Kuba: Sizning Kuba talabalar va ularning madaniy orqa tushunish

Ingliz tili, shuningdek,Hech Ingliz tili

Kuba qochqinlar talabalar: Madaniyat fon profillar

Cuban refugee students: Cultural background profiles

turli talabalarga o'rgatish Ko'pchilik o'qituvchilar ular talabalarning yetarli madaniy fon ma'lumot olish yo'q, deb xabar. Agar qochoq talabalarga saboq bo'lsa, u yangi kelgan xabardor bo'lishi muhim ahamiyatga ega’ fon. Quyidagi ma'lumotlar asosiy diqqatga sazovor umumiy ta'minlash uchun mo'ljallangan, Bas, siz talabalar bilan hamohang bo'lgan madaniy javob o'quv strategiyalar ishlab chiqish’ noyob ta'lim turmagi.

Many educators teaching diverse students report that they do not receive enough cultural background information on their students. If you are teaching refugee students, it is important to be aware of newcomers’ backgrounds. The information below is meant to provide an overview of key highlights, so you develop culturally responsive teaching strategies that are in tune with your students’ unique learning styles.

Yangi keldi qochqin oila. Jahon yordam Spokane / Chad Nelson tomonidan Photo
Yangi keldi oila. Jahon yordam Spokane / Chad Nelson tomonidan Photo
Newly arrived refugee family. Photo by World Relief Spokane/Chad Nelson
Newly arrived family. Photo by World Relief Spokane/Chad Nelson

Kuba xaritasi

Cuba Map

til
Language
Ispaniya va ingliz

Spanish and English

Sinf ta'lim

Teaching in the Classroom

Kuba ta'lim tizimi yaxshi, bilan 10% Davlat byudjeti unga ajratilgan. Ustoz talaba stavkalari quyidagicha uchun 12:1. Kubada Ta'lim o'rta maktab oxiriga qadar shart (asrlarda 15-16) va savodxonlik stavkalari atrofida bo'lishi xabar qilingan 98%. Bolalar, shuning uchun Amerika maktablarida kiyim tasodifiy tabiatan hayron bo'lishi mumkin boshlang'ich maktab yillarida barcha orqali forma kiyish.

The Cuban education system is excellent, with 10% of the national budget being allocated to it. Teacher to student ratios are 12:1. Education in Cuba is mandatory through the end of secondary school (ages 15–16) and literacy rates are reported to be around 98%. Children wear uniforms through all of the years of primary school so may be surprised by the casual nature of dress in American schools.

Boshlang'ich ta'lim olti yil davom etadi va asosiy o'rta ta'lim bormoqda. matematika va ilm-fan kuchli urg'u bor,, lekin o'quv, shuningdek, raqs va bog'dorchilik o'z ichiga oladi, sog'liqni saqlash va gigiena bo'yicha darslar, va Kuba inqilobiy tarixi. Boshlang'ich ta'lim so'ng, o'quvchilar universitet yoki kasb-hunar maktabga tayyorlash boshlash uchun xohlagan tanlashingiz mumkin. Kuba talabalar ehtimoli juda band va ularning faoliyatlari bilan, maqsadi bo'ladi, yuqori ilmiy muvaffaqiyat professional muvaffaqiyat uchun madaniy standart va zarur.

Primary education lasts for six years and is followed by basic secondary education. There is a strong emphasis on math and science, but the curriculum also includes dance and gardening, lessons on health and hygiene, and Cuban revolutionary history. After primary education, students can choose whether they wish to begin preparing for university or vocational school. Cuban students will likely be extremely engaged and motivated in their studies, as high academic achievement is a cultural standard and necessary for professional success.

Kubada Ta'lim to'g'ri rasmiy va eng darslari ma'ruza shaklida olib boriladi. o'qituvchilar va talabalar o'rtasidagi munosabatlar yaqin, ammo rasmiy bor, va guruh ish va tengdoshlarning o'zaro bir minimal miqdorda tutiladi. O'qituvchilar sinfda vokal bo'lishi guruh ishini engillashtirish va Kuba talabalarni rag'batlantirish uchun kerak bo'lishi mumkin, Bu asosan tushkunlikka kabi. Kuba talabalar U.S shaxsiy erkinliklar jiddiy o'sishiga ko'nikishim uchun vaqt talab qilishi mumkin. O'qituvchilar savollar hosil va bu masalalar bo'yicha tushuntirish taklif qilish kerak bo'ladi.

Education in Cuba is fairly formal and most classes are taught in lecture format. Relationships between teachers and students are close but formal, and group work and peer interaction is kept to a minimum. Teachers may need to facilitate group work and encourage Cuban students to be vocal in class, as this is mostly discouraged. It may take time for Cuban students to get used to the drastic increase in personal freedoms in the U.S. Teachers may need to yield questions and offer clarification on these issues.

Oila / Maktab Engagement

Family/School Engagement

Kuba oilalar juda qiymati ta'lim. Kuba o'qituvchilar ular yashayotgan jamoalar juda faol va ota-onalar bilan qurilish munosabatlar ustuvor ta'lim jarayonini kuchaytirish maqsadida mavjud. O'qituvchilar juda Kubada o'qitiladi, ularning eng darajasini olish uchun kamida besh yil maktabga ketadi bilan. Shuni dastidan; shu sababdan, Kasb juda hisoblanadi va Kuba oilalar ehtimoli juda hurmat va ularning bolaning o'qituvchi bilan kuchli aloqalar rivojlantirishdan manfaatdor bo'ladi. O'qituvchilar kattalar haqiqiy kurslarida mumkin haqiqiy ro'yxatga tegishli oilalarga erishish kerak. Bu ko'p qochqinlar haydovchi qanday bilaman yoki avtomobil foydalanish imkoniyatiga ega emas yo'q, deb yodda tutish muhim hisoblanadi, Bas, maktab voqealar transport bir qiyinchilik bo'ladi.

