Qachon Men politsiyaga qo'ng'iroq kerak?

Ingliz tili, shuningdek,Hech Ingliz tili

It can be hard to know when to call the police for help

It can be hard to know when to call the police for help

politsiya chaqirib

Calling the police

qachon politsiyaga qo'ng'iroq qilish bilguvchi muhim narsa. Bu favqulodda bo'lganda nima bilish, yaxshi bo'ladi. Agar politsiyaga qo'ng'iroq qachon, Siz o'zingizni himoya qilishga yordam beradi va shuningdek, bir yaxshi fuqaro bo'lish uchun hissa qo'shishi mumkin. Siz terish tomonidan AQShda har qanday joyda, har qanday telefondan politsiya chaqira 9-1-1.

Knowing when to call the police is an important thing. It is good to know what to do when there is an emergency. When you call the police, you can help protect yourself and also contribute to being a good citizen. You can call the police from any phone in any place in the US by dialing 9-1-1.

Eng Amerika politsiya boshqarmalari o'z transport vositalari bir radio militsionerni erishiladigan aloqa markazi bor. Individual militsiya xodimlari minigarnituralar oshirish (Bu eshitish kabi qarash) muloqot uchun qachon yuz ularning avtomobil. Politsiya avtomobillar ularni avtomobil ma'lumotlarni ko'rish imkonini beruvchi tarmoq bilan bog'liq bo'lgan bir kompyuter oshirish, jinoiy yozuvlar, va boshqa nozik ma'lumotlar.

Most American police departments have a communication center that reaches police officers on a radio into their vehicles. Individual police officers carry headsets (these look like earphones) for communication when away from their vehicle. Police cars carry a computer linked to a network that allows them to view vehicle information, criminal records, and other sensitive information.

Qachon qo'ng'iroq qilish

When to call

AQShda, odamlar quyidagi vaziyatlar barcha uchun militsiyaga telefon qiling:

In the US, people call the police for all of the following situations:

  • A jinoyat, ayniqsa, agar taraqqiyot hali, bunday o'g'rilik yoki o'g'rilik sifatida
  • Avtohalokat, ayniqsa, kimdir jarohat bo'lsa
  • Olov
  • A tibbiy favqulodda, Bunday yurak xuruji kabi, kuchli qon, yoki allergik reaktsiya
  • Ichki zo'ravonlik yoki bolaning shubha e'tiborsiz qolgan, jismonan yoki jinsiy ekspluatatsiya
  • favqulodda kabi ko'rinadi boshqa narsa
  • A crime, especially if is still in progress, such as a theft or burglary
  • A car crash, especially if someone is injured
  • A fire
  • A medical emergency, such as heart attack, uncontrollable bleeding, or allergic reaction
  • Domestic violence or suspicion of a child being neglected, physically or sexually abused
  • Anything else that seems like an emergency

shubhali faoliyati mavjud bo'lsa siz ham militsiyaga qo'ng'iroq mumkin, kabi:

You may also call the police when there is suspicious activity, such as:

  • mahallada hovlilarida yurib Kimdir - bu shaxs bir uyga yilda sindirish uchun harakat qilmoqda, deb bir belgisi bo'lishi mumkin
  • Kimdir avtomobil eshiklarini ochish uchun harakat - bu shaxs bir mashina o'g'irlash uchun harakat qilmoqda, deb bir belgisi bo'lishi mumkin
  • Someone wandering through yards in the neighborhood – this could be a sign that the person is trying to break in into a house
  • Someone trying to open car doors – this could be a sign that the person is trying to steal a car

uchraydigan bir shubhali faoliyati mavjud bo'lsa, boshqa biri allaqachon politsiya chaqirdi o'ylamang. Odamlar ishtirok cho'mish yoki qurboni bo'lishdan qo'rqib politsiya qo'ng'iroq ikkilanmasdan. ammo, politsiya kerak va jinoyatchilikka oldini olish uchun kerakli.

Do not assume someone else has already called the police when there is a suspicious activity occurring. People hesitate to call the police for fear of getting involved or being victimized. However, the police need and want to help prevent crime.

