Kongo Demokratik Respublikasi: Kongo sizning talabalar va ularning madaniy orqa tushunish

Ingliz tili, shuningdek,Hech Ingliz tili

Kongo qochqinlar talabalar: Madaniyat fon profillar

Congolese refugee students: Cultural background profiles

turli talabalarga o'rgatish Ko'pchilik o'qituvchilar ular talabalarning yetarli madaniy fon ma'lumot olish yo'q, deb xabar. Agar qochoq talabalarga saboq bo'lsa, u yangi kelgan xabardor bo'lishi muhim ahamiyatga ega’ fon. Quyidagi ma'lumotlar asosiy diqqatga sazovor umumiy ta'minlash uchun mo'ljallangan, Bas, siz talabalar bilan hamohang bo'lgan madaniy javob o'quv strategiyalar ishlab chiqish’ noyob ta'lim turmagi.

Many educators teaching diverse students report that they do not receive enough cultural background information on their students. If you are teaching refugee students, it is important to be aware of newcomers’ backgrounds. The information below is meant to provide an overview of key highlights, so you develop culturally responsive teaching strategies that are in tune with your students’ unique learning styles.

Yoshlar qaratilgan UNHCR boshchiligidagi dasturi doirasida ishtirok teatrda ishtirok, qismi, bolalar jinsiy zo'ravonlik va ekspluatatsiya oldini olish. UNHCR / B.Sokol surati
Yoshlar qaratilgan UNHCR boshchiligidagi dasturi doirasida ishtirok teatrda ishtirok, qismi, bolalar jinsiy zo'ravonlik va ekspluatatsiya oldini olish. UNHCR / B.Sokol surati
Young people take part in participatory theatre under a UNHCR-led programme aimed, in part, at preventing sexual violence and exploitation of children. Photo by UNHCR/B.Sokol
Young people take part in participatory theatre under a UNHCR-led programme aimed, in part, at preventing sexual violence and exploitation of children. Photo by UNHCR/B.Sokol

DRC xaritasi

DRC Map

til

Language

Frantsiya, Swahili, Kikongo, Chiluba, Kinyarwanda, va ba'zi ingliz.

French, Kiswahili, Kikongo, Tshiluba, Kinyarwanda, and some English.

Sinf ta'lim

Teaching in the Classroom

Boshlang'ich maktab (nazariyasi) majburiy, va xalq ta'limi davlat va din asosida tashkilotlar tomonidan boshqariladi maktablar tashkil topgan gibrid tizimi. Bolalar boshlang'ich ta'lim yoshi boshlanadi 6-7, va odatda dushanbadan shanba uchun ertalab o'rganish. odatda, Bir o'qituvchi barcha mavzusi masalalarni o'rgataman, va o'quv aralash yoshdagi o'quvchilar o'z ichiga oladi. ularning ta'lim Mustahkamlash uchun, sinf shogirdlari oxirida milliy sinovga kerak 6. O'rta maktab sinflar iborat 7-12. Akademik yil 30 uzunligi hafta, ikki davr bo'linadi.

Primary school is (in theory) compulsory, and public education is a hybrid system consisting of schools managed by the government and faith-based organizations. Children begin primary education age 6-7, and typically study in the mornings from Monday to Saturday. Generally, one teacher will teach all subject matters, and classrooms include students of mixed ages. To advance in their education, students must take a national exam at the end of grade 6. Secondary school consists of grades 7-12. The academic year is 30 weeks in length and broken into two semesters.

Sifatida 2003, DRC maktabni bolalar dunyodagi eng katta stavkalari biri edi. Qizlar IRQni past bahoda maktablariga, Bas, hech bir asosiy yoki o'rta ta'lim va past savodxonlik saviyasi bilan qochoqlar ko'pchiligi ayol bor. ta'lim kirish to'sqinlik ba'zi to'siqlar kam mablag' o'z ichiga oladi, maktab to'lovlari, jamiyat zo'ravonlik, Bola askar ishga qabul qilish, va so'nggi mojaro paytida maktab binolarini vayron.

As of 2003, the DRC had one of the world’s largest percentages of children out of school. Girls attend schools at lower rates in the DRC, so the majority of refugees with no primary or high school education and low literacy levels are female. Some obstacles impeding access to education include insufficient funding, school fees, community violence, child soldier recruitment, and the destruction of school buildings during the recent conflict.

