Amerika qadriyatlar nima? Nima amerikaliklar uchun muhim ahamiyatga ega?
Amerika qadriyatlarini tushunish va amerikaliklar uchun muhim nima haqida bilib. Read why Americans value independence, equality, and being on time. You will see why Americans are direct and informal and why competition, work ethic, and buying things are all important in the USA.
Understand American values and learn about what is important to Americans. Read why Americans value independence, equality, and being on time. You will see why Americans are direct and informal and why competition, work ethic, and buying things are all important in the USA.
Amerika qadriyatlar nima?
What are American values?
Mamlakatingizda, Agar, ehtimol siz qimmatbaho kuchli an'analari va madaniyatini edi. Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlarida, Bundan tashqari, muhim Amerika qadriyatlari bor. Bu amerikaliklar uchun eng muhim bo'lgan narsalar.
In your country, you probably had strong traditions and culture that you valued. In the United States, there are also important American values. These are the things that are most important to Americans.
Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlarida asosiy boyliklaridan biri mustaqillik emas. Mustaqillik ba'zan shaxsiyatparastlik deb ataladi. Amerikaliklar o'ziga ishongan bo'lish juda faxrlanamiz, yoki o'zlari g'amxo'rlik imkoniyatiga ega bo'lish, va ular boshqalar, shuningdek o'ziga ishongan bo'lishi kerak, deb o'ylayman moyil. kimdir gol yetganda, bu odatda o'z mehnatlari natijasida ko'riladi. Bu ko'proq jamoa ko'plab boshqa madaniyatlarda ko'ra farq qiladi. Kollektiv madaniyati butun oila yoki jamoaning bir in'ikosi sifatida yutuqlarga ko'rish moyil.
One of the main values in the United States is independence. Independence is sometimes referred to as individualism. Americans are very proud of being self-reliant, or being able to take care of themselves, and they tend to think others should be self-reliant as well. When someone reaches a goal, that is typically seen as the result of his or her own hard work. This is different than in many other cultures which are more collective. Collective cultures tend to see accomplishments as a reflection of an entire family or community.
Bu erda qanday amerikaliklar qiymati mustaqillik namunasidir:
Here is an example of how Americans value independence:
- Amerika bolalari boshqa madaniyatlarda ham erta tark moyil. Masalan, Maktabni bitirgandan so'ng, ko'p bolalar kollejga yoki ish boshlash uchun ko'chib. Ular uyda yashashni davom bo'lsa, Ular ijara to'lash yoki uyiga hissa so'raladi mumkin.
- Amerikaliklar ishlashga qodir bo'lgan har bir kishi o'zlarini qo'llab-quvvatlash maqsadida Buning uchun kutish.
- American children tend to leave the home earlier than in other cultures. For example, after graduating high school, many children move out to go to college or start working. If they continued to live at home, they might be asked to pay rent or contribute to the house.
- Americans expect anyone who is able to work to do so in order to support themselves.
Amerikaliklar qiymati Maxfiylik va o'z kosmik. maxfiyligini muhtojlik ba'zi madaniyatlarda yomon narsa sifatida ko'rish mumkin bo'lsa, ko'p amerikaliklar yolg'iz vaqt bor kabi va ma'lum mavzular haqida xususiy bo'lishi mumkin.
Americans value privacy and their own space. While in some cultures wanting privacy may be seen as a bad thing, many Americans like to have alone time and may be private about certain topics.
Bu erda shaxsiy Amerika qiymatiga bog'liq bir necha vaziyatlar bo'ladi:
Here are a few situations related to the American value of privacy:
- suhbatlarim, ko'p amerikaliklar ba'zi narsalar haqida xususiy va ular haqida gapirish istamayman, Bunday ularning yoshi sifatida, qancha pul ular, yoki ularning siyosiy, jinsiy va diniy qarashlari. ular odamlar bahslasha sabab bo'ladi xavotirdamiz, chunki Ba'zi odamlar omma bu mavzularda gaplashib yoqtirmayman. ammo, Agar siz bu mavzular haqida savollaringiz bo'lsa, Agar bizni so'rashingiz mumkin. Eng amerikaliklar dunyoni ko'rish haqida sizga o'rgatish baxtli bo'ladi.
