Mshtuko wa utamaduni

Kiingereza piaKiingereza hakuna

Kama unaweza kurekebisha utamaduni mpya, Wewe huenda kupitia vipindi tofauti ambapo unahisi njia tofauti. Sehemu ya mchakato wa inajulikana kama “utamaduni mshtuko.” Uelewa kuhusu utamaduni mshtuko atakusaidia wewe kukubali hisia na kurahisisha kurekebisha.

As you adjust to a new culture, you may go through different periods where you feel different ways. Part of the process is known as “culture shock.” Understanding about culture shock will help you accept the feelings and make it easier to adjust.

Culture shock infographic
Picha kwa hisani ya kituo cha rasilimali ya mwelekeo wa utamaduni
Culture shock infographic
Image courtesy of the Cultural Orientation Resource Center

Picha hapo juu inaonyesha jinsi watu kuhisi kama wao kwenda katika hatua ya marekebisho utamaduni. Hebu tuangalie hatua kwa undani zaidi.

The picture above shows how people feel as they go through the stages of cultural adjustment. Let’s look at the stages in more detail.

1. Awamu ya honeymoon

1. The honeymoon phase

Wakati wewe kwanza kuwasili katika Marekani, Unaweza kuhisi furaha na msisimko. Unaweza kuwa na kura ya malengo na matarajio kwa ajili ya nini kitatokea katika maisha yako mapya. Wewe pengine wamekuwa wakisubiri kuja Marekani kwa muda mrefu. Wewe huenda mmesikia kura ya mambo makubwa kuhusu Marekani. Unaweza kutarajia kwamba itakuwa haraka kupata kazi nzuri, na nyumba nzuri, na kupata Kiingereza. Huenda neva, lakini ukiangalia mbele kwa mambo yote mapya katika Amerika.

When you first arrive in the USA, you may feel happy and excited. You may have lots of goals and expectations for what will happen in your new life. You have probably been waiting to come to America for a long time. You may have heard lots of great things about the USA. You expect that you will quickly get a good job, have a nice house, and earn English. You may be nervous, but you look forward to all the new things in America.

2. Awamu ya mshtuko wa utamaduni

2. The culture shock phase

Katika kipindi hiki wakati, Unaweza kuanza kuhisi upset na huzuni. Unaweza kuanza kuhisi hasira. Unaweza kuhisi hofu au kweli miss nchi yako nyumbani.

During this time period, you may start to feel upset and sad. You may start to feel angry. You might feel scared or really miss your home country.

Kama unaweza kuongea Kiingereza, Awamu ya mshtuko wa utamaduni kinaweza kudumu kwa muda mrefu. Kukusaidia katika wakati huu, Unafaa kujaribu kukutana na wakimbizi wengine kutoka utamaduni wako na Tafuta maduka ya kuuza chakula jadi.

If you do not speak English, the culture shock phase can last a long time. To help you during this time, you should try to meet other refugees from your culture and find stores that sell your traditional food.

Ishara ya utamaduni mshtuko ni pamoja:

Signs of culture shock include:

  • helplessness
  • kufikiri kwamba kila kitu ni chafu
  • kuhisi hofu
  • hasira
  • boredom
  • kulala sana
  • helplessness
  • thinking that everything is dirty
  • feeling afraid
  • anger
  • boredom
  • sleeping too much

Unaweza kuanza kufikiria kwamba utamaduni wa Marekani ni kutisha au kwamba si kama kitu chochote kuhusu Marekani. Tafadhali jua kwamba hii ni awamu ya kawaida kwa ajili ya watu wote wanaoishi katika tamaduni mpya. Hatimaye, utakuwa hoja kwa awamu ya pili. Kama wewe hoja juu ya, na bado unahisi huzuni au hasira, Unaweza kuhitaji msaada baadhi ya ziada, na inapaswa kuzungumza na caseworker wako kuhusu hilo. Kama mkimbizi, umekuwa kupitia mambo mengi ngumu na ni sawa na wanahitaji msaada wa ziada.

You may start to think that American culture is terrible or that you do not like anything about America. Please know that this is a common phase for all people living in new cultures. Eventually, you will move to the next phase. If you do not move on, and you still feel sad or angry, you may need some extra help, and you should talk to your caseworker about it. As a refugee, you have been through many hard things and it is all right to need extra help.

3. Awamu ya marekebisho

3. The adjustment phase

Baada ya muda, wewe hopefully kusogea zaidi awamu ya mshtuko wa utamaduni na utaanza kurekebisha maisha katika Marekani. Kuanza kuelewa ukweli wa maisha gani itakuwa kama katika nchi mpya. Unaweza kuamua kuchukua kazi ya malipo ya chini kwa sababu itasaidia familia yako. Utaanza kujifunza Kiingereza. Wewe ni pengine kuanza kuwa na mazoea ya kawaida. Maisha huanza kuhisi kawaida.

After some time, you will hopefully move past the culture shock phase and you will begin to adjust to life in the USA. You start to understand the reality of what life will be like in a new country. You may decide to take a low-paying job because it will help your family. You will begin to learn English. You are probably starting to have a routine. Life begins to feel normal.

Moja ya changamoto ya kawaida wakati wa muda huu ni kwamba watoto wako inaweza kuwa kurekebisha maisha katika Marekani haraka zaidi kuliko wewe. Hii ni kawaida sana, lakini kuna mambo unayoweza kufanya ili kuwasaidia watoto wako wanavyowasiliana na utamaduni wako nyumbani.

One common challenge during this time period is that your children may be adjusting to life in the USA more quickly than you are. This is very common, but there are things you can do to help your children stay connected to your home culture.

4. Awamu ya ushirikiano

4. The integration phase

Hii ni awamu ya mwisho ya marekebisho utamaduni. Wakati huu, Amerika utaanza kujisikia kama nyumbani. Unaweza kuanza kuhisi kama wewe ni wa hapa. Unaweza sasa Changanya sehemu ya utamaduni ya Marekani na sehemu ya utamaduni wako. Kunaweza kuwa na vitu, wewe kama kweli kuhusu Marekani na mambo kweli hazina kutoka nchi yako nyumbani. Unaweza kuabiri kwa urahisi hadi maisha yako ya kila siku nchini Marekani. Pengine una baadhi ya marafiki wa Marekani na baadhi ya marafiki ambao pia ni wahamiaji na wakimbizi. Sasa ni wakati wa kuendelea kuboresha elimu yako. Unaweza kuchagua kuwa uraia wa Marekani.

This is the final phase of cultural adjustment. During this time, America will begin to feel like home. You will start to feel like you belong here. You can now mix parts of American culture with parts of your culture. There may be things you really like about the United States and things you really treasure from your home country. You can easily navigate your daily life in the United States. You probably have some American friends and some friends who are also immigrants and refugees. Now is the time to continue to improve your education. You may choose to become an American citizen.

Jifunze zaidi

Learn more

Kupita mtihani wako wa uraia!

Darasa ya maandalizi ya uraia bure mtandaoni

Anza darasa kwa sasa
Ukurasa huu alimsaidia wewe? Uso Unaocheka Ndio Frown uso La
Asante kwa maoni yako!