Agar yangi madaniyatiga rostlash sifatida, Agar turli yo'llarini his turli davrlarida orqali borish mumkin. jarayonining bir qismi sifatida tanilgan “madaniyatdan hayratga kelish.” Madaniyat zarba haqida tushunish siz his-tuyg'ularini qabul va osonroq rostlash uchun yordam beradi.
As you adjust to a new culture, you may go through different periods where you feel different ways. Part of the process is known as “culture shock.” Understanding about culture shock will help you accept the feelings and make it easier to adjust.
Yuqoridagi rasm, ular madaniy rostlashning bosqichlarida orqali borish kabi odamlar qanday his ko'rsatadi. ning batafsil bosqichlarida qaraylik.
The picture above shows how people feel as they go through the stages of cultural adjustment. Let’s look at the stages in more detail.
1. Balom bosqichi
1. The honeymoon phase
Qachon birinchi AQShda yetib, Agar baxtli va xursand his mumkin. Siz yangi hayotda nima uchun gol ko'p va taxminlar bo'lishi mumkin. Ehtimol, uzoq vaqt davomida Amerikaga kelish uchun kutib olindi. Siz AQSh haqida ajoyib narsalar ko'p eshitgan bo'lishi mumkin. Siz tezda bir yaxshi ish bo'ladi, deb kutish, bir chiroyli uy bor, va ingliz kasb. Siz asab bo'lishi mumkin, lekin siz Amerikadagi barcha yangi narsalar uchun orziqib.
When you first arrive in the USA, you may feel happy and excited. You may have lots of goals and expectations for what will happen in your new life. You have probably been waiting to come to America for a long time. You may have heard lots of great things about the USA. You expect that you will quickly get a good job, have a nice house, and earn English. You may be nervous, but you look forward to all the new things in America.
2. Madaniyat shock bosqichi
2. The culture shock phase
Bu vaqt davomida, Agar xafa va g'amgin his boshlaydi mumkin. Siz g'azablangan his qila boshlaydi. Siz qo'rqib his yoki, albatta, uy mamlakatni o'tkazib mumkin.
During this time period, you may start to feel upset and sad. You may start to feel angry. You might feel scared or really miss your home country.
Agar ingliz tilida bo'lmasa, Madaniyat shock bosqich uzoq vaqt davom etishi mumkin. Bu vaqt davomida sizga yordam berish uchun, Agar madaniyat boshqa qochqinlar bilan uchrashadi va an'anaviy oziq-ovqat sotish do'koni topishga harakat qilish kerak.
If you do not speak English, the culture shock phase can last a long time. To help you during this time, you should try to meet other refugees from your culture and find stores that sell your traditional food.
Madaniyat shok belgilari o'z ichiga oladi:
Signs of culture shock include:
- hamma narsa iflos deb o'ylab
- qo'rqib his
- juda ko'p uxlab
- thinking that everything is dirty
- feeling afraid
- sleeping too much
Siz Amerika madaniyati dahshatli deb o'ylayman boshlaydi mumkin yoki Amerika haqida hech narsa yoqmaydi, deb. Ushbu yangi madaniyatlarda yashayotgan barcha odamlar uchun umumiy bosqichi ekanligini bilaman, iltimos. Oxir-oqibat, Agar keyingi bosqichi ko'chib o'tadi. Agar harakat qilmasangiz, va siz hali ham qayg'uli yoki g'azablangan his, Agar qo'shimcha yordam kerak bo'lishi mumkin, va siz bu haqda sizning caseworker gaplashish kerak. qochoq sifatida, Agar ko'p qattiq narsaga orqali bo'lar va u qo'shimcha yordam kerak yaxshi bo'ladi.
You may start to think that American culture is terrible or that you do not like anything about America. Please know that this is a common phase for all people living in new cultures. Eventually, you will move to the next phase. If you do not move on, and you still feel sad or angry, you may need some extra help, and you should talk to your caseworker about it. As a refugee, you have been through many hard things and it is all right to need extra help.
3. tuzatish bosqichi
3. The adjustment phase
Biroz vaqtdan so'ng, Agar umid qilamanki madaniyat shock bosqichi o'tgan harakat qiladi va siz AQShda hayotga moslashtirish boshlaydi. Siz hayot, yangi mamlakat kabi bo'ladi, nima haqiqatini tushunib boshlaydi. Siz bu sizning oila yordam beradi, chunki past maoshli ish olish qaror qabul qilishi mumkin. Siz ingliz tilini o'rganish boshlanadi. Ehtimol, bir muntazam uchun boshlab. Hayot normal his boshlanadi.
After some time, you will hopefully move past the culture shock phase and you will begin to adjust to life in the USA. You start to understand the reality of what life will be like in a new country. You may decide to take a low-paying job because it will help your family. You will begin to learn English. You are probably starting to have a routine. Life begins to feel normal.
Bu vaqt davomida bir oddiy qiyinchilik farzandlaringiz ko'proq tezlik ko'ra AQShda hayotga sozlash mumkin, deb hisoblanadi. Bu juda keng tarqalgan, lekin bolalar uy madaniyatiga ulangan qolish yordam berish uchun siz, albatta, mumkin narsalar ham bor.
One common challenge during this time period is that your children may be adjusting to life in the USA more quickly than you are. This is very common, but there are things you can do to help your children stay connected to your home culture.
4. integratsiya bosqichi
4. The integration phase
Bu madaniy rostlashning final bosqichi hisoblanadi. Bu vaqt davomida, Amerika uy kabi his boshlaydi. Siz bu yerda tegishli kabi his boshlaydi. Siz endi madaniyatning buyumlar bilan Amerika madaniyati iplari. Agar, albatta, uy mamlakatdan xazina, albatta, Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlari va narsalar haqida kabi narsalar siz bo'lishi mumkin. Siz osonlik bilan Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlarida kundalik hayot harakat mumkin. Ehtimol, ba'zi amerikalik do'stlari, shuningdek immigrant va qochoqlar ba'zi do'stlar bor. Endi siz ta'lim yaxshilash uchun davom ettirish vaqti. Siz tanlashingiz mumkin bir AQSh fuqarosi bo'lib.
This is the final phase of cultural adjustment. During this time, America will begin to feel like home. You will start to feel like you belong here. You can now mix parts of American culture with parts of your culture. There may be things you really like about the United States and things you really treasure from your home country. You can easily navigate your daily life in the United States. You probably have some American friends and some friends who are also immigrants and refugees. Now is the time to continue to improve your education. You may choose to become an American citizen.