Waa maxay qiyamka Maraykanka? Waa maxay muhiim ah in Americans?
Fahmaan qiyamka Maraykanka oo ay bartaan oo ku saabsan waxa muhiim ah in la Americans. Read sababta Americans qiimaha xornimada, sinnaanta, iyo in waqtiga. Waxaad arki doontaa sababta oo Maraykan ah tartan toos ah oo aan rasmi ahayn iyo sababta, yahay shaqada, iyo wax iibsan yihiin oo dhan muhiim ah ee USA.
Understand American values and learn about what is important to Americans. Read why Americans value independence, equality, and being on time. You will see why Americans are direct and informal and why competition, work ethic, and buying things are all important in the USA.
Waa maxay qiyamka Maraykanka?
What are American values?
In aad dalka, aad u badan tahay lahaa dhaqan adag iyo dhaqanka ah in aad qiimeeyo. In Maraykanka, waxaa jira qiimaha American sidoo kale muhiim ah. Kuwanu waa waxyaalaha jira wax ugu muhiimsan ee Maraykanka.
In your country, you probably had strong traditions and culture that you valued. In the United States, there are also important American values. These are the things that are most important to Americans.
Mid ka mid ah qiimaha ugu weyn oo dalka Mareykanka ah waa madax-bannaanida. Independence waxaa mararka qaarkood loo yaqaan shaqsiyaddeenna. Americans iyo aad ugu faananynaa isagoo isku filan, ama ay awoodaan in ay is ogow Naftooda, oo waxay u muuqdaan in ay ka fekeraan dadka kale waa in ay noqdaan dad isku filan iyo sidoo kale. Marka qof gaadho gool, in waxaa caadi ahaan loo arkaa natiijada isaga ama iyada u gaar ah shaqo adag. Tani waa ka duwan yahay dhaqamada kale oo badan kuwaas oo ka badan wadareed. dhaqamada Collective u muuqdaan in ay u arkaan guulaha sida laga fekerayo ah oo qoyska oo dhan ama bulshada.
One of the main values in the United States is independence. Independence is sometimes referred to as individualism. Americans are very proud of being self-reliant, or being able to take care of themselves, and they tend to think others should be self-reliant as well. When someone reaches a goal, that is typically seen as the result of his or her own hard work. This is different than in many other cultures which are more collective. Collective cultures tend to see accomplishments as a reflection of an entire family or community.
Halkan waxaa ku qoran tusaale sida madaxbannaanida Americans qiimaha:
Here is an example of how Americans value independence:
- carruurta American u muuqdaan in ay guriga ka baxaan sidii hore ka badan dhaqamada kale. Tusaale ahaan, ka dib markii qalin dugsiga sare, carruur badan si ay u tagaan kulliyadda ama shaqada bilowdo ka guurto. Haddii ay sii waday in ay ku noolaadaan guriga, waxay la weydiiyey oo laga yaabo in ay bixiyaan kirada ama ay gacan guriga.
- Americans filan qof walba oo ay awoodaan in ay shaqeeyaan in sidaas la sameeyo si ay naftooda u taageeraan.
- American children tend to leave the home earlier than in other cultures. For example, after graduating high school, many children move out to go to college or start working. If they continued to live at home, they might be asked to pay rent or contribute to the house.
- Americans expect anyone who is able to work to do so in order to support themselves.
Americans gaarka ah qiimaha iyo meel iyaga u gaar ah. Iyadoo dhaqamada qaarkood oo raba gaarka ah waxaa lagu arki karaa sida wax xun, badan oo Maraykan ah jecel yihiin in ay leeyihiin waqti oo keliya waxaana laga yaabaa gaar ah oo ku saabsan mowduucyo gaar ah.
Americans value privacy and their own space. While in some cultures wanting privacy may be seen as a bad thing, many Americans like to have alone time and may be private about certain topics.
