Kultúrny šok

Angličtina tiežAnglicky

Ako nastaviť na novú kultúru, budete musieť prejsť cez rôznych období, kde sa cítite rôznymi spôsobmi. Part of the process is known as “kultúrny šok.” Understanding about culture shock will help you accept the feelings and make it easier to adjust.

As you adjust to a new culture, you may go through different periods where you feel different ways. Part of the process is known as “culture shock.” Understanding about culture shock will help you accept the feelings and make it easier to adjust.

Culture shock infographic
Image courtesy of the Cultural Orientation Resource Center
Culture shock infographic
Image courtesy of the Cultural Orientation Resource Center

The picture above shows how people feel as they go through the stages of cultural adjustment. Poďme sa pozrieť na stupňoch podrobnejšie.

The picture above shows how people feel as they go through the stages of cultural adjustment. Let’s look at the stages in more detail.

1. Svadobný fázy

1. The honeymoon phase

Keď prvýkrát prídete v USA, môžete cítiť šťastný a nadšený. Môžete mať veľa gólov a očakávania čo sa bude diať vo vašom novom živote. Pravdepodobne ste čakali prísť do Ameriky na dlhú dobu. You may have heard lots of great things about the USA. Očakávate, že získate rýchlo dobrú prácu, mať pekný dom, and earn English. Môžete byť nervózny, ale môžete sa tešiť na všetky nové veci v Amerike.

When you first arrive in the USA, you may feel happy and excited. You may have lots of goals and expectations for what will happen in your new life. You have probably been waiting to come to America for a long time. You may have heard lots of great things about the USA. You expect that you will quickly get a good job, have a nice house, and earn English. You may be nervous, but you look forward to all the new things in America.

2. Fázy kultúrny šok

2. The culture shock phase

Počas tohto časového obdobia, môžete začať cítiť naštvaný a smutný. Môžete začať cítiť zlosť. Môžete cítiť strach alebo naozaj si ujsť vašej domovskej krajiny.

During this time period, you may start to feel upset and sad. You may start to feel angry. You might feel scared or really miss your home country.

Ak Nehovoríte anglicky, kultúrny šok fáza môže trvať dlhú dobu. Aby ste počas tejto doby, Pokúste sa stretnúť ďalších utečencov z kultúry a nájsť obchody, ktoré predávajú svoje tradičné jedlá.

If you do not speak English, the culture shock phase can last a long time. To help you during this time, you should try to meet other refugees from your culture and find stores that sell your traditional food.

Príznaky kultúrny šok:

Signs of culture shock include:

  • helplessness
  • thinking that everything is dirty
  • feeling afraid
  • anger
  • boredom
  • sleeping too much
  • helplessness
  • thinking that everything is dirty
  • feeling afraid
  • anger
  • boredom
  • sleeping too much

Môžete začať premýšľať, že americkej kultúry je hrozné alebo že sa vám nepáči niečo o Amerike. Prosím, vedieť, že je to bežné fázy pre všetkých ľudí žijúcich v nových kultúr. Nakoniec, sa presuniete do ďalšej fázy. Ak nechcete pohybovať, a stále máte pocit, smutný alebo naštvaný, you may need some extra help, and you should talk to your caseworker about it. Ako utečenec, you have been through many hard things and it is all right to need extra help.

You may start to think that American culture is terrible or that you do not like anything about America. Please know that this is a common phase for all people living in new cultures. Eventually, you will move to the next phase. If you do not move on, and you still feel sad or angry, you may need some extra help, and you should talk to your caseworker about it. As a refugee, you have been through many hard things and it is all right to need extra help.

3. Počas fázy úpravy

3. The adjustment phase

Po určitom čase, you will hopefully move past the culture shock phase and you will begin to adjust to life in the USA. You start to understand the reality of what life will be like in a new country. You may decide to take a low-paying job because it will help your family. Začnete sa učiť anglicky. Pravdepodobne začínate mať rutinné. Život začína cítiť normálne.

After some time, you will hopefully move past the culture shock phase and you will begin to adjust to life in the USA. You start to understand the reality of what life will be like in a new country. You may decide to take a low-paying job because it will help your family. You will begin to learn English. You are probably starting to have a routine. Life begins to feel normal.

One common challenge during this time period is that your children may be adjusting to life in the USA more quickly than you are. Je to veľmi časté, ale tam sú veci, ktoré vám pomáhajú deťom zostať pripojený k vašej domácej kultúry.

One common challenge during this time period is that your children may be adjusting to life in the USA more quickly than you are. This is very common, but there are things you can do to help your children stay connected to your home culture.

4. Fázy integrácie

4. The integration phase

This is the final phase of cultural adjustment. During this time, America will begin to feel like home. You will start to feel like you belong here. You can now mix parts of American culture with parts of your culture. There may be things you really like about the United States and things you really treasure from your home country. You can easily navigate your daily life in the United States. You probably have some American friends and some friends who are also immigrants and refugees. Now is the time to continue to improve your education. You may choose to become an American citizen.

This is the final phase of cultural adjustment. During this time, America will begin to feel like home. You will start to feel like you belong here. You can now mix parts of American culture with parts of your culture. There may be things you really like about the United States and things you really treasure from your home country. You can easily navigate your daily life in the United States. You probably have some American friends and some friends who are also immigrants and refugees. Now is the time to continue to improve your education. You may choose to become an American citizen.

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