Kujiandaa kwa ajili ya mahojiano ya kazi

Kiingereza piaKiingereza hakuna

A man comining into an office for a job interview

A man comining into an office for a job interview

Vidokezo vya mahojiano: kuboresha ujuzi wako ya mahojiano ya kazi na kujifunza jinsi ya kujiandaa kwa ajili ya mahojiano kwa ajili ya kazi yoyote

Tips for interviews: improve your job interview skills and learn how to prepare for a interview for any job

Kwa nini Je unahitaji kujiandaa kwa ajili ya mahojiano ya kazi?

Why do I need to prepare for a job interview?

Mahojiano ya kazi ni mazungumzo baina yenu na mwajiri. Wakati wa mahojiano, mwajiri itakuuliza maswali mengi. Unahitaji kujua jinsi ya kujiandaa kwa ajili ya mahojiano kwa sababu ni moja ya hatua muhimu katika kupata ajira.

A job interview is a conversation between you and the employer. During the interview, the employer will ask you many questions. You need to know how to prepare for an interview because it is one of the most important steps in getting a job.

Mwajiri watauliza kuhusu uzoefu wako wa kazi. Wanataka kujua kuhusu elimu yako na mafunzo yoyote kuwa na. Majibu yako kwa maswali ya mahojiano pia kuonyesha aina gani ya mtu ni. Kama unajua jinsi ya kujiandaa kwa ajili ya mahojiano, utaonyesha mwajiri kwamba wewe ni mtu mzuri kwa ajili ya kazi

The employer will ask about your work experience. They will want to know about your education and any training you have had. Your answers to interview questions also show what kind of person are. If you know how to prepare for an interview, you will show the employer that you are a good person for the job

Mahojiano ya kazi daima kuchukua nafasi katika mtu. Unaweza kuwa na mahojiano ya simu kwanza. Tumia nafasi hii kuonyesha jinsi wangeweza kufaidika kampuni. Kama unaweza kupita mahojiano ya simu, basi wewe utakuwa ahojiwe katika mtu. Kwa nafasi nyingi za kazi, una mahojiano ya simu moja na mahojiano katika mtu angalau mmoja. Au wao wanaweza kuanzisha simu ya video na wewe.

Job interviews do not always take place in person. You may have a phone interview first. Use this chance to show how you would benefit the company. If you pass the phone interview, then you will be interviewed in person. For many jobs, you will have one phone interview and at least one in-person interview. Or they may set up a video call with you.

Kabla ya kutuma ombi la kazi yako ijayo, Tumia hatua hizi ili kujua jinsi ya kujiandaa kwa ajili ya mahojiano na kufanikiwa kupata kazi:

Before you apply for your next job, use these steps so you know how to prepare for an interview and succeed in getting a job:

Utafiti wa biashara

Research the business

Pata kujua kila kitu kuhusu kampuni. Kama maswali yako na majibu kuonyesha maarifa kuhusu biashara, mtafiti kujua kwamba unajali kuhusu kazi.

Find out everything you can about the company. If your questions and answers show knowledge about the business, the interviewer will know that you care about the work.

  • Unaweza kusoma kupitia taarifa ya tovuti ya kampuni. Unaweza pia kupata maelezo kuhusu kampuni kwenye LinkedIn. Kutafuta majibu kwa maswali haya:
    1. Malengo ya kampuni ni nini?
    2. Misheni ya kampuni ni nini?
    3. Nini ni ya kampuni kuu mradi/kazi sasa hivi?
    4. Ujuzi wako watafaidika vipi kampuni?
  • You can read through the company’s website information. You can also find information about the company on LinkedIn. Look for answers to these questions:
    1. What are the company’s goals?
    2. What is the company’s mission?
    3. What is the company’s main project/work right now?
    4. How can your skills benefit the company?
  • Kutafuta jina la kampuni kwenye Google na kisha bofya "habari" kuona kama unaweza kupata habari yoyote kuhusu kampuni. Kama unaweza kuona habari njema, Unaweza kutaja katika mahojiano yako.
  • Kupata kampuni kwenye Glassdoor, f. Je, tovuti ambapo wafanyakazi kuzungumzia kampuni ni ipi.
  • Kama ni nafasi ya umma, kama vile duka au mgahawa, Nenda na kutembelea.
  • Search for the name of the company on Google and then click “news” to see if you find any news about the company. If you see good news, you can mention it in your interview.
  • Find the company on Glassdoor, which is a website where employees talk about the company.
  • If it’s a public place, such as a store or restaurant, go in and visit.

