Afg'oniston: Understanding your students from Afghanistan and their cultural backgrounds

Ingliz tili, shuningdek,Hech Ingliz tili

Afg'on qochqinlar talabalar: Madaniyat fon profillar

Afghan refugee students: Cultural background profiles

turli talabalarga o'rgatish Ko'pchilik o'qituvchilar ular talabalarning yetarli madaniy fon ma'lumot olish yo'q, deb xabar. Agar qochoq talabalarga saboq bo'lsa, u yangi kelgan xabardor bo'lishi muhim ahamiyatga ega’ fon. Quyidagi ma'lumotlar asosiy diqqatga sazovor umumiy ta'minlash uchun mo'ljallangan, Bas, siz talabalar bilan hamohang bo'lgan madaniy javob o'quv strategiyalar ishlab chiqish’ noyob ta'lim turmagi.

Many educators teaching diverse students report that they do not receive enough cultural background information on their students. If you are teaching refugee students, it is important to be aware of newcomers’ backgrounds. The information below is meant to provide an overview of key highlights, so you develop culturally responsive teaching strategies that are in tune with your students’ unique learning styles.

Afghani refugee students

Afghani refugee students

Afg'oniston xaritasi

Afghanistan map

til

Language

Pashto va dan

Pashto and Dari

sinfda o'rgatish

Teaching in the classroom

Bu maktab yoshidagi Afg'oniston bolalarning faqat uchdan biri har qachongidan 1980 maktab ishtirok etdi, deb taxmin qilinadi, Sovet ishg'oli paytida. ta'lim tizimi kelgusi fuqarolik urushida butunlay chetda tushdi. Bolalar ham uyda o'qitiladigan qilindi, mahalliy masjidda, yoki arzimaydi.

It is estimated that only one-third of school-age Afghan children ever attended school during the 1980s, during the Soviet occupation. The education system fell apart completely in the ensuing civil war. Children were either taught at home, in the local mosque, or not at all.

Tolibon ostida, dunyoviy ta'lim yo'q edi. Boys diniy ta'lim olgan, va qizlar umuman ta'lim harom qilindi. Islomda, Ta'lim ko'proq yuqori mol qimmatbaho, lekin, farzandlarini bo'ldim ota-onalar norasmiy guruhlar xususiy repetitorlik uchun tashkil ma'lumotli.

Under the Taliban, secular education did not exist. Boys received religious education, and girls were forbidden education altogether. In Islam, education is more highly valued than wealth but, parents who wanted their children educated arranged for private tutoring in informal groups.

Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlarida afg'onlar Janubi-sharqiy Osiyo va Afrika qochqinlar guruhlar ortiq ta'lim yuqori o'rtacha darajasiga ega, lekin davriy mojaro o'n yillar ta'lim olib keldi izdan yoki tugatilishi qilinmoqda. Pokistonda, taxminan 80% maktab-yoshidagi Afg'oniston qochqinlar aholi maktabni hozircha, Afg'on qochqinlar orasida juda kam savodxonligi natijasida, ayniqsa, ayollar va qizlar o'rtasida. Ko'pchilik ayollar va oqsoqollar bor kam yoki hech qanday rasmiy ta'lim.

Afghans in the United States have a higher mean level of education than Southeast Asian and African refugee groups, but decades of recurrent conflict have led to the education being disrupted or discontinued. In Pakistan, approximately 80% of the school-age Afghan refugee population is currently out of school, resulting in extremely low literacy among Afghan refugees, especially among women and girls. Many women and elders have had little or no formal education at all.

Oila / Maktab ish

Family/school engagement

Bolalar maktabda qunt bilan mehnat qilish va Topshiriq qilish maktabdan keyin uyga kelib kutilmoqda. Shu asos bilan, Ba'zi ota-onalar farzandlariga maktabdan keyingi faoliyati bilan shug'ullanishga imkon bo'lmasligi mumkin. Boys odatda qizlar ko'ra ko'proq erkinlik bor. Yana bir omil ko'plab qochqinlar haydovchi qanday bilaman yoki avtomobil kirish etishmaydi emas bo'lishi mumkin, Bas, maktab voqealar transport bir qiyinchilik bo'ladi.

Children are expected to work hard in school and to come home after school to do homework. For this reason, some parents might not allow their children to engage in after-school activities. Boys usually have much more freedom than girls. Another contributing factor may be that many refugees do not know how to drive or lack access to a car, so transportation to school events will be a challenge.

Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlarida Afg'oniston jamoalar G'arb hayotiga katta yon qildik-da, Bolalar an'anaviy Afg'oniston qadriyatlar bilan uylariga kirib ularning maktab-bilib Amerika befarq olib sifatida oilalarda kuchlanish tez-tez bor. Maktablar bolalar mustaqilligi va qat'iyatlilikni o'rgatish, to'ng'ich oila a'zolariga oilaviy o'zaro bog'liqlik va qat'iy itoat madaniy qadriyatlariga zid keladigan, ayniqsa otasining organiga. Oilalar farzandlari nomusulmon sinfdoshi dan hayosiz xatti pick up qiladi tashvishda, shuningdek maktab o'zidan sifatida.

