Qanday haydovchi? Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlarida haydovchi qanday haqida ma'lumot

Ingliz tili, shuningdek,Hech Ingliz tili

How do learn to drive

How do learn to drive

maqsadida Amerikada Haydash boshlash uchun, Agar AQSh Haydash qonunlarini bilish xavfsiz haydovchi va ko'rsatgan bir sinovdan o'tish uchun, qanday qilib o'rganishimiz kerak.

In order to start driving in America, you must learn how to drive safely and to pass a test showing you know the US driving laws.

Har bir davlat, siz avtomashina haydamoqchi bo'lsa haydovchilik guvohnomasini olish uchun talab, Agar turli davlat ko'chib bo'lsa va bu davlat yangi litsenziya uchun eski litsenziya almashish kerak. Siz ishlash yoki ish uchun haydovchi kerak bo'lishi mumkin.

Every state requires you to get a driver’s license if you plan on driving, and if you move to a different state you must exchange your old license for a new license in that state. You may need to drive to work or for work.

haydovchilik guvohnomasini olish

Getting a driver’s license

Ba'zi jamoalar qochqinlar qanday haydovchi bilish noqonuniy yoki yo'q haydash bilan bog'liq muammolar bor edi.

Some communities have had problems with refugees driving illegally or not knowing how to drive.

AQShda har bir davlat, har xil haydash qonunlari bor. Siz haydovchilik qo'llanma o'qish orqali bu qonunlarni o'rganish mumkin (qoidalar qo'llanma). Veb-sayt DMV.org Har bir davlat uchun haydovchilik qo'llanmalar PDF'lerini ega. Agar qonunlar o'qish va tushundim marta, Agar litsenziya olish uchun yozma test va haydash test ikkala olish kerak bo'ladi. Oldingizda vaqt bu sinov rejasiga kerak bo'ladi, onlayn yoki ziyorat yoki uyingizga eng yaqin bo'lgan DMV ofisini atab ham. Siz sinovga va litsenziya olish uchun haq to'lash kerak.

Each state in the US has different driving laws. You can learn these laws by reading a driver’s manual (handbook of rules). The website DMV.org has PDFs of the driver’s manuals for each state. Once you have read and understood the laws, you will need to take both a written test and a driving test to get your license. You will need to schedule this test ahead of time, either online or by visiting or calling the DMV office that is closest to your home. You have to pay a fee to take your test and get your license.

Avtosug'urta

Car insurance

Avtosug'urta voqea sodir bo'lgan yoki jarohat tadbirda xarajatlarini qoplaydi. Qonun haydovchi yana kimdir yoki zarar kimningdir molini zarar yetkazadi holda barcha avtomobillarga asosiy sug'urta talab. Bundan tashqari, o'z avtomobil zarar xarajatlarini qoplash uchun sug'urta olishingiz mumkin, va avtomobil o'g'irlik uchun.

Car insurance covers costs in the event of an accident or injury. The law requires basic insurance on all cars in case the driver injures someone or damages someone else’s property. You can also get insurance to cover the cost of damage to your own car, and for car theft.

Siz qonuniy haydash uchun kamida asosiy avtomobil sug'urtasi da bo'lishi kerak. Agar do'stingizning mashina haydash bo'lsa ham,, Agar haydash avtomobil sug'urta ishonch hosil qilish uchun sizning burchingizdir. sug'urta hujjat Agar politsiya tomonidan to'xtatildi bo'lsa ko'rsatish uchun mashinada saqlanishi kerak.

You must have at least basic car insurance in order to drive legally. Even if you are driving a friend’s car, it is your responsibility to make sure that the car you are driving is insured. The insurance document should be kept in the car to show if you are stopped by police.

Avtomobil ro'yxatga

Car registration

Avtomobil Ro'yxatdan davlatga har yili to'lanadigan soliq hisoblanadi. Bu siz yo'lda mashina olish uchun imkon beradi va plitalari uchun to'laydi. Bu ro'yxatga emas, bir mashina qonuniy emas. Ro'yxatdan hujjat Agar politsiya tomonidan to'xtatildi bo'lsa ko'rsatish uchun mashinada saqlanishi kerak.

