Jinsi Je kutumia kwa ajili ya Chuo?

Kiingereza piaKiingereza hakuna

How do I apply for college

How do I apply for college

 

 

Jinsi Je kutumia kwa ajili ya Chuo?

How do I apply for college?

Kuomba chuo inachukua mengi ya muda na kazi. Lakini inastahili juhudi!

To apply for college takes a lot of time and work. But it is worth the effort!

Mahitaji ya kujiunga Chuo

College admission requirements

Walazwe kwenye Chuo cha miaka miwili, collge ya miaka minne au chuo kikuu, unahitaji diploma sekondari. Kama wewe hakuenda shule ya sekondari, au kama wewe kushoto kabla ya kufuzu, Unaweza kupata shule ya sekondari equivalency diploma badala yake. Hii inaonyesha una elimu ya kutosha kwenda chuo.

To be admitted to a two-year college, four-year collge or university, you will need a high school diploma. If you did not go to high school, or if you left before graduating, you can get a high school equivalency diploma instead. This shows you have enough education to go to college.

Unaweza kupata diploma yako ya equivalency shule ya sekondari (GED kuitwa au HiSET) katika vyuo vya jamii, kupitia jioni madarasa kwa wahamiaji na wakimbizi, au mtandaoni na ya GED huru ya ya RCO maandalizi darasa.

You can earn your high school equivalency diploma (called GED or HiSET) at community colleges, through evening classes for immigrants and refugees, or online with the RCO’s free GED preparation class.

Aina gani ya vyuo kuna?

What types of colleges are there?

Chuo Kikuu cha jamii

Community college

Vyuo vya kijamii ni shule za umma kimsingi miaka miwili kwamba kuzingatia ujuzi wa kazi. Wanafunzi ambao wanahitimu kutoka vyuo vya jamii mara kwa mara kupokea vyeti au kuhusisha nyuzi. Vyuo vya jamii inaweza kuwasaidia wanafunzi kupata ujuzi muhimu kuanza kazi sadaka cha ujira wa kuishi (Hii inamaanisha kazi yoyote ambayo kulipa fedha za kutosha kwa ajili ya watu kuishi bila kuhitaji kufanya kazi kazi mbili tofauti au kupata msaada kutoka serikali ya). Baadhi ya vyuo vya jamii na mipango ya kusaidia wanafunzi kuhamisha hadi vyuo vya miaka minne. Vyuo vya jamii ni kawaida nafuu kuliko vyuo vya miaka minne.

Community colleges are primarily two-year public schools that focus on career skills. Students who graduate from community colleges often receive certificates or associate degrees. Community colleges can help students gain important skills to begin careers offering a living wage (this means any jobs that pay enough money for people to live without needing to work two different jobs or get help from the government). Some community colleges have programs to help students transfer to four-year colleges. Community colleges are typically cheaper than four-year colleges.

Chuo na Chuo Kikuu cha

College and university

Wamarekani wengi kwenda kwenye Chuo cha miaka minne baada ya kumaliza shule ya sekondari. Chuo kikuu ni chuo ambayo inatoa shahada sio tu (shahada ya kwanza) digrii lakini baada kuhitimu digrii sana (Uzamili au PhD). Hata hivyo, katika hotuba ya kila siku nchini Marekani, watu mara nyingi wanasema “Chuo cha” elimu yote ambayo huja baada ya shule ya Upili ya.

Many Americans go to a four-year college after they finish high school. A university is a college that offers not just bachelor’s (undergraduate) degrees but post-graduate degrees too (Master’s or PhD). However, in everyday speech in the United States, people often say “college” for all education that comes after high school.

Umma na binafsi

Public and private

Vyuo inaweza kuwa shule binafsi au umma. Vyuo binafsi kawaida gharama fedha zaidi kuliko vyuo vya umma. Hata hivyo, vyuo binafsi wanaweza pia kuwa udhamini fedha zaidi inapatikana.

Colleges can be either private or public schools. Private colleges normally cost more money than public colleges. However, private colleges may also have more scholarship money available.

Mahitaji ya matumizi ya Chuo

College application requirements

Kama unajua chuo ambayo wewe na kuhudhuria, Unaweza kuangalia katika tovuti yake kwa maelezo kuhusu jinsi ya kutumia. Chini ni orodha ya mahitaji ya matumizi ya kawaida, hisani ya bestcolleges.com:

If you know which college you with to attend, you can look on its website for information about how to apply. Below is a list the usual application requirements, courtesy of bestcolleges.com:

Yeyote anayehitaji kuhudhuria mbili na- au miaka minne chuo au chuo kikuu inahitajika ili kukidhi mahitaji ya kujiunga na shule. Wakati hizi hutofautiana kutoka shule kwa shule, mchakato wa programu tumizi kawaida inajumuisha kuwasilisha:

Anyone seeking to attend a two- or four-year college or university is required to meet the school’s admission requirements. While these can differ from school to school, the application process typically consists of submitting:

