Xitoy: Xitoy sizning talabalar va ularning madaniy orqa tushunish

Ingliz tili, shuningdek,Hech Ingliz tili
Chinese immigrant students talking
culturalq.com fototuhfasi
Chinese immigrant students talking
Photo courtesy of culturalq.com

Xitoy talabalar va madaniyatini tushunish. Xitoy va qochqinlar va immigratsion talabalar haqida ma'lumot oling.

Understanding Chinese students and culture. Learn about China and your refugee and immigrant students.

turli talabalarga o'rgatish Ko'pchilik o'qituvchilar ular talabalarning yetarli madaniy fon ma'lumot olish yo'q, deb xabar. Agar qochoq talabalarga saboq bo'lsa, u yangi kelgan xabardor bo'lishi muhim ahamiyatga ega’ fon. Quyidagi ma'lumotlar asosiy diqqatga sazovor umumiy ta'minlash uchun mo'ljallangan, Bas, siz talabalar bilan hamohang bo'lgan madaniy javob o'quv strategiyalar ishlab chiqish’ noyob ta'lim turmagi. Xitoy xaritasi - Xitoy talabalar

Many educators teaching diverse students report that they do not receive enough cultural background information on their students. If you are teaching refugee students, it is important to be aware of newcomers’ backgrounds. The information below is meant to provide an overview of key highlights, so you develop culturally responsive teaching strategies that are in tune with your students’ unique learning styles. Map of China - Chinese students

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Language

Standart Xitoy yoki Mandarin (rasmiy); Kanton va bir necha boshqa dialektlari mamlakat bo'ylab tilidagi.

Standard Chinese or Mandarin (official); Cantonese and several other dialects are spoken throughout the country.

sinfda o'rgatish

Teaching in the classroom

Xitoyda erkaklar va ayollar o'rtasida savodxonlik darajasi odatda yuqori, Xitoy jamiyatda ta'lim ahamiyatini ko'rsatib,. Xitoy madaniyat inqilobi buyon (1966-1976), Xitoyda ta'lim tizimini rivojlantirish, iqtisodiy modernizatsiya rivojlantirishning muhimligi qayd, qaysi ta'lim tizimini takomillashtirish muhim sa'y-harakatlar olib keldi. Siz Xitoy bolalar ta'lim muhimligini tan ekanligini ko'rishingiz mumkin.

The literacy rate among men and women in China is generally high, illustrating the importance of education in Chinese society. Since the Chinese Cultural Revolution (1966–1976), the development of the education system in China highlighted the importance of advancing economic modernization, which led to significant efforts to improve the education system. You may notice that Chinese children are aware of the importance of education.

ammo, tufayli mamlakat hajmi va milliy ozchiliklar qator, ta'lim hali mamlakat bo'ylab o'zgarib turadi va ta'lim kirish cheklash shaharlarda yoki boshqa omillar yaqinlik bog'liq mumkin.

However, due to the size of the country and the range of national minorities, education still varies throughout the country and can depend on proximity to cities or other factors limiting access to education.

Xitoy jamiyat bo'ylab, puxtalik, harakat va hurmat umumiy amaliyotlar bo'ladi, va ayniqsa Xitoy talabalar uchun. o'qituvchi gapirgan bo'lsa, u o'tirgan qoladi hurmat hisoblanadi. hurmat tamoyillariga Xitoy madaniyati muhim ahamiyatga ega va sinfda aks mumkin.

Across Chinese society, punctuality, diligence and respect are common practices, and particularly for Chinese students. It is considered respectful to remain seated when the teacher is speaking. Principles of respect are important in Chinese culture and can be reflected in the classroom.

Oila / Maktab ish

Family/school engagement

Xitoy odamlarni salom qachon, kattalik birinchi o'ringa oladi. Bu boshqalarga salom oldin to'ng'ich shaxsni qutlayman muloyim bo'ladi, degan ma'noni anglatadi. Janob tomonidan Xitoy kattalar murojaat qilish ham muhim ahamiyatga ega, Honim., Miss plus ularning oila nomi, emas, balki ularning birinchi nomlari bilan. ular turmushga qachon ayollar ko'pincha o'z birinchi nomini saqlab. Xitoy xalq, shuningdek, ularning professional unvonlar bilan murojaat etiladi. Masalan, Li Ziang unvonini yordamida hal: Gubernatori Li yoki direktori Li.