Car registration is a tax paid every year to the state. It allows you to take the car on the road and pays for your license plates. It is not legal to drive a car that is not registered. The registration document should be kept in the car to show if you are stopped by police.

Xavfsizlik va Haydashga Maslahatlar

Safety and Driving Tips

AQSh siz haydash paytida sizni himoya qilish uchun qonunlar mavjud. Siz har doim bu qonunlarni rioya qilish kerak. Bu qonunlar uy mamlakatda har xil bo'lishi mumkin,. Siz davlat uchun xos qonunlarni bilib olish kerak bo'ladi. Bu erda eng Shtatlari talab ba'zi muhim xavfsizlik qoidalari bor:

The US has laws to protect you while you are driving. You must always follow these laws. These laws may be different than in your home country. You will need to learn the specific laws for your state. Here are some important safety rules that most states require:

Avtomobil so'rilarda

Car seats

Chaqaloqlar va bolalar mashinada xavfsiz bog'lashadi ularning o'lchamiga mos avtomobil qo'ltiq chiqishdan kerak. Yosh bolalar davlat tomonidan turlicha avtomobil o'rindiqlari yordamida to'xtatish mumkin. Agar bilmasangiz, agar, mahalliy DMV ofisiga murojaat. Haydash yoki uni avtomobilga minib paytida tizzasida bolani ushlab hech qachon; xavfli va noqonuniy ham.

Infants and children must ride in car seats appropriate to their size that are strapped securely in the car. The age children can stop using car seats varies by state. If you are unsure, contact your local DMV office. Never hold a child in your lap while driving or riding in a vehicle; it is both dangerous and illegal.

O'rindiq kamarlari

Seat belts

bir arava yoki AQShda bir mashinada minib esa Siz xavfsizlik kamarlaridan kiyish kerak. Avtomobilda Har kim xavfsizlik kamarlaridan kiyish kerak, Haydash yoki yo'lovchi sifatida minib bo'lsin. sababi deb, a halokati, xavfsizlik kamarlaridan holda bir kishi o'z kursisini olib uchib mumkin, o'zi yoki o'zi, shuningdek boshqalarga zarar.

You must wear a seat belt while driving a car or riding in a car in the US. Everyone in the vehicle must wear a seat belt, whether driving or riding as a passenger. The reason is that, in a crash, a person without a seat belt could fly out of their seat, injuring others as well as himself or herself.

zarbdan

Helmets

Agar mingan yoki bir mototsikl haydash bo'lsa, Agar bir zarbdan kiyib kerak. Deyarli AQShda har davlat dubulg'alarini kiyish mototsikl talab.

If you are riding or driving a motorcycle, you should wear a helmet. Almost every state in the US requires motorcyclists to wear helmets.

Ichimlik

Drinking

Haydash paytida Siz oldin yoki spirtli ichimliklar uchun ruxsat yo'q. O'zingiz ichadigan bo'lsa, siz litsenziya yo'qotish va haydovchi va katta miqdorda jarimaga to'lashga yoki hatto qamoqda vaqt xizmat qilish uchun talab qilinishi mumkin, chunki, bu juda muhim. Siz ham jiddiy zarar yoki ichish, agar kimnidir o'ldirish va haydash mumkin.

You are not allowed to drink alcohol before or while driving. This is very important because you can lose your license if you drink and drive and be required to pay huge fines or even serve time in jail. You could also seriously injure or kill someone if you drink and drive.

Mobil telefonlar va boshqa chalg'itadigan narsalar

Cellphones and other distractions

Agar AQShda ayrim davlatlarda haydash esa telefoningizda gapirishni noqonuniy hisoblanadi. Manifatura deyarli barcha davlatlarda taqiqlangan. Uyali aloqa telefonlari yo'lda sizni bezovta mumkin. Agar siz telefoningizni foydalanish kerak bo'lsa,, Agar orqali ushlab torting kerak. AQSh shaharlari bir qator shuningdek boshqa chalg'itadigan narsalar man etiladi, Bunday ovqat sifatida, ichimlik kofe, yoki uy hayvonlari uchun ishtirok.

