ayniqsa, kambag'al, uchun post-asosiy ta'lim davom emas, va barcha darajalarda ta'lim sifati muammo bo'lib qolmoqda. Kirish, qaytarish, Qishloq joylarda ajoyib masalalar chiqib va ​​darslarni sababsiz qoldirish tushib. bolalar aholining muhim segmentlaridan hali maktabga qatnamaydi. ammo, u hali ta'lim yaxshiroq hayoti va kundalik hayot uchun darvoza deb odatda bo'lib e'tiqod.

Despite good progress in enhancing equal access to basic education (grades 1-8), children, especially the poorest, do not continue to post-basic education, and the quality of education at all levels remains a problem. Access, repetition, dropping out and truancy are the remarkable issues in rural areas. Significant segments of the child population are still not attending school. However, it is still the generally held belief that education is a gateway for better life and everyday living.

Oila / Maktab Engagement

Family/School Engagement

Nepallik boshpana da'vo eng keng tarqalgan turi hukumatdan zarar qo'rqib, bir-asoslangan. Ko'pchilik nomzodlar ular ta'qib o'tgan uchradi, deb da'vo yoki ularning siyosiy fikr tufayli kelajakda quvg'inga qo'rqaman. Bu ota-onalar hukumat bir qo'rquv bo'lishi mumkin bir o'qituvchi sifatida sezgir bo'lishi yaxshi.

The most common type of asylum claim from Nepal is one based on fear of harm from the government. Many applicants claim that they have suffered past persecution or fear future persecution on account of their political opinion. It is good to be sensitive as a teacher that parents may have a particular fear of government.

Bu ko'p qochqinlar haydovchi qanday bilaman yoki avtomobil foydalanish imkoniyatiga ega emas yo'q, deb yodda tutish muhim hisoblanadi, Bas, maktab voqealar transport ota-onalar ishtirok istagan bo'lsa ham, bir qiyinchilik bo'ladi.

It is important to keep in mind that many refugees do not know how to drive or lack access to a car, so transportation to school events will be a challenge even if parents want to be involved.

Nepalda, Odamlar, ayniqsa, ayollar, Ular bir-birini salom qachon nima odatda qo'l berib bo'lmaydi, lekin o'rniga "Namaste" ma'lum bir namoz kabi ishorasi bilan birga kaftlarni bosing. minnatdorlik va hurmat ko'rsatish uchun, berib yoki biror narsa olish paytida har ikki qo'llarini emas, balki foydalaning, hatto pul. Bu hurmat ishora, deb ko'rgan bo'lyapdi. hindlarning orasida, ta'sirli ayollar va muqaddas odamlarni oldini olish. ovozingni yoki hayqirib ko'tarib Nepalda juda yomon xulq deb ko'rilmoqda.

In Nepal, people especially women, do not normally shakes hands when they greet one another, but instead press palms together in a prayer-like gesture known “Namaste”. To show gratitude and respect, use both of your hands rather than one when giving or receiving something, even money. It’s seen as a gesture of respect. Among Hindus, avoid touching women and holy men. Raising your voice or shouting is seen as extremely bad manners in Nepal.

Nepalda, birinchi taom atrofida xizmat qilmoqda 10:30 a.m. va tez quyosh botganidan keyin ikkinchi. sigir so'yish taqiqlanadi, va Nepal mol go'shti emayman. Nepalda odatlaridir jutho, qaysi "ifloslangan" va boshqalarning oziq-ovqat bosing va o'z qo'llari yoki qoshiq yo bilan ichish uchun emas, balki odamlarni talab sifatida tarjima. ichimlik suvi qachon, Boshqalar ham undan ichish mumkin, shunday qilib Nepal odamlar o'z labiga shisha yoki shisha tegmang bo'ladi. Birovning plitasi yoki taklif ovqat emayman siz bir luqma olgan.

In Nepal, the first meal is served around 10:30 a.m. and the second shortly after sunset. The slaughter of cows is forbidden, and Nepalese do not eat beef. A custom in Nepal is jutho, which translates as “contaminated” and requires people not to touch others’ food and drink with either their hands or their spoon. When drinking water, Nepalese people will not touch the bottle or glass to their lips so that others can drink from it also. Don’t eat from someone else’s plate or offer food you have taken a bite of.