Agar politsiyaga qo'ng'iroq paytida nima qilish kerak

What to do when you call the police

Politsiya terishga qo'ng'iroq qilish uchun 911. qo'ng'iroq qachon xotirjam qoladi va nom berish, manzil, va telefon raqami. Agar mobil telefoningizni foydalanayotgan bo'lsangiz, siz qo'ng'iroq qilayotgan davlat va shahar ta'minlash. siz qo'ng'iroq qilayotgan nega So'ngra kishini ayting.

To call the police dial 911. Remain calm when calling and give your name, address, and phone number. If you are using a cell phone, provide the state and city you are calling from. Then tell the person why you are calling.

Agar terish bo'lsa 911 xato, hosil qilish mumkin, chunki ilmang 911 rasmiylari favqulodda albatta bor deb o'ylayman. Buning o'rniga faqat siz xato deb nomlangan kishini ayting.

If you dial 911 by mistake, do not hang up because that could make 911 officials think that an emergency really exists. Instead just tell the person that you called by mistake.

politsiya vazifalarini

Responsibilities of the police

Qonun-tartibot xodimlari, yoki militsiya xodimlari, o'z ishlarini bajarish uchun ularni faollashtirish uchun muayyan vakolatlar berilgan. Bir kishi bir jiddiy jinoyat sodir etgan, deb ishonaman bir sababi bor bo'lsa, ofitser uxlashga qo'yishmaydi va shaxsni hibsga mumkin. hibsga shaxs Garov qarab bir militsiya olib yoki ozodlikdan mahrum etiladi.

Law enforcement officers, or police officers, are given certain powers to enable them to do their work. When there is a reason to believe that a person has committed a serious crime, an officer can handcuff and arrest a person. The detained person will be taken to a police station or jailed depending on a bail.

a huquqni muhofaza ofitserning majburiyatlari juda keng bo'lishi mumkin va bu erda vaziyatga qarab, lekin farq qiladi, ularning asosiy maqsad qisqacha bayoni xizmat paytida. militsiya xodimlari olib hamjamiyatga politsiya bo'lsa, ularning asosiy maqsadi tartibini saqlab qolish uchun emas. Ularning ish tinchlikni saqlash va boshqalarni bezovta mumkin yurish-turish oldini olishga talab qiladi. Bu oldini olish, masalan, kurash aralashish kelgan baland musiqa ijroda to'xtatish uchun intervallarni. Bunday hollarda vaziyat ancha jinoyat deb ortiq ixtiyori bilan hal etiladi. ammo, Bu holatlar qonun buzgan mumkin vaziyatlar ham bo'lishi mumkin.

The duties of a law enforcement officer can be very extensive and vary depending on the situation but here is a brief description of their main goal while serving. When police officers are out policing communities, their main objective is to maintain order. Their job entails keeping peace and preventing behaviors which might disturb others. An example of this prevention ranges from intervening in a fight to stopping loud music playing. In these cases the situation is handled with discretion rather than as a crime. However, there might be instances when these situations can violate the law.

huquqni muhofaza qilish organlari vakolatlari odatda faqat qonun buzilgan va bir gumondor aniqlanishi kerak va ushlab turilgan hollarda amalga. Ochiq-oydin buzilishi o'g'rilik bo'ladi, narkotrafik, qotillik, va qaroqchilik.

The powers of the law enforcement are typically enforced only in cases where the law has been violated and a suspect must be identified and apprehended. Obvious violations are burglary, drug trafficking, murder, and robbery.

Boshqa xizmatlar politsiya xodimi amalga oshirish birinchi yordam yoki sayyohlik ma'lumot bilan ta'minlash o'z ichiga, yoki tarbiyachilar sifatida harakat. Politsiya idoralari mavjud yil davomida bor, 24 soat, bir kun,, Bas, fuqarolar, shuningdek noqulay vaziyatda qachon qiyinchilikda bo'lsa nafaqat politsiya bo'limiga qo'ng'iroq lekin. Natijada, Politsiya xizmatlar avtomobil avariyalar bilan yordam uchun jinoyatchilikka qarshi kurash orqasida borish, boshqa idoralar haqida ma'lumot beruvchi, va yordam yo'qolgan hayvonlarini yoki mulkini topish.