It is illegal to talk on your phone while you are driving in some states in the US. Texting is banned in almost all states. Cell phones can distract you from the road. If you need to use your phone, you should pull over. A growing number of US cities are forbidding other distractions as well, such as eating, drinking coffee, or attending to pets.

mashinalarda Bolalar

Children in vehicles

Siz odatda siz mashinada emas qachon sizning mashinada bolalaringizni tark ruxsat yo'q. Masalan, Agar do'kondan borib, agar siz bilan bolalarni olib kerak. yolg'iz bo'lsa, Ular chiqib olish uchun harakat jarohat mumkin, tormoz tizimlari, yoki debriyaj ozod, isish yoki sovuq, sizni qulflash, yoki etishmayotgan borib.

You are generally not allowed to leave your children in your car when you are not in the car. For example, if you go into a store you must bring your children with you. If left alone, they could be injured trying to get out, release the brake or clutch, overheat or freeze, lock you out, or go missing.

qachon charchagan Haydashga

Driving when tired

Agar charchagan bo'lsangiz qolmaylik. Agar mashinada va tushunib bo'lsangiz, siz haydovchi ham charchagan, signal Agar trafikni to'sqinlik emas xavfsiz joyga ustidan torting va va xavf emas. otoyollarında dam olish joylari bor mo'ljallangan. Agar NAP esa har doim eshiklar qulflash.

Do not drive if you are tired. If you are in your car and realize you are too tired to drive, signal and pull over to a safe location where you are not obstructing traffic and you are not in danger. On freeways there are designated rest areas. Always lock your doors while you nap.

Honking va boshqa shovqin

Honking and other noise

xavfsizlik uchun bir tashvish bor ekan, shoxi yordamida oldini olish. Ba'zi joylarda, Bu keraksiz yoki ma'lum soatlarda shoxi foydalanish noqonuniy. baland radio foydalanish, shuningdek, ayrim joylarda tushkunlikka yoki noqonuniy.

Avoid using your horn unless there is a concern for safety. In some areas, it is illegal to use the horn unnecessarily or during certain hours. The use of loud radios is also discouraged or illegal in some areas.

Asosiy va kalitlari

Locks and keys

transport vositalari Avtomobil o'g'irlik va o'g'irlik ayrim joylarda muammo emas. Bu sizning mashina eshiklarini qulflash uchun muhimdir, hatto mashinada esa, Agar tark qachon va kalitlari olish. joydan qimmatbaho buyumlarni olib tashlash.

Vehicle theft and theft from vehicles is a problem in some areas. It is important to lock your car doors, even while in your car, and take your keys when you leave. Remove valuables from view.

Uy hayvonlari mashinalarda

Pets in vehicles

ob-havo juda issiq yoki odatda 70 ° F yuqorida yoki 40 ° F ostida juda sovuq bo'lsa, hatto ochiq derazalar bilan mashinada hayvonlarini tark yomon fikr emas, Ular vafot mumkin, chunki. Uy hayvonlari bir avtomobil bir haydovchi qulflash uchun ma'lum qilindi, Bas, har doim sizga bir kaliti saqlab.

If the weather is very hot or very cold typically above 70°F or below 40°F, it is a bad idea to leave pets in the car even with the windows open, because they could die. Pets have been known to lock a driver out of a car, so always keep a key on you.

Baxtsiz hodisalar

Accidents

Agar haydash paytida biror voqea sodir olish bo'lsa, Agar to'xtatish kerak. to'xtamasdan voqea sodir bo'lgan voqeani qoldirmang. mashina bo'lsa hali ham ishlayotgan, yo'lning off olish uchun harakat. Kimki xafa bo'lsa, Agar qo'ng'iroq kerak 911 darhol.

