Healthcare for immigrants and refugees in the United States
Going to the doctor or hospital can cost a lot of money in the United States. This is why it is important to have health insurance.
What is health insurance?
Health insurance, or medical insurance, is an amount of money you pay every month to an insurance company. The monthly cost of the insurance is called the premium.
Healthcare for immigrants is not very different from healthcare for native-born Americans, but sometimes it can be confusing. The simplest way to explain it is that when you have medical expenses, the insurance company helps pay them. A medical emergency or surgery can cost many thousands of dollars. It is better to pay the premium every month than suddenly get a huge bill from a hospital. In general, healthcare for immigrants and refugees is the same as for native-born Americans. The differences in health insurance are based on age, employment, any health problems you currently have, and how much money you make.
How do I get health insurance?
In the United States, you can:
- get covered through government (public health) insurance programs, or
- get insurance through your job with help from your employer, or
- buy health insurance yourself.
Being covered is the same as being insured. They both mean you are protected from having to pay large medical bills.
Government health insurance programs
Are you eligible?
Being eligible for something means can you get something or qualify for something. The government will decide if your and your family are eligible for government programs. To decide if you are eligible, they look at how much money you make, how many children you have, and how old you are. Healthcare for immigrants and refugees may be cheap or free, since you may not be making much money at first.
Medicaid is a public health insurance program run by the state you live in. The program provides help to individuals and families that are low-income or have disabilities. Some refugee families will get Medicaid when they first arrive in the United States. Criteria for eligibility vary by state.
Medicare is a public health insurance program run by the US government. Medicare is available to all adults age 65 and older and to disabled citizens of all ages. Medicare offers a plan to assist with the costs of prescription drugs. Learn more about Medicare.
The Children’s Health Insurance Program (CHIP) pays for healthcare for low- to middle-income families with young children. CHIP is a good program because it pays for your children’s doctor appointments and medical care. It is important for refugee families to take their children to the doctor for yearly check-ups and for immunizations. Search for your state’s CHIP program.
Women, Infants, and Children (WIC) is a state-by-state managed healthcare program that specifically helps children younger than five years of age, pregnant women, and breastfeeding mothers. The program focuses on nutrition, food supply, and improving access to healthcare and social welfare services.
If you are low-income and have a baby, this is a good program. Learn more and search your state’s WIC program.
Private health insurance
Many Americans have private health insurance and do not use public health insurance programs. This is because companies often pay for private health insurance for their workers.
Workplace health insurance
When you look for a job, you should try to find a job that offers health insurance. This will help your family. The employer pays most of the cost and the employee pays a small amount. For an extra amount, employees can usually choose to include their husband or wife and any children they have on the same insurance plan.
If you leave your job, you may be allowed to keep your insurance coverage for a while, through a government plan called COBRA. COBRA is only for a short period, and you may have to pay the whole premium yourself, but it will keep you covered between jobs..
Paying for insurance without an employer
If you do not have an employer offering health coverage, and if you are not eligible for a government program, you will have to buy private health insurance. This can be expensive. You may be eligible for help with your premiums through the Affordable Care Act.
The Affordable Care Act
The Affordable Care Act (ACA), also called “ObamaCare,” requires most US citizens and legal residents to have health insurance. But it also allows you to buy health insurance for a lower cost with help from the government. See if you can get coverage under the Affordable Care Act at www.healthcare.gov.
College medical insurance plans
Students are often able to purchase healthcare insurance through their colleges. To be eligible you must be enrolled in a certain number of credits.