Personal care, service and maintenance jobs
Personal care, cleaning and maintenance jobs are spread over many different industries. But all the jobs provide important services.
The jobs include everything from cleaning and property maintenance to hairdressing and looking after children. Many service jobs of this kind do not require certification or higher education. But they are not very well paid.
Personal care, direct services, cleaning and maintenance jobs are all growing fields with lots of work available. There are several reasons for this:
- The United States population is getting older and needs more care.
- People are spending more and more time and money on exercise and personal care.
- People with high incomes are willing to pay other people to do their everyday chores, such as dog walking and shopping.
- A lot of people do not want to do direct service jobs, such as cleaning and caring for the elderly or disabled.
- Machines and robots cannot easily replace people in many of these jobs.
- Animal caretaker – taking care of pets is a growing field for people who enjoy being with animals.
- Attendants – attendant serve and guide the public at theaters, entertainment venues, casinos, and amusement parks.
- Childcare – demand for childcare workers in daycare centers, schools and private homes is growing.
- Cosmetologist – taking care of people’s skin and offering all kinds of beauty treatments is a growing industry.
- Fitness and recreation – fitness instructors and recreation leaders are both growing fields of work.
- Hair stylist – cutting and styling hair requires training and state-by-state certification.
- Housekeepers and maids – people who perform cleaning and other domestic tasks in private homes and hotels often have to work unsocial hours.
- Janitors – people who perform heavier cleaning duties and maintenance in large buildings. This is a job where there are growing numbers of vacancies.
- Landscapers and gardeners – work outside tending and creating yards and larger landscaped areas, such as public parks and areas around large buildings.
- Manicurist/pedicurist – professional nail workers will require training and some certification.
- Personal care aid – looking after people who need physical help, such as the elderly. This is one the fastest-growing occupations.
- Supervisor – many housekeeping, landscaping and maintenance teams have supervisors or managers who coordinate and monitor their work.
Are personal service and maintenance jobs right for me?
These jobs are very varied, so one of the many fields may be a good fit for you. You will see from reading the list above that these are not desk jobs. Most of them would suit a person who does not want be in an office or spend a lot of time on a computer. Some of them require a lot of physical work, such as janitor, gardener, and fitness instructor.
Personal care and childcare jobs are not so physical. They suit people who like caring for others and who are patient and kind. Attendant jobs and some office cleaning jobs are good for students or others who need to work in the evening. Hair styling, beauty services, and pet services would be good for a person who wants their own business.
Watch a beauty shop owner in Buffalo, New York, and other former refugees talk about starting their own businesses
Where do I start?
Ask for help at your local resettlement or community organization
If you are a refugee, you can start by asking your resettlement agency about their employment program. Many resettlement and immigrant organizations have relationships with local employers, such as hotels. Some of them offer work training programs too.
Personal service, cleaning and maintenance jobs do not require any training. For example, a new hotel housekeeper or theater attendant will be trained on the job by a supervisor or coworker.
Find classes near you
Other service and maintenance jobs will require some training. Community colleges offer courses in building and system maintenance are useful for janitors. They also offer courses in landscaping, hairdressing and skin care.
Hair and beauty
There are also many private hair and beauty schools. Look for one that is approved by the American Association of Cosmetology Schools. Nail, hair and beauty professionals must be licensed in their state.
You don’t need a license to take care of children at home, but an online course and credential may help you find a job. The Red Cross has an advance child care training course you can do online. You will get a certificate.
What else do I need?
Start your job search
If there is no organization to help you, you can start by applying for jobs where workers are in high demand. Government employment centers are free. They offer advice and keep a list of local jobs. They help with resumes and job applications. They can connect you to job training and education.
More resources from the Refugee Center Online
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