Jinsi Je kutumia kwa ajili ya Chuo?

Kiingereza piaKiingereza hakuna

How do I apply for college

How do I apply for college

Maandalizi kwa ajili ya chuo itachukua muda. Ni hatua ya kusisimua katika maisha, lakini kuna mengi ya kufanya. Hivyo jinsi kufanya kutumia kwa ajili ya Chuo?

Preparing for college will take time. It is an exciting step in life, but there is a lot to do. So how do you apply for college?

Kama unataka kwenda chuo, kuanza kujiandaa wakati wewe ni katika shule ya sekondari. Zaidi ya yote, unahitaji kupata madarasa mazuri katika shule ya sekondari. Kuchukua sehemu katika shughuli za ziada, pia. Hii ina maana vilabu, Michezo, na madarasa ya ziada. Vyuo pia kutazama kazi yako kujitolea. Mambo haya yatakusaidia kupata katika Chuo.

If you want to go to college, start preparing while you are in high school. Most of all, you will need to get good grades in high school. You should take part in extra activities, too. This means clubs, sports, and extra classes. Colleges will also look at your volunteer work. These things will help you to get into college.

Katika Marekani, watu mara nyingi wanasema “Chuo cha” au “shule” elimu yote baada ya shule ya Upili ya.

In the United States, people often say “college” or “school” for all education after high school.

Mahitaji ya kujiunga Chuo

College admission requirements

Walazwe kwenye Chuo cha miaka miwili, Chuo cha miaka minne, au chuo kikuu, unahitaji diploma sekondari. Kama wewe alifanya kuhitimu kutoka shule ya sekondari, Unaweza kupata shule ya sekondari equivalency diploma badala yake. Hii ni kipimo cha muda mrefu kuhusu mada zote tofauti alifundisha katika shule. Kama unaweza kupita, inaonyesha una elimu ya kutosha kwenda chuo.

To be admitted to a two-year college, four-year college, or university, you will need a high school diploma. If you did not graduate from high school, you can get a high school equivalency diploma instead. This is a long test about all the different topics taught in school. If you pass, it shows you have enough education to go to college.

Unaweza kupata diploma yako ya equivalency shule ya sekondari (GED kuitwa® au HiSET au TASC) katika vyuo vya jamii. Unaweza pia kwenda kwa madarasa ya jioni kwa ajili ya wahamiaji na wakimbizi, au kuchukua darasa letu mtandaoni.

You can earn your high school equivalency diploma (called GED® or HiSET or TASC) at community colleges. You can also go to evening classes for immigrants and refugees, or take our online class.

Aina za vyuo vya

Types of colleges

Chuo Kikuu cha jamii

Community college

Vyuo vya jamii kuzingatia ujuzi wa kazi. Wanafunzi ambao wanahitimu kutoka vyuo vya jamii mara kwa mara kupokea vyeti au kuhusisha nyuzi. Washirika nyuzi kuchukua karibu miaka miwili ya masomo. Vyuo vya jamii inaweza kuwasaidia wanafunzi kupata ujuzi muhimu kuanza kazi sadaka cha ujira wa kuishi. Hii inamaanisha kazi yoyote ambayo kulipa fedha za kutosha kwa ajili ya watu. Hai mshahara pia inamaanisha wewe ingekuwa si haja ya kazi mbili au msaada kutoka serikali ya. Baadhi ya vyuo vya jamii na mipango ya kusaidia wanafunzi kuhamisha hadi vyuo vya miaka minne.

Community colleges focus on career skills. Students who graduate from community colleges often receive certificates or associate degrees. Associates degrees take around two years of study. Community colleges can help students gain important skills to begin careers offering a living wage. This means any jobs that pay enough money for people. Living wage also means you would not need two jobs or help from the government. Some community colleges have programs to help students transfer to four-year colleges.

Vyuo vya kijamii ni ndogo kuliko vyuo vikuu. Acha wanafunzi kuhudhuria sehemu ya muda. Wao pia ni nafuu. Wastani wa bei ya mwaka katika Chuo Kikuu cha jamii ni $2,000. Wastani wa bei katika Chuo kikuu ni $8,000.

Community colleges are smaller than universities. They let students attend part-time. They are also cheaper. The average price of a year at a community college is $2,000. The average price at a university is $8,000.

Chuo na Chuo Kikuu cha

College and university

Vyuo na vyuo vikuu ni vigumu kuingia kuliko vyuo vya jamii. Una kupita vipimo kuingia. Wamarekani wengi kwenda kwenye Chuo cha miaka minne baada ya kumaliza shule ya sekondari. Chuo kikuu ni chuo ambayo inatoa shahada ya kwanza ya sio tu (shahada) digrii lakini baada kuhitimu digrii sana (uzamili au PhD). shahada na mama ya nyuzi itakusaidia kupata kazi nzuri wakati wewe kuhitimu.

Colleges and universities are harder to get into than community colleges. You will have to pass tests to enter. Many Americans go to a four-year college after they finish high school. A university is a college that offers not just undergraduate (bachelor’s) degrees but post-graduate degrees too (master’s or PhD). bachelor’s and master’s degrees will help you get a better job when you graduate.

Umma na binafsi

Public and private

Vyuo inaweza kuwa shule binafsi au umma. Vyuo vya binafsi gharama fedha nyingi kuliko vyuo vya umma. Gharama ya wastani kwa mwaka ni $30,000. Hata hivyo, vyuo binafsi wanaweza pia kuwa udhamini fedha zaidi inapatikana. Wana madarasa madogo ili wanafunzi kupata kuzungumza kwa waalimu zaidi.