Kama unaweza kufanya utafiti wako, kuanza kufikiri ya baadhi ya maswali unaweza kuuliza katika mahojiano yako, na kuyaandika.

As you do your research, start thinking of some questions you can ask in your interview, and write them down.

Pitia resume yako

Review your resume

Wewe tayari alifanya na kutumwa katika resume yako. Mwajiri watauliza maelezo zaidi juu ya kitu chochote limeandikwa resume yako. Ni muhimu kwamba kusoma resume yako kabla ya mahojiano. Wanapaswa kuwa na uwezo wa kuelezea makampuni kazi au alijitolea kwa ajili ya siku za nyuma.

You have already made and sent in your resume. The employer will ask more details about anything written on your resume. It is important that you read your resume before the interview. You should be able to describe the companies you worked or volunteered for in the past.

Kujua uliko

Know where you are going

Kama unaweza, kufanya safari mazoezi kwenye mahali pa mahojiano kabla ya siku ya mahojiano yako. Kujifunza njia yako. Kama ni jengo kubwa, kupata mlango wa kulia. Kisha itakuwa tayari kwa ajili ya siku ya.

If you can, make a practice journey to the interview location before your interview day. Learn your route. If it’s a big building, find the right entrance. Then you will be prepared for the day.

Kuwa kwa wakati!

Be on time!

Mpango wa mbele na kujipatia muda wa ziada. Ni bora kuwa mapema kuliko marehemu kwa sababu unaweza kusubiri karibu. Kuwasili katika mahojiano 10 dakika mapema lakini hakuna mapema.

Plan ahead and give yourself extra time. It’s better to be early than late because you can wait nearby. Arrive at the interview 10 minutes early but no earlier.

Kuwa mfanyakazi mzuri maana kuja kufanya kazi kwa wakati. Kuja kwa mahojiano yako kuchelewa inaonyesha mtafiti kwamba huenda marehemu kwa ajili ya kazi kama wewe ni walioajiriwa. Ni kupunguza nafasi yako ya kuwa kuajiriwa hata kama una kazi kubwa mahojiano ujuzi.

Being a good employee means coming to work on time. Coming to your interview late shows the interviewer that you might be late for work if you are hired. It will lower your chances of being hired even if you have great job interview skills.

Kama ni ya mahojiano video, bado unahitaji mpango wa mbele na kujipatia muda wa ziada. Hakikisha kwamba wewe ni mahali kimya na itakuwa si kupata kuingiliwa. Kama huna tovuti au kompyuta nyumbani, Tafuta rafiki ambaye hana na kufanya mahojiano katika nyumba zao. Unaweza pia kuzungumza na maktaba ya mtaa wako ili kuona kama wao kusaidia kuanzisha mahojiano yako. Hata kwa ajili ya mahojiano video, unahitaji kuwa tayari na kusubiri dakika chache mapema.

If it is a video interview, you still need to plan ahead and give yourself extra time. Make sure that you are in a quiet place and you will not get interrupted. If you do not have internet or a computer at home, find a friend who does and do the interview at their house. You can also talk to your local library to see if they will help set up your interview. Even for a video interview, you need to be ready and waiting a few minutes early.

