Mon (Birma): Mon davlatdan sizning talabalar va ularning madaniy orqa tushunish

Ingliz tili, shuningdek,Hech Ingliz tili

Mon qochqinlar talabalar: Madaniyat fon profillar

Mon refugee students: Cultural background profiles

Etnik Mon bolalar Chaungzon Township fevral oyida Mon Milliy kuni davomida o'z milliy ko'ylak kiyish. Moliyalangan / Lawi Weng surati.
Mon bolalar Chaungzon Township fevral oyida Mon Milliy kuni davomida o'z milliy ko'ylak kiyish. Moliyalangan / Lawi Weng surati.
Ethnic Mon children wear their national dress during the Mon National Day in February in Chaungzon Township. Photo by The Irrawaddy/Lawi Weng.
Mon children wear their national dress during the Mon National Day in February in Chaungzon Township. Photo by The Irrawaddy/Lawi Weng.

mening xaritasiturli talabalarga o'rgatish Ko'pchilik o'qituvchilar ular talabalarning yetarli madaniy fon ma'lumot olish yo'q, deb xabar. Agar qochoq talabalarga saboq bo'lsa, u yangi kelgan xabardor bo'lishi muhim ahamiyatga ega’ fon. Quyidagi ma'lumotlar asosiy diqqatga sazovor umumiy ta'minlash uchun mo'ljallangan, Bas, siz talabalar bilan hamohang bo'lgan madaniy javob o'quv strategiyalar ishlab chiqish’ noyob ta'lim turmagi.

Mon MapMany educators teaching diverse students report that they do not receive enough cultural background information on their students. If you are teaching refugee students, it is important to be aware of newcomers’ backgrounds. The information below is meant to provide an overview of key highlights, so you develop culturally responsive teaching strategies that are in tune with your students’ unique learning styles.

Birma (Myanma) azob fuqarolar urushi ega, 1950 yildan buyon siyosiy zulm va etnik to'qnashuvlar. Birma ustidan o'z ichiga oladi 100 turli etnik ozchilik guruhlar, eng taniqli bo'lgan Burman ba'zi bilan, Karen, Karenni, Kachin, Shan, Rakhine / Rohinyan, va Mon. Mon Mon davlatdan kelgan, lekin Tailand Mon odamlar ommaviy Chiqish bor edi.

Burma (Myanmar) has suffered civil war, political oppression and ethnic conflict since the 1950s. Burma includes over 100 different ethnic minority groups, with some of the most well-known being the Burman, Karen, Karenni, Kachin, Shan, Rakhine/Rohinyan, and Mon. The Mon come from Mon state, but there has been a mass exodus of Mon people to Thailand.

til

Language

Mon va Birma

Mon and Burmese

Sinf ta'lim

Teaching in the Classroom

Birmadagi Formal ta'lim hukumat olib asosiy ta'lim maktablari orqali taqdim etiladi. Asosiy ta'lim maktab davom etadi 11 yil: 5 boshlang'ich maktab yil (Standard ga Bolalar bog'chasi 4) va 6 o'rta ta'lim yil. Talabalar oliy 16 yoki 17 yoshda. Hukumat davlat maktablarida boshlang'ich darajada keyin Mon tiliga man saqlab. Maktab formasini qiymati, kitoblar va qo'shimcha to'lovlari bepul ta'lim kirish uchun to'siq yaratish. kurashayotgan talabalar bilan ota-onalar, keyin-maktab yordam uchun qo'shimcha o'qishiga haq to'laydi kerak. Bu qimmat va tushkunlikka soluvchi emas, ayniqsa, kambag'al Ota-onalar uchun asosiy to'lovlarini ko'zga olmaydi kim.

Formal education in Burma is provided through government-led Basic Education schools. Basic Education schooling lasts 11 years: 5 years of primary school (Kindergarten to Standard 4) and 6 years of secondary education. Students graduate at 16 or 17 years old. the government maintains a ban on the Mon language after primary level in state schools. The cost of School uniforms, books and extra fees create a barrier to accessing free education. Parents with struggling students must pay extra tuition fees for after-school help. This is costly and discouraging, especially for poor parents who cannot afford basic fees.

Mon viloyatlariga noyob turli maktab tizimlari ham bor. milliy asosiy ta'lim maktablari bor, Mon Milliy Maktablar va "Aralash Maktablar". Aralash Maktablar aslida hukumat asosiy ta'lim maktablari, deb, Mon Milliy ta'lim qo'mitasi bilan norasmiy sheriklik orqali, Mon tilida bo'yicha qo'shimcha kurslarni o'rgatish, Madaniyat va tarixi.