- Amerikaliklar tez-tez boshqa madaniyatlarda odamlar ortiq davlat vaziyatlarda bir-biriga ko'proq joy bering. Ular orasidagi fazoda bir oz turib moyil, bir cho'zilgan qo'l odatda masofa.
- Ko'plab amerikaliklar ular maxfiyligini ta'minlash uchun uylarining atrofida to'siqlar bor. farzandlaringiz qo'shnisining devordan bir to'p yoki boshqa o'yinchoq yo'qotsangiz, U odatda devordan sakrab va o'yinchoq olish uchun bir yomon fikr emas. o'rniga, old eshik borib, taqillatyapman yoki Qo'ng'irog'i. mavjud bo'lsa, hech qanday javob eshikni bir joyda qoldiring, ruxsat so'rab 8 am va 8 o'rtasida o'yinchoq olish uchun. Bu hurmat va xavfsiz ham, Ba'zi odamlar qorovul it bor yoki ularning shaxsiy hayoti juda himoya bo'lishi mumkin. Xususan oqsoqollar odatda ko'proq tinchlik va sokin kerak va bezovta qilinishi istamayman mumkin. Agar bir eshik ochib bo'lsa siz uni yopish kerak. ammo, Agar ochiq darvozasiga kelib,, uni ochiq qoldiring.
- Yotoq xonasi, odatda, maxsus joylarda hisoblanadi. Qo'shnilar va do'stlari oshxonada xushnud etmoqda, Ovqatlanish xonasi yoki zal. Ota-onalar va bolalar o'z yotoq xonasi bor moyil, va tez-tez, o'z yotoq xonasi bor, har bir amerikalik bola.
- In conversations, many Americans are private about certain things and do not want to talk about them, such as their age, how much money they make, or their political, sexual and religious views. Some people do not like talking about these subjects in public because they are worried it will cause people to argue. However, if you have questions about these topics, you can ask us. Most Americans will be happy to teach you about how Americans view the world.
- Americans often give each other more space in public situations than people in other cultures. They tend to stand with a bit of space between them, typically the distance of an outstretched arm.
- Many Americans have fences around their houses to ensure they have privacy. If your children lose a ball or other toy over a neighbor’s fence, it is generally a bad idea to jump over the fence and retrieve the toy. Instead, go to the front door and knock or ring the bell. If there is no answer leave a note on the door, asking permission to retrieve the toy between 8am and 8pm. This is both respectful and safe, as some people have guard dogs or may be very protective of their privacy. Elders in particular typically need more peace and quiet and may not want to be disturbed. If you open a gate you must close it. However, if you come to an open gate, leave it open.
- Bedrooms are usually considered private spaces. Neighbors and friends are entertained in the kitchen, dining room or living room. Parents and children tend to have their own bedrooms, and often, American children each have their own bedrooms.
Ana siz madaniyati turli bo'lishi mumkin Maxfiylik faqat ba'zi misollar.
Those are just some examples of privacy that may be different in your culture.
Amerikaliklar tez-tez juda to'g'ridan-to'g'ri. Bu ular tez-tez ular nima deb aytib va ular istagan narsani haqida tasdiqlaydigan bo'ladi, degan ma'noni anglatadi. tasdiqlaydigan odatda Amerikada bir yaxshi narsa sifatida ko'rilmoqda etilmoqda.
Americans are often very direct. This means they often tell you what they think and they will be assertive about what they want. Being assertive is generally seen as a good thing in America.
Bu erda Amerika-uslubi to'g'ri ba'zi misollar bor:
Here are some examples of American-style directness:
- Ba'zi madaniyatlarda, Misol uchun - bu taklif rad qo'pol muomalada, kimdir tushlik uchun so'rasa, Agar ha, deb aytish mumkin, lekin keyin tushlik borib emas. Amerikada, u deyarli har doim ham yaxshi aytish emas, “yo'q, lekin rahmat” yoki, “rahmat, lekin men boshqa majburiyatlarni ham bor.” Agar taklifnoma ha deb, lekin tadbir borib bo'lmasa, odam xafa olish mumkin.