Halkan waxaa ah xaaladaha yar ee la xiriira qiimaha American ee u gaarka ah:
Here are a few situations related to the American value of privacy:
- In wada hadalka, badan oo Maraykan ah kuwa gaar ah oo ku saabsan wax gaar ah oo aadan rabin in ay ka hadlaan iyaga oo ku saabsan, sida da'dooda, inta lacag ee ay sameeyaan, ama siyaasadeed, views galmada iyo diinta. Dadka qaar ma jecla hadalka ku saabsan maadooyinka in dadweynaha sababtoo ah waxa ay ka walwalsan waxa ka dhigi doonaa in dadka in ay ku doodi waa. Si kastaba ha ahaatee, haddii aad qabto wax su'aalo ah oo ku saabsan mawduucyadan, waxaad na weydiisan kartaa. Dadka Maraykanka badidoodu waxay ku faraxsan inaan idin baro oo ku saabsan sida Americans eegto dunida.
- Mareykanka oo inta badan siin kasta meel kale oo ka xaaladaha dadweynaha ka badan dadka dhaqamada kale. Waxay u muuqdaan in ay la qayb ka mid ah meel bannaan oo u dhaxeeya taagan, caadi ahaan fog ee cudud fidsan.
- Dad badan oo Maraykan leeyihiin dayrarka agagaarka guryahooda si loo hubiyo in ay leeyihiin gaarka ah. Haddii carruurtaada lumin kubad ama toy kale arin deris ee, guud ahaan waa fikrad xun in ay ku boodaan arin iyo dib u soo ceshano toy ah. halkii, tag albaabka hore oo garaacayaa ama wac jalaska. Haddii ay jirto jawaab ma tago note on albaabka, weydiinaya ogolaansho in ay dib u soo ceshano toy u dhaxeeya 8 subaxnimo ilaa 8pm. Tani waa labada xushmad iyo nabad leh, sida dadka qaar leeyihiin eeyaha waardiyayaasha ama waxaa laga yaabaa in aad u ilaaliya ee ay gaarka ah. Odayaasha gaar ahaan caadi ahaan u baahan tahay nabad dheeraad ah oo xasilloon oo laga yaabaa in aanay rabin in lagu soo dhibtay. Haddii aad iridda ku furi waa in aad u xirto. Si kastaba ha ahaatee, haddii aad u timid inaad iridda furan, ka tago furan.
- Jiifka waxaa badanaa loo arkaa meelaha gaarka loo leeyahay. Dariska iyo saaxiibada waxaa lagu marti qaaday jikada, qolka cuntada ama qolka fadhiga. Waalidiinta iyo carruurta u muuqdaan in ay leeyihiin qol u gaar ah, iyo inta badan, carruurta American kasta leedahay qol u gaar ah.
- In conversations, many Americans are private about certain things and do not want to talk about them, such as their age, how much money they make, or their political, sexual and religious views. Some people do not like talking about these subjects in public because they are worried it will cause people to argue. However, if you have questions about these topics, you can ask us. Most Americans will be happy to teach you about how Americans view the world.
- Americans often give each other more space in public situations than people in other cultures. They tend to stand with a bit of space between them, typically the distance of an outstretched arm.
- Many Americans have fences around their houses to ensure they have privacy. If your children lose a ball or other toy over a neighbor’s fence, it is generally a bad idea to jump over the fence and retrieve the toy. Instead, go to the front door and knock or ring the bell. If there is no answer leave a note on the door, asking permission to retrieve the toy between 8am and 8pm. This is both respectful and safe, as some people have guard dogs or may be very protective of their privacy. Elders in particular typically need more peace and quiet and may not want to be disturbed. If you open a gate you must close it. However, if you come to an open gate, leave it open.
- Bedrooms are usually considered private spaces. Neighbors and friends are entertained in the kitchen, dining room or living room. Parents and children tend to have their own bedrooms, and often, American children each have their own bedrooms.
Kuwaasi waa uun tusaale oo qaar ka mid ah ee u gaarka ah oo laga yaabo kala duwan ee dhaqanka.
Those are just some examples of privacy that may be different in your culture.
Mareykanka oo inta badan ay yihiin kuwo aad si toos ah. Taas macnaheedu waxa weeye waxay inta badan aad u sheegto waxa ay la tahay iyo waxay noqon doonaan: xaqaagii oo ku saabsan waxa ay doonayaan. In adayg waxaa guud ahaan loo arkaa wax fiican in America.
Americans are often very direct. This means they often tell you what they think and they will be assertive about what they want. Being assertive is generally seen as a good thing in America.