While Afghan communities in the United States have made tremendous concessions to Western life, there is often tension in families as the children bring their school-learned American sensibilities into homes with traditional Afghan values. Schools teach children independence and assertiveness, which contradict cultural values of family interdependence and strict obedience to elder family members, particularly to the father’s authority. Families are concerned that children will pick up immodest behavior from their non-Muslim classmates, as well as from school itself.

madaniyat, gender va oila

Culture, gender and family

Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlarida Afg'oniston aholisi bir umumiy millati va Islom dinini ulashmoqda, lekin u siyosiy yo'nalishlar bo'yicha rang-barang bo'lib, diniy mansubligi, Etnik kelib chiqishi, ijtimoiy sinf, va modernizatsiya tomon munosabat. Bu xilma-xillik ahamiyati qilmaslik mumkin emas. yolg'iz etnik jihatidan, bu yerda 19 Afg'onistonda turli guruhlari, va, Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlarida afg'onlar aksariyati pushtun va tojik esa, Nyu-Yorkda o'zbek ozchilikni bor, shuningdek, ayrim afg'on yahudiylar va hindlarning sifatida; va Hazaras mamlakat bo'ylab tarqalib ketgan.

The Afghan population in the United States shares a common nationality and Islamic religion, but it is diverse in terms of political orientation, religious affiliation, ethnicity, social class, and attitude toward modernization. The importance of this diversity cannot be overstated. In terms of ethnicity alone, there are 19 different groups in Afghanistan, and, while the majority of Afghans in the United States are Pashtun and Tajik, there is an Uzbek minority in New York, as well as some Afghan Jews and Hindus; and Hazaras are scattered around the country.

Afg'onlar nonfamily a'zolari bilan shaxsiy va oilaviy muammolarni almashish uchun odatda istamay, sog'liqni saqlash professional, shu jumladan,, ayollar do'stlaringiz bilan ularning muammolarini muhokama qilishi mumkin bo'lsa-da,, non-afg'on, shu jumladan,. Ular boshqalarga yoqmadi, ayniqsa, begona, ularni jonli nima qilish kerak. Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlarida, Afg'onlar ota-hokimiyatini rahna sifatida maktab va ijtimoiy xizmat agentligi aralashuvini sezmagan mumkin, mas'uliyat va nazorat qilish.

Afghans are generally reluctant to share personal and family issues with nonfamily members, including healthcare professionals, although women may discuss their problems with friends, including non-Afghans. They dislike others, especially outsiders, telling them what to do. In the United States, Afghans might perceive school and social service agency intervention as undermining parental authority, responsibility and control.

Afg'oniston oila daxlsiz va katta shaxsiy masalasi. Bu yana bir insonning ayol qarindoshlari bilan har qanday qiziqish bildirishga bir odam uchun odatlarni muhim buzilishi hisoblanadi. Masalan, bir erkak o'qituvchi so'rash uchun u noto'g'ri bo'lishi mumkin, "Xotiningiz yaxshi yuribdilarmi?"

The Afghan family is sacrosanct and a matter of great privacy. It is considered a significant breach of manners for a man to express interest of any sort in another man’s female relatives. For example, it may be inappropriate for a male teacher to ask, “How is your wife?”

Bo'lsa-da U.S Afg'oniston madaniyat. o'tish bo'ladi, an'anaviy Cosmopolitan ko'lamli oilalar kelib chiqishi va shaxsiy tanlov qarab bilan, oilaviy hayot U.S asosiy qolmoqda. Afg'oniston madaniyat. Afg'onlar kengaytirilgan oila a'zolari bilan deyarli faqat do'stlashish moyil, va bu kuchli oila diqqat markazida U.S madaniyat mojaroni sabab bo'lishi mumkin. Kengaytirilgan oila majburiyatlari ko'pincha boshqa vazifalarni o'zgartirmoq.

Even though Afghan culture in the U.S. is in transition, with families ranging from traditional to cosmopolitan depending on their backgrounds and personal choice, family life remains the core of U.S. Afghan culture. Afghans tend to socialize almost exclusively with extended family members, and this intense family focus can cause culture conflict in the U.S. Extended family obligations often supersede other responsibilities.

Afg'on ayollar bor, umuman, U.S uchun moslashtirilgan. Afg'oniston kishi bor ko'ra yaxshiroq, kim qiyinchilik an'anaviy va amerikalik turmush tarzi o'rtasida o'rta yo'lni topish edi. Bolalar tezroq ularning ota-onalari va ularning ota-onasining tarjimonlar va nomidan bo'lib qaraganda ingliz tilini o'rganish qachon an'anaviy erining elektr va oila boshlig'i sifatida xizmat yanada putur etkazdi bo'ladi.

Afghan women have, generally speaking, adapted to the U.S. better than have Afghan men, who have had difficulty finding a middle road between a traditional and an American lifestyle. The traditional husband’s power and role as head of the family is further undermined when children learn English more quickly than their parents do and become their parents’ translators and spokespersons.

qochqinlar va immigratsion talabalar qo'llab-quvvatlash haqida qo'shimcha ma'lumot olish istayman? tarbiyachilar uchun Professional taraqqiyot kurs uchun, a'zo bo'ling.

Want to learn more about how to support refugee and immigrant students? Sign up for our Professional Development course for educators.

Sizning talabalar barcha muvaffaqiyatga ta'minlash

Dalillarga asoslangan sinf strategiyalar va Kelgan talabalarning o'qituvchilar uchun qo'llab-quvvatlash.

Bugun yozilish

PDF sifatida bu ma'lumot chop

Print this Information as a PDF

Siz yuklab olish va bu chop etishingiz mumkin Afg'oniston talaba profili PDF sifatida va sinfda bir manba sifatida uni ushlab qolish.

You can download and print this Afghanistan learner profile as a PDF and keep it as a resource in your classroom.

Bu sahifa sizga yordam edi? Kulgich ha qoshlarini yuzi yo'q
Fikr va mulohazalaringiz uchun rahmat!