Start your job search
First, prepare yourself for the job search!
Are you ready to learn how to find a job? The first thing you should do is start thinking about the job skills you have. What kind of work and activities have you done in the past that can help you in your career search? Can the certifications you have be used in the United States? This will help you know what kind of jobs you may have the most success finding now.
Gather together all the information you will need for your career search and write it down. Then you will be ready to start looking for jobs.
Here is the information you will need for your career search
Your work history
What kind of work have you done in the past? What kind of job skills do you have? Answering these questions will help you know what type of jobs you can apply for in the United States. For example, if you worked as a mechanic in the past, you may be able to find work as a mechanic again. If you worked in medicine, you may need to research how to get a certification or think about going back to school.
Write down all of your past jobs and any work experience you have. Make a list of information for each job you have done, including:
- The city and country where you worked
- The company name
- The type of work you did
- Your responsibilities on the job
- When you started and ended the job
- How much you were paid
- Why you left the job
Your work skills
Your skills are anything you do well. For example, if you speak more than one language, that is an important skill in the workplace.
If you think about your job skills as well as the types of jobs you have had, you can apply for new types of jobs because you can show you have the skills.
Think about your skills in two areas, and write them down:
1. General job skills are ones that apply to many jobs. They include things like being on time, being friendly, the ability to work with other people, being able to work safely and being able to learn quickly. These types of skills are sometimes called “soft skills” because you don’t need to go to school to learn them.
2. Work-related skills include things such as being able to operate a forklift, measure accurately, drive a truck, prepare legal documents or operate software. These types of skills are sometimes called “hard skills” because you need to go through formal education or training to get them.
Think about a mechanic again: a mechanic has the skills of measuring accurately and using tools safely. These are job skills that are needed in other jobs, too. For example, you can use these job skills in construction and even cooking.
Your past education
You will need to give information about your educational background. This includes names and locations of schools you attended, start and finish dates, whether you graduated, and any special training you have done.
The educational system in your native country may be different from the one in the US. Different countries have different numbers of grades to complete high school, for example. The university system may have different levels of achievement than those you will find here. Sometimes you will have to “fit” your information into documents that are designed for native-born American job-seekers.
You may want to consider having your degree evaluated by World Education Services. This is an organization that will look at your past education and will explain what is similar to in America. This service can sometimes be expensive. Most employers will not ask for an evaluation so it is best to wait until you learn if this is common for the jobs you are looking for.
If the school or university you attended was well known in your home country, make sure to write that under the school’s name on the resume. You can say something like, “The Technological Institute of the Philippines is considered one of the best schools in the country.”
Even if you did not finish high school or go to college, you should include any other training you have completed when you list your past education. For example, many refugees have taken leadership classes or community health training in camp or after resettlement. You should write down any training you have taken.
Make sure to also write down every language you speak. Your ability to speak more than one language can be a very valuable skill during your career search.
Your contact information
You will need to know all of your contact information, including how to format your first, middle and last names in applications, your phone number, address and email address. In your resume, you will not need to include personal information such as your date of birth, age, or marital status, but you might need to share that information in applications.
Proof you are allowed to work in the United States
You will need to give information about your eligibility to work in the US. This means you have to prove you are legally allowed to work. You will need to give your social security number to your employer. You may also have to complete a background check and prove to your employer you have not committed any crimes in the US.
Information about what hours and days you can work
Write down what days, hours, and times you are willing to work. For example, can you work at night? Can you work on the weekends? If you need to, are you willing to travel for work?
Professional references are people who will say you are a good worker. In the US, your job references are usually people you have worked with or worked for in the past. It can be hard to supply references when you first arrive, because your past job references are in another country. You can use an overseas reference if your reference and your employer can speak the same language. If your reference speaks English and your employer speaks English, or if they both speak Somali, you may be able to use them as a reference.
Your employer might accept a job reference who lives outside of the US. But it will help you to have people in the US who can recommend you for a job – for example, someone you know from volunteering. If you have no one else, you can ask a case manager or mentor to be your reference. Usually, you cannot use friends or family as job references for work.
Whoever you use for a reference, you will need to provide their full name, job title, employer, phone number and email address. You will also have to say your relationship with them. You can find a template for your references on the RCO website. Remember to replace the information you find on the template with your own information. If you need fewer references than there is on the template, you can remove those you do not need.
It is important that you build a professional network This means connecting with people who may give your references or help you find jobs. In your first job, for example, get to know the people who work with you when time allows. Here are some other ways to make connections with people and build your network:
Attend job fairs in your community
Companies often hold events where they can tell you about the job openings they have, the kind of employee they are looking for, and how you can apply. When going to a job fair, make sure you bring copies of your resume with you. Introduce yourself to the representatives of the companies you like, explain what type of job you are looking for, and give them your information.
Sign up for online job search tools
Create a professional presence online by creating a profile on job search websites. The most popular tools for your career search include LinkedIn, CareerBuilder, Indeed, Glassdoor, ZipRecruiter, and Idealist.
Join volunteer efforts
When you have time, volunteer at a local organization. You will be able to use your skills or develop new ones while you help others. The skills you gain will benefit you in your career search ,and you will have the chance to learn more about US culture. You will also create contacts who might be able to speak on your behalf when you need a job reference.