Halkan waxaa ku qoran tusaale oo qaar ka mid ah directness-style American:
Here are some examples of American-style directness:
- In qaar ka mid ah dhaqamada, waa ku fiicnayn inay hoos u martiqaad - tusaale ahaan, haddii qof ku weyddiiyo oo kugu qado, waxaadba oran kartaa haa, laakiin markaas ma qado tagaan. In America, waxaa had iyo jeer ka fiican in la yidhaahdo waa, “No, laakiin waad ku mahadsan” ama, “Mahadsanid, laakiin waxaan ku leeyihiin go'an kale.” Haddii aad dhihi haa in casuumad laakiin ha inay dhacdo ma tagaan, qofka laga yaabaa kacsan.
- In wada hadal, haddii American ah oo diidan RAYIGAAG, inay kuu sheegi. Tani macnaheedu ma aha mana aad jeceshahay, kaliya si ay fikrad ka duwan.
- Fikradda ah “badiyay wejiga” ma aha isku mid ah in America. Tarjumaadda for “badiyay wejiga” noqon lahaa “xishoodaan,” taas oo ka yar oo halis ah. Maraykanka waxaa laga yaabaa in ka xishoodaan haddii ay dhaleeceeyay ama khalad samayso, tusaale ahaan. Sidaas Americans farta laga yaabaa khalad ama kugu dhaleecaynayaan, si fudud u ku talo sida la saxo ama macluumaad waxtar leh.
- In fasallada, Americans ka doodid laga yaabaa in macalimiinta’ fikradaha. In qaar ka mid ah dhaqamada, waa akhlaaq xumo si khilaafsan macalinkaaga.
- Waxaa la ma aha fiicnayn inaad caawinaad weydiisato. Haddii uu saaxiib ama deris aad ku weydiineysaa haddii aad u baahan tahay wax, ay si dhab ah u doonaya inay taageeraan. Ogaaw in aad xor in la yidhaahdo, “Haddii aad doonaysid in aad dukaanka oo aad ku socotaan by liinta ah, fadlan kor ii soo qaado bac, oo anna waan bixin doonaa iyaga.” Or, haddii aad u baahan tahay dharka jiilaalka, tusaale ahaan, oo aadan hubin halka laga iibsan, waa OK si aad u weydiiso, “Ha aad qabto wax talooyin ah meesha aan ka soo iibsan kartaa jubbado aan qaali ahayn iyo kabaha loogu talagalay carruurta aan?” Dadka Maraykanka badidoodu waxay jecel yihiin inay caawiyaan, oo waxay u baahan yihiin dhiirigelin aad u yar si ay u noqdaan saaxiibo fiican iyo deriskooda.
- In some cultures, it is rude to decline an invitation – for example, if someone asks you for lunch, you may say yes, but then not go to lunch. In America, it is almost always better to say, “No, but thank you” or, “Thank you, but I have another commitment.” If you say yes to an invitation but do not go to the event, the person might get upset.
- In conversation, if an American disagrees with your opinion, they might tell you. This does not mean they do not like you, just that they may have a different idea.
- The idea of “losing face” is not the same in America. The translation for “losing face” would be “embarrassed,” which is less serious. Americans may be embarrassed if they are criticized or make a mistake, for example. So Americans may point out mistakes or criticize you, simply intending it as a correction or useful information.
- In classes, Americans may challenge their teachers’ ideas. In some cultures, it is impolite to disagree with your teacher.
- It is never is rude to ask for help. If a friend or neighbor asks you if you need anything, they truly want to help. Feel free to say, “If you are going to the store and you walk by the oranges, please pick me up a bag, and I’ll pay you for them.” Or, if you need winter clothes for example, and you’re not sure where to buy them, it is OK to ask, “Do you have any suggestions for where I can buy inexpensive coats and boots for my children?” Most Americans love to help, and need very little encouragement to become good friends and neighbors.
Guud, waxaa wanaagsan in la xasuusto in wixii u muuqan kara qallafsan aan jidka in loogu tala galay. Americans aan la isku dayayaan in ay ku fiicnayn - waxay yihiin si toos ah.
In general, it is good to remember that what may appear rude is not intended that way. Americans are not trying to be rude – they are just being direct.