Kuangalia mtaalamu

Look professional

Kuangalia kitaalamu hata kama mahojiano yako kazi kitatokea kwenye simu ya video. Hapa ni baadhi ya njia jinsi ya kujiandaa kwa ajili ya mahojiano na mtaalamu wa kuangalia:

Look professional even if your job interview will happen on a video call. Here are some ways how to prepare for an interview by looking professional:

  • Kuwa safi

    Vaa nguo safi kwa mahojiano. Kuchukua oga kabla ya mahojiano. Sugua meno na kuchana nywele yako.

  • Be clean

    Always wear clean clothes to an interview. Take a shower before going to an interview. Brush your teeth and comb your hair.

  • Usiwe kawaida sana

    Kuvaa viatu au flip-flops kwa mahojiano. Kuvaa soksi na viatu. Kuvaa nguo ya kawaida kama vile jeans au t-shirt. Kuvaa kaptula au tank tops. Kuvaa kofia, Pantyhose caps, au miwani wakati wa mahojiano. Kuepuka kujitia kwamba ni kubwa sana na rangi.

  • Don’t be too casual

    Do not wear sandals or flip-flops to an interview. Wear socks and shoes. Do not wear casual clothes such as jeans or a t-shirt. Do not wear shorts or tank tops. Do not wear hats, stocking caps, or sunglasses during an interview. Avoid jewelry that is very large and colorful.

  • Kuvaa nguo ya biashara

    Nguo kitaalamu kwa watu ina maana amevaa suruali ambayo si jeans na shati muda mrefu-kola na vifungo. Kama kazi ni mtaalamu sana, unahitaji suti na tai na. Kwa wanawake, mavazi ya wastani au blouse na na skirt au suruali maizi itakuwa kukubalika. Lakini Huna budi kutumia kura ya fedha! Utapata nguo ya mahojiano mema katika hifadhi yako kiambo ya mitumba, kama vile ukarimu.

  • Wear business clothes

    Professional clothing for men means wearing pants that are not jeans and a long-sleeve shirt with buttons. If the job is very professional, you will need a suit and a tie. For women, a modest dress or a blouse with a skirt or smart pants will be acceptable. But you do not need to spend lots of money! You will find good interview clothes at your local second-hand store, such as Goodwill.

  • Kuepuka sigara na pombe

    Kutafuna betel nut au tumbaku kabla au wakati wa mahojiano. Moshi au kutumia pombe kabla ya mahojiano. Uvutaji unaweza kuzifanya nguo zako harufu mbaya. Pombe hairuhusiwi katika kazi yoyote.

  • Avoid smoking and alcohol

    Do not chew betel nut or tobacco before or during an interview. Do not smoke or use alcohol before an interview. Smoking can make your clothes smell bad. Alcohol is not allowed at any job.

Kusalimiana, isipokuwa huwezi kwa sababu ya dini au utamaduni

Shake hands, unless you can’t because of religion or culture

Handshakes ni kawaida katika Amerika. Inakubalika mshikane mikono maana na wanawake mshikane mikono kila mmoja. Kama hutaki kusalimiana, hiyo ni sawa. Badala yake, Weka mikono yako katika kifua chako na kidogo Inamisha kichwa chako mbele. Kusema wazi, "Ni hivyo nice kwa kukutana na wewe. Asante kwa kuchukua muda wa mahojiano yangu leo." Baadhi ya watu kushangazwa kwamba hutaki kushiriki mikono. Kama wewe kujisikia vizuri, Elezea kwamba kushikana mikono na jinsia tofauti ni dhidi ya dini yako.

Handshakes are common in America. It is acceptable to shake hands mean and women to shake hands with each other. If you do not want to shake hands, that is okay. Instead, place your hands across your chest and slightly tilt your head forward. Say clearly, “It is so nice to meet you. Thank you for taking the time to interview me today.” Some people be surprised that you do not want to share hands. If you feel comfortable, explain that shaking hands with the opposite sex is against your religion.