Ugandada qochqinlar lagerida maktabda o'qigan Kongo bolalar ingliz katta EHM edi bo'ladi. Burundi va Tanzaniya qochqinlar lagerlarida yosh va o'smir qizlar jinsiy ekspluatatsiya keng tarqalgan. Qizlar asosiy tovarlar evaziga jinsiy ishiga majbur, va sinflar yoki pul evaziga qizlardan jinsiy talab o'qituvchilar tez-tez hisobot bor. Tanzaniyada Nyaragusu lagerida, inson kompensatsiya, unda oila qarzlari uchun to'lov shakli sifatida ayollar va qizlarni berish, keng tarqalgan.

Congolese children who attended school in a refugee camp in Uganda will have had greater exposure to English. Sexual exploitation of young and adolescent girls in refugee camps in Burundi and Tanzania is common. Girls are forced into sex work in exchange for basic goods, and there is frequent reporting of teachers demanding sex from girls in exchange for grades or money. In Nyaragusu camp in Tanzania, human compensation, in which families give women and girls as a form of payment for debts, is common.

Oila / Maktab Engagement

Family/School Engagement

59% Kongo qochoqlar hech og'zaki Ingliz mahoratga ega va yanada foiz o'qish hech qobiliyati bor (65%) yoki yozish (66%) ingliz tilida. AQShda mavjud Kongo qochqinlar aholisining yarmidan ayol ortiq, va 20% Yagona onalaridir. deyarli 40% Sharqiy IRQni ayollarning jinsiy zo'ravonlikka duch kelgan. jismoniy sog'liqni saqlash, ruhiy sog'liqni saqlash va Kongo Demokratik jinsiy zo'ravonlik, ijtimoiy ta'sir sodda bo'lmaydi.

59% of Congolese refugees have no oral English skills and an even greater percentage has no ability to read (65%) or write (66%) in English. More than half of the existing Congolese refugee population in the US is female, and 20% are single mothers. Nearly 40% of women in Eastern DRC have experienced sexual violence. The physical health, mental health and social impacts of sexual violence in the DRC cannot be understated.

Ko'pchilik qochqinlar haydovchi qanday bilaman yoki avtomobil kirish yetishmaydi emas, Bas, maktab voqealar transport oilalar farzandlarining ta'lim ishtirok istagan bo'lsa ham, bir qiyinchilik bo'ladi.

Many refugees do not know how to drive or lack access to a car, so transportation to school events will be a challenge even if families want to be involved in their children’s education.

Kongo ularning ko'rinishi katta g'urur. Nima bo'lishidan qat'iy nazar moliyaviy ahvolini, u toza kiyish keng tarqalgan, handmade kiyim. ish qilmoqchi bo'lsa, odamlar kiyinish. Kongo ham juda do'stona. shuningdek tark odamlar uchrashuv va qachon qo'l silkitardi odat emas. Surishtiruvchi hurmat talab darajasini belgilash uchun kishining salomatligi va oilasi haqida amalga oshirilishi lozim. odamlar kunning vaqt qarab salom uchun bir necha yo'llari bor, munosabatlar tabiati, va hokazo. Keksalar, jismoniy imo-ishoralar orqali hurmat ko'rsatiladi, va ular bilan bitim haqgo'ylik ko'ra ko'proq muhim hisoblanadi.

Congolese take great pride in their appearance. Regardless of financial status, it is common to wear clean, handmade clothes. People dress up when going to work. Congolese are also very friendly. It is customary to shake hands when meeting people and when leaving as well. An inquiry must be made about one’s health and family to indicate the required level of respect. There are several ways to greet people depending on time of day, the nature of the relationship, and so forth. Older people are shown respect through physical gestures, and agreement with them is considered more important than frankness.

Kongo ko'pincha jismoniy farzandlarini tarbiyalash, qaysi AQShda huquqiy va madaniy muammoni taqdim etadi. An'anaga, bola tarbiyasiga amerikaliklar otalik amaliyoti zid bir jamoa ma'suliyati. ota-onalar bo'lsa Kongo bolalar ko'pincha yoshlar uchun g'amxo'rlik. Bu, shuningdek, AQShda madaniy va huquqiy muammoni taqdim etadi.