There are also various school systems unique to Mon regions. There are national Basic Education Schools, Mon National Schools and ‘Mixed Schools’. Mixed Schools are essentially government Basic Education schools that, through an informal partnership with the Mon National Education Committee, teach additional courses on Mon language, culture and history.

Ta'lim qishloq jamoalarda kambag'al bolalar uchun borish qiyin bo'lib qolmoqda. Oliy dropout va resurs cheklovlar qishloq Mon guruhlari uchun muhim muammolar bor. Qishloq qishloqlarida, Ular ta'lim Boshlang'ich yakunlab oldin tashlab qoldirgan bo'lsa aytib bolalar uchdan ortiq. Yana bir uchinchi darhol Boshlang'ich Maktab tugagandan quyidagi tashlab, O'rta ta'lim o'tishni atmamakla. Ular ta'lim chiqib tushib ketgan sabablarini berdi talabalar to'rtdan uch yashash qiyinchiliklar bilan bog'liq masalalarni xabar. ish oilasini yordam berish uchun kam ta'minlangan bolalar maktabga fido, ta'lim qiymati sotib hisoblanadi, oila mehnat migratsiyasi va qashshoqlik ta'lim bog'lanishini ta'sir barcha omillar. Ko'pchilik qishloq maktablari kam o'quv materiallarini yoki inson resurslari bilan kurash.

Education remains inaccessible for poor children in rural communities. High dropout and resource constraints are major challenges for rural Mon groups. In rural villages, over a third of children who stated when they had left education dropped out before completing Primary School. Another third dropped out immediately following Primary School completion, failing to make the transition to Secondary Education. Three quarters of students who gave reasons why they had dropped out from education reported issues related to livelihood difficulties. Low income children sacrificed school for work to assist the family, the cost of education is unaffordable, family labor migration and poverty are all factors influencing educational attainment. Many rural schools struggle with insufficient teaching materials or human resources.

Oila / Maktab Engagement

Family/School Engagement

Birmadagi tajribali katta madaniy normalar ko'p Mon xalqidagi mumkin. Masalan, an'anaviy, Birma oila nomlari yo'q. Htay Maung ismli bir odam Cho Zin NWE va Tani Tut ismli bir Win İsv Myint nomidagi xotini va ikki farzandi bo'lishi mumkin. nomlari hech boshqalarga biron aloqasi bor; har bir emas. Birma G'arb mamlakatlarida shakllar to'ldirish uchun talab qilinadi qachon familiyalari yo'qligi muammolarni yaratadi.

Many of the larger cultural norms practiced in Burma can be found among the Mon people. For example, traditionally, Burmese do not have family names. A man named Htay Maung might have a wife named Win Swe Myint and two children named Cho Zin Nwe and Than Tut. None of the names has any relationship to the others; each is individual. The absence of surnames creates problems when Burmese are asked to fill in forms in Western countries.

Bundan tashqari, etnik Burman sizning sinfda o'quvchilar og'ir siyosiy quvg'inlar tajribali ota-onasi bo'lishi mumkin, Ular o'zlari AQShda tug'ilgan yoki ularning oila a'zolari AQSh kelganlarida juda yosh edi qilingan bo'lishi mumkin bo'lsa-da,. Birmadagi kattalar savodxonlik sur'atlari taxminan baholanmoqda 60%. ammo, AQShda Birma kattalar o'rtacha Burman ko'proq ma'lumotli bo'lishi mumkin bo'lgan.

Furthermore, students in your classroom who are ethnically Burman may have parents who experienced severe political persecution, though they themselves may have been born in the US or been very young when their families came to the US. Literacy rates of adults in Burma are estimated at approximately 60%. However, Burmese adults in the US are likely to be more educated than the average Burman.

Bu ko'p qochqinlar haydovchi qanday bilaman yoki avtomobil foydalanish imkoniyatiga ega emas yo'q, deb yodda tutish muhim hisoblanadi, Bas, maktab voqealar transport ota-onalar ishtirok istagan bo'lsa ham, bir qiyinchilik bo'ladi.

It is important to keep in mind that many refugees do not know how to drive or lack access to a car, so transportation to school events will be a challenge even if parents want to be involved.

oqsoqollar hurmat muhimdir. Shunday qilib, yosh shaxslar shu xonada oqsoqol yanada yuqori darajada o'tirmanglar, na o'z oyoqlari oqsoqollar ishora bilan o'tirib, albatta,. oyoqlari tanasining kamida ezgu qismi sifatida hisoblanadi, va u sizning hurmat loyiq kishi tomon, ularni ishora nisbatan hurmatsizlik hisoblanadi. beringlar ham qo'llarini foydalaning, va biror narsa olish, Eskiroq shaxs.