Cuban families highly value education. Cuban teachers are very active in the communities they live in and there is a high priority on building relationships with parents in order to enhance the learning process. Teachers are highly trained in Cuba, with most going to school for at least five years in order to obtain their degree. Because of this, the profession is highly regarded and Cuban families will likely be extremely respectful and interested in developing strong relationships with their child’s teacher. Teachers should reach out to families regarding possible ESL enrollment in adult ESL courses. It is important to keep in mind that many refugees do not know how to drive or lack access to a car, so transportation to school events will be a challenge.

ikki ish, ota-onalar bilan oilalarda bolalar tez-tez bobosi tomonidan parvarishlash olinadi. Bu bobosi faoliyatini ishtirok va o'qituvchilar bilish uchun qiziqish bo'ladi deb ehtimol,.

Children in families with two working parents are often taken care of by grandparents. It is likely that grandparents will have interest in attending activities and getting to know teachers.

vaqt Kuba tushunchasi tadbir asoslangan, ular o'z avvalgi nishon yakunlandi toki ular har doim uchrashuvlarni ishtirok emas, degan ma'noni anglatadi. Bu o'qituvchilar uchun qiyin bo'lishi mumkin, ular bolalar maktab voqealar yoki ota-o'qituvchi yig'ilishlarga sust bo'lishi mumkin. hanuz, AQSh yondashuvni bayon va boshqalarga ta'sir qilishi mumkin qanday tavsiya etiladi.

The Cuban concept of time is event-based, which means that they do not always attend appointments until they have completed their previous engagements. This may be difficult for teachers, as they may be tardy to their children’s school events or parent-teacher meetings. Explaining the US approach to punctuality and how it may affect others is advised.

madaniyat, Gender va Oila

Culture, Gender and Family

Kübalılar'ın ochiq, sahiy, va dilkash. Kübalılar'ın odatda ish yoki rasmiy masalalar haqida gapirish boshidan oldin kichik bir nutq bo'ladi. Bu aslida chakkangga bo'sa bilan al sıkışmalarından bilan egizak o'g'illar va ayollarni salom emas, bir oz qo'pol bo'ladi. Ta'sirli umumiy va uyatsiz emas. Muhokama bilan shug'ullanuvchi Ba'zi Kübalılar'ın baland ovozda gapirish,; Bu agressiya, deb talqin qilinmasligi lozim. o'z shaxsiy parametrlarini saqlab qolish uchun ishonch hosil qilish esa o'qituvchilar, issiq ijtimoiy aloqani kutish kerak.

Cubans are open, generous, and sociable. Cubans typically will have small talk before beginning to talk about business or official matters. It is actually somewhat rude not to greet males with handshakes and women with kisses on the cheek. Touching is common and not taboo. Some Cubans speak loudly when engaged in discussion; this should not be interpreted as aggression. Teachers should expect warm social contact while making sure to maintain their own personal parameters.

Kuba oilalar, juda ham ko'p, Kuba-Amerika oilalari ortiq, patriarxat bilan ifodalanadi, bolalar ustidan kuchli ota-ona nazorat qilish, va oila doirasida nodavlat yadro munosabatlar ahamiyati (ya'ni godparents). Kuba-amerikalik ayollar qarorlar qabul qilishda ko'proq vakolat bor va bolalar katta shaxsiy erkinlik bor. U.S yangi Kuba oilalar. Ular boshqa Kuba muhojirlardan atrofida yashayotgan bo'lsa, ushbu yangi standartlar tenglashtirishi mumkin.

Cuban families, much more so than Cuban-American families, are characterized by patriarchy, strong parental control over children, and the importance of non-nuclear relationships within the family (ie godparents). Cuban-American women have more authority in decision-making and children have greater personal freedom. Cuban families new to the U.S. may assimilate to these new standards if they live around other Cuban emigrants.

Qo'shimcha manbalar

Additional Resources

BRYCS resurslari

BRYCS RESOURCES

WORLD hasratlarni o'z ichiga sig'dirolmas

WORLD FACTBOOK

qochoq BACKGROUNDERS

REFUGEE BACKGROUNDERS

SALOMATLIK

HEALTH

Kuba AMERICANS

CUBAN AMERICANS

Sizning fikr almashish

Share Your Ideas

Izohlari yoki qo'shimcha ma'lumot yoki g'oyalar bo'lsa Kuba talabalarga o'rgatish bilan baham ko'rish uchun, elektron pochta iltimos: info@therefugeecenter.org.

If you have comments or additional information or ideas to share on teaching Cuban students, please email: info@therefugeecenter.org.

O`qituvchilar uchun saboq olish

Take our Course for Educators

Agar qochqinlar va immigrant talabalarga ta'lim berish qanday qo'shimcha ta'lim olmoqchi bo'lsangiz, Bizning kurs yozilish iltimos, Muhojirlar va immigratsion talabalar ta'lim: O'qituvchilar uchun Online Kurs.

If you would like more training on how to educate refugee and immigrant students, please consider enrolling in our course, Educating Refugee and Immigrant Students: An Online Course for Teachers.

PDF sifatida bu ma'lumot chop

Print this Information as a PDF

Siz yuklab olish va bu chop etishingiz mumkin Kuba talaba profili PDF sifatida va sinfda bir manba sifatida uni ushlab qolish.

You can download and print this Cuban learner profile as a PDF and keep it as a resource in your classroom.

Bu sahifa sizga yordam edi? Kulgich ha qoshlarini yuzi yo'q
Fikr va mulohazalaringiz uchun rahmat!