Baaqa US The of Independence leeyahay, “Dhammaan Ragga Ma abuuray Equal.” Sida xaqiiqda ah, dadka qaar ka mid ah oo dalka Mareykanka ah had iyo jeer ma daweeyo dhammaan muwaadiniinta si siman, laakiin badan oo Maraykan ah dareemayaa si xoog leh oo ku saabsan fikrad sinnaanta. Waxaa jira tusaalooyin badan oo ku saabsan taariikhda Mareykanka, halkaas oo dadka oo dhan aan lagu daaweeyaa si siman sida addoonsiga of African American (madow) muwaadiniinta. Si kastaba ha ahaatee, Americans jecel yihiin in ay aaminsan yihiin fikirka ah in dadka oo dhan waa in ay leeyihiin fursado loo siman yahay. fikrad Tani waa qayb ka mid ah waxa loo yaqaan “Dream American.” waddanka u soo guurey hore oo badan ayaa u dhaqaaqay America in la raaco Dream Maraykanka. Waxay la aaminsan yahay in haddii aad si adag u shaqeeyey, aad u guurto karin ilaa bulshada.
The US Declaration of Independence declares, “All Men Are Created Equal.” In reality, some people in the United States do not always treat all citizens equally, but many Americans feel very strongly about the idea of equality. There are many examples in American history where all people were not treated equally such as slavery of African American (black) citizens. However, Americans like to believe the idea that all people should have equal opportunities. This idea is a part of what is called the “American Dream.” Many early immigrants moved to America to follow the American Dream. They believed that if you worked hard, you could move up in society.
Maanta dad badan ay ogaadaan Dream American ma aha run. Dad badan oo ka shaqeeya aad u adag aadan haysan lacag aad u badan. Inta badan dadka ka yimid jeeda mudnaanta leeyihiin waqti sahlan u dhaqaaqin ee dunida. weli, fikradda ah sinnaanta waa qayb muhiim ah oo ka mid ah dhaqanka Maraykanka.
Today more and more people realize the American Dream is not true. Many people who work very hard do not have very much money. Often people who come from privileged backgrounds have an easier time moving up in the world. Still, the idea of equality is an important part of US culture.
Halkan waxaa ku qoran tusaale oo qaar ka mid ah sinnaan dhaqanka American:
Here are some examples of equality in American culture:
• In xaaladaha sharci, dhamaan dadka Maraykanka waa in si siman loola dhaqmo iyo dhammaan Americans xaq u leedahay inaad wakiil qareen.
• In legal situations, all Americans should be treated equally and all Americans have a right to representation by a lawyer.
• In fasal, ardayda oo dhan waa in loola dhaqmo si siman by macalimiinta. Ardayna waa in la fadilay.
• In a classroom, all students should be treated equally by their teachers. No student should be favored.
• Ragga iyo dumarka waa in loola dhaqmo si siman, iyo rag aan arko khayr badan haweenka. Sida xaqiiqda ah, haween badan oo weli aan haysan xaaladda la mid ah sida nin ee bulshada American, gaar ahaan marka la eego inta lacag ay ka dhigi kartaa.
• Men and women should be treated equally, and men are not viewed as better than women. In reality, many women still do not have the same status as men in American society, especially in terms of how much money they can make.
• In America, ma jiro, madaxda bulshada ama nidaam rag & dumar si adag gundhig. Mararka qaarkood dad aad ka fili karto si aad ula dhaqmaan si ixtiraam leh kuula dhaqmaan laga yaabaa in sida siman ah. Tusaale ahaan, carruurta wici kartaa qof weyn oo ka weyn ay magaciisa ugu. Haddii ay taasi kugu dhacdo, isku day in aad xasuusato kama isagoo ku fiicnayn, laakiin waxay leeyihiin qiimo ka duwan dhaqanka.
• In America, there is not a strongly embedded social hierarchy or caste system. Sometimes people who you might expect to treat you with respect may treat you as an equal. For example, children may call an older adult by their first name. If this happens to you, try to remember they are not being rude, but they have a different cultural value.
• Mararka qaarkood Maraykanka ayaa kuu sheegi doona sida ay doonayaan in wax laga qabto, markay isku soo bandhigo. Haddii macallin ama dhakhtar nafteeda barayaa sida “Lucy” ama “Doctor Lucy”, waa sida ay tahay in aad wax ka qabato iyada. Haddii ay isku barayaa sida Dr. Wilson, waa waxa ay jecel yahay in loogu yeedho.
