AQSh davlat Maktab

Ingliz tili, shuningdek,Hech Ingliz tili

Amerikada Maktab

School in America

You can help your child get a good education in the United States through public school.
Siz bola davlat maktab orqali Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlarida bir yaxshi ta'lim olish yordam berishi mumkin.
You can help your child get a good education in the United States through public school.
You can help your child get a good education in the United States through public school.

Xalq maktabi Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlarida barcha bolalar uchun mavjud bepul maktab.

Public School is free school available to all children in the United States.

umumta'lim maktablarining nima turlari bor?

What types of public schools are there?

Erta bolalik ta'lim

Early childhood education

Erta ta'lim ta'lim ta'sir qilish, yosh bolalar haqida gapirish uchun atama hisoblanadi. bolangiz bir bola bo'lsa ham,, Ularga o'qib yordam berish muhim ahamiyatga ega, ular bilan kuylash va ularni birinchi til va ingliz, ham o'rganish yordam. ikki tilli bolalar ko'rsatadi tadqiqot mavjud, ikki yoki undan ko'p tilda gapirish, faqat bitta tilda gapirish bolalar ko'proq afzalliklarga ega. Erta bolalik ta'lim markazlari va kunduzgi markazlari bolalar yoshi to'rt yoki besh orqali chaqaloqlar uchun mavjud.

Early education is a term used to talk about young children being exposed to education. Even when your child is a baby, it is important to help read to them, sing with them and help them learn both your first language and English. There is research that shows children who are bilingual, speaking two or more languages, have more advantages than children who speak only one language. Early childhood education centers and daycare centers are available for infants through children age four or five.

Maktabgacha

Preschool

Maktabgacha bolalar yordam beradi (asrlarda uch va to'rt) rivojlantirish. Bu ularni yoshi besh yoki olti da maktab uchun tayyor bo'lishi yordam beradi. maktabgacha uchun bir variant Head Start deb ataladi. kam ta'minlangan oilalar Maktabgacha yoshdagi bolalar Head Start dasturlari ishtirok mumkin. Head Start hukumat tomonidan ishlatish, bir arzon maktabgacha bo'lgan. Siz uchun qo'ng'iroq qilishingiz mumkin Head Start dasturi sizga yaqin.

Preschool helps children (ages three and four) develop. It helps them be ready for school at age five or six. One option for preschool is called Head Start. Preschool-aged children from low-income families can attend Head Start programs. Head Start is a low-cost preschool run by the government. You can search for a Head Start program near you.

Boshlang'ich maktab

Elementary school

Bolalar odatda bolalar bog'chasi bilan boshlang'ich maktabni boshlanadi (K) va yoshi besh sinf besh yoki olti davom. Ular yoshi o'n yoki o'n atrofida boshlang'ich maktabga tark. Bolalar bitta sinfda bir o'qituvchi ko'plab mavzularni o'rganish.

Children usually begin elementary school with kindergarten (K) at age five and continue through grade five or six. They leave elementary school around age ten or eleven. Children learn many subjects from one teacher in a single classroom.

O'rta maktab (Bundan tashqari, kichik o'rta maktab deb atalgan)

Middle school (also called junior high school)

Yaqin maktab sakkiz orqali talabalar darajada deb e'lon olti o'rgatadi. Ular asrlar o'n atrofida bo'ladi 14. Yaqin maktab o'quvchilari, odatda, sinf uchun sinf o'tish. Ular bir maktab kunda ko'plab turli o'qituvchi bo'lishi mumkin.

Middle school teaches students grades six through eight. They are around ages ten to 14. Middle school students usually switch from classroom to classroom. They may have many different teachers in one school day.

Maktab

High school

Talabalar yoshdagi yuqori maktabga 14 va, odatda, 17 yoki 18. mashg'ulotlar sub'ektlar tomonidan joylashtirilgan. Talaba bir kunda ko'plab o'qituvchilar bo'lishi mumkin. Ba'zi talabalar ilg'or darslari olishi mumkin. Ba'zi talabalar ish yoki kollejda uchun ularni tayyorlash darslari olishi mumkin. Oliy maktab klublar bor, faoliyati, sport, ish-o'qish tadbirlar, va boshqa faoliyat.