If you get in an accident while you are driving, you must stop. Do not leave the scene of the accident without stopping. If your car is still working, try to pull off of the road. If anyone is hurt, you should call 911 immediately.

hech kim xafa bo'lsa, Agar nomini yozib kerak, telefon raqami, manzil, Haydovchilik guvohnomasi soni, Plitalar soni, va siz urish shaxs yoki kim sug'urta axborot sizni urish. guvoh kishi bor edi, agar (arra) tasodif, Siz ham ularning ism va telefon raqamlarini yig'ish kerak. Agar kamera bo'lsa, Agar biron-bir zarar suratga olish mumkin. Bundan tashqari, voqea sodir bo'lgan joyni yozib va ​​shuningdek joyning suratga olish kerak.

If no one is hurt, you should write down the name, phone number, address, driver’s license number, license plate number, and insurance information of the person you hit or who hit you. If there were people who witnessed (saw) the accident, you should also collect their names and phone numbers. If you have a camera, you can take pictures of any damage. You should also write down the location of the accident and take pictures of the location as well.

voqea sodir so'ng, Agar zudlik bilan sug'urta kompaniyasi qazo xabar kerak.

After the accident, you should report the accident to your insurance company immediately.

yomon ob-havoda

Driving in bad weather

Agar AQShda qo'nim qaerda qarab, ob-havo sizning uy mamlakat deb juda ko'p har xil bo'lishi mumkin,. Bu ekstremal sharoitlarda haydash birinchi marta bo'lishi mumkin.

Depending on where you are resettled in the US, the weather may be very different from that of your home country. It may be your first time driving in extreme conditions.

yo'l sovuq yoki qor bo'lsa, Haydash oldini olish kerak. Agar haydovchi kerak bo'lsa, asta-sekin borib va ​​shinalari ustida qor shina yoki zanjir foydalaning. Zanjirlar Agar muz yoki qor yaxshi to'xtatish yordam berishi mumkin.

If the road is icy or snowy, you should avoid driving. If you must drive, go slowly and use snow tires or chains on your tires. Chains can help you stop better in ice or snow.

Xavfsizlik ma'lumotlar o'z ichiga olgan sizning mashinada favqulodda to'plam mahsulot, Bunday birinchi yordam uchun to'plam sifatida, qo'shimcha issiq kiyim, suv, zanjirlar, qor kurak, va bir chiroq.

Pack an emergency kit in your car that contains safety items, such as a first aid kit, extra warm clothing, water, chains, a snow shovel, and a flashlight.

Road g'azab

Road rage

Road jahl ular haydab qachon g'azab odamlar his ta'riflash uchun bir muddat hisoblanadi. Ular sizning haydash haqida g'azablangan bo'lsangiz, qichqirmoq yoki Makao yoki haydab mumkin Odamlar sizga yopish. Agar tushunib bo'lsangiz, siz haydash paytida bir xato qilgan, Agar Kechirasiz bo'lgan shaxsni ko'rsatish uchun to'lqin mumkin. Kimdir yo'l g'azabni ega va senga g'azablangan bo'lsa, javob emas. kabi xotirjam imkon Haydash saqlashga harakat va ularning yo'lidan chiqib. yuzlashish yoki g'azablangan haydovchi qarshi qilmang, va g'azablangan yoki xafa bo'lsa haydab emas. Haydashga o'rgatish kontsentratsiyasi va sabr-toqat talab qiladi.

Road rage is a term to describe the anger people feel when they drive. People may yell or honk or drive to close to you if they are angry about your driving. If you realize you made a mistake when you are driving, you can wave to show the person you are sorry. If someone has road rage and is angry at you, do not respond. Try to just keep driving as calmly as possible and get out of their way. Do not confront or challenge an angry driver, and do not drive when you are angry or upset. Driving takes a lot of concentration and patience.

Bu sizga yaxshi AQShda Haydash tushunishga yordam berish uchun faqat takliflar. Ushbu ma'lumotlarning hech huquqiy maslahat sifatida mo'ljallangan. haydash haqida hech qanday savol qaratilgan bo'lishi kerak Davlat DMV ofislari yoki mahalliy politsiya.

These are all just suggestions to help you better understand driving in the US. None of this information is intended as legal advice. Any questions about driving should be directed to state DMV offices or local police.

Bu sahifa sizga yordam edi? Kulgich ha qoshlarini yuzi yo'q
Fikr va mulohazalaringiz uchun rahmat!