• Sometimes Americans will tell you how they prefer to be addressed when they introduce themselves. If a teacher or a doctor introduces herself as “Lucy” or “Doctor Lucy”, that is how you should address her. If she introduces herself as Dr. Wilson, that is what she prefers to be called.
Waa waxtar leh in la ogaado in ay jiraan weli waxaa laga yaabaa in aan la arki karin sarayntii dadka ka mid ah. Kuwani waxay u muuqdaan in ay ku salaysnaan badan oo ku saabsan guusha shaqsi: tusaale ahaan, qof shaqo, Xoolo, ama waxbarasho.
It is useful to know that there may still be invisible hierarchies among people. These tend to be based more on individual success: for example, someone’s job, wealth, or education.
xaalad aan rasmi
bulshada American waa inta badan aan rasmi ahayn iyo deganaasho.
American society is often informal and relaxed.
Halkan waxaa ku qoran tusaalayaal ka mid ah sida dowladda Mareykanka ay ku dhaqanka aan rasmi ahayn:
Here are some examples of how the United States is an informal culture:
• Americans labistaan laga yaabaa in, sida xiran jiinis ah ama gaab xitaa shaqada, dugsiga, ama kaniisadda. Marka ugu horaysa ee aad bilowdo shaqo, waa fikrad wanaagsan inaad u labistaan dheeraad ah si rasmi ah ka dibna si aad u dooratid labbiska ku salaysan waxa ay dadka kugu heeraro ka gashanayn.
• Americans may dress casually, such as wearing jeans or shorts even at work, school, or church. When you first start a job, it is a good idea to dress more formally and then to choose your attire based on what the people around you are wearing.
• Marka Salaan qof, Americans u muuqdaan in la yidhaahdo, “hi” ama, “Hello.” Waxaad isticmaali salaan la mid ah iyadoo aan loo eegayn qofka aad la hadlayso: wiilkaaga ama macallinka wiilkiisa. langauge ma laha noocyada rasmiga ah iyo kuwa of Salaan.
• When greeting someone, Americans tend to say, “Hi” or, “Hello.” You use the same greeting no matter who you are talking to: your son or your son’s teacher. The langauge does not have formal and informal forms of greeting.
• Americans u muuqdaan in ay soo wac kasta oo kale oo magacyadooda la sheegay waxay marka hore. Xaaladaha qaarkood, Si kastaba ha ahaatee, waxa fiican in aad u badan oo rasmi ah oo ay u isticmaalaan magacyo la soo dhaafay ilaa lagu weydiiyo in aad isticmaasho magaca koowaad - tusaale ahaan, in xaaladda ganacsi ama dugsiga.
• Americans tend to call each other by their first names. In some situations, however, it is better to be more formal and to use last names until you are asked to use a first name – for example, in a business situation or at school.
Iyadoo xaalad aan rasmi dhaqanka US aad la yaab yaabaa in, waxaa loogu tala galay in aan ku fiicnayn. Dhab ahaan, haddii qof idin soo salaamaya aan rasmi ahayn oo aad ku baaqay in aad magaca koowaad, waxa laga yaabaa inay ka dhigan tahay inay u maleeyaan inaad ah iyo jid saaxiibtinimo.
While the informality of US culture may surprise you, it is not meant to be rude. In fact, if someone greets you informally and calls you by your first name, it probably means they think of you in a friendly way.
Americans noqon kartaa tartan rasmi ah oo inta badan adag u shaqeeyaan si ay u gaaraan ujeedooyinkooda. Tartanka inta badan keenta Americans in uu noqdo mid aad u mashquul. Dad badan oo Maraykan u arkaan tartankan waa wax fiican.
Americans can be competitive and often work hard to achieve their goals. Competition often leads Americans to be very busy. Many Americans view competition is a good thing.
Halkan waxaa ku qoran tusaale oo qaar ka mid ah qiimaha American tartanka:
Here are some examples of the American value of competition:
• tartanka ganacsiga waxaa sabab in qayb weyn oo dhaqaalaha raasammaaliyade. model ganacsiga America waa in ay u tartamaan macaamiisha iyo qiimaha ugu fiican.
• Competition in business is due in large part to the capitalist economy. America’s business model is to compete for customers and for the best prices.