Other services police officer carry out include providing first aid or tourist information, or acting as educators. Police agencies are available year-round, 24 hours a day, so citizens call the police department not only when in trouble but when in inconvenient situations as well. As a result, police services go beyond combating crime to assisting with vehicle breakdowns, providing information about other agencies, and helping locate lost pets or property.

huquqlaringizni bilish

Know your rights

Agar hibsga yoki huquqni muhofaza qilish organlari tomonidan so'roq qilinmoqda bir vaziyatda hech bo'lsa, bu sizning huquqlarini bilish muhim ahamiyatga ega. muloyim va hurmat bo'ling. Hech qachon yolg'on, bahslasha, qarshi, yoki qochib! eslab, Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlarida politsiya odatda yaxshi va sizga yordam istaymiz.

It is important to know your rights if you are ever in a situation where you are being arrested or questioned by law enforcement. Be polite and respectful. Never lie, argue, resist, or flee! Remember, in the United States the police generally are good and want to help you.

Agar avtomobil to'xtadi bo'lsa

If you are stopped in a car

  • Siz har qanday savollarga javob sukut va yo'q qilish huquqiga ega. Biroq qachon keltirgan olish (Misol uchun jadallashtirish uchun chipta) Agar ID ta'minlash kerak, sug'urta, va avtomobil ro'yxatga olish, talab bo'lsa.
  • jismonan bir pastga siypab yoki qidirish qarshilik qilmang. Buning o'rniga aytish, "Men izlab rozi emas." Pastga A Pet odatda kiyim ustidan amalga a usti qidirish hisoblanadi xodimi ishonish uchun bir sabab bo'lsa, bir narsa shubhali voqea bor, lekin u yoki u o'z cho'ntagiga orqali borish mumkin emas. Bir Izlash, ular yanada puxta usuli bor. Siz qonuniy ularning ikkalasi rad ruxsat berilgan.
  • Agar qoldirish uchun bepul bo'lsangiz, ofitser so'ra, va ofitser ha deydi, agar, keyin xotirjam uzoqlashish. ammo, xodimi hech desa keyin qolish kerak.
  • qochib Hech qachon!
  • You have the right to remain silent and not answer any questions. However when receiving a citation (a ticket for speeding for example) you have to provide your ID, insurance, and car registration if requested.
  • Don’t physically resist a pat down or search. Instead say, “I do not consent to a search.” A pat down is typically a surface search done over clothes if the officer has a reason to believe there is something suspicious happening, but he or she cannot go through your pockets. In a search, they have a more thorough method. You are legally allowed to refuse both of them.
  • Ask the officer if you are free to leave, and if the officer says yes, then walk away calmly. However, if the officer says no then you must stay.
  • Never run away!

hibsga olish uchun etarli bo'lishi mumkin bo'lgan sabab bo'lmasa bir huquqni muhofaza qilish xodimi qisqacha jinoyat aloqadorlikda o'rtacha shubha bilan bir kishini qo'lga olmoqda mumkin.

A law enforcement officer may briefly detain a person with reasonable suspicion of involvement in a crime if there is not enough probable cause to arrest.

Agar hibsga yoki militsiya olinadi bo'lsa

If you are arrested or taken to a police station

  • Siz advokat sukut va gapirish huquqiga ega
  • Siz qilish ruxsat etiladi 3 ichidagi telefon qo'ng'iroqlari 3 hibsga olish soat
  • Sizning advokati kelgunicha o'zingiz haqida politsiya asosiy ma'lumotlarni lekin hech aytishim mumkin
  • hech kimga, lekin sizning advokat bilan immigratsion maqomini muhokama qilmang
  • You have the right to remain silent and talk to a lawyer
  • You are allowed to make 3 phone calls within 3 hours of getting arrested
  • You can tell the police basic information about yourself but no more until your lawyer arrives
  • Don’t discuss your immigrant status with anyone but your lawyer

militsiya xodimi sizning uy yoki mashina qidiruv istasa

If a police officer wants to search your home or car

  • Siz ular order bor ekan, bir ofitser siz uyga kirib yo'l qo'ymasligimiz kerak
  • hujjat sudya tomonidan imzolangan bo'lishi kerak
  • ofitser hali ham ordersiz kirib ham talab qiladi, agar qarshilik yo'q, lekin siz uni yo'l yo'q, deb davlatni nima, keyin darhol bir advokat qo'ng'iroq
  • You should not let an officer enter your home unless they have a warrant
  • The warrant should be signed by a judge
  • If an officer still insists in entering without a warrant do not resist but do state that you do not allow it, then immediately call a lawyer