Colleges can be either private or public schools. Private colleges cost a lot more money than public colleges. The average cost per year is $30,000. However, private colleges may also have more scholarship money available. They have smaller classes so students get to talk to teachers more.

Jinsi ya kutumia

How to apply

Unaweza kuanza kujaza maombi ya chuo mwezi Oktoba. Wanahitaji kukamilika Januari. Inachukua muda mrefu kujaza maombi. Wanapaswa kuanza mapema na kujaza 6-8 maombi. Gharama ya maombi ya chuo kuhusu $40 kila, hivyo tu kutumia shule wewe kweli kama. Vyuo inayojulikana kwa kuwa elimu bora inaweza kuwa ushindani sana. Hii ina maana kwamba wanafunzi wengi kutumia lakini wengi kupata. Ikiwa unaomba shule ushindani sana, Unaweza kutekeleza kwa baadhi ya shule ambazo ni rahisi kuingia pamoja, tu katika kesi si kupata katika chaguzi zako kwanza.

You can start filling out college applications in October. They need to be finished by January. It takes a long time to fill out applications. You should start early and fill out 6-8 applications. College applications cost about $40 each, so only apply to schools you really like. Colleges that are known for having the best education can be very competitive. This means that many students apply but most don’t get in. If you are applying to very competitive schools, you may want to apply to some schools that are easy to get into as well, just in case you do not get into your first choices.

Kama unajua chuo ambayo unataka kuhudhuria, Unaweza kuangalia katika tovuti yake ya kujifunza jinsi ya kutumia. Hii ni nini unahitaji:

If you know which college you want to attend, you can look on its website to learn about how to apply. This is what you need:

  • Fomu ya maombi mtandaoni
  • Taarifa binafsi: Hii ni insha kuhusu kwa nini unataka kwenda shule hii. Pia ni nafasi ya kuzungumza kuhusu ujuzi wako na madarasa.
  • Herufi mbili au zaidi ya mapendekezo: barua kutoka kwa walimu au watu nimefanya kazi kwa. Hizi barua atasema kwa nini shule lazima basi wewe.
  • Shule ya sekondari miswada
  • Alama ya mtihani: Chuo Kikuu cha, unahitaji kuchukua SAT na au mtihani wa ACT. Haya ni majaribio kwenye masomo yote uliyojifunza katika shule. Alama nzuri itakuwa kukusaidia kupata katika Chuo
  • An online application form
  • A personal statement: this is an essay about why you want to go to this school. It is also a chance to talk about your skills and grades.
  • Two or more letters of recommendation: letters from teachers or people you have worked for. These letters will say why the school should let you in.
  • High school transcripts
  • Test scores: for university, you will need to take an SAT or ACT test. These are tests on all the subjects you learned in school. A good score will help you get into college

Kama unaweza kupata

If you get in

Utapata barua au barua pepe kuwaambia got. Hii itatokea kati ya tarehe 1 Machi na tarehe 1 Mei. Kama wewe got katika shule zaidi ya moja, utakuwa na kuamua wapi pa kwenda. Fikiria gharama, mahali pa, na jinsi nzuri elimu ni. Kuwaambia shule ndiyo au hapana kwa haraka kama unaweza. Hii itasaidia wanafunzi wengine ambao wanasubiri kusikia kama kuna doa kwa ajili yao.

You will get a letter or email telling you got in. This will happen between March 1st and May 1st. If you got into more than one school, you will have to decide where to go. Think about costs, location, and how good the education is. Tell the schools yes or no as soon as you can. This will help other students who are waiting to hear if there is a spot for them.

Kama huwezi kupata

If you don’t get in

Baadhi ya wanafunzi si kuingia chuo mwaka wa kwanza wao kutumia. Kama unaweza kupata, kuna chaguzi.

Some students do not get into college the first year they apply. If you do not get in, there are options.

Baadhi ya vyuo sadaka waliolazwa rolling. Hii ina maana kwamba hawakubali wanafunzi wote kwa wakati mmoja. Badala yake, wao kukubali wanafunzi moja kwa wakati mpaka matangazo yote mmekwenda. Kama kuna matangazo kushoto, Unaweza kutumia kwa shule hizi katika majira ya kuchipua ya marehemu au majira ya joto.

Some colleges offering rolling admissions. This means that they do not accept all the students at one time. Instead, they accept students one at a time until all the spots are gone. If there are spots left, you can apply to these school in the late spring or summer.

Unaweza kuamua kuchukua mwaka mmoja mbali na kazi ya kuokoa fedha. Na muda vitivo vya utafiti na kuamua ambapo unataka kutekeleza mwaka ujao. Unaweza pia kujaribu kupata tarajali au kufanya kujitolea katika uwanja una nia. Tarajali ni kazi ambazo hazikulipwa. Uzoefu huu itakusaidia kupata katika wakati mwingine wanatumia.

You might decide to take a year off and work to save money. You will have time to research colleges and decide where you want to apply next year. You can also try to get an internship or do volunteering in the field you are interested in. An internship is an unpaid job. This experience will help you get in the next time they apply.

Kutumia kwa ajili ya chuo inaweza kuwa mchakato mrefu. Kuchukua hatua kwa hatua. Hata kama wewe au mtoto wako kupata, kuna chaguzi nyingine.

Applying for college can be a long process. Take it step by step. Even if you or your child don’t get in, there are other options.

Rasilimali zaidi kutoka kwa wakimbizi kituo cha Online

More resources from the Refugee Center Online

Viungo muhimu

Useful links

Kumaliza shule na kupata GED yako®

GED bure mtandaoni® kozi ya maandalizi

Kumaliza elimu yako

Ukurasa huu alimsaidia wewe? Uso Unaocheka Ndio Frown uso La
Asante kwa maoni yako!