- suhbat, amerikalik Sizning fikringizcha qo'shilmasa, Ular sizlarga aytib mumkin. Bu ular sizni yoqtirmayman degani emas, Ular bir xil fikr bo'lishi mumkin faqat bu.
- g'oyasi “yuzini yo'qotib” emas, balki Amerikada bir xil bo'ladi. uchun tarjima “yuzini yo'qotib” bo'lardi “qiyin,” qaysi kamroq jiddiy. Amerikaliklar ular tanqid bo'lsa qiyin bo'lishi yoki xato qilgan bo'lishi mumkin, masalan. Amerikaliklar xatosini ishora yoki sizni tanqid qilishi mumkin, shuning uchun, shunchaki bir tuzatish yoki foydali ma'lumot sifatida uni niyat.
- sinflarda, Amerikaliklar o'z o'qituvchilar qarshi mumkin’ g'oyalar. Ba'zi madaniyatlarda, bu sizning o'qituvchi norozi uchun qo'pol bo'ladi.
- Bu yordam so'rash qo'pol muomalada hech qachon. Bir do'stim yoki qo'shni sizni so'rasa, siz hech narsa kerak bo'lsa,, Ular, albatta, yordam berish uchun kerakli. aytish uchun bilishadi, “Agar do'kondan uchun boryapmiz va apelsin tomonidan yursak, bir sumkani meni ko'tarib iltimos, va men ular uchun to'layman.” yoki, Agar, misol uchun, qish kiyim kerak bo'lsa, va siz ularni sotib olish uchun qaerga ishonch hosil emasmiz, u so'rash OK bo'ladi, “Agar men bolalar uchun arzon paltolar va etik sotib olishingiz mumkin qaerda uchun hech qanday takliflar bormi?” Eng amerikaliklar yordam berish uchun yaxshi ko'raman, va yaxshi do'stlari bilan qo'shnilarini bo'lishga juda oz dalda kerak.
- In some cultures, it is rude to decline an invitation – for example, if someone asks you for lunch, you may say yes, but then not go to lunch. In America, it is almost always better to say, “No, but thank you” or, “Thank you, but I have another commitment.” If you say yes to an invitation but do not go to the event, the person might get upset.
- In conversation, if an American disagrees with your opinion, they might tell you. This does not mean they do not like you, just that they may have a different idea.
- The idea of “losing face” is not the same in America. The translation for “losing face” would be “embarrassed,” which is less serious. Americans may be embarrassed if they are criticized or make a mistake, for example. So Americans may point out mistakes or criticize you, simply intending it as a correction or useful information.
- In classes, Americans may challenge their teachers’ ideas. In some cultures, it is impolite to disagree with your teacher.
- It is never is rude to ask for help. If a friend or neighbor asks you if you need anything, they truly want to help. Feel free to say, “If you are going to the store and you walk by the oranges, please pick me up a bag, and I’ll pay you for them.” Or, if you need winter clothes for example, and you’re not sure where to buy them, it is OK to ask, “Do you have any suggestions for where I can buy inexpensive coats and boots for my children?” Most Americans love to help, and need very little encouragement to become good friends and neighbors.
Umuman, u shu tarzda mo'ljallanmagan qo'pol nima paydo bo'lishi mumkin, deb eslash yaxshi. Amerikaliklar qo'pol harakat emas - ular faqat to'g'ridan-to'g'ri etilmoqda.
In general, it is good to remember that what may appear rude is not intended that way. Americans are not trying to be rude – they are just being direct.