Oliy sudi faqat ular mavjudligini e'lon xavfli bo'lishi mumkin, yoki gumon har qanday dalil yo'q qilish imkonini beradi, deb », o'rtacha shubha" bor bo'lsa bir huquqni muhofaza qilish xodimi taqillatib holda uyiga kirishga imkon beradi.

The Supreme Court only allows a law enforcement officer to enter a house without knocking if they have “a reasonable suspicion” that announcing their presence might be dangerous or might allow the suspect to destroy any evidence.

Qo'shimcha ma'lumot olish uchun yordam uchun siz huquqlarini tushunish, tashrifimizdan Sizning huquqlari bilaman bet.

For more information to help you understand your rights, visit our Know Your Rights page.

Savollar va javoblar

Questions and answers

savol: Men huquqni muhofaza qilish organlari tomonidan so'radi savollarga javob berish kerak?

Question: Do I have to answer questions asked by law enforcement?

javob: Agar savollarga javob berish uchun kerak emas, shuning uchun siz jim qolishni konstitutsiyaviy huquqiga ega. Siz har qanday mansabdor yoki boshqa hech kimga gaplashish shart emas, va u har qanday savollarga javob berishdan oldin bir advokat bilan gaplashib, yaxshi fikr. Agar javob berish emas, balki tanlash militsiya xodimini ayt. Lekin har doim imkon qadar hurmat va muloyim bo'lishi. Bundan tashqari, asta-sekin ko'chib o'tishga harakat va har doim ko'rinib qo'llaringizni tutish.

Answer: You have a constitutional right to remain silent so you do not need to answer questions. You do not have to talk to any officers or anyone else, and it is a good idea to talk to a lawyer before answering any questions. Tell the police officer you choose not to answer. But always be respectful and polite as much as possible. Also try to move slowly and always keep your hands visible.

savol: Nima huquq-tartibot xodimlari mening mashinada meni to'xtatish, agar?

Question: What if law enforcement officers stop me in my car?

javob: Siz haydovchilik guvohnomasini ko'rsatishi kerak, avtomobil ro'yxatga olish, va sug'urta dalil Agar xodimi tomonidan ushbu hujjatlar talab qilinadi, agar. ishonch hosil xodimi ko'rinadigan qo'llaringizni saqlab qiling. ofitser mashinada qadam so'raymiz mumkin. Ular bor ekan, mashina tekshirish uchun ruxsat yo'q "ehtimoliy sababi."

Answer: You must show your driver’s license, vehicle registration, and proof of insurance if you are asked for these documents by an officer. Make sure you keep your hands visible to the officer. The officer can ask you to step out of the car. They are not allowed to check the car unless there is “probable cause.”

savol: Nima, men huquq-tartibot xodimlari tomonidan yomon muomala qilaman, agar?

Question: What if I am treated badly by law enforcement officers?

javob: Siz bunday uning nomi va belgi raqami, uning ma'lumot uchun xodimi so'rash huquqiga ega. guvohlarni topishga harakat va iloji boricha tezroq olib rasmlarni jarohat bo'lsa. advokat yoki mahalliy inson huquqlarini himoya qilish ofisiga qo'ng'iroq.

Answer: You have the right to ask the officer for his information such as his name and badge number. Try to find witnesses and if you are injured take pictures as soon as possible. Call a lawyer or your local human rights protection office.

savol: huquq-tartibot xodimlari mening uyimni qidirish mumkin?

Question: Can law enforcement officers search my home?

javob: Huquqni muhofaza qilish sizning roziligi yoki kafolat holda sizning Bosh sahifa Izlash ruxsat etilmaydi. Agar uydan uzoqda bo'lsa, Politsiya siz Bosh sahifa Izlash mumkin, agar unga bir necha boshqa noiloj.