• Americans jadwalka badan oo hawlaha. Xitaa carruurta yaryar in badan oo hawlaha ka qayb qaataan ka baxsan dugsiga, sida cayaaraha, casharada music, oo iskaa wax u qabso. Mararka qaarkood waxaa laga yaabaa in aad dareento sida Maraykan ah “-daba-wareegida” waqti yar loogu talogalay nasashada. Laakiin dad badan oo Maraykan ah waxay dareemaan wanaag marka ay ka heli badan oo sameeyey.
• Americans will schedule lots of activities. Even young children participate in lots of activities outside of school, such as sports, music lessons, and volunteering. Sometimes you may feel like Americans are “rushing around” with little time for relaxing. But many Americans they feel good when they get a lot done.
• Tartanka waxaa laga arki karaa dugsiga, ee goobta shaqada, iyo isboortiga. Tusaale ahaan, ardayda shaqo adag laga yaabaa in ay gaaraan fasalada ugu wanaagsan. Mararka qaarkood tartanka ku lug leedahay kooxaha, sida kooxda kubada cagta ah ama koox waxbarasho dugsi.
• Competition can be seen in school, in the workplace, and in sports. For example, students may work hard to achieve the best grades. Sometimes competition involves groups, such as a soccer team or a school study group.
• Mareykanka ayaa sidoo kale laga yaabaa in “tartami” qudhooda. Dad badan oo Maraykan adag u shaqeeyaan si ay u sii wanaajinta at waxa ay samaynayaan,. Tusaale ahaan, waxaa laga yaabaa in ay doonayaan in ay baratamaya ka dhaqso badan waxay yeeleen mar la soo dhaafay ama laga yaabaa in ay doonayaan in ay iibiyaan alaabta dheeraad ah ay shaqo badan ay yeelayay sannad ka hor.
• Americans may also “compete” with themselves. Many Americans work hard to keep improving at what they do. For example, they may want to run a race faster than they did last time or they may want to sell more items at their job than they did the year before.
Guud ahaan, qiimaha saaray tartanka waxay keeni kartaa in aad dareento in qaar ka mid ah naxdinta dhaqameed, gaar ahaan haddii aad ka dhaqan in ka badan yahay iskaashi ka badan tartan yimid.
Overall, the value placed on competition may cause you to feel some culture shock, especially if you came from a culture that is more collaborative than competitive.
Time iyo hufnaan
Time and efficiency
Americans meel badan oo ka mid ah qiimaha ay waqti. Americans yaabaa in ay dareemaan niyad, haddii ay tahay in qof ama wax ku dhuminin waqtigooda. Americans Qaar ka mid ah u qorsheeyaan ay mar si taxadar leh, isticmaalaya jadwalka maalinlaha ah labada noloshooda gaar ahaaneed iyo nolosha shaqada. Waxaa jirta odhaah in America: mar waa lacag. Taas macnaheedu waxa weeye badan oo Maraykan ah jecel yihiin in ay u isticmaalaan waqtigooda “hufan” - ay doonayaan in ugu sameeyey xaddiga waqtiga ugu yar.
Americans place a lot of value on their time. Americans may feel frustrated if they think someone or something has wasted their time. Some Americans plan out their time carefully, using daily calendars for both their personal lives and their work lives. There is a saying in America: time is money. This means many Americans like to use their time “efficiently” – they want to get the most done in the shortest amount of time.
Tani waxay noqon kartaa waxa aad loo adeegsadaa in lagu kala duwan. Marka la samaynayo heshiis ganacsi, aad waqti laga yaabaa in helitaanka in la ogaado qofka kale, waxaa laga yaabaa in halka la cabo shaaha ama kafeega. In Maraykanka, waxa ay inta badan ma aha kiiska.
This may be different from what you are used to. When making a business deal, you may spend time getting to know the other person, maybe while drinking tea or coffee. In the United States, this is often not the case.
Halkan waxaa ku qoran qaar ka mid ah xaaladaha, taas oo laga yaabo in aad rabto in laga war hayo mar:
Here are some situations in which you might want to be aware of time:
- shirarka, gaar ahaan shaqada: Waa inaad isku daydaa inaad waqtiga – malaha xataa 5 Daqiiqadihii hore.
- ballamaha: Haddii aad qabto ballan dhakhtar ama iniin cayn kale ah ee ballanta, aad u baahan tahay in ay timaado waqtiga. waxaa laga yaabaa in weli inaad sugto ballanta. Si kastaba ha ahaatee, waxaa muhiim ah in aad ku jirto waqti ama waxaa laga yaabaa inaad ballan kale ballanta.
