Jinsi ya kufanya biashara

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Jinsi ya kufanya biashara: Taarifa kwa ajili ya Wajasiriamali wa wakimbizi na wahamiajiKujifunza jinsi ya kufanya biashara yako mwenyewe

How to make a business: Information for refugee and immigrant entrepreneursLearn how to make your own business

Je, umewahi kujifunza jinsi ya kufanya biashara? Kuwa biashara yako mwenyewe ni njia kubwa ya kuwa huru na kuwa na ari zaidi katika jamii yako. Hapa kuna hatua kumi unazoweza kuchukua ili kufanya biashara:

Have you ever wanted to learn how to make a business? Having your own business is a great way to be independent and become more engaged in your community. Here are ten steps you can take to make a business:

Jinsi ya kufanya biashara: Taarifa kwa ajili ya Wajasiriamali wa wakimbizi na wahamiaji1. Kupata wazo lako

How to make a business: Information for refugee and immigrant entrepreneurs1. Find your idea

Kuanza na wazo kuu! Kuna mengi ya mawazo ya biashara katika ulimwengu, hivyo ni muhimu kuchukua muda wa kuja na wazo lako kipekee. Sababu nyingine nzuri ya kuanzisha biashara ni kama unaweza kuona mahitaji ambayo ni kutimizwa katika soko la. Kama kuna mahitaji kwa ajili yake, Labda unaweza kugeuka wazo lako katika biashara mafanikio. Kufanya utafiti wa soko itakuwa pia basi wewe uone kama kuna mahitaji ya bidhaa au huduma yako. Unaweza kukusanya taarifa kuhusu sekta ya, wateja, na sehemu bora kwa ajili ya kuanza biashara yako. Baadhi ya mifano ya utafiti wa soko ni tafiti, mahojiano, na vikundi vya kulengwa.

Start with a great idea! There are a lot of business ideas in the world, so it’s important to take the time to come up with your unique idea. Another good reason to start a business is if you see a demand that is not being met in the marketplace. If there is a demand for it, maybe you can turn your idea into a successful business. Conducting a market research will also let you see if there is a demand for your product or service. You can gather information about the industry, the customers, and the best places for you to start your business in. Some examples of market research are surveys, interviews, and focus groups.

2. Kutathmini ujuzi wako

2. Assess your skills

Kabla ya kuanza biashara, unahitaji kujiuliza: ujuzi wako ni nini? Je, kama kufanya? Si kwenda kwenye biashara tu pesa, hivyo Chagua eneo ambalo unaweza kuwa na nia. Baada ya kupata kitu ambacho maslahi yenu, kuchukua muda wa uaminifu kutathmini kama una seti ya ujuzi muhimu kuendesha biashara. Una elimu ya kutosha na uzoefu ufanisi kuendesha biashara? Kama unaweza kufanya, Unaweza mbele na tuzame kwenye kazi na kujifunza kama wewe kwenda pamoja. Lakini kama huna ujuzi wowote au maarifa kutosha, Kuna mengi ya rasilimali na kukusaidia Funga mwanya huo. Unaweza kwenda maktaba ya mtaa wako kodi vitabu juu ya usimamizi wa biashara, kuchukua madarasa ya mtandaoni, au kujiunga matukio ya ujasiriamali. Kufanya hivyo itasaidia wewe kupata watu sahihi ambao watasaidia kuleta wazo lako kwa maisha.

Before you start a business, you need to ask yourself: what are your skills? What do you like doing? You shouldn’t go into business just to make money, so pick an area that you have an interest in. After you find something that interests you, take the time to honestly assess if you have the necessary skill sets to run a business. Do you have enough knowledge and experiences to effectively run a business? If you do, you can ahead and dive into the work and learn as you go along. But if you don’t have any skills or enough knowledge, there is a lot of resources to help you close that gap. You can go to your local library to rent books on business administration, take online classes, or join entrepreneurship events. Doing this will help you find the right people who would help bring your idea to life.

3. Andika mpango wa biashara

3. Write a business plan

Mpango wa biashara ni mwongozo ambao unaonyesha malengo yako ya biashara na jinsi unapanga kuyafikia. Kuwa mpango wa biashara ni muhimu kwa sababu ni kubainisha mambo muhimu ya biashara yako. Kama unahitaji msaada wa kuanza biashara yako, Unaweza kuonyesha mpango wa biashara kwa watu ambao huenda tayari mkono kimaadili au kifedha.

A business plan is a guide that outlines your business goals and how you plan to achieve them. Having a business plan is essential because it identifies the key elements of your business. If you need support to start your business, you can show your business plan to people who may be willing to support you morally or financially.