  • Fomu ya maombi mtandaoni;
  • barua ya kusudi au taarifa ya kibinafsi;
  • insha ya ziada ya angalau (mada ya kawaida inatolewa na shule);
  • Herufi mbili au zaidi ya mapendekezo kutoka kwa walimu wa awali;
  • shule ya sekondari miswada;
  • alama ya mtihani zilizosanifishwa;
  • ada ya maombi
  • an online application form;
  • a letter of intent or personal statement;
  • at least one supplemental essay (the topic is typically provided by the school);
  • two or more letters of recommendation from previous teachers;
  • high school transcripts;
  • standardized test scores;
  • application fees

Mwongozo wa hatua

Step-by-step guide

Unaweza kupata maelezo zaidi hatua kwa hatua mwongozo kwenye tovuti ya Chuo Kikuu cha lugha huduma: Kutumia chuo hatua kwa hatua

You can find a more detailed step-by-step guide on the website of University Language Services: Applying to College Step by Step

Taarifa nyingine muhimu

Other helpful information

Jinsi gani unaweza kulipa kwa ajili ya Chuo?

How can I pay for college?

Wanafunzi lazima kulipa kuhudhuria chuo kabla ya kuanza madarasa. Hapa ni baadhi ya njia unaweza kulipia elimu yako:

Students must pay to attend college before they start classes. Here are some ways you can pay for your education:

Mikopo ya mwanafunzi

Student loans

Baadhi ya wanafunzi kulipa kwa ajili ya chuo na mikopo, ama kutoka kwa serikali au mikopo binafsi. Kuomba mkopo kutoka serikali, una kukamilisha FAFSA ya, f. Je, programu huru kwa ajili ya misaada shirikisho ya mwanafunzi ni ipi. Wakati wewe kutumia kwa ajili ya mikopo kutoka serikalini, una kulipa kwa riba. Hii ina maana fedha yoyote unayoomba wewe na kulipa kwa serikali, kawaida na fedha za ziada huitwa riba. Mikopo binafsi wakati mwingine kuwa na riba sana. Kabla ya kuamua kuchukua mikopo ya mwanafunzi, inapaswa kuzungumza na mshauri wa shule au mtu ambaye anaweza kukusaidia na hakikisha unaelewa mikopo.

Some students pay for college with loans, either from the government or private loans. To apply for a loan from the government, you have to complete the FAFSA, which is the Free Application for Federal Student Aid. When you apply for loans from the government, you have to repay them with interest. This means any money you borrow you have to pay back to the government, normally with extra money called interest. Private loans can sometimes have very interest rates. Before you decide to take student loans, you should talk to a school counselor or someone who can help you and make sure you understand the loans.

Hii ni tovuti rasmi ya serikali kwa ajili ya matumizi ya bure shirikisho mwanafunzi msaada wa. Wanafunzi kutoka familia ya kipato cha chini anaweza kupokea ruzuku au masomo ili kuwasaidia kulipia shule. Kukamilisha na FAFSA ni ngumu sana na utata kwa ajili ya familia ya Marekani pamoja na familia ya wakimbizi.

This is the official government website for the Free Application for Federal Student Aid. Students from low-income families can receive grants or scholarships to help them pay for school. Completing the FAFSA is very complicated and confusing for American families as well as refugee families.

Kazi ya muda mfupi

Part-time work

Baadhi ya wanafunzi kulipa kwa ajili ya chuo na kwenda shule muda na kazi sehemu ya muda. Wakati mwingine, shule kutoa wanafunzi ruzuku kwamba kuruhusu kazi juu ya chuo na kupata kulipwa fedha ya shirikisho kazi kujifunza. Unaweza pia kupata ajira ambayo ina masaa rahisi ili kuhudhuria Chuo. Hata hivyo, inaweza kuwa vigumu sana kwenda chuo wakati unafanya kazi, hasa kama una familia.

Some students pay for college by going to school part-time and working part-time. Sometimes, schools will give students grants that allow them to work on campus and get paid from Federal Work Study funds. You can also find a part-time job that has flexible hours so that you can attend college. However, it can be very hard to go to college while you are working, especially if you have a family.

Masomo

Scholarships

Ya wakimbizi kituo cha Online ina orodha ya Masomo kwa ajili ya wakimbizi na wahamiaji. Hata hivyo, Unaweza kuomba masomo yoyote kutoka chuoni, kutoka mashirika, na kutoka serikali.

The Refugee Center Online has a list of Scholarships for refugees and immigrants. However, you can apply for any scholarships from your college, from local organizations, and from the state.

Kama una maswali zaidi kuhusu jinsi ya kuomba chuo, unaweza kutembelea mabaraza yetu mtandaoni kuomba ushauri.

If you have more questions about how to apply for college, you can visit our online forums to ask for advice.

Ukurasa huu alimsaidia wewe? Uso Unaocheka Ndio Frown uso La
Asante kwa maoni yako!