- Hawlaha la saaxiibo: Haddii aad lagu martiqaaday in ay guriga qof casho, isku day in ay wakhtiga – waxaad noqon kartaa 5 ama 10 daqiiqo, laakiin haddii aad wax badan ka dambeyn in, waa in aad u badan tahay in wac oo u sheeg.
- xisbiyada: Si xisbi yar, yimaadaan gudahood 15 daqiiqadood oo waqti la siiyo. Si xisbi ballaaran leh dad badan, waxaad noqon kartaa 30 in 40 daqiiqo.
- Meetings, especially for work: You should try to be on time – probably even 5 minutes early.
- Appointments: If you have a doctor’s appointment or some other kind of appointment, you need to arrive on time. You may still have to wait for the appointment. However, it is important you are on time or you may have to reschedule the appointment.
- Activities with friends: If you are invited to someone’s house for dinner, try to be on time – you can be 5 or 10 minutes late, but if you are much later than that, you should probably call and let them know.
- Parties: For a small party, arrive within 15 minutes of the time given. For a large party with many people, you can be 30 to 40 minutes late.
Sharci fiican waa in mar walba aad u socotid noqon daahay, waa in aad wacdaa oo aynu qofka aad la kulmeysa ogahay inaad daahdo. Haddii aadan soo wici kartaa, waa inaad u sheegtaa qofka aad tahay ka xumahay in ay goor dambe marka aad timaado.
A good rule is that anytime you are going to be late, you should call and let the person you are meeting know you will be late. If you can’t call, you should tell the person you are sorry for being late when you arrive.
Mararka qaarkood, laga yaabaa in aad dareento sida qof waa mid aad u deg deg ah ka tagay ama waa in si dhaqso ah inuu ka tago. Tani waxay noqon kartaa sababtoo ah waxay doonayaan in ay “waqtiga” ay ballan soo socda. Taas micnaheedu ma aha mana aad jeceshahay.
Sometimes, you may feel like someone is leaving very quickly or is in a hurry to leave. This may be because they want to be “on time” for their next appointment. It does not mean they do not like you.
In waqtiga iyo in laga war hayo mar waa kala duwan yihiin dhaqanka aad u baahan tahay si ay ula qabsadaan, maxaa yeelay haddii aad soo daahdo, waxaad waayi kartaa shaqo, seegi ballamahaaga, ama dhaawici kara qof ee dareenka. Haddii aad leedahay waqti adag qabsado dareenka American of time, laga yaabaa in aad rabto in aad hesho soo jeedo ama phone in uu leeyahay alarm ah inaan idin xusuusiyo waqtiga, gaar ahaan si loo helo in ay ka shaqeeyaan.
Being on time and being aware of time is a cultural difference you will probably need to adapt to because if you are late, you could lose your job, miss your appointments, or hurt someone’s feelings. If you have a hard time adjusting to the American sense of time, you may want to get a watch or phone that has an alarm to remind you of the time, especially for getting to work.
oo kubada Work
Americans la aad diiradda karo shaqadooda. Mararka qaarkood dadka dhaqamada kale qabaa Americans “ku nool-to-shaqada” ama waa “workaholics.” Taas macnaheedu waxa weeye, waxay u malaynayaan Americans aad u badan ka shaqeeyaan. Qayb ka mid ah sababta oo Maraykan ah shaqo-oriented waxaa ugu wacan in ay mashquul iyo firfircoon waxaa badanaa loo arkaa wax fiican. Dadka ayaa sidoo kale u muuqdaan in ay si adag u aqoonsadaan shaqooyinka ay. Tusaale ahaan, marka ugu horreysa ee aad la kulanto qof, mid ka mid ah su'aalaha ugu horeysay waxay ku warsan laga yaabaa in uu yahay “Maxaa sameysaa?” Waxay ka dhigan tahay, “Waa maxay nooca shaqada aad samaysaan?”
Americans can be very focused on their work. Sometimes people from other cultures think Americans “live-to-work” or are “workaholics.” This means they think Americans work too much. Part of the reason Americans are work-oriented is because being busy and active is often seen as a good thing. People also tend to identify strongly with their jobs. For example, when you first meet someone, one of the first questions they might ask you is “What do you do?” They mean, “What kind of work do you do?”