AQSh Mustaqillik Deklaratsiyasi e'lon, “Barcha insonlar teng yaratilgan.” Haqiqatda, Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlarida, ayrim odamlar har doim bir xil, barcha fuqarolarni davolash emas, lekin ko'p amerikaliklar haqida juda kuchli his fikr tenglik. Barcha odamlar Afrika Amerika qullik sifatida teng bunday muomala edi Amerika tarixida ko'plab misollar bor (qora) fuqarolar. ammo, Amerikaliklar barcha odamlar teng imkoniyatlarga ega bo'lishi kerak, deb fikr ishonish kabi. Bu g'oya deb nomlangan nima, bir qismidir “Amerika Dream.” Ko'pchilik erta muhojirlar Amerika Dream amal Amerikaga ko'chib. Ular qattiq ishlagan bo'lsa, deb hisoblaydi, Agar jamiyatda yuqoriga harakat bo'lishi mumkin.
The US Declaration of Independence declares, “All Men Are Created Equal.” In reality, some people in the United States do not always treat all citizens equally, but many Americans feel very strongly about the idea of equality. There are many examples in American history where all people were not treated equally such as slavery of African American (black) citizens. However, Americans like to believe the idea that all people should have equal opportunities. This idea is a part of what is called the “American Dream.” Many early immigrants moved to America to follow the American Dream. They believed that if you worked hard, you could move up in society.
Bugun yana va yana odamlar Amerika Dream to'g'ri emas tushunib. juda qiyin ish, ko'p odamlar juda ko'p pul yo'q. Ko'pincha imtiyozli tumanlarga kelgan odamlar oson vaqt dunyoda yuqoriga harakat bor. Shunday bo'lsa-da, tenglik g'oyasi AQSh madaniyati muhim qismidir.
Today more and more people realize the American Dream is not true. Many people who work very hard do not have very much money. Often people who come from privileged backgrounds have an easier time moving up in the world. Still, the idea of equality is an important part of US culture.
Bu erda Amerika madaniyati bilan tenglik, bir necha misollar:
Here are some examples of equality in American culture:
huquqiy vaziyatlarda •, Barcha amerikaliklar teng munosabatda bo'lishi kerak va barcha amerikaliklar bir advokat tomonidan vakillik qilish huquqiga ega.
• In legal situations, all Americans should be treated equally and all Americans have a right to representation by a lawyer.
Bir sinfda •, Barcha talabalar o'qituvchilari tomonidan bir xil muomala lozim. Yo'q, talaba imtiyozli lozim.
• In a classroom, all students should be treated equally by their teachers. No student should be favored.
• Erkaklar va ayollar teng munosabatda bo'lishi kerak, va erkaklar ayollarga nisbatan yaxshiroq deb qaralgan emas. Haqiqatda, ko'p ayollar hali ham Amerika jamiyatda erkaklar bilan bir xil maqomga ega emas, ayniqsa, ular qilish mumkin qancha pul nuqtai nazaridan.
• Men and women should be treated equally, and men are not viewed as better than women. In reality, many women still do not have the same status as men in American society, especially in terms of how much money they can make.
• Amerikada, Agar kuchli, ko'milgan ijtimoiy vakillari yoki tabaqa tizimi mavjud emas. Ba'zan hurmat bilan davolash uchun kutish mumkin, odamlar teng, deb sizni davolash mumkin. Masalan, bolalar birinchi nomi bilan bir katta kattalar qo'ng'iroq mumkin. bu sizga bo'ladigan bo'lsa, Ular qo'pol emas eslash harakat, lekin ular bir xil madaniy qiymatga ega.
• In America, there is not a strongly embedded social hierarchy or caste system. Sometimes people who you might expect to treat you with respect may treat you as an equal. For example, children may call an older adult by their first name. If this happens to you, try to remember they are not being rude, but they have a different cultural value.
• Ba'zida amerikaliklar ular o'zlarini tanishtirish, ular hal afzal sizga qanday. o'qituvchi yoki shifokor sifatida o'zini tanishtiradi bo'lsa “Lucy” yoki “doktor Lucy”, siz uni qanday murojaat hisoblanadi. u doktor o'zini tanishtiradi bo'lsa. Wilson, deb u deb atalishga afzal nima.