Students attend high school between the ages of 14 and usually 17 or 18. The classes are arranged by subjects. A student may have many teachers in one day. Some students can take advanced classes. Some students can take classes that prepare them for work or for college. High schools have clubs, activities, sports, work-study arrangements, and other activities.

Kim maktablarda ishlari?

Who works at schools?

Odamlar siz maktabda kutib mumkin:

People you might meet at the school:

o'qituvchilar

Teachers

O'qituvchilar talabalar ta'lim uchun bevosita mas'ul odamlar bor. Ular auditoriyalarda faoliyatini o'rganish sabab. AQShda, oilalar tarbiyalash uchun o'qituvchi bilan ishlash orqali o'qituvchilar uchun hurmat ko'rsatish va bolalarini o'z qo'llab-quvvatlash.

Teachers are the people directly responsible for educating students. They lead learning activities in classrooms. In the US, families show respect for teachers by working with the teachers to educate and support their children.

yordamchilari

Aides

ko'p maktablarda, yordamchilari ularning mashg'ulotlarida o'qituvchilar yordam. Ba'zi o'quv necha rasmiy bor va ba'zi yo'q, sinf ichidagi talabalar ehtiyojlariga qarab. Yordamchilari ingliz o'rganish bir talaba yordam berishi mumkin. Yordamchilari talabalar kichik guruhlar o'z ishini yakunlash yordam berishi mumkin.

In many schools, aides help teachers in their classrooms. Some classrooms have multiple aides and some have none, depending on the needs of students within the classroom. Aides might help a student who is learning English. Aides might help small groups of students complete their work.

asosiy

Principal

asosiy bir maktabda bosh administrator hisoblanadi. asosiy maktab binosida hamma o'qituvchilar nazorat uchun mas'ul bo'lgan. asosiy o'qituvchilar rahbari bo'lgan. asosiy talabalarni emas. o'rniga, asosiy o'qituvchilar yordam beradi, intizom bilan yordam beradi, va maktab keladi. katta maktablarda, vitse direktorlari ham bor. Vitse direktorlari asosiy yordam. AQShda, Agar ota-ona, ustoz bilan muammo bo'lsa,, ota-ona, odatda, asosiy uchun muzokaralar.

The principal is the head administrator at a school. The principal is responsible for overseeing all the teachers in the school building. The principal is the leader of the teachers. The principal does not teach students. Instead, the principal helps the teachers, helps with discipline, and leads the school. In big schools, there are also vice principals. Vice principals help the principal. In the US, if a parent has trouble with a teacher, the parent usually talks to the principal.

Maslahatchi

Counselors

Maktab o'qituvchilari talabalarning ilmiy yordam, shaxsiy, ijtimoiy, va mansab rivojlantirish ehtiyojlari. Maktab o'qituvchilari talabalar maktab muvaffaqiyatli yordam dasturlarini olib. Maslahatchi qochqin oilalar uchun juda foydali bo'lishi mumkin. Maslahatchi sizning talaba o'z yangi maktabga rostlash yordam berishi mumkin. Maslahatchi qochqinlar talabalar uchun maxsus dasturlar haqida bilish mumkin. Maslahatchi, ba'zan, shuningdek, aqliy va jismoniy sog'liqni saqlash yordam. A maslahatchi sizning talaba qo'shimcha yordam kerak bo'lishi mumkin deb o'ylayman, agar maktabda bilan gaplashish uchun yaxshi odam emas.

School counselors help students’ academic, personal, social, and career development needs. School counselors lead programs that help students succeed in school. Counselors can be very helpful for refugee families. Counselors can help your student adjust to their new school. Counselors might know about special programs for refugee students. Counselors sometimes also help with mental and physical healthcare. A counselor is a good person to talk to at the school if you think your student might need extra help.

hamshiralar

Nurses

Hamshiralar xavfsiz va sog'lom talabalarga qolish uchun maktablarda ishlash. Agar talaba kasal his bo'lsa, o'qituvchi hamshirasi ularni jo'natish mumkin. talaba kasal bo'lsa, Hamshira ular yaxshiroq his qadar uy, ularni jo'natish uchun qaror. AQShda, Talabalarning aqliy sog'ligi to'g'risida g'amxo'rlik qilish maktabga borish muhim qismidir. ba'zan, Ular AQShdagi hayotga sozlash qiyin, bir vaqt bo'lgan, chunki talabalar sinfda bir qattiq vaqt bor. bir xil mamlakatdan bizga kelayotgan juda qiyin, chunki ular qo'shimcha yordam kerak bo'lishi mumkin. qiyinchilik sozlash ega bo'lgan qo'llab-quvvatlash talabalarga yordam berishi mumkin hamshiralar.