Ragga ama dumarka ka shaqeeya guryaha daryeelka qaadashada qoyska inta badan waxay isugu yeedhaan “home-dejiyeyaasha” oo waxay mudan yihiin ixtiraamka shaqo this sida ugu badan ee kale oo kasta. Marka buuxinta codsiga nooc kasta, waa OK in ay qoraan “home-dajiye” sida shaqo qof oo aan haysan shaqo bixinta guriga ka baxsan.
Men or women who work at home taking care of the family often call themselves “home-makers” and deserve respect for this occupation as much as any other. When filling out an application of any kind, it is OK to write “home-maker” as the occupation for someone who does not have a paying job outside the home.
Sida ku cusub Maraykanka, aad mararka qaar u maleeyaan laga yaabaa in Americans muuqdaan waxyaalaha - diiradda lagu saaray lahaanshaha iyo iibsato waxyaabo. Qayb ka mid ah sababta waayo, kanu waa in badan oo Maraykan ah tartan qiimaha iyo shaqada. Sababtoo ah tartan qiimaha Americans, ay doonayaan in ay “la soco” kuwa ku xeeran. Taas macnaheedu waxa weeye, tusaale ahaan, haddii deriskaaga helay baabuur cusub, laga yaabaa in aad rabto in aad baabuur cusub ayaa sidoo kale. Americans this wac “ILAALI la Joneses ah.”
As a newcomer to the United States, you may sometimes think Americans seem materialistic – focused on owning and buying things. Part of the reason for this is that many Americans value competition and work. Because Americans value competition, they want to “keep up” with those around them. This means, for example, if your neighbor got a new car, you might want a new car also. Americans call this “Keeping up with the Joneses.”
Dad badan oo Maraykan shaqada qiimaha iyo waxay leeyihiin a yahay shaqada xoog. Dad badan oo Maraykan u arkaan waxyaabaha wax sida telefishinada ama kabaha si ay u muujiyaan inay ku guulaysato shaqada. Americans qabaa waxaa laga yaabaa in alaabta wax abaalmarin ay shaqo adag iyo dadaal.
Many Americans value work and have a strong work ethic. Many Americans view material items such as TVs or shoes as a way to show they are successful at work. Americans may think of material items as rewards for their hard work and efforts.
Sababta Americans kale oo laga yaabaa in wax-oriented waa sababta oo ah dad badan oo Maraykan cusaybka qiimaha iyo hal-abuurka. Sidaas xataa haddii ay leedahay telefoonka ah oo ka shaqaysa, waxaa laga yaabaa in ay doonayaan phone cusub maxaa yeelay waxa uu leeyahay muuqaalada cusub oo xiiso leh. Ma aha in aad si ay u dareemaan waa inaad haysataa badan oo hantidoodii la ixtiraamo. Waa in aad dareento raaxo nool si fudud ama si kasta oo aad jeceshahay, waxaa laga yaabaa in lagu badbaadinayo lacag badan xaaladaha degdegga ah, waxbarashada iyo hawlgabka halkii faqri on walxaha inuu soo jiito dadka kale.
Another reason Americans may be object-oriented is because many Americans value newness and innovation. So even if they have a phone that works, they may want a new phone because it has new and exciting features. You do not have to feel you must have lots of possessions to be respected. You should feel comfortable living simply or any way you prefer, maybe saving more money for emergencies, education and retirement rather than spending on objects to impress others.
Dhammaan oo ka mid ah weedhaha kor ku xusan yihiin guud ee qiimaha American. Qaadyo aan had iyo jeer run, laakiin wax walba oo inta badan waa run. Ujeedada RCO waa in la siiyo qaadyo inuu kaa caawiyo inaad si fiican u fahmaan sababta American ah oo laga yaabaa in lagu simaha hab aad fahmi weydo. Xusuusnow, Jidka innaba waa ka wanaagsan yahay hab kale - oo kaliya oo kala duwan.
All of the above statements are generalizations of American values. Generalizations are not always true, but things that are often true. The goal of the RCO is to provide generalizations to help you better understand why an American may be acting in a way you do not understand. Remember, neither way is better than the other way – just different.
Wax dheeri ah baro