Yana bir odat oyoq marosimga ko'ra iflos va shuning uchun oziq-ovqat ustida qadam yoki hurmatsizlik hisoblanadi oyoq ishora, deb fikr emas.

Another custom is the idea that the foot is ritually dirty and therefore stepping over food or pointing the soles of your feet is disrespectful.

madaniyat, Gender va Oila

Culture, Gender and Family

ko'pchilik (ustida 80%) Nepalis ning hind bo'lgan. 9% budda bor, va aholining katta qismi buddist va Hind o'zlarini aniqlash mumkin, e'tiqodi bo'lgan mojaro holda aralashmoq. 4.4% Nepalis musulmon va 1.4% masihiy.

The majority (over 80%) of Nepalis are Hindu. 9% are Buddhist, and a significant portion of the population may identify themselves as Buddhist and Hindu, the beliefs of which intermingle without conflict. 4.4% of Nepalis are Muslim and 1.4% are Christian.

Hinduizm bir asosiy tushuncha, deb dharma, yoki tabiiy huquq, qaysi xalq jamiyatda o'z munosib va ​​qat'iy rol o'ynaydi kerak, deb ushlab. toifa tizimi ajralmas qismi hisoblanadi dharma. Har bir odam muayyan bir tabaqasidan ichiga tug'ildi, Kimning an'anaviy kasb unda poklik va tabiiy ifloslik darajasiga ko'ra baholanadi.

One basic concept in Hinduism is that of dharma, or natural law, which holds that people should play their proper and determined role in society. The caste system is an integral part of dharma. Each person is born into a particular caste, whose traditional occupation is graded according to the degree of purity and impurity inherent in it.

Nepal hukmronlik keskin patriarxal tizimi kundalik hayotning deyarli har bir sohasida erkaklar uchun ayollar umumiy xushomadgo'yligi orqali namoyish etiladi. Xususan, etnik guruhlar orasida bu istisno bor bo'lsa, ayollar bunday yoqimli suv kabi an'anaviy rollarni bajarish, xo'jalik ishni, va pishirish ovqat.

The rigidly patriarchal system that dominates Nepal is demonstrated through women’s general subservience to men in virtually every aspect of daily life. While there are exceptions to this among particular ethnic groups, women fulfil traditional roles such as fetching water, doing farm work, and cooking meals.

Qo'shimcha manbalar

Additional Resources

(Eslatma: Ushbu zikr qilish, ayrim Nepal kelib chiqishi Bhutanese qochqinlar uchun, Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlarida bir katta aholi guruhi)

(Note: some of these references are to Bhutanese refugees of Nepalese origin, a larger population group in the United States)

BRYCS resurslari

BRYCS RESOURCES

WORLD hasratlarni o'z ichiga sig'dirolmas

WORLD FACTBOOK

qochoq BACKGROUNDERS

REFUGEE BACKGROUNDERS

ARM qochoq TA'LIM Paketi

IRC REFUGEE TEACHER PACKET

nepal AMERICANS

NEPALESE AMERICANS

SALOMATLIK

HEALTH

Sizning fikr almashish

Share Your Ideas

Izohlari yoki qo'shimcha ma'lumot yoki g'oyalar bo'lsa Nepal talabalarga o'rgatish bilan baham ko'rish uchun, elektron pochta iltimos: info@therefugeecenter.org.

If you have comments or additional information or ideas to share on teaching Nepalese students, please email: info@therefugeecenter.org.

O`qituvchilar uchun saboq olish

Take our Course for Educators

Agar qochqinlar va immigrant talabalarga ta'lim berish qanday qo'shimcha ta'lim olmoqchi bo'lsangiz, Bizning kurs yozilish iltimos, Muhojirlar va immigratsion talabalar ta'lim: O'qituvchilar uchun Online Kurs.

If you would like more training on how to educate refugee and immigrant students, please consider enrolling in our course, Educating Refugee and Immigrant Students: An Online Course for Teachers.

PDF sifatida bu ma'lumot chop

Print this Information as a PDF

Siz yuklab olish va bu chop etishingiz mumkin Nepali talaba profili PDF sifatida va sinfda bir manba sifatida uni ushlab qolish.

You can download and print this Nepali learner profile as a PDF and keep it as a resource in your classroom.

Bu sahifa sizga yordam edi? Kulgich ha qoshlarini yuzi yo'q
Fikr va mulohazalaringiz uchun rahmat!