• Sometimes Americans will tell you how they prefer to be addressed when they introduce themselves. If a teacher or a doctor introduces herself as “Lucy” or “Doctor Lucy”, that is how you should address her. If she introduces herself as Dr. Wilson, that is what she prefers to be called.
Bu hali odamlar orasida ko'rinmas ierarxiyalari bo'lishi mumkin, deb bilish foydalidir. Bu individual muvaffaqiyat haqida ko'proq asoslangan bo'lishi moyil: masalan, kimningdir ish, boylik, yoki ta'lim.
It is useful to know that there may still be invisible hierarchies among people. These tend to be based more on individual success: for example, someone’s job, wealth, or education.
Amerika jamiyati ko'pincha norasmiy va toza.
American society is often informal and relaxed.
Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlari norasmiy madaniyat qanchalik Bu yerda ba'zi misollar mavjud:
Here are some examples of how the United States is an informal culture:
• amerikaliklar tasodifan kiyinish mumkin, Bunday hatto ish jinsi yoki shortikda kiygan sifatida, maktab, yoki cherkov. Agar birinchi ish boshlash qachon, Bu yaxshi fikr, siz kiyim atrofingizdagi odamlar kiygan nima asoslangan tanlash, keyin yanada rasman kiyinish va bo'ladi.
• Americans may dress casually, such as wearing jeans or shorts even at work, school, or church. When you first start a job, it is a good idea to dress more formally and then to choose your attire based on what the people around you are wearing.
• salom kimdir, Amerikaliklar aytish istagi, “Hi” yoki, “Salom.” Siz qat'i nazar, uchratgan kim shu salom foydalanish: o'g'lingiz yoki o'g'lining o'qituvchisi. Langauge salomlashish rasmiy va norasmiy shakllari mavjud emas.
• When greeting someone, Americans tend to say, “Hi” or, “Hello.” You use the same greeting no matter who you are talking to: your son or your son’s teacher. The langauge does not have formal and informal forms of greeting.
• amerikaliklar birinchi nomlari bilan bir-biriga qo'ng'iroq moyil. Ba'zi hollarda, ammo, Misol uchun - u yana rasmiy bo'lishi va birinchi nomini foydalanish talab qilinadi qadar familiyalarini foydalanish ham yaxshi bo'ladi, biznes vaziyatda yoki maktabda.
• Americans tend to call each other by their first names. In some situations, however, it is better to be more formal and to use last names until you are asked to use a first name – for example, in a business situation or at school.
AQSh madaniyati domlaga sizni ajablantiradi mumkin, U qo'pol bo'lishi kerak emas. Aslini olib qaraganda, kimdir norasmiy sizlarga salom aytyapti va birinchi nomi bilan sizni chaqiradi, agar, Bu, ehtimol, ular o'rtoqlik tarzda sizga o'ylab anglatadi.
While the informality of US culture may surprise you, it is not meant to be rude. In fact, if someone greets you informally and calls you by your first name, it probably means they think of you in a friendly way.
Amerikaliklar raqobatbardosh bo'lishi va ko'pincha o'z maqsadlariga erishish uchun qattiq mehnat mumkin. Raqobat ko'pincha amerikaliklar juda band bo'lishi sabab bo'ladi. Ko'plab amerikaliklar raqobat yaxshi narsa ko'rish.
Americans can be competitive and often work hard to achieve their goals. Competition often leads Americans to be very busy. Many Americans view competition is a good thing.
Bu erda raqobat Amerika qiymati ba'zi misollar:
Here are some examples of the American value of competition:
• biznes raqobat kapitalistik iqtisodiyotiga katta qismi tufayli. Amerikaning biznes modeli mijozlar uchun va eng yaxshi narxlar uchun raqobat iborat.
• Competition in business is due in large part to the capitalist economy. America’s business model is to compete for customers and for the best prices.
