ishchilar’ huquqlari

Ingliz tili, shuningdek,Hech Ingliz tili

Workers' rights - woman worker

Workers' rights - woman worker

ishchilar haqida ma'lumot oling’ ish joyidagi sizni himoya qiladi huquqlari.

Learn about workers’ rights that will protect you in the workplace.

Agar ish topish bir marta, Agar ishda sizni himoya qilish uchun muayyan huquqlarga ega. AQSh hukumati ishchilar bor’ Agar qilish kerak qancha pul deb huquqlari qonun. Sizning ish beruvchi sizga qanday munosabatda necha soat ishlash mumkin va qanday haqida qonunlar ham bor. Agar ish uchun Sizning ish beruvchi xavfsiz va sog'lom bo'lib taqdim kerak.

Once you find a job, you have certain rights to protect you at work. The US government has workers’ rights laws that say how much money you must make. There are also laws about how many hours you can work and how your employer treats you. Your employer must provide a safe and healthy place for you to work.

maosh

Wages

eng kam ish haqining

Minimum wage

federal hukumat butun mamlakat uchun qonunlar qiladi. davlat hukumatlari o'z davlatlarda qonunlar qilish. federal hukumat va har bir davlat bir-bir eng kam ish haqini qo'ydik. Eng kam ish haqining ish beruvchilar, ularning ishchilari to'lash kerak bo'lgan eng past miqdori. federal eng kam ish haqining emas $7.25 soatiga. Bu har bir joyda, Qo'shma Shtatlarda ish beruvchi kamida sizga to'lashi shart, degan ma'noni anglatadi $7.25 soatiga.

The federal government makes laws for the whole country. The state governments make laws in their states. The federal government and every state have a set a minimum wage. Minimum wage is the lowest amount that employers must pay their employees. The federal minimum wage is $7.25 per hour. This means that an employer anywhere in the United States MUST pay you at least $7.25 per hour.

Davlat eng kam ish haqining

State minimum wage

Ba'zan davlat eng kam ish haqining federal eng kam ish haqining nisbatan yuqori bo'ladi. Masalan, Kaliforniya davlat bir eng kam ish haqini ega $8.00 soatiga. Arizona bir eng kam ish haqini ega $7.65 soatiga. Bu davlatlarda, ish beruvchilar ishchilar yuqori miqdorda to'lash kerak.

Sometimes the state minimum wage is higher than the federal minimum wage. For example, the state of California has a minimum wage of $8.00 per hour. Arizona has a minimum wage of $7.65 per hour. In these states, employers must pay workers the higher amount.

Eng kam ish haqining va maslahatlar

Minimum wage and tips

Maslahatlar mijozlar pul sizning xizmat uchun rahmat qilish. Maslahatlar taom yoki soliq miqdori, shu jumladan emas. Agar restoranda yoki ish ishlayotgan bo'lsa, siz ko'proq uchlarini olish qaerda $30 bir oy, keyin sifatida qo'llanilishi mumkin “eğimli xodimi.” Maydon tashqarisiga chiqarib yubordi xodimlari kamida to'lash kerak bo'ladi $2.13 soat plus o'z maslahatlar boshiga. Maslahatlar ko'proq bo'lishi kerak $5.12 soatiga siz hali federal eng kam ish haqini daromad, shunday qilib $7.25 ($2.13 + $5.12 = $7.25).

Tips are money from customers to thank you for your service. Tips are not included in the meal or tax amount. If you work in a restaurant or in a job where you receive tips of more than $30 a month, then you can be employed as a “tipped employee.” Tipped employees must be paid at least $2.13 per hour plus their tips. Tips must be more than $5.12 per hour so that you are still earning the federal minimum wage of $7.25 ($2.13 + $5.12 = $7.25).

teng ish haqi

Equal wages

Ba'zi mamlakatlarda, erkaklar va ayollar turli to'lanadi. ammo, BIZ qonunlar Bu ruxsat yo'q. Agar CO-ishchi bir xil ish qilyapsan, agar, Agar bir xil to'lash kerak bo'ladi. Siz ham bir xil qo'shimcha ish haqi olish kerak, dam olish soat, va bonuslar. Ular turli lavozimlarda, agar xodimlar faqat ko'proq kerak. Ular yaxshi mahoratini yoki ko'proq tajribaga ega bo'lsa, ular ham ko'proq to'lanishi mumkin.

In some countries, men and women are paid differently. However, US laws don’t allow this. If you are doing the same job as a co-worker, you must be paid the same. You should also get the same overtime pay, vacation hours, and bonuses. Employees should only get more if they are in different positions. They can also be paid more if they have better skills or more experience.