When greeting Chinese people, seniority takes precedence. This means it is polite to greet the eldest person before greeting others. It is also important to address Chinese adults by Mr., Mrs., Miss plus their family name, not by their first names. Women generally keep their maiden name when they marry. Chinese people are also addressed by their professional titles. For example, address Li Ziang using his title: Governor Li or Director Li.

Xitoy madaniyati rasmiy va topasizlar, deb nutq shou bu yo'llari. Erkaklar uchun Tabriklar va ayollar al sıkışmalarından o'z ichiga oladi, va suhbat bor oz yoki oila yoki yaqin do'stlari bilan jalb qilmasa, hech ta'sirli. Umuman aytganda, Xitoy yoqtirmaslik begona tegmaydi qilinmoqda. ammo, Xitoy xalq jismonan ifoda hamdardlik bir shakli sifatida sizni oladigan bo'lsa, hayron bo'lmanglar.

Chinese culture is formal and you will find that ways of speaking show this. Greetings for men and women include handshakes, and in conversation there is little or no touching unless engaging with family or close friends. Generally speaking, Chinese dislike being touched by strangers. However, do not be surprised if Chinese people physically touch you as a form of expressing sympathy.

Yopish oila rishtalari va kolektivist madaniyat oilalar yaqindan Xitoy talabalar hayotida ishtirok etmoqda, degan ma'noni anglatadi. Bundan tashqari, kishining oqsoqollarni hurmat urg'u Xitoy talabalarning ota-onalar bolalar hayotida nufuzli bo'lgan, degan ma'noni anglatadi. Bu ta'sir ham keksa birodarlar va yosh birodarlar bilan sodir bo'ladi. shu sababli, talabalar bilan bir masalani hal qilishda, Bu yaxshi vaziyatni tushunish yoki muqobil fikr izlab oila a'zolari bilan suhbatlashish uchun dono, echimlar yoki g'oyalar. Siz keksa birodarlar birinchi gapirish mumkin, Chunki Xitoy oila ichidagi, an'anaviy oila tarkibi qattiq va ierarxik, Bas, tabiiy ierarxik orqali oilasida bir masalani kamaytirish muammolarni oldini olish mumkin.

Close family ties and a collectivist culture means that families are closely involved in the lives of Chinese students. Furthermore, the emphasis on respecting one’s elders means that Chinese students’ parents are influential in their children’s lives. This influence also happens with elder siblings and younger siblings. Therefore, when addressing an issue with students, it is wise to speak to family members to better understand the situation or seek insight into alternatives, solutions or ideas. You can talk first to elder siblings, because within a Chinese family, traditional family structure is rigid and hierarchical, so easing an issue into the family through the natural hierarchy may avoid problems.

Xitoy suhbat bilvosita bo'lishi mumkin, va so'z ortida ma'no talqin qilish kerak bo'lishi mumkin. suhbat, kimdir ular nimani anglatishini uchun teskarisini aytish mumkin (Ehtimol, jinoyat berib oldini olish yoki chunki maxfiyligi uchun), Bas, bu e'tibor va real ma'nosini tushunish uchun savollar berish muhim ahamiyatga ega.

Chinese conversation can be indirect, and you may need to interpret the meaning behind words. In conversation, someone may say the opposite to what they mean (perhaps to avoid giving offense or because of privacy), so it is important to pay attention to this and ask questions to understand the real meaning.

To'g'ridan-to'g'ri ko'z bilan aloqa hurmat ko'rsatadi, yahshilik va e'tibor, Bas, u ko'z aloqada bilan, karnay ekanini bilish muhim. oqsoqollar yoki bolalar ota-onalari bilan suhbatlashganida, kishining boshini pasaytirish hurmat yana bir belgisidir.

Direct eye contact shows respect, politeness and attentiveness, so it is important to recognize the speaker with eye contact. When speaking to elders or parents of children, lowering one’s head is another sign of respect.

Xitoy talabalar yoki oila bilan jalb barmoq-ishora bo'lsa ishora oldini olish uchun. Aksincha Ko'rsatkich barmoq bilan ishora ko'ra butun qo'lini yoki yassi kaftini foydalaning. Shuningdek barmog'ingizni ushlab yoki kimningdir diqqat olish hushtak oldini olish. har qanday hurmatsizlik hislarni oldini olish uchun aloqa hurmat rejimlarini foydalaning.