• amerikaliklar faoliyati ko'p Xronologiya bo'ladi. Hatto yosh bolalar maktab tashqarisida faoliyat poda ishtirok, Bunday sport kabi, musiqa darslar, va ko'ngillilik. Amerikaliklar kabi Ba'zan his mumkin “atrofida shoshilib” tasalli uchun oz vaqt. Ular amalga juda ko'p bo'lsin Lekin ko'plab amerikaliklar ular yaxshi his.
• Americans will schedule lots of activities. Even young children participate in lots of activities outside of school, such as sports, music lessons, and volunteering. Sometimes you may feel like Americans are “rushing around” with little time for relaxing. But many Americans they feel good when they get a lot done.
• Raqobat maktabda ko'rish mumkin, ish joyida, va sport. Masalan, talabalar eng yaxshi eslatmalarini erishish uchun qattiq mehnat mumkin. Ba'zan raqobat guruhlar o'z ichiga oladi, Bunday futbol jamoasi yoki maktab o'rganish guruhi sifatida.
• Competition can be seen in school, in the workplace, and in sports. For example, students may work hard to achieve the best grades. Sometimes competition involves groups, such as a soccer team or a school study group.
• amerikaliklar ham mumkin “raqobat” o'zlari bilan. Ko'plab amerikaliklar ular qilayotgan da yaxshilash saqlab qolish qiyin ish. Masalan, Ular oxirgi marta qildim tezroq poyga ishlatish mumkin yoki ular yil oldingiga nisbatan o'z ish ko'proq mahsulot sotish mumkin.
• Americans may also “compete” with themselves. Many Americans work hard to keep improving at what they do. For example, they may want to run a race faster than they did last time or they may want to sell more items at their job than they did the year before.
Bosh, raqobat joylashtiriladi qiymati siz ba'zi madaniyat toki his olib kelishi mumkin, Agar raqobat ko'proq hamkorlikdagi bir madaniyat kelgan, ayniqsa, agar.
Overall, the value placed on competition may cause you to feel some culture shock, especially if you came from a culture that is more collaborative than competitive.
Vaqt va samaradorligi
Time and efficiency
Amerikaliklar o'z vaqtida qiymati ko'p joylashtirish. Ular kimdir yoki nimadir o'z vaqtini isrof etgan, deb o'ylayman, agar amerikaliklar tushishi mumkin. Ba'zi amerikaliklar diqqat vaqtlarini rejalashtirish, o'z shaxsiy hayoti va ish hayotida uchun ham kundalik taqvim yordamida. Amerikada bir gap bor: vaqt pul. Bu amerikaliklarning aksariyati vaqt foydalanish kabi, degan ma'noni anglatadi “samarali” - Ular eng, eng qisqa vaqt ichida bajarilishi uchun kerakli.
Americans place a lot of value on their time. Americans may feel frustrated if they think someone or something has wasted their time. Some Americans plan out their time carefully, using daily calendars for both their personal lives and their work lives. There is a saying in America: time is money. This means many Americans like to use their time “efficiently” – they want to get the most done in the shortest amount of time.
Bu sizga uchun ishlatiladi qanday farq bo'lishi mumkin. bir ish qilayotganda shartnoma, Agar boshqa odamni bilish uchun vaqt sarflash mumkin, balki choy yoki qahva ichib esa. Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlarida, Bu tez-tez hodisa emas.
This may be different from what you are used to. When making a business deal, you may spend time getting to know the other person, maybe while drinking tea or coffee. In the United States, this is often not the case.
Bu yerda siz vaqt xabardor bo'lishi mumkin bo'lgan ba'zi holatlar bor:
Here are some situations in which you might want to be aware of time:
- uchrashuvlar, ayniqsa ish uchun: Siz o'z vaqtida bo'lishi uchun harakat qilish kerak – ehtimol, hatto 5 daqiqa erta.
- Uchrashuvni: Agar shifokor tayinlash yoki tayinlash, bir necha turdagi bo'lsa, Agar vaqtida kelishi kerak. Siz hali tayinlash uchun kutish kerak bo'lishi mumkin. ammo, Agar vaqtida yoki siz tayinlash qayta rejalashtirish bo'lishi mumkin muhimdir.