Answer: Law enforcement is not allowed to search your home without your consent or a search warrant. If you are away from home, the police can search your home if some else consents to it.

savol: Men zobitlarini mening immigratsiya hujjatlarni ko'rsatish kerak?

Question: Do I have to show officers my immigration documents?

javob: bo'lgan nodavlat fuqarolari 18 yosh yoki undan katta har doim ular bilan ularning hujjatlarini olib kerak. yoki. Agar hujjatsiz va U.S ko'rsatish mumkin emas, agar. immigratsiya hujjatlar, Agar holati haqida savollarga javob berish uchun emas, balki tanlashingiz mumkin, kabi, “Agar fuqaro?” yoki, “Qayerdansiz?” Sizning holati haqida yolg'on qilmang, lekin siz javob berish emas, balki tanlab o'rniga aytish.

Answer: Non-citizens who are 18 years or older should carry their documents with them at all times. or. If you are undocumented and cannot show U.S. immigration documents, you can choose not to answer questions about your status, such as, “Are you a citizen?” or, “Where are you from?” Do not lie about your status, but say instead that you choose not to answer.

AQSh huquq-tartibot tizimi haqida umumiy ma'lumot

Overview of the US law enforcement system

Huquqni muhofaza qiluvchi Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlari jinoiy adliya tizimining uch tarkibiy qismlaridan biri hisoblanadi, sudlar va tuzatish bilan birga. asosan davlat politsiya organlari orqali huquqni muhofaza vazifalari, qaysi turli darajalarda farq. Turli idoralar jinoyatlarni to'xtatish uchun, sinash uchun birgalikda harakat. idoralar, uch xil turi bor:

Law enforcement is one of the three components of the criminal justice system of the United States, along with courts and corrections. Law enforcement functions mainly through governmental police agencies, which vary at different levels. Different agencies work together to try to stop crimes. There are three different types of agencies:

Federal

Federal

federal darajada ostida ish organlari Qonunini umummilliy vakolatga ega. Barcha federal agentliklar, ularning qudrati doirasida faqat ishlarni tergov cheklangan. Adliya boshqarmasi federal darajada eng huquqni muhofaza qilish vazifalarini uchun mas'ul bo'lgan. Boshqa ma'lum organlari Federal tergov byurosi o'z ichiga oladi (FBI), Narkotiklarga qarshi boshqarmamiz (DEA), Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlari Marshals xizmati, va boshqalar o'rtasida Jazo Federal Byurosi.

The agencies that work under the federal level have nationwide jurisdiction to enforce the law. All federal agencies are limited to investigate only cases that are within their power. The Department of Justice is responsible for most law enforcement duties at the federal level. Other known agencies include the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), the United States Marshals Service, and the Federal Bureau of Prisons among others.

Davlat

State

Eng davlat organlari, huquqni muhofaza qilish xizmatlarini taqdim shtat bo'ylab davlat idoralarida faoliyat. Ularning majburiyatlari tergov va davlat patrul o'z ichiga oladi - ular chaqirdi davlat politsiya yoki Yo'l patrul bo'lishi mumkin. Capitol politsiya, maktab universitet politsiya, va shifoxona politsiya davlat agentligi ostida faoliyat boshqa shoxlari.

Most state agencies function in statewide government agencies that provide law enforcement services. Their duties include investigations and state patrols – they may be called state police or highway patrol. Capitol police, school campus police, and hospital police are other branches that operate under the state agency.

Muncipal

Muncipal

xavfsizligini ta'minlash maqsadida ko'plab shahar va individual shaharlar boshqa huquqni muhofaza qiluvchi idoralar bilan birlashtirish o'z politsiya bo'limiga ega. katta jamoalar bilan o'sha shaharlar yoki shahar katta byudjetlar bilan katta bo'limlari bor, _____________________________________________________________, va majburiyatlari.

Many towns and individual cities have their own police department merging with other law enforcement departments in order to ensure safety. Those cities or towns with larger communities have larger departments with greater budgets, resources, and responsibilities.

Bu sahifa sizga yordam edi? Kulgich ha qoshlarini yuzi yo'q
Fikr va mulohazalaringiz uchun rahmat!