Public School in the USA

Tudi angleškiNe angleško

School in America

School in America

You can help your child get a good education in the United States through public school.
Vam lahko pomaga otroku dobili dobro izobrazbo v ZDA prek javne šole.
You can help your child get a good education in the United States through public school.
You can help your child get a good education in the United States through public school.

Javne šole je na voljo za vse otroke v ZDA šole.

Public School is free school available to all children in the United States.

What types of public schools are there?

What types of public schools are there?

Predšolske vzgoje

Early childhood education

Zgodnje izobraževanje je izraz, ki govori o mladi otroci izpostavljeni izobraževanje. Tudi, ko vaš otrok je otroka, To je pomembno, da se glasi, da jih, pojejo z njimi in bi jim pomagali naučijo tako vaš prvi jezik in angleščina. Tam je raziskav, ki prikazuje otroke, ki so dvojezični, govorijo dva ali več jezikov, imajo več prednosti kot otroci, ki govorijo le en jezik. Zgodnje otroštvo izobraževanje klubi in daycare centri so na voljo za dojenčke z otroci starosti štiri ali pet.

Early education is a term used to talk about young children being exposed to education. Even when your child is a baby, it is important to help read to them, sing with them and help them learn both your first language and English. There is research that shows children who are bilingual, speaking two or more languages, have more advantages than children who speak only one language. Early childhood education centers and daycare centers are available for infants through children age four or five.

Predšolski

Preschool

Vrtec pomaga otrokom (starosti treh in štirih) razvoj. Pomaga jim pripravljen za šolo v starosti pet ali šest. Ena od možnosti za predšolske se imenuje startal. Predšolskih otrocih iz družin z nizkimi dohodki lahko udeležijo zagon programov. Startal je poceni predšolski, upravlja vlada. Iščete lahko na Zagon programa blizu vas.

Preschool helps children (ages three and four) develop. It helps them be ready for school at age five or six. One option for preschool is called Head Start. Preschool-aged children from low-income families can attend Head Start programs. Head Start is a low-cost preschool run by the government. You can search for a Head Start program near you.

Osnovna šola

Elementary school

Otroci ponavadi začnejo osnovna šola z vrtcem (K) na starost petih in še do razreda pet ali šest. Zapustijo osnovni šoli v starosti deset ali enajst. Otroci se naučijo veliko predmetov iz enega učitelja v enem razredu.

Children usually begin elementary school with kindergarten (K) at age five and continue through grade five or six. They leave elementary school around age ten or eleven. Children learn many subjects from one teacher in a single classroom.

Srednji šoli (imenuje tudi srednji šoli)

Middle school (also called junior high school)

Srednji šoli uči študente razrede šest do osem. So okoli starosti desetih do 14. Dijaki srednjih šol navadno stikalo iz učilnice v učilnico. Imajo lahko veliko različnih učiteljev v šoli nekega.

Middle school teaches students grades six through eight. They are around ages ten to 14. Middle school students usually switch from classroom to classroom. They may have many different teachers in one school day.

Srednji šoli

High school

Študentje obiskujejo srednjo šolo v starosti od 14 in običajno 17 ali 18. Razredov razporejeni podložniki. Študent lahko imajo mnogi učitelji v enem dnevu. Nekateri učenci lahko napredne razrede. Nekateri učenci lahko učili, da jih pripraviti za delo ali za kolidž. Srednjih šolah so klubi, dejavnosti, šport, Work-Study ureditev, in drugih dejavnosti.

Students attend high school between the ages of 14 and usually 17 or 18. The classes are arranged by subjects. A student may have many teachers in one day. Some students can take advanced classes. Some students can take classes that prepare them for work or for college. High schools have clubs, activities, sports, work-study arrangements, and other activities.

Who works at schools?

Who works at schools?

Ljudje lahko srečate na šoli:

People you might meet at the school:

Učitelji

Teachers

Učitelji so ljudje, ki so neposredno odgovorni za izobraževanje študentov. Vodijo aktivnosti učenje v učilnicah. V ZDA, družine pokazati spoštovanje učiteljev za delo z učitelji za izobraževanje in podporo svojih otrok.

Teachers are the people directly responsible for educating students. They lead learning activities in classrooms. In the US, families show respect for teachers by working with the teachers to educate and support their children.

Aides

Aides

V mnogih šolah, aides pomagajo učitelji v svoje učilnice. Nekatere učilnice imajo več aides in nekateri so brez, glede na potrebe študentov v razredu. Aides pomagale študent, ki je učenje angleščine. Aides pomagale majhne skupine študentov, ki zaključijo svoje delo.