Tabasamu na kufanya mawasiliano ya macho

Smile and make eye contact

Kujaribu tabasamu na kuangalia watu katika jicho. Hii inaonyesha mtafiti wewe ni chanya na ya kirafiki. Ingawa hii inaweza kuwa tofauti katika utamaduni wako, ni moja ya mambo muhimu kabisa unaweza kufanya katika Marekani ili kukusaidia kupata kazi. Kwa Wamarekani, kufanya mawasiliano ya macho unaonyesha heshima na huwasaidia watu imani yenu. Wakati unapowasili katika mahojiano, huenda akamsalimu kwa watu tofauti. Kuwa na heshima kwa kila mtu unakutana na jaribu kuangalia na tabasamu kwa kila mtu.

Try to smile and look people in the eye. This shows the interviewer you are positive and friendly. Although this might be different than in your culture, it is one of the most important things you can do in the United States to help you get a job. For Americans, making eye contact shows respect and helps people trust you.When you arrive at the interview, you might be greeted by different people. Be polite to everyone you meet and try to look and smile at everyone.

Hakikisha simu yako imezimwa

Make sure your phone is turned off

Zima simu yako kabla ya mahojiano. Angalia katika simu yako. Ukisahau, na simu yako inaita, mara moja kuwanyamazisha ni na radhi kwa usumbufu. Jibu!

Turn your phone off before the interview. Do not look at your phone. If you forget, and your phone rings, immediately silence it and apologize for the interruption. Do not answer it!

Uliza swali moja angalau

Ask at least one question

Kabla ya kufikia kwa mahojiano ya kazi, kuandaa orodha ya karibu 5 maswali. Maswali yanaweza kuwa juu ya kampuni kwa ujumla au kuhusu jukumu lako. Kuuliza maswali ambayo kuonyesha wewe ni nia ya Ayubu na kampuni. Kufanya si Uliza maswali kuhusu mshahara au wakati mbali mpaka wewe umeonyesha maslahi katika kazi na biashara. Uliza maswali yako mwisho wa mahojiano, au mwajiri anaposema, "Je, una maswali yoyote?"Kama maswali yako yote tayari yametolewa, Kisha kusema, "Nini ni hatua zinazofuata?"au, "Wakati wanaweza ninatarajia kusikia kutoka kwako?"

Before you come to the job interview, prepare a list of about 5 questions. Questions can be about the company in general or about your role. Ask questions that show you are interested in the job and company. Do not ask questions about salary or time off until you have shown interest in the work and the business. Ask your questions at the end of the interview, or when the employer says, “Do you have any questions?” If all your questions have already been answered, then say, “What are the next steps?” or, “When can I expect to hear from you?”

Jaribu kupumzika na kufanya uwezavyo

Try to relax and do your best

Kumbuka, hujafanya sehemu ngumu kwa sababu tayari got mahojiano ya kazi. Umejifunza jinsi ya kujiandaa kwa ajili ya mahojiano na kuwa tayari vizuri. Sasa ni wakati wa kufanya tu uwezavyo. Kila mtu hufanya makosa wakati wa mahojiano. Kama wewe kufanya kosa, Chukua muda tua na kuanza tena.

Remember, you have already done the hardest part because you already got the job interview. You have learned how to prepare for an interview and you have prepared well. Now it is time to just do your best. Everyone makes mistakes during interviews. If you make an error, take a moment to pause and start again.

Kuomba kadi ya biashara

Ask for business cards

Wakati mahojiano ni juu na wewe ni kupata kuondoka, kuomba kadi ya biashara ya watu, alizungumza na. Wakati wao mkono yao kwako, Washukuru tvingar. Kama huna kadi ya biashara, Waulize wao kuandika majina yao kamili na anwani ya barua pepe. Hivi, itakuwa na taarifa zao za mawasiliano hivyo unaweza kutuma yao Kumbuka Asante.

When the interview is over and you are getting to leave, ask for the business cards of the people you spoke to. When they hand them to you, thank them politely. If they do not have a business card, ask them to write down their full name and email address. This way, you will have their contact information so you can send them a thank you note.