- Do'stlar faoliyati: Agar kechki ovqat uchun kimningdir uyiga taklif bo'lsa, vaqtida bo'lishi uchun harakat – Agar bo'lishi mumkin 5 yoki 10 daqiqa kech, lekin siz ancha keyin ko'ra, agar, Agar ehtimol qo'ng'iroq va ularga xabar bering kerak.
- Tomonlar: kichik partiya uchun, ichidagi yetib 15 vaqt daqiqa beriladi. ko'p odamlar bilan katta partiya uchun, Agar bo'lishi mumkin 30 uchun 40 daqiqa kech.
- Meetings, especially for work: You should try to be on time – probably even 5 minutes early.
- Appointments: If you have a doctor’s appointment or some other kind of appointment, you need to arrive on time. You may still have to wait for the appointment. However, it is important you are on time or you may have to reschedule the appointment.
- Activities with friends: If you are invited to someone’s house for dinner, try to be on time – you can be 5 or 10 minutes late, but if you are much later than that, you should probably call and let them know.
- Parties: For a small party, arrive within 15 minutes of the time given. For a large party with many people, you can be 30 to 40 minutes late.
Yaxshi qoida, har doim kech bo'ladi, deb hisoblanadi, Agar qo'ng'iroq va yig'ilish shaxs kech bo'ladi bilishlari kerak. Agar qo'ng'iroq olmasangiz, Agar sizga kelganda kech qolgani uchun uzr bor odamni aytish kerak.
A good rule is that anytime you are going to be late, you should call and let the person you are meeting know you will be late. If you can’t call, you should tell the person you are sorry for being late when you arrive.
ba'zan, Kimdir juda tez tark yoki tark shoshib bo'lgan kabi his qilishi mumkin. ular istagan, chunki bu bo'lishi mumkin “vaqtida” ularning keyingi tayinlash uchun. Ular sizni yoqtirmayman degani emas.
Sometimes, you may feel like someone is leaving very quickly or is in a hurry to leave. This may be because they want to be “on time” for their next appointment. It does not mean they do not like you.
vaqtida bo'lish va vaqt xabardor bo'lish, siz, ehtimol siz kech, chunki agar moslashish kerak bo'ladi madaniy farq, Agar ish yo'qotish mumkin, Sizning uchrashuvlarni o'tkazib, yoki kimningdir his-tuyg'ularini xafa. Agar qattiq vaqt bor bo'lsa vaqt Amerika ma'noda sozlash, Agar vaqt sizni eslatib signal bir soat yoki telefon qilish uchun mumkin, ayniqsa, ishga uchun.
Being on time and being aware of time is a cultural difference you will probably need to adapt to because if you are late, you could lose your job, miss your appointments, or hurt someone’s feelings. If you have a hard time adjusting to the American sense of time, you may want to get a watch or phone that has an alarm to remind you of the time, especially for getting to work.
Amerikaliklar juda ularning ish bilan band bo'lishi mumkin. Ba'zan boshqa millatdagi odamlar amerikaliklar deb o'ylayman “yashash-to-ish” yoki “ishchan.” Bu ular amerikaliklar juda ko'p ish deb o'ylayman, degan ma'noni anglatadi. band va faol bo'lish, odatda, yaxshi narsa, deb qaraladi, chunki amerikaliklar ish yo'naltirilgan bo'ladi Shuning bir qismi hisoblanadi. Odamlar ham, ularning ish bilan kuchli aniqlash moyil. Masalan, Agar birinchi kishini uchratsak, Ular sizni so'rashingiz mumkin, birinchi savollari biridir “Nima ish qilasiz?” ular, degani, “ish qanday qilasiz?”
