Eritreya: Understanding your students from Eritrea and their cultural backgrounds

Ingliz tili, shuningdek,Hech Ingliz tili

Eritreya qochqinlar talabalar: Madaniyat fon profillar

Eritrean refugee students: Cultural background profiles

How to teach Eritrean refugee students

How to teach Eritrean refugee students

turli talabalarga o'rgatish Ko'pchilik o'qituvchilar ular talabalarning yetarli madaniy fon ma'lumot olish yo'q, deb xabar. Agar qochoq talabalarga saboq bo'lsa, u yangi kelgan xabardor bo'lishi muhim ahamiyatga ega’ fon. Quyidagi ma'lumotlar asosiy diqqatga sazovor umumiy ta'minlash uchun mo'ljallangan, Bas, siz talabalar bilan hamohang bo'lgan madaniy javob o'quv strategiyalar ishlab chiqish’ noyob ta'lim turmagi.

Many educators teaching diverse students report that they do not receive enough cultural background information on their students. If you are teaching refugee students, it is important to be aware of newcomers’ backgrounds. The information below is meant to provide an overview of key highlights, so you develop culturally responsive teaching strategies that are in tune with your students’ unique learning styles.

tillar

Languages

Tigrinya, Tigre, Saho, Kunama, Rashaida, Bilen, Afar, Beni, Amir, Nera, and some Arabic.

Tigrinya, Tigre, Saho, Kunama, Rashaida, Bilen, Afar, Beni, Amir, Nera, and some Arabic.

Sinf ta'lim

Teaching in the Classroom

In Eritrea most schools are government owned and free-of-charge. There are a few private schools, but only at the primary education level. The academic year starts in September and ends in June for all levels of instruction.

In Eritrea most schools are government owned and free-of-charge. There are a few private schools, but only at the primary education level. The academic year starts in September and ends in June for all levels of instruction.

How to teach Eritrean students

How to teach Eritrean students

Students are taught in their native tongue in grades 1-5, and then in theory transition to English in sixth grade but in reality, Tigrinya is more dominant in school. Primary education is free and compulsory for children age 7-14. Secondary school is grades 6-12. oxirida 7th daraja, students take the Seventh Grade National Examination at the National Examination Center. oxirida 12th daraja, students take the Eritrean School Leaving Certificate Examination (ESLCE).

Students are taught in their native tongue in grades 1-5, and then in theory transition to English in sixth grade but in reality, Tigrinya is more dominant in school. Primary education is free and compulsory for children age 7-14. Secondary school is grades 6-12. At the end of 7th grade, students take the Seventh Grade National Examination at the National Examination Center. At the end of 12th grade, students take the Eritrean School Leaving Certificate Examination (ESLCE).

An ongoing challenge in Eritrea is providing equal and equitable educational opportunities for all children. To illustrate, 27.2 % of school-aged children are still out of school. Students in rural and remote suffer the most since they have very limited access to education. Masalan, Bundan ko'proq 31% of nomadic children (7-14 yil) are out of school. In addition to access to education, the quality of education is also problematic.

An ongoing challenge in Eritrea is providing equal and equitable educational opportunities for all children. To illustrate, 27.2 % of school-aged children are still out of school. Students in rural and remote suffer the most since they have very limited access to education. For example, more than 31% of nomadic children (7-14 years) are out of school. In addition to access to education, the quality of education is also problematic.

An'anaga, parental attitudes towards women’s education have been an obstacle to educating girls. Qo'shimcha, school fees discourage many families from investing in women’s education. For low-income families that are dependent on child labor, enrolling girls in school means loss of extra income, child care, and domestic chores.

Traditionally, parental attitudes towards women’s education have been an obstacle to educating girls. In addition, school fees discourage many families from investing in women’s education. For low-income families that are dependent on child labor, enrolling girls in school means loss of extra income, child care, and domestic chores.

Oila / Maktab Engagement

Family/School Engagement

Greeting somebody with a handshake and the wordSalam” keng tarqalgan. Lengthy, elaborate greetings are normal, especially on special occasions. Women greet each other by ululating and kissing each other on each cheek three times. It is customary and polite to ask how things are, about one’s spouse, bolalar, and other family members. Each greeting is accompanied by a great deal of genuine laughter and joyousness.

Greeting somebody with a handshake and the word “Salam” is common. Lengthy, elaborate greetings are normal, especially on special occasions. Women greet each other by ululating and kissing each other on each cheek three times. It is customary and polite to ask how things are, about one’s spouse, children, and other family members. Each greeting is accompanied by a great deal of genuine laughter and joyousness.

Questions have different endings depending on whether you are addressing a single male, a single female, or several persons. Eye contact during the first encounter with someone is usually seen as a sign of disrespect, ammo; eye contact becomes more acceptable as people become more acquainted and develop a relationship. Eritreans are very hospitable and great care is taken to make guests feel welcome and included. Eritreans are also pleased when non-Eritreans show an interest in their customs.

Questions have different endings depending on whether you are addressing a single male, a single female, or several persons. Eye contact during the first encounter with someone is usually seen as a sign of disrespect, however; eye contact becomes more acceptable as people become more acquainted and develop a relationship. Eritreans are very hospitable and great care is taken to make guests feel welcome and included. Eritreans are also pleased when non-Eritreans show an interest in their customs.

