Liberiya: Understanding your students from Liberia and their cultural backgrounds

Ingliz tili, shuningdek,Hech Ingliz tili

Liberiya qochqinlar talabalar: Madaniyat fon profillar

Liberian refugee students: Cultural background profiles

turli talabalarga o'rgatish Ko'pchilik o'qituvchilar ular talabalarning yetarli madaniy fon ma'lumot olish yo'q, deb xabar. Agar qochoq talabalarga saboq bo'lsa, u yangi kelgan xabardor bo'lishi muhim ahamiyatga ega’ fon. Quyidagi ma'lumotlar asosiy diqqatga sazovor umumiy ta'minlash uchun mo'ljallangan, Bas, siz talabalar bilan hamohang bo'lgan madaniy javob o'quv strategiyalar ishlab chiqish’ noyob ta'lim turmagi.

Many educators teaching diverse students report that they do not receive enough cultural background information on their students. If you are teaching refugee students, it is important to be aware of newcomers’ backgrounds. The information below is meant to provide an overview of key highlights, so you develop culturally responsive teaching strategies that are in tune with your students’ unique learning styles.

Pre-Primary Class in Monrovia, Liberiya. Photo by Oxfam GB/Aubrey Wade
Pre-Primary Class in Monrovia, Liberiya. Photo by Oxfam GB/Aubrey Wade
Pre-Primary Class in Monrovia, Liberia. Photo by Oxfam GB/Aubrey Wade
Pre-Primary Class in Monrovia, Liberia. Photo by Oxfam GB/Aubrey Wade

Liberia Map

Liberia Map

til

Language

Ingliz tili, Mande, Mel Kru, Goa, and Kreyol.

English, Mande, Mel Kru, Goa, and Kreyol.

Sinf ta'lim

Teaching in the Classroom

English is used for instruction in all public and mission schools and in universities. Education suffered as a result of war and the Ebola outbreak in 2014. Prior to the war, access to formal primary schooling was limited to missionary schools. Qishloq joylarda, secret societies (Poro and Sande) relied on “bush schools” to teach history and genealogy along with training in herbalism and midwifery. Higher education opportunities are limited, especially for indigenous people. In refugee camps educational opportunities were are also limited.

English is used for instruction in all public and mission schools and in universities. Education suffered as a result of war and the Ebola outbreak in 2014. Prior to the war, access to formal primary schooling was limited to missionary schools. In rural areas, secret societies (Poro and Sande) relied on “bush schools” to teach history and genealogy along with training in herbalism and midwifery. Higher education opportunities are limited, especially for indigenous people. In refugee camps educational opportunities were are also limited.

Many children learn through listening and memorization since many indigenous languages are oral.

Many children learn through listening and memorization since many indigenous languages are oral.

Primary and secondary schools are free and compulsory in theory. The school year runs from September to December and February to May or June. In primary school (sinflar 1-6) students learn basic reading, hisob, general sciences, and sometimes English and Bible studies. Secondary schooling is divided into two levels: lower secondary or junior secondary and upper or senior secondary. Lower secondary schools (sinflar 7-9) are mainly found in Monrovia and at missions in rural areas. Students take Algebra, Chemistry, Geography, Geometry, and Physical Science. Upper secondary schools (sinflar 10-12) are almost all in the capital city. High school students prepare for universities and take the advanced version of courses taught in junior high.

Primary and secondary schools are free and compulsory in theory. The school year runs from September to December and February to May or June. In primary school (grades 1-6) students learn basic reading, arithmetic, general sciences, and sometimes English and Bible studies. Secondary schooling is divided into two levels: lower secondary or junior secondary and upper or senior secondary. Lower secondary schools (grades 7-9) are mainly found in Monrovia and at missions in rural areas. Students take Algebra, Chemistry, Geography, Geometry, and Physical Science. Upper secondary schools (grades 10-12) are almost all in the capital city. High school students prepare for universities and take the advanced version of courses taught in junior high.

Oila / Maktab Engagement

Family/School Engagement

Many Liberians have an exaggerated sense of familiarity with American customs, til, and cultural norms because of Liberia’s historical connections to the US. You should still reach out to parents and invite them to be involved in their children’s school life. It is important to also keep in mind that many refugees do not know how to drive or lack access to a car, Bas, maktab voqealar transport bir qiyinchilik bo'ladi.

Many Liberians have an exaggerated sense of familiarity with American customs, language, and cultural norms because of Liberia’s historical connections to the US. You should still reach out to parents and invite them to be involved in their children’s school life. It is important to also keep in mind that many refugees do not know how to drive or lack access to a car, so transportation to school events will be a challenge.