4. Chagua jina na mahali

4. Pick a name and location

Jina lako linaweza kukusaidia kusimama nje kutoka maelfu ya biashara nyingine. Njia moja unaweza kusimama nje ni kuchagua jina ambalo ni rahisi watu kukumbuka. Majina mengine ni rahisi kukumbuka kwa sababu wao kuwaambia wateja hasa nini wanafanya (mfano Soko la samaki wa Dover). Wengine wanaweza kusimama nje kwa sababu ni wao ni mfupi na snappy (mfano Amazon).

Your name can help you stand out from thousands of other businesses. One way you can stand out is to choose a name that’s easy for people to remember. Some names are easy to remember because they tell customers exactly what they do (eg Dover Fish Market). Others may stand out because they are they are short and snappy (eg Amazon).

Unaweza pia kuchagua Kaulimbiu ya, au kwamba, ambayo inaweza kuwa pendekezo yako ya kipekee ya kuuza (USP). USP ni mkakati unaweza kutumia ili kutofautisha biashara yako kila mtu mwingine. Ni lazima kipekee kwako, na ili kuweza kuthibitisha hilo na kutekeleza ni. Lazima kauli fupi ambayo watu wanaweza kukumbuka na lazima ionyeshe faida kwamba wateja kupata.

You can also choose a slogan, or tagline, which can be your unique selling proposition (USP). USP is a strategy you can use to distinguish your business from everybody else. It should be unique to you, and you have to be able to prove it and execute it. It must be a short phrase that people can remember and should state the benefit that the customers will get.

Pili, unahitaji kupata mahali kwa ajili ya biashara yako. Kulingana na aina yako ya biashara, eneo lako pia inaweza kuathiri mafanikio ya biashara yako. Hakikisha utafiti na kupata mahali pa kulia. Katika baadhi ya kesi, pa gharama nafuu inaweza kuwa bora zaidi kuokoa fedha. Katika visa vingine, wewe huwezi kufanikiwa isipokuwa wewe ni mahali mkuu ambapo watu wanaweza kukuona.

Secondly, you need to find a location for your business. Depending on your type of business, your location may also affect the success of your business. Make sure you research and find the right location. In some cases, the cheapest location may be the best to save money. In other cases, you won’t succeed unless you are in a prime location where people can see you.

5. Chagua muundo wa biashara yako

5. Choose your business structure

Kuna aina kadhaa za biashara katika Marekani. Wana mahitaji tofauti na muundo. Aina ya kawaida ya biashara; Jina la biashara, Ushirikiano, Shirika la, na aktiebolag. Wote wana faida na hasara linapokuja suala la kuweka muundo wa biashara yako. Kitu muhimu ni kuelewa nini mahitaji yako ya kibiashara ni na kuchagua muundo wa biashara sahihi kutosheleza mahitaji yako ya kibiashara. Jifunze zaidi kuhusu miundo ya biashara.

There are several types of businesses in the United States. They have different requirements and structure. The most common types of businesses are; Sole Proprietorship, Partnership, Corporation, and Limited Liability Company. All of them have pros and cons when it comes to setting up your business structure. The important thing is to understand what your business needs are and choosing the right business structure would fit your business needs. Learn more about business structures.

6. Kusajili biashara yako

6. Register your business

Kuna mambo kadhaa unaweza kuhitajika ili kusajili biashara yako:

There are several things you may need to do to register your business:

  • Kusajili jina la biashara na hali yako, hivyo inakuwa chombo kisheria na (katika kesi nyingi) kuacha wengine katika hali ya kufanya biashara chini ya jina sawa.
  • Kuomba shirikisho yako na hali kodi namba ID. Utahitaji namba hizi kulipa kodi. Nambari yako ya kitambulisho kodi shirikisho pia huitwa nambari yako ya kitambulisho ya mwajiri (EIN) na imetolewa na IRS ya. Nambari ya kitambulisho chako hali kodi ni kwa ajili ya kulipa kodi za serikali na imetolewa na hali yako. (Wamiliki pekee hawahitaji nambari ya kitambulisho ya hali.)
  • Biashara nyingi zinahitaji leseni na vibali vya kisheria kuendesha biashara yako. Kupata vibali vya shirikisho na hali na leseni unahitaji kufungua biashara yako kisheria.
  • Je, unahitaji kulinda jina la kampuni yako, bidhaa, au huduma? Unaweza alama ya biashara haya hivyo hakuna ambaye mwingine nchini Marekani hutumia yao. Unapaswa pia ukaguzi ili kuhakikisha kuwa wewe ni kutumia jina la trademarked kwa biashara nyingine.
  • Register your business name with your state, so it becomes a legal entity and (in most cases) will stop others in the state from doing business under the same name.
  • Apply for your federal and state tax ID numbers. You will need these numbers to pay taxes. Your federal tax ID number is also called your Employer Identification Number (EIN) and is issued by the IRS. Your state tax ID number is for paying state taxes and is issued by your state. (Sole proprietors do not need a state ID number.)
  • Many businesses require licenses and permits to legally operate your business. Find out the federal and state permits and licenses you need to open your business legally.
  • Do you need to protect the name of your company, goods, or services? You can trademark these so nobody else in the United States uses them. You should also check to make sure you are not using a name trademarked by another business.