Boshqa ishchilar’ huquqlari

Other workers’ rights

kamsitish

Discrimination

Kamsitish qonunlar turlicha odamlarni yollash va har bir kishi bir davolash uchun ish beruvchilar rag'batlantirish. ish beruvchi tufayli sizni ishga EMAS uchun noqonuniy hisoblanadi:

Discrimination laws encourage employers to hire people from different backgrounds and to treat everyone the same. It is illegal for an employer to NOT hire you because of:

  • gender
  • irq
  • din
  • layoqatsizlik: jismoniy muammolarni yoki kasallik ega
  • yosh: bo'lish 40 yoki katta
  • Milliy kelib chiqishi: Agar kelgan qaerda
  • Gender
  • Race
  • Religion
  • Disability: having physical problems or an illness
  • Age: being 40 or older
  • National origin: where you come from

Ish jarohati

Work injuries

ishlayotgan shikastlanishga sizga bo'lishi mumkin. ishlayotgan Agar zarar bo'lsa, u darhol Manager aytib juda muhim. Bundan tashqari, siz jarohati davolash uchun shifokor topish kerak. ishchilar’ kompensatsiya qonunlar davolash bo'lishi uchun huquqlaringizni himoya mumkin. Sizning davolash va ish haqining Ba'zi Sizning kompaniya tomonidan to'langan bo'lishi mumkin.

Injuries can happen to you while working. If you get hurt while working, it is very important to tell your manager right away. You also need to find a doctor to treat your injury. Workers’ compensation laws can protect your rights to have treatment. Some of your treatment and wages could be paid for by your company.

Maxfiylik uchun o'ng

Right to privacy

Sizning kompaniyasi shaxsiy narsalarga qarash joiz emas. sizning hamyon, sumkalar, saqlash shkafi, va sumkasini siz uchun faqat. Agar u sizning ismi bor pochta qabul bo'lsa, Sizning menejeri o'qish joiz emas.

Your company is not allowed to look at your personal things. Your purse, bags, storage lockers, and briefcases are only for you. If you receive mail that has your name on it, your manager is not allowed to read it.

Agar ish uchun kompyuter foydalanayotgan bo'lsangiz,, Boshlig'ingiz xabarlari qarash ruxsat etiladi. Agar telefonni foydalanayotgan bo'lsangiz,, Ba'zi kompaniyalar sizning telefon qo'ng'iroqlari va xabarlarni eshitish uchun ruxsat berilgan. Bu har bir kompaniya uchun turli xil bo'lgan. Siz aytish yoki kompaniya haqida salbiy narsalarni yozish hech qachon.

If you use a computer for work, your boss is allowed to look at your emails. If you use a phone, some companies are allowed to listen to your phone calls and messages. This is different for every company. You should never say or write negative things about your company.

adolatsiz natija

Unfair termination

Adolatsiz natija Agar noqonuniy Shuning uchun ishdan ketdi, degan ma'noni anglatadi. Agar, chunki kamsitish sizning ish yo'qotgan deb o'ylayman, agar, ish jarohat, yoki urinish, Agar advokat bilan gaplashib haqida o'ylab ko'rish kerak. workers'rights bilan insonlarga yordam advokatlari bor.

Unfair termination means that you got fired for an illegal reason. If you think that you lost your job because of discrimination, a work injury, or harassment, you should think about talking to a lawyer. There are lawyers who help people with workers’rights.

siz, deb o'ylayman, agar noqonuniy narsa o'z joyida sodir bo'layotgan, Sizning ish aytib. Sizning ish beruvchi yordam bera bo'lmasa, nima bo'layotganini yozib. Siz keyinchalik bu ma'lumotlarni kerak bo'lishi mumkin.

If you think illegal things are happening in your workplace, tell your employer. If your employer is not able to help, write down what is happening. You may need this information later.

Ish joyini xavfsizlik

Workplace safety

Sizning ish beruvchi ishonch hosil qiling, ish joyini xavfsiz va xavf holda qilish kerak. Ehtiyotsizlik bilan sizga zarar mumkin narsalar, Bunday kimyoviy yoki xavfli vositalari yoki uskunalar kabi. ba'zan, Sizning ish siz xavfli bir narsa qilish talab. Masalan, qurilish ishchi baland binolar ustida cho'qqisini zabt bo'lishi mumkin. qonun ostida, ish beruvchilar ish joyida mumkin bo'lgan xavf haqida aytib kerak. Ular, shuningdek, sizga tushunarli tilda sizga o'rgatish kerak. Agar his yoki ko'rsangiz narsa sizning menejeri haqida bilmaydi, deb xavfli bo'lgan, ularni aytib.

Your employer must make sure your workplace is safe and without hazards. Hazards are things that can harm you, such as chemicals or unsafe tools or equipment. Sometimes, your job requires you to do something unsafe. For example, a construction worker might have to climb up on tall buildings. Under the law, employers have to tell you about the potential dangers at the workplace. They also have to train you in a language that you understand. If you feel or see something is unsafe that your manager does not know about, tell them.

Ko'proq ma'lumot olish

Learn more

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