Tuma barua pepe Asante au barua baada ya mahojiano ya kazi

Send a thank you email or letter after the job interview

Unaweza kutuma Dokezo Asante kama barua kupitia posta au kwa barua pepe. Watu wengi kutumia barua pepe. Kama Umesahau kuomba kadi ya biashara, wewe barua pepe au simu ofisi na kuomba maelezo ya mwasiliani.

You can send a thank you note as a letter through the post office or by email. Most people use email. If you forgot to ask for a business card, you can email or call the office and ask for contact information.

Katika barua yako Asante, wanapaswa wataje:

In your thank you note, you should mention:

  • Kwamba wewe ni shukrani kwa mara walitumia kumhoji wewe
  • Ujuzi gani unaweza kuleta kampuni
  • Kwamba unaweza kuangalia mbele kusikia kutoka kwao hivi karibuni
  • That you are grateful for the time they spent interviewing you
  • What skills you can bring to the company
  • That you look forward to hearing from them soon

Hapa chini ni mfano wa Kumbuka Asante:

Below is an example of a thank you note:

Wapendwa [Jina la mhojaji],

Dear [Interviewer Name],

Asante sana kwa ajili ya kukutana na mimi leo. Ilikuwa furaha ili kujifunza zaidi kuhusu timu na nafasi. Mimi ni msisimko sana kuhusu nafasi ya kujiunga na [jina la kampuni] na kusaidia [kuleta mpya wa wateja/kuhudumu wateja wako/kitu kingine chochote, angekuwa nafanya] na timu yako.

Thank you so much for meeting with me today. It was such a pleasure to learn more about the team and position. I am very excited about the opportunity to join [company name] and help [bring in new clients/serve your customers/anything else you would be doing] with your team.

Mimi kuangalia mbele kusikia kutoka kwenu kuhusu hatua zinazofuata katika mchakato wa ajira. Tafadhali usisite kuwasiliana na mimi kama inaweza kutoa taarifa ya ziada.

I look forward to hearing from you about the next steps in the hiring process. Please do not hesitate to contact me if I can provide additional information.

Kila la heri,

Best regards,

[Jina lako]

[Your Name]

Kuomba maoni

Ask for feedback

Kama huwezi kupata kazi, Tuma mtafiti yako Tini kumshukuru yeye kwa kumhoji wewe. Waulize kama watatoa wewe maoni juu ya kwa nini si kupata kazi. Waambie kwamba mpango juu ya kumhoji kwa kazi zaidi na unataka kuboresha. Si kila mtu atajibu, Lakini baadhi yao wanaweza kuwa baadhi ya maoni ambayo itakusaidia kufanikiwa wakati ujao!

If you don’t get the job, send your interviewer a note thanking him or her for interviewing you. Ask them if they will give you feedback on why you didn’t get the job. Tell them that you plan on interviewing for more jobs and want to improve. Not everyone will answer you, but some of them may have some comments that will help you succeed the next time!

Sasa unajua jinsi ya kujiandaa kwa ajili ya mahojiano – ni nini kinachofuata?

Now you know how to prepare for an interview – what next?

Hii ni habari nyingi. Lakini kujua jinsi ya kujiandaa kwa ajili ya mahojiano ya kazi ni mojawapo ya mambo bora unaweza kujifunza. Kutafuta kazi inaweza kuwa changamoto kwa wageni nchini Marekani. Tunataka msaada katika njia ya mafanikio.

This is a lot of information. But knowing how to prepare for a job interview is one of the best things you can learn. Finding a job can be challenging for newcomers to the United States. We want to support you on the path to success.

Una maswali mengi ya kazi?

Waulize wakimbizi na wahamiaji wengine kwa ushauri kwenye mabaraza yetu.

Do you have more career questions?

Ask other refugees and immigrants for advice on our Forums.

Ukurasa huu alimsaidia wewe? Uso Unaocheka Ndio Frown uso La
Asante kwa maoni yako!