In many schools, aides help teachers in their classrooms. Some classrooms have multiple aides and some have none, depending on the needs of students within the classroom. Aides might help a student who is learning English. Aides might help small groups of students complete their work.

Glavni

Principal

Je vodja skrbnika na šoli. Je odgovoren za nadzor vseh učiteljev v šolo. Je vodja učitelji. Glavni ne uči študente. Namesto, glavni pomaga učitelji, pomaga z disciplino, in vodi šola. V velik šole, so tudi ravnatelji, podpredsednik. Vice ravnatelji pomoč glavni. V ZDA, Če starš ima težave z učiteljem, staršev običajno govori, da je glavni.

The principal is the head administrator at a school. The principal is responsible for overseeing all the teachers in the school building. The principal is the leader of the teachers. The principal does not teach students. Instead, the principal helps the teachers, helps with discipline, and leads the school. In big schools, there are also vice principals. Vice principals help the principal. In the US, if a parent has trouble with a teacher, the parent usually talks to the principal.

Svetovalci

Counselors

Šolski svetovalci pomagajo študentov akademska, osebni, socialne, in poklicni razvoj potrebuje. Šolski svetovalci vodi programe, ki bodo pomagale učencem, uspeh v šoli. Svetovalci lahko zelo koristna za begunske družine. Svetovalci lahko pomaga vaš študent prilagoditi svoje novo šolo. Svetovalci lahko poznajo posebne programe za begunske študente. Svetovalci, včasih tudi pomoč pri zdravstvenem varstvu duševno in telesno. Svetovalec je dobra oseba govoriti v šoli, če menite, da vaš študent morda potrebovali dodatno pomoč.

School counselors help students’ academic, personal, social, and career development needs. School counselors lead programs that help students succeed in school. Counselors can be very helpful for refugee families. Counselors can help your student adjust to their new school. Counselors might know about special programs for refugee students. Counselors sometimes also help with mental and physical healthcare. A counselor is a good person to talk to at the school if you think your student might need extra help.

Medicinske sestre

Nurses

Medicinske sestre delajo v šolah, da učenci varnega in zdravega. Če študent je občutek slabosti, učitelj jih lahko pošljejo medicinska sestra. Če študent je bolan, medicinska sestra odloči, da pošljete domov, dokler menijo, da bolje. V ZDA, skrb za duševno zdravje dijakov je pomemben del hoditi v šolo. Včasih, študenti imajo trd čas v razredu, ker imajo trd čas prilagaja življenje v ZDA. Morda potrebujejo dodatno pomoč, ker prihaja v ZDA iz različnih držav je zelo težko. Medicinske sestre lahko podprejo študentov, ki imajo težave za nastavitev.

Nurses work in schools to keep students safe and healthy. If a student is feeling sick, the teacher might send them to the nurse. If the student is sick, the nurse decides to send them home until they feel better. In the US, taking care of students’ mental health is an important part of going to school. Sometimes, students have a hard time in class because they are having a hard time adjusting to life in the US. They might need extra help because coming to the US from a different country is very hard. Nurses can help support students who are having difficulty adjusting.

Tajniki

Secretaries

Sekretar šole pomaga glavni in pogosto deluje v front office šolske stavbe. Čas vi zavedeti se vaš otrok v šoli, Morda boste morali podpisati papir preverite. To pomaga, da učence varno. Sekretar boste prijavite. Sekretar lahko pokazal, kam. Če potrebujete pomoč pri prijavi za šolo, tajnik pomaga. Nekatere šole zahteva vpis papir vzeti domov otroka iz šole predčasno. Sekretar vam bo pomagal znak vašega otroka. To je, da vaš otrok varen. Lahko samo pojdi domov z odraslim.

The school secretary helps the principal and often works in the front office of the school building. When you come to your child’s school, you may need to sign a paper to check in. This helps keep students safe. The secretary will help you sign in. The secretary can show you where to go. If you need help signing up for school, the secretary helps. Some schools require you to sign a paper to take your child home from school early. The secretary will help you sign your child out. This is to keep your child safe. They can only go home with a trusted adult.

Nadzornika

Superintendent

Superintendent vodi veliko naročnikov in šole. Nadzorniki vodijo odločitve o politiki, učni načrt (Kaj se učenci učijo v učilnicah), in pravila okrožnih. Ker nadzorniki dela z veliko šol, so lahko v isti šolske stavbe kot otroku.

The superintendent leads many principals and schools. Superintendents lead decisions on policy, curriculum (what the students learn in classrooms), and district rules. Because superintendents work with many schools, they might not be in the same school building as your child.