7. Fedha za biashara yako

7. Finance your business

Kupata pesa za kugharamia biashara yako ni changamoto kubwa kwa mjasiriamali. Inaweza kuwa na uwezo wa kutumia rasilimali kama vile akiba yako, au uwekezaji kutoka kwa familia na marafiki. Au anaweza kuomba mkopo kutoka Benki ya. Hii ni hatua ambayo unaweza kupata Benki ya haki ili kusaidia kusimamia mustakabali wako kifedha na kufungua akaunti ya benki ya biashara.

Finding the money to finance your business is a big challenge for an entrepreneur. You may be able to use resources such as your savings, or investment from family and friends. Or you may apply for a loan from a bank. This is the point at which you find the right bank to help manage your financial future and open a business bank account.

8. Kufungua biashara yako

8. Open your business

Mara moja una rasilimali za kutosha kifedha kufungua biashara yako, ni wakati wa kuweka it up. Kulingana na biashara yako, Unaweza kuhitaji ofisi, kuhifadhi, au majengo mengine. Utahitaji kuamua kama unaweza kununua au kukodisha nafasi kwa ajili ya biashara yako.

Once you have enough financial resources to open your business, it’s time to set it up. Depending on your business, you may need an office, store, or other premises. You may need to decide if you will purchase or lease the space for your business.

Baada ya wewe kupata ofisi yako au kuhifadhi seti, Kisha kazi ngumu ya kuleta bidhaa na huduma yako huanza. Unahitaji kufanya kazi kwa bidii ili kusanidi kila kitu hivyo ni watusaidie wateja wako. Inaweza hata kuajiri mtaalamu ili kukusaidia kubuni duka au ofisi yako.

After you get your office or store set up, then the hard work of bringing your products and services begins. You need to work hard to set up everything so it is appealing to your customers. You may even hire a professional to help you to design your store or office.

Wateja ni kuangalia kwa uzoefu wakati wa kwenda ununuzi au hata ofisi ya. Kama una rasilimali, ni wazo zuri kuunda uzoefu kwa ajili ya wateja wako. Lakini kama wewe ni tu mapya, ni muhimu hata zaidi kuwa huduma kwa wateja kubwa.

Customers are looking for an experience when they go shopping or even to an office. If you have the resources, it’s a great idea to create an experience for your customers. But if you are just starting out, it is even more important to have great customer service.

9. Kupata watu sahihi

9. Find the right people

Je, ni aina gani ya wafanyakazi unahitaji kuleta biashara yako kwa maisha? Wanafamilia, marafiki, na washirika wa biashara inaweza kuwa mali kubwa kwa ajili ya kuanza. Au unaweza kuhitaji mchakato mreu wa kuajiri kupata wafanyakazi zaidi. Inaweza kuwa ni mchakato wa muda mrefu, Lakini kama wewe kuchukua muda wa kupata watu sahihi, ni kulipa gawio kwa ajili ya biashara yako.

What kind of workforce do you need to bring your business to life? Family members, friends, and business partners can be a great asset for starting out. Or you may need a hiring process to find more employees. It may be a long process, but if you take the time to get the right people, it will pay dividends for your business.

10. Masoko na mauzo

10. Marketing and sales

Madhumuni ya biashara katika ngazi yake ya msingi ni kujenga kitu cha thamani na kuwapa watu kubadilishana fedha. Masoko na mauzo ni tu magari ya kuwasiliana na kuwasilisha thamani hiyo kwa wateja wako. Ikiwa umeunda kitu cha thamani ambayo watu wanataka, si kuwa na hofu ya kufanya fedha kutoka. Na, kama wewe kutoa bidhaa au huduma yako na ubora, tofauti, na huduma kwa wateja nzuri, Unaweza kuzidi matarajio ya watu. Kama kuweka kufanya hivyo, Unaweza kupata wateja zaidi kila siku na kuzalisha faida zaidi kwa kupanua biashara yako na kuchukua huduma ya wewe na familia yako.

The purpose of business at its fundamental level is to create something of value and give it to people in exchange for money. Marketing and sales are just the vehicles of communicating and delivering that value to your customers. If you have created something of value that people want, you shouldn’t be afraid of making money from it. And, if you deliver your products or services with excellence, distinction, and good customer service, you will exceed people’s expectations. If you keep doing it, you will get more customers every day and make more profit to enlarge your business and take care of yourself and your family.

Ambayo ni muhimu katika kufanya biashara: ni kuhusu kuwahudumia watu na kuboresha maisha yako na jamii yako njiani. Ninawatakieni mafanikio makubwa katika kazi yako ya biashara. Sasa, kwenda kuanza biashara yako!

That’s what matters in doing business: it’s about serving people and improving your lifestyle and your community along the way. I wish you great success in your business career. Now, go start your business!

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