Tīmata tō rapu mahi
tuatahi, te faaineine ia outou iho no te te rapu mahi!
First, prepare yourself for the job search!
Kei rite koutou ki te ako ki te kitea te mahi? Ko te mea tuatahi kia meatia e koe he tīmata whakaaro e pā ana ki te ngā pūkenga mahi i koe. He aha te momo o te mahi me te mahi i mahi koe i roto i te mua e nehenehe e tauturu ia koe i roto i tou rapu umanga? E taea te certifications i te whakamahi i koe i roto i te United States? Te reira e tauturu mohio koe he aha te ahua o ngā mahi kia whai koe i te angitu te nuinga te kimi i teie nei.
Are you ready to learn how to find a job? The first thing you should do is start thinking about the job skills you have. What kind of work and activities have you done in the past that can help you in your career search? Can the certifications you have be used in the United States? This will help you know what kind of jobs you may have the most success finding now.
Huihuia mai te mōhiohio katoa e hiahia ana koe mo tou mahi rapu me te tuhituhi i te reira iho. Na ka waiho koe rite ki te tīmata rapu mō mahi.
Gather together all the information you will need for your career search and write it down. Then you will be ready to start looking for jobs.
Tenei ko te mōhiohio e hiahia ana koe mo tou rapu mahi
Here is the information you will need for your career search
Tō hītori mahi
Your work history
He aha te momo o te mahi i mahia e koe i roto i te mua? He aha te momo o ngā pūkenga mahi mahi whai koe? Whakautu ēnei pātai e āwhina mohio koe he aha te momo o ngā mahi ka taea e koe te tono mo i roto i te United States. hei tauira, ki te mahi koe i rite ki te mīhini i roto i te mua, kia taea ki te kitea ano te mahi rite te mīhini koe. Ki te mahi koe i roto i te rongoā, Me ai koe ki te rangahau me pehea ki te tiki i te tohu ranei whakaaro e pā ana ki te haere hoki ki te kura.
What kind of work have you done in the past? What kind of job skills do you have? Answering these questions will help you know what type of jobs you can apply for in the United States. For example, if you worked as a mechanic in the past, you may be able to find work as a mechanic again. If you worked in medicine, you may need to research how to get a certification or think about going back to school.
Tuhia ki raro katoa o koutou mahi mua me tetahi wheako mahi i koe. Hanga he rārangi o ngā mōhiohio mō ia mahi i mahi koe, whai wāhi:
Write down all of your past jobs and any work experience you have. Make a list of information for each job you have done, including:
- Te pa me te whenua te wahi mahi koutou
- Ko te ingoa kamupene
- i koe te momo o te mahi
- Koutou kawenga i runga i te mahi
- A, no te tīmata koe, ka mutu te mahi
- Kia pehea te nui i utua e koe
- He aha i waiho e koe i te mahi
- The city and country where you worked
- The company name
- The type of work you did
- Your responsibilities on the job
- When you started and ended the job
- How much you were paid
- Why you left the job
Koutou pūkenga mahi
Your work skills
Koutou pūkenga he tetahi mahi koe pai. hei tauira, ki te korero koe i neke atu i te kotahi te reo, e ko he pūkenga nui i roto i te wāhi mahi.
Your skills are anything you do well. For example, if you speak more than one language, that is an important skill in the workplace.
Ki te whakaaro koe e pā ana ki to koutou mahi pūkenga rite te pai kia rite ki te momo o mahi i ia koutou, taea e koe te tono mō ngā momo hou o mahi no te mea e taea e koe te whakaatu whai koe i te pūkenga.
If you think about your job skills as well as the types of jobs you have had, you can apply for new types of jobs because you can show you have the skills.
A feruri i to koutou pūkenga i roto i ngā wāhi e rua, a tuhituhi ratou ki raro:
Think about your skills in two areas, and write them down:
1. General pūkenga mahi he hunga e tono ki mahi maha. ngā ratou mea rite te i runga i te wā, te hoa, te kaha ki te mahi tahi me ētahi atu iwi, te taea ki te mahi humarie, me te te taea ki te ako hohoro. E te tahi mau taime i huaina ēnei momo o ngā pūkenga "pūkenga ngohengohe" no te mea e kore koe e hiahia ana ki te haere ki te kura ki te ako ratou.
1. General job skills are ones that apply to many jobs. They include things like being on time, being friendly, the ability to work with other people, being able to work safely and being able to learn quickly. These types of skills are sometimes called “soft skills” because you don’t need to go to school to learn them.
2. e pā ana te mahi- ngā pūkenga ngā mea pērā i te taea ki te whakahaere i te Forklift, tika te ine, peia he taraka, faaineine i tuhinga ture mahi pūmanawa ranei. E te tahi mau taime i huaina ēnei momo o ngā pūkenga "pūkenga pakeke" no te mea e hiahia ana koe ki te haere i roto i te mātauranga ōkawa whakangungu ranei ki te tiki ia ratou.
2. Work-related skills include things such as being able to operate a forklift, measure accurately, drive a truck, prepare legal documents or operate software. These types of skills are sometimes called “hard skills” because you need to go through formal education or training to get them.
A feruri ano e pā ana ki te mīhini: He te pūkenga o te ine tika me te whakamahi i ngā taputapu humarie te mīhini. He pūkenga mahi e kua hiahiatia i roto i te tahi atu mahi enei, rawa. hei tauira, Ka taea e koe te whakamahi i enei pūkenga mahi i roto i te hanga, me te ara te tunu.
Think about a mechanic again: a mechanic has the skills of measuring accurately and using tools safely. These are job skills that are needed in other jobs, too. For example, you can use these job skills in construction and even cooking.
Tō mātauranga mua
Your past education
Ka Me koe ki te hoatu pārongo e pā ana ki to koutou papamuri mātauranga. ngā ingoa me ngā wāhi o ngā kura tae koutou tenei, tīmata me te whakaoti ngā rā, ahakoa puta koe, me tetahi whakangungu motuhake kua mahi koe.
You will need to give information about your educational background. This includes names and locations of schools you attended, start and finish dates, whether you graduated, and any special training you have done.
Te pūnaha mātauranga i roto i to koutou whenua taketake kia rerekē i te tetahi i roto i te US. whenua rerekē i ngā tau rerekē o ngā auroro ki te whakaoti i te kura nui, hei tauira. kia whai i te pūnaha whare wānanga taumata rerekē o te paetae atu te hunga e kitea e koe i konei. I te tahi taime e whai koe ki te "pai" tou mōhiohio ki tuhinga e kua hangaia mo te tangata whenua-whanau American mahi-fekumi.
The educational system in your native country may be different from the one in the US. Different countries have different numbers of grades to complete high school, for example. The university system may have different levels of achievement than those you will find here. Sometimes you will have to “fit” your information into documents that are designed for native-born American job-seekers.
kia hiahia ana koe ki te whakaaro ka tō tohu arotakea e Ratonga Mātauranga World. Ko te whakahaere e ka titiro ki to koutou mātauranga mua, a ka whakamārama he aha te mea rite ki i roto i Amerika tenei. Tenei mahi e taea