Respect for elders is important. Thus, younger persons do not sit at a level higher than that of an elder in the same room, nor do they sit with their feet pointing at elders. The feet are regarded as the least noble part of the body, and it is disrespectful to point them toward someone deserving your respect. Use both hands to give something to, and receive something from, an older person.

boshiga odamlarga tegmanglar, tananing ma'naviy eng yuqori qismi hisoblanadi, qaysi.

Don’t touch people on the head, which is considered the spiritually highest part of the body.

Birma do'stlik hosil qadar himoyalangan bo'lishi moyil. yomon xulq va kambag'al tarbiya belgisidir kishining kayfiyatini bo'ladi yo'qotish.

Burmese tend to be reserved until friendships are formed. Losing one’s temper is a sign of bad manners and poor upbringing.

madaniyat, Gender va Oila

Culture, Gender and Family

Mon Janubi-Sharqiy Osiyoda birinchi xalqlar va Birmadagi hal qilish uchun erta bir-biri sifatida qaraladi. Mon taqvodor buddist va ular Theravadin festivallar o'z rasmiy taqvim amal.

The Mon are considered to be one of the first peoples in the Southeast Asia and the earliest one to settle in Burma. Mon are devout Buddhists and they follow their own ceremonial calendar of Theravadin festivals.

Umuman Birma jamiyatda, an'ana va bojxona faqat bir ayol qo'pol va bolalarga g'amxo'rlik qilish kutmagan, lekin u bolaning umumiy farovonligi uchun mas'ul bo'lgan, intizom va tutish kerak, sevgi va hamdardlik bilan ta'minlash, va oilaning har bir a'zosi sog'lom ta'minlash, baxtli va dono bo'lsa, iloji. jinsiy va iffat bilan bog'liq Ayollar obro'sidan muhim va jinsiy yo'l bilan ta'qib yoki ularni hujum qilgan erkaklar uchun ayollar o'rtasida majburan nikoh amaliyotini rag'batlantirish. Gender kamsitish va madaniy normalar ayollar ustidan odamlarni xabar.

In general Burmese society, traditions and customs not only expect a woman to bear and care for the children but she is responsible for the child’s general wellbeing, must keep order and discipline, provide love and sympathy, and ensure each member of the family is healthy, happy and if possible wise. Women’s reputations in relation to sexuality and chastity are important and encourage the practice of forced marriages between women to the men who have sexually harassed or assaulted them. Gender discrimination and cultural norms favor men over women.

Qo'shimcha manbalar

Additional Resources

BRYCS resurslari

BRYCS RESOURCES

WORLD hasratlarni o'z ichiga sig'dirolmas

WORLD FACTBOOK

qochoq BACKGROUNDERS

REFUGEE BACKGROUNDERS

SALOMATLIK

HEALTH

Birma AMERICANS

BURMESE AMERICANS

Sizning fikr almashish

Share Your Ideas

Agar Mon talabalarga o'rgatish bilan baham ko'rish uchun izoh yoki qo'shimcha ma'lumot yoki g'oyalar bo'lsa, elektron pochta iltimos: info@therefugeecenter.org.

If you have comments or additional information or ideas to share on teaching Mon students, please email: info@therefugeecenter.org.

O`qituvchilar uchun saboq olish

Take our Course for Educators

Agar qochqinlar va immigrant talabalarga ta'lim berish qanday qo'shimcha ta'lim olmoqchi bo'lsangiz, Bizning kurs yozilish iltimos, Muhojirlar va immigratsion talabalar ta'lim: O'qituvchilar uchun Online Kurs.

If you would like more training on how to educate refugee and immigrant students, please consider enrolling in our course, Educating Refugee and Immigrant Students: An Online Course for Teachers.

PDF sifatida bu ma'lumot chop

Print this Information as a PDF

Siz yuklab olish va bu chop etishingiz mumkinMon talaba profili PDF sifatida va sinfda bir manba sifatida uni ushlab qolish.

You can download and print thisMon learner profile as a PDF and keep it as a resource in your classroom.

Bu sahifa sizga yordam edi? Kulgich ha qoshlarini yuzi yo'q
Fikr va mulohazalaringiz uchun rahmat!