Greetings vary by location and ethnic groups. Many Liberians greet by giving a basic handshake. It is common to stretch out one or two hands, shake warmly, and then hug. Only shake hands with people in the same age group. For many ethnic groups, young people must bow slightly at the knees when greeting an elderly.

Greetings vary by location and ethnic groups. Many Liberians greet by giving a basic handshake. It is common to stretch out one or two hands, shake warmly, and then hug. Only shake hands with people in the same age group. For many ethnic groups, young people must bow slightly at the knees when greeting an elderly.

The “snap-shakegreeting is done when shaking hands with someone. You grasp the middle finger of the other person’s right hand between your thumb and ring finger, and bring it up quickly with a snap. This practice originates from freed American slaves. It is also used as a way to greet dinner guests by Liberian Americans. Due to the Ebola outbreak, the Liberian way of greeting one another was modified for health reasons.

The “snap-shake” greeting is done when shaking hands with someone. You grasp the middle finger of the other person’s right hand between your thumb and ring finger, and bring it up quickly with a snap. This practice originates from freed American slaves. It is also used as a way to greet dinner guests by Liberian Americans. Due to the Ebola outbreak, the Liberian way of greeting one another was modified for health reasons.

Public displays of affection are taboo between men and women. ammo, people of the same gender may hold hands as a sign of friendship. When joining a small group, people apologize for disrupting the discussion and proceed to shake hands with everyone in the group.

Public displays of affection are taboo between men and women. However, people of the same gender may hold hands as a sign of friendship. When joining a small group, people apologize for disrupting the discussion and proceed to shake hands with everyone in the group.

gender, madaniyat, va Oila

Gender, Culture, and Family

Linguistically Liberian tribes can be divided into 3 groups: The Mende (north and east), the Kru, including the Krahn, (east and southeast) and the Mel (northwest). A person’s last name is indicative of one’s ethnic heritage. Although a minority, former American slaves (Americo-Liberians) have a higher socio-economic status than indigenous groups and have a sense of entitlement and prestige over others.

Linguistically Liberian tribes can be divided into 3 groups: The Mende (north and east), the Kru, including the Krahn, (east and southeast) and the Mel (northwest). A person’s last name is indicative of one’s ethnic heritage. Although a minority, former American slaves (Americo-Liberians) have a higher socio-economic status than indigenous groups and have a sense of entitlement and prestige over others.

Men are dominant and assume the role of warriors. Women carry out household chores and participate in agricultural labor, which gives them some power and status. An'anaga, women are viewed as the property of their husbands, but civil marriages grant inheritance and property rights to women. Children are viewed as potential workers and are expected to take care of their parents and other elders. Childrearing is a collective responsibility. Corporal punishment is an acceptable form of discipline.

Men are dominant and assume the role of warriors. Women carry out household chores and participate in agricultural labor, which gives them some power and status. Traditionally, women are viewed as the property of their husbands, but civil marriages grant inheritance and property rights to women. Children are viewed as potential workers and are expected to take care of their parents and other elders. Childrearing is a collective responsibility. Corporal punishment is an acceptable form of discipline.

Qo'shimcha manbalar

Additional Resources

BRYCS resurslari

BRYCS RESOURCES

WORLD hasratlarni o'z ichiga sig'dirolmas

WORLD FACTBOOK

SALOMATLIK

HEALTH

LIBERIAN AMERICANS

LIBERIAN AMERICANS

Sizning fikr almashish

Share Your Ideas

If you have comments or additional information or ideas to share on teaching Liberian students, elektron pochta iltimos: info@therefugeecenter.org.

If you have comments or additional information or ideas to share on teaching Liberian students, please email: info@therefugeecenter.org.

O`qituvchilar uchun saboq olish

Take our Course for Educators

Agar qochqinlar va immigrant talabalarga ta'lim berish qanday qo'shimcha ta'lim olmoqchi bo'lsangiz, Bizning kurs yozilish iltimos, Muhojirlar va immigratsion talabalar ta'lim: O'qituvchilar uchun Online Kurs.

If you would like more training on how to educate refugee and immigrant students, please consider enrolling in our course, Educating Refugee and Immigrant Students: An Online Course for Teachers.

PDF sifatida bu ma'lumot chop

Print this Information as a PDF

Siz yuklab olish va bu chop etishingiz mumkin Liberian learner profile PDF sifatida va sinfda bir manba sifatida uni ushlab qolish.

You can download and print this Liberian learner profile as a PDF and keep it as a resource in your classroom.

Bu sahifa sizga yordam edi? Kulgich ha qoshlarini yuzi yo'q
Fikr va mulohazalaringiz uchun rahmat!