Many Eritreans have a strong sense of national pride and fear losing their culture, which sometimes slows down the process of acculturation in the US. Lack of English proficiency has also been a barrier for Eritrean immigrants who wish to fully engage in American culture. Jumladan, this is a struggle for many Eritrean women. Bundan tashqari, many refugees do not know how to drive or lack access to a car, Bas, maktab voqealar transport ota-onalar ishtirok istagan bo'lsa ham, bir qiyinchilik bo'ladi.

Many Eritreans have a strong sense of national pride and fear losing their culture, which sometimes slows down the process of acculturation in the US. Lack of English proficiency has also been a barrier for Eritrean immigrants who wish to fully engage in American culture. In particular, this is a struggle for many Eritrean women. Additionally, many refugees do not know how to drive or lack access to a car, so transportation to school events will be a challenge even if parents want to be involved.

The Tigrinya are the dominant ethnic group in Eritrea. An'anaga, the highland and lowland groups have had antagonistic relationships. These groups distrust each and live in segregation. It is good to be aware of these community divisions as they may carry over to Eritreans in your school community.

The Tigrinya are the dominant ethnic group in Eritrea. Traditionally, the highland and lowland groups have had antagonistic relationships. These groups distrust each and live in segregation. It is good to be aware of these community divisions as they may carry over to Eritreans in your school community.

madaniyat, gender, va Oila

Culture, Gender, and Family

Eritreans pride themselves on being hard workers and resilient individuals. They demonstrate great social responsibility. Respect for elders and authority is the norm. Eritrean families are close-knit. Typical households consist of nuclear families with kin networks close by. odatda, men are the primary providers and decision-makers whereas women are homemakers. In many communities, women are inferior to men. Children assist with household chores from an early age, girls in particular play a more active role than boys. Boys act as herders of the family’s livestock while girls assist with domestic duties.

Eritreans pride themselves on being hard workers and resilient individuals. They demonstrate great social responsibility. Respect for elders and authority is the norm. Eritrean families are close-knit. Typical households consist of nuclear families with kin networks close by. Generally, men are the primary providers and decision-makers whereas women are homemakers. In many communities, women are inferior to men. Children assist with household chores from an early age, girls in particular play a more active role than boys. Boys act as herders of the family’s livestock while girls assist with domestic duties.

Eritreans celebrate major events with members of their community. Masalan, birthdays, marriages, graduations, and other events. Traditional foods and music always play an important role. All traditional foods are eaten using the right hand only and without the use of silverware. The left hand is considered impure.

Eritreans celebrate major events with members of their community. For instance, birthdays, marriages, graduations, and other events. Traditional foods and music always play an important role. All traditional foods are eaten using the right hand only and without the use of silverware. The left hand is considered impure.

The majority of Eritreans are circumcised. Female circumcision (female genital mutilation) is carried out by Christians and Muslims. The Kunama people practice traditional medicine, including slashing eyelids to treat an irritated eye, burning cheeks to treat chronic headaches, and cutting the epiglottis in both males and females. The Kunama also have a coming of age ritual for young men where their heads are shaved and they are sent into the wilderness to slaughter an animal, but the group has necessarily become flexible about this coming-of-age ceremony in the US. Other cultural traditions may clash with cultural practices and laws in the US.

The majority of Eritreans are circumcised. Female circumcision (female genital mutilation) is carried out by Christians and Muslims. The Kunama people practice traditional medicine, including slashing eyelids to treat an irritated eye, burning cheeks to treat chronic headaches, and cutting the epiglottis in both males and females. The Kunama also have a coming of age ritual for young men where their heads are shaved and they are sent into the wilderness to slaughter an animal, but the group has necessarily become flexible about this coming-of-age ceremony in the US. Other cultural traditions may clash with cultural practices and laws in the US.

Additional Refugee Student Cultural Background Profiles

Additional Refugee Student Cultural Background Profiles

Boshqa qochqinlar talabalar kuni fon rejimlarni topish uchun, biz sahifasiga tashrif buyuring Teaching qochqinlar Talabalar: background rejimlarni.

To find background profiles on other refugee students, visit our page on Teaching Refugee Students: Background Profiles.

qochqinlar va immigratsion talabalar qo'llab-quvvatlash haqida qo'shimcha ma'lumot olish istayman? tarbiyachilar uchun Professional taraqqiyot kurs uchun, a'zo bo'ling.

Want to learn more about how to support refugee and immigrant students? Sign up for our Professional Development course for educators.

 

 

PDF sifatida bu ma'lumot chop

Print this Information as a PDF

Siz yuklab olish va bu chop etishingiz mumkin Eritrean learner profile PDF sifatida va sinfda bir manba sifatida uni ushlab qolish.

You can download and print this Eritrean learner profile as a PDF and keep it as a resource in your classroom.

Bu sahifa sizga yordam edi? Kulgich ha qoshlarini yuzi yo'q
Fikr va mulohazalaringiz uchun rahmat!