Katere dejavnosti lahko mojega otroka ali v šoli?

What activities can my child do at school?

Šole v ZDA več kot zagotoviti razredih. Šole ponujajo druge možnosti, kot ekskurzije, obšolske dejavnosti, dogodki, po šoli programi, in poletne tabore. To lahko pomaga vaš študent, sklepanje prijateljstev. Priložnosti lahko pomaga vaš študent počutijo dobrodošle na šoli. To pomeni, da lahko pomagajo vaše študentsko uspeh v šoli!

Schools in the US do more than provide classes. Schools offer other opportunities, like field trips, extra-curricular activities, events, after-school programs, and summer camps. These can help your student make friends. The opportunities can help your student feel welcome at the school. This means they can help your student succeed at school!

Tutorstvo podporo

Tutoring support

Mentorstvo študentom pomaga. Odrasli, učitelj, ali drugi študent lahko tutor študent. Vaš študent lahko mentor drugih študentov, preveč. Nekatere šole imajo programe po šoli ali v določenih vrstah za študente dobiti tutorstvo.

Tutoring helps students. An adult, teacher, or another student may be able to tutor a student. Your student may be able to tutor other students, too. Some schools have programs after school or during certain classes for students to receive tutoring.

Posameznikov in zasebnih podjetij tudi mentor. Mentorji so običajno na voljo za vsak predmet. Zasebno tutorstvo ponavadi zgodi po šoli in bo stalo denar. Prav tako lahko najti brezplačno tutorstvo pomoč za vaš študent iz lokalni program v bližini organizacije, verske skupnosti, ali po šoli programa. Lahko pride do organizacije samo za pomoč beguncem in drugimi študenti novinca. Šola urad lahko seznam zasebnih mentorji in mentorstvo v bližini.

Individuals and private companies also tutor. Tutors are typically available for any subject matter. Private tutoring usually happens after school and will cost money. You may also be able to find free tutoring help for your student from a local program at a nearby organization, religious community, or after-school program. There may be organizations just for helping refugees and other newcomer students. Your school office may have a list of private tutors and free tutoring nearby.

Moj otrok ima iti v javne šole? Kaj je privatna šola?

Does my child have to go to public school? What is private school?

Children must go to school in the United States. If you do not send your children to school, you can get in trouble.

Children must go to school in the United States. If you do not send your children to school, you can get in trouble.

You can choose what type of school to send your children to. Most children go to public school because it is free. Obstajajo druge vrste šol v Združenih državah Amerike poleg javne šole. Obstajajo zasebne šole, da učenci morajo plačati udeležiti. Veliko zasebnih šol upravlja cerkve ali verske organizacije. Vsaka zasebna šola ima različne stroške. Some are very expensive. But some have scholarships to help children go to the schools if they family does not have enough money to pay for the private school. Private schools may have different rules than public schools.

You can choose what type of school to send your children to. Most children go to public school because it is free. There are other types of schools in the United States besides public schools. There are private schools that students must pay to attend. Many private schools are managed by churches or religious organizations. Each private school has different costs. Some are very expensive. But some have scholarships to help children go to the schools if they family does not have enough money to pay for the private school. Private schools may have different rules than public schools.

Druga vrsta šole je charter šoli. Charter šole izpolnjevati enake akademske in pravne zahteve kot tradicionalne javne šole, vendar imajo različni izvajalci kot javne šole, ki jih upravljajo vlada. Charter šole ne bi bilo treba upoštevati nekatere omejitve, ki jih morajo upoštevati javne šole. Charter šole so prosta. Ponavadi uporabite vpisati, in včasih nimajo čakalna lista.

Another type of school is a charter school. Charter schools meet the same academic and legal requirements as traditional public schools, but they have different operators than public schools, which are operated by the government. Charter schools do not have to follow some of the constraints that public schools must follow. Charter schools are free. Usually you apply to enroll, and sometimes they have a waiting list.

Domov šolanja je še eden metoda izobraževanja. Home-šolane študentov so učil doma starši. Obstajajo pravila v vsaki članici o šolanja home. Staršev je odgovoren za vedel, pravila države za šolanje doma in pazite na pravila upoštevajo.

Home schooling is another method of education. Home-schooled students are taught at home by their parents. There are rules in every state about home schooling. The parent is responsible for knowing the state’s rules for home schooling and for making sure the rules are followed.

Več sredstev

More resources

Read about the rights you and your student have in schools in America in these languages:

Read about the rights you and your student have in schools in America in these languages:

 

 

Seznam opomb k staršem, ki komunicirajo z učitelji.

A list of notes to help parents communicate with teachers.

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