Congolese often discipline their children physically, which presents a legal and cultural problem in the US. Traditionally, childcare is a community responsibility which conflicts with Americans’ parenting practices. Congolese children often care for younger ones when parents are away. This also presents a cultural and legal problem in the US.

madaniyat, Gender va Oila

Culture, Gender and Family

Kongo orasida, yadro oila bobosi o'z ichiga olgan juda katta kengaytirilgan oila faqatgina bir qismi ekanini, amakilari, xolaning, amakivachchalari, jiyani, jiyanlari, va hatto qon bilan bog'liq emas. Kongo Demokratik etnik guruhlar ko'p Ota bo'lgan. ona tomonida eng keksa amaki eng muhim erkak hisoblanadi va ba'zan otasiga nisbatan bir bolaning hayoti davomida ko'proq ta'sir bor. ona tomonida amakivachchalari ukalari hisoblanadi. Kongo ko'pincha uzoq oila a'zosi qo'ng'iroq mumkin (yoki hatto kimdir qon bilan bog'liq emas) ularning o'g'li, qiz, aka, yoki singlisi. Bu chet elda ishlash uchun va Qo'shma Shtatlarda huquqiy munosabatlarni yo'lga uchun ham chalg'itib yaratdi.

Among the Congolese, the nuclear family is only one part of a much larger extended family that includes grandparents, uncles, aunts, cousins, nephews, nieces, and even those not related by blood. Many of the ethnic groups in the DRC are matrilineal. The oldest uncle on the mother’s side is considered the most important male and sometimes has more influence over a child’s life than does the father. Cousins on the mother’s side are considered siblings. Congolese may often call a distant family member (or even someone not related by blood) their son, daughter, brother, or sister. This has created confusion both for overseas processing and for establishing legal relationships in the United States.

Qabila mansubligi ko'pincha milliy mansubligi ortiq Kongo qochqinlar uchun ko'proq muhimdir, va qabila nomlari diniy hisobga olish va ijtimoiy mavqei, muhim marker bor.

Tribal affiliation is often more important for Congolese refugees than national affiliation, and tribal names are a significant marker of religious identity and social status.

Gender rollari qabilalari orasida farq. Erkaklar odatda oila asosiy daromadli va qo'riqchilari sifatida hisoblanadi, va ayollar tez-tez ularning oilalari erkaklar tomonidan qabul qilingan qarorlarni itoat kutilmoqda. O'g'il va qiz bir yosh uyda yordam boshlaydi. odatda, ayollar uy-ro'zg'or yumushlari uchun mas'ul bo'lgan. Ba'zi qishloq joylarda, Ular yosh turmushga qadar qizlar uyda qolishni lozim. ammo, shahar ayollar ko'proq mustaqil bo'lish istagi va oilaviy masalalarda ko'proq so'z bor.

Gender roles vary among tribes. Men are generally regarded as the principal income earners and protectors of the household, and women are commonly expected to obey decisions made by men in their families. Both boys and girls begin helping out at home at a young age. Generally, women are in charge of domestic chores. In some rural areas, girls must stay at home until they marry at a young age. However, urban women tend to be more independent and have more say in family matters.

Qo'shimcha manbalar

Additional Resources

BRYCS resurslari

BRYCS RESOURCES

qochoq BACKGROUNDERS

REFUGEE BACKGROUNDERS

WORLD hasratlarni o'z ichiga sig'dirolmas

WORLD FACTBOOK

ARM qochoq TA'LIM Paketi

IRC REFUGEE TEACHER PACKET

SALOMATLIK

HEALTH

Sizning fikr almashish

Share Your Ideas

Izohlari yoki qo'shimcha ma'lumot yoki g'oyalar bo'lsa Kongo talabalarga o'rgatish bilan baham ko'rish uchun, elektron pochta iltimos: info@therefugeecenter.org.

If you have comments or additional information or ideas to share on teaching Congolese students, please email: info@therefugeecenter.org.

O`qituvchilar uchun saboq olish

Take our Course for Educators

Agar qochqinlar va immigrant talabalarga ta'lim berish qanday qo'shimcha ta'lim olmoqchi bo'lsangiz, Bizning kurs yozilish iltimos, Muhojirlar va immigratsion talabalar ta'lim: O'qituvchilar uchun Online Kurs.

If you would like more training on how to educate refugee and immigrant students, please consider enrolling in our course, Educating Refugee and Immigrant Students: An Online Course for Teachers.

PDF sifatida bu ma'lumot chop

Print this Information as a PDF

Siz yuklab olish va bu chop etishingiz mumkin Kongo talaba profili PDF sifatida va sinfda bir manba sifatida uni ushlab qolish.

You can download and print this Congolese learner profile as a PDF and keep it as a resource in your classroom.

Bu sahifa sizga yordam edi? Kulgich ha qoshlarini yuzi yo'q
Fikr va mulohazalaringiz uchun rahmat!