Americans can be very focused on their work. Sometimes people from other cultures think Americans “live-to-work” or are “workaholics.” This means they think Americans work too much. Part of the reason Americans are work-oriented is because being busy and active is often seen as a good thing. People also tend to identify strongly with their jobs. For example, when you first meet someone, one of the first questions they might ask you is “What do you do?” They mean, “What kind of work do you do?”
oila uy olish parvarishlash ishlash erkak yoki xotin ko'pincha o'zlarini qo'ng'iroq “Bosh sahifa-Tasvirga” va har qanday boshqa boricha bu bosqinchilik hurmat loyiq. har qanday ariza to'ldirganda,, u yozish uchun OK bo'ladi “Bosh sahifa-Maker” uy tashqarisida bir maoshli ish yo'q kishi uchun bosqinchi sifatida.
Men or women who work at home taking care of the family often call themselves “home-makers” and deserve respect for this occupation as much as any other. When filling out an application of any kind, it is OK to write “home-maker” as the occupation for someone who does not have a paying job outside the home.
Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlarida bir yangi kelgan bo'lib,, narsalarni egalik va sotib qaratilgan - Agar ba'zan amerikaliklar materialistik ko'rinadi, deb o'ylayman mumkin. Buning sababi, bir qismi, deb ko'p amerikaliklar qiymati raqobat va ish. Amerikaliklar qiymati raqobat, chunki, ular istagan “davom et” ularning atrofida bo'lgan kishilar bilan. Buning ma'nosi, masalan, qo'shni bir yangi mashina bor, agar, Bundan tashqari, yangi mashina mumkin. Amerikaliklar bu qo'ng'iroq “Joneses bilan tutib.”
As a newcomer to the United States, you may sometimes think Americans seem materialistic – focused on owning and buying things. Part of the reason for this is that many Americans value competition and work. Because Americans value competition, they want to “keep up” with those around them. This means, for example, if your neighbor got a new car, you might want a new car also. Americans call this “Keeping up with the Joneses.”
Ko'plab amerikaliklar qiymati ish va kuchli ish axloqiy-. Ko'plab amerikaliklar ular ishda muvaffaqiyatli bo'lgan ko'rsatish uchun bir yo'l kabi televizorlar yoki poyabzal kabi moddiy ma'lumotlar ko'rish. Amerikaliklar o'z mehnatlari va sa'y-harakatlari uchun mukofotlar sifatida moddiy ob'ektlar o'ylab mumkin.
Many Americans value work and have a strong work ethic. Many Americans view material items such as TVs or shoes as a way to show they are successful at work. Americans may think of material items as rewards for their hard work and efforts.
Yana bir sababi amerikaliklar ob'ekt yo'naltirilgan bo'lib bo'lishi mumkin, chunki ko'p amerikaliklar qiymati yangilik va innovatsion. Bas, ular ishlari bir telefonni ega bo'lsa ham,, Bu yangi va qiziqarli xususiyatlarga ega, chunki ular yangi, telefon mumkin. Siz hurmat qilish siz mol poda ega bo'lishi kerak his yo'q. Siz qulay shunchaki tirikchilik yoki afzal har qanday yo'l his kerak, balki favqulodda vaziyatlar uchun ko'proq pul tejash, ta'lim va pensiya o'rniga boshqalarni zabt etish uchun ob'ektlar ustida sarf ortiq.
Another reason Americans may be object-oriented is because many Americans value newness and innovation. So even if they have a phone that works, they may want a new phone because it has new and exciting features. You do not have to feel you must have lots of possessions to be respected. You should feel comfortable living simply or any way you prefer, maybe saving more money for emergencies, education and retirement rather than spending on objects to impress others.
Yuqoridagi bayonotlar barcha Amerika qadriyatlari umumlashma bor. Umumlashma har doim haqiqiy emas, lekin narsalar ko'pincha haqiqiy ekanligini. RCO maqsadi amerikalik siz anglamaydigan tarzda bajaruvchi mumkin Nima uchun siz yaxshi tushunishga yordam berish uchun genellemeleri ta'minlash hisoblanadi. eslab, na yo'l, boshqa yo'l yaxshidir - turli faqat.
All of the above statements are generalizations of American values. Generalizations are not always true, but things that are often true. The goal of the RCO is to provide generalizations to help you better understand why an American may be acting in a way you do not understand. Remember, neither way is better than the other way – just different.
Ko'proq ma'lumot olish