A gesture to avoid when engaging with Chinese students or family is to finger-pointing. Use your whole hand or flat palm rather than pointing with your index finger. Also avoid snapping your finger or whistling to get someone’s attention. Use respectful modes of communication to avoid any disrespectful perceptions.

Xitoy odatda siyosiy-bog'liq suhbatlar oldini olish, Bunday Xitoy siyosat yoki madaniy inqilobi tanqidlarga sifatida. Bu muloyim qilish uchun eng yaxshi bo'lgan, ijobiy kichik munozarasi.

The Chinese generally avoid political-related conversations, such as criticisms of Chinese politics or the Cultural Revolution. It is best to make polite, positive small talk.

madaniyat, gender va oila

Culture, gender and family

jamoa va kollektivizm e'tibor katta mavjud, va an'anaviy va diniy bojxona Xitoy hayotida muhim ahamiyatga ega.

There is a great deal of emphasis on community and collectivism, and traditional and religious customs are important in the life of Chinese.

Xitoy aholisining ko'pchiligi buddizm bir birlashmasidan amalda, Konfutsiydan, va Taoizm. aholi amalda Nasroniylik bir kichik ozchilikni, protestantizm, Katoliklar, Mormonizm, Islom va Yahudiylik. yuksak etnik guruhlar Han xitoylik bor, va aholining kichik miqdor Zhuang jumladan boshqa etnik guruhlar o'z ichiga oladi, Uyg'ur, Hui, Yi, Tibet, Miao, Manchu, mo'g'ul, BUYI, Koreya.

The majority of the Chinese population practice a combination of Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism. A smaller minority of the population practice Christianity, Protestantism, Catholicism, Mormonism, Islam and Judaism. The predominant ethnic groups are Han Chinese, and a small percentage of the population comprises other ethnic groups including Zhuang, Uygur, Hui, Yi, Tibetan, Miao, Manchu, Mongol, Buyi, Korean.

ierarxik, Xitoy jamiyati erkak-hukmron bo'lib qoladi, deb erkaklar va ayollarning roli yanada an'anaviy qarashlarning kelib, lekin ayollar tobora jamiyatda yana teng bo'lib, chunki, ayollar qarashlari rivojlanayotgan. ammo, kadrlarga bo'lgan ayollar ulushi ortib bormoqda bo'lsa-da,, bir ayol hali ichki mas'uliyat ega bo'lishi kutilmoqda.

Hierarchically, roles of men and women originate in more traditional views as Chinese society remains male-dominated, but because women are increasingly becoming more equal in society, views of women are evolving. However, although the proportion of women in the workforce is growing, a woman is still expected to have domestic responsibilities.

Erkaklar va ayollar rasmiy va konservativ kiyinish moyil, aniqlash emas qora ranglar va kiyim kiygan.

Men and women tend to dress formally and conservatively, wearing dark colors and clothes that are not revealing.

Qo'shimcha resurslar

Additional resources

WORLD hasratlarni o'z ichiga sig'dirolmas

WORLD FACTBOOK

Xitoy madaniyati o'tish GUIDE

CHINA CULTURE CROSSING GUIDE

CHINESE AMERICANS

CHINESE AMERICANS

CHINESE TA'LIM

CHINESE EDUCATION

CHINESE SUHBATNI

CHINESE CONVERSATION

CHINESE MADANIY odob

CHINESE CULTURAL ETIQUETTE

qochqinlar va immigratsion talabalar qo'llab-quvvatlash haqida qo'shimcha ma'lumot olish istayman? tarbiyachilar uchun Professional taraqqiyot kurs uchun, a'zo bo'ling.

Want to learn more about how to support refugee and immigrant students? Sign up for our Professional Development course for educators.

Sizning talabalar barcha muvaffaqiyatga ta'minlash

Dalillarga asoslangan sinf strategiyalar va Kelgan talabalarning o'qituvchilar uchun qo'llab-quvvatlash.

Bugun yozilish

PDF sifatida bu ma'lumot chop

Print this Information as a PDF

Siz yuklab olish va bu chop etishingiz mumkin PDF sifatida Xitoy talaba fon profili va sinfda bir manba sifatida uni ushlab qolish.

You can download and print this Chinese student background profile as a PDF and keep it as a resource in your classroom.

Bu sahifa sizga yordam edi? Kulgich ha qoshlarini yuzi yo'q
Fikr va mulohazalaringiz uchun rahmat!