Nurses work in schools to keep students safe and healthy. If a student is feeling sick, the teacher might send them to the nurse. If the student is sick, the nurse decides to send them home until they feel better. In the US, taking care of students’ mental health is an important part of going to school. Sometimes, students have a hard time in class because they are having a hard time adjusting to life in the US. They might need extra help because coming to the US from a different country is very hard. Nurses can help support students who are having difficulty adjusting.

kotiblari

Secretaries

Maktab kotibi asosiy yordam beradi va tez-tez maktab binosi old ofisida ishlaydi. Agar bolaning maktabga kelganlarida, tekshirish uchun siz bir qog'ozga imzo kerak bo'lishi mumkin. Bu xavfsiz talabalarga saqlashga yordam beradi. kotibi siz kiring yordam beradi. kotibi qaerga borishini sizni ko'rsatish mumkin. Agar kerak bo'lsa, maktab uchun Ro'yhatdan yordam, kotibi yordam beradi. Ba'zi maktablar erta maktabdan bolangiz uy olish uchun, bir qog'oz imzolashni talab. kotibi siz bolangizni olib imzo yordam beradi. Bu xavfsiz bolangizni tutishdir. Ular faqat ishonchli kattalar bilan uyga borish mumkin.

The school secretary helps the principal and often works in the front office of the school building. When you come to your child’s school, you may need to sign a paper to check in. This helps keep students safe. The secretary will help you sign in. The secretary can show you where to go. If you need help signing up for school, the secretary helps. Some schools require you to sign a paper to take your child home from school early. The secretary will help you sign your child out. This is to keep your child safe. They can only go home with a trusted adult.

boshqaruvchi

Superintendent

boshqaruvchi ko'p maktab direktorlari va maktablarni keladi. Amir siyosati bo'yicha qarorlar qabul sabab, o'quv (nima talabalar auditoriyalarda o'rganish), va tuman qoidalari. Amir ko'p maktablar bilan ishlash, chunki, Ular sizning bola bir xil maktab binosida bo'lmasligi mumkin.

The superintendent leads many principals and schools. Superintendents lead decisions on policy, curriculum (what the students learn in classrooms), and district rules. Because superintendents work with many schools, they might not be in the same school building as your child.

Nima faoliyati mening bolalar maktabda, albatta, mumkin?

What activities can my child do at school?

AQShda maktablar darslari taqdim ko'ra ko'proq. Maktablar uchun boshqa imkoniyatlar taklif, So'nggi kabi, darsdan tashqari mashg'ulotlar, Tadbirlar, dasturlari-maktab so'ng, va yozgi lagerlar. Bu sizning talaba do'stlar qilish yordam berishi mumkin. imkoniyatlar sizning talaba maktabda xush kelibsiz his yordam berishi mumkin. Bu ular sizning talaba maktabda muvaffaqiyatga yordam berishi mumkin, degan ma'noni anglatadi!

Schools in the US do more than provide classes. Schools offer other opportunities, like field trips, extra-curricular activities, events, after-school programs, and summer camps. These can help your student make friends. The opportunities can help your student feel welcome at the school. This means they can help your student succeed at school!

repetitorlik qo'llab-quvvatlash

Tutoring support

Repetitorlik talabalarga yordam beradi. An kattalar, muallim, yoki boshqa talaba talaba Repetitor ega bo'lishi mumkin. Sizning talaba boshqa talabalar Repetitor ega bo'lishi mumkin, ham. Ba'zi maktablar maktabdan keyin yoki talabalar repetitorlik olish uchun ma'lum sinflar davomida dasturlar bor.

Tutoring helps students. An adult, teacher, or another student may be able to tutor a student. Your student may be able to tutor other students, too. Some schools have programs after school or during certain classes for students to receive tutoring.

Shaxslar va xususiy kompaniyalar, shuningdek, Repetitor. O'qituvchilar har qanday mavzu uchun odatda mavjud. Xususiy repetitorlik odatda maktabdan keyin sodir va pul turadi. Bundan tashqari, bir yaqin tashkilot bir mahalliy dasturining sizning talaba uchun bepul repetitorlik yordam topish imkoniyatiga ega bo'lish mumkin, diniy jamoa, yoki keyin-maktab dasturi. faqat qochqinlar va boshqa Kelgan talabalarga yordam uchun tashkilotlar bo'lishi mumkin. Sizning maktab ofis yaqin xususiy o'qituvchilar va bepul repetitorlik ro'yxatini ega bo'lishi mumkin.

Individuals and private companies also tutor. Tutors are typically available for any subject matter. Private tutoring usually happens after school and will cost money. You may also be able to find free tutoring help for your student from a local program at a nearby organization, religious community, or after-school program. There may be organizations just for helping refugees and other newcomer students. Your school office may have a list of private tutors and free tutoring nearby.

Mening bola davlat maktabga borishni bormi? xususiy maktab nima?

Does my child have to go to public school? What is private school?

Bolalar Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlarida maktabga borish kerak. Agar maktabga bolalaringizni yuborish bo'lmasa, Agar muammo olish mumkin.

Children must go to school in the United States. If you do not send your children to school, you can get in trouble.

Siz bolangizni yuborish maktab qanday turi tanlashingiz mumkin. Bu bepul, chunki eng bolalar jamoatchilik maktabga borishni. davlat maktablarida o'zga Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlarida maktablarining boshqa turlari ham bor. talabalar ishtirok etish uchun to'lash kerak xususiy maktablar ham bor. Ko'pgina xususiy maktablar cherkov yoki diniy tashkilotlar tomonidan boshqariladi. Har bir xususiy maktab farq xarajatlarini ega. Ba'zi juda qimmat. Lekin ba'zi ular oila xususiy maktab uchun to'lash uchun etarli pul yo'q bo'lsa, bolalar maktabga borishni yordam berish uchun stipendiyalar bor. Xususiy maktablar davlat maktablarida ortiq turli qoidalar bo'lishi mumkin.

You can choose what type of school to send your children to. Most children go to public school because it is free. There are other types of schools in the United States besides public schools. There are private schools that students must pay to attend. Many private schools are managed by churches or religious organizations. Each private school has different costs. Some are very expensive. But some have scholarships to help children go to the schools if they family does not have enough money to pay for the private school. Private schools may have different rules than public schools.

maktab yana bir turi ustav maktab. Xartiya maktablar an'anaviy davlat maktablarida bir xil ilmiy va huquqiy talablarga javob, lekin ular davlat maktablarida ortiq turli operatorlari bor, hukumat tomonidan boshqariladigan qaysi. Xartiya maktablar davlat maktablari amal kerak, deb cheklovlar ba'zi amal yo'q. Xartiya maktablar bepul. Odatda saqlash uchun qo'llaniladi, va ba'zan ular kutayotgan ro'yxati.

Another type of school is a charter school. Charter schools meet the same academic and legal requirements as traditional public schools, but they have different operators than public schools, which are operated by the government. Charter schools do not have to follow some of the constraints that public schools must follow. Charter schools are free. Usually you apply to enroll, and sometimes they have a waiting list.

Bosh sahifa maktab ta'lim boshqa usul. Bosh sahifa-ta'lim, o'quvchilar, ota-onalar tomonidan uyda o'qitiladigan. Bosh sahifa maktabda har shtatida qoidalari bor. ota-uy maktabga uchun shtatning qoidalarini bilish uchun va qoidalari ergashib ishonch hosil qilish uchun mas'ul bo'lgan.

Home schooling is another method of education. Home-schooled students are taught at home by their parents. There are rules in every state about home schooling. The parent is responsible for knowing the state’s rules for home schooling and for making sure the rules are followed.

Qo'shimcha resurslari

More resources

Bu tilda Amerika maktablarida siz va talaba bor huquqlari haqida o'qing:

Read about the rights you and your student have in schools in America in these languages:

 

 

yozuvlari ro'yxati ota-onalar, o'qituvchilar bilan muloqot yordam berish uchun.

A list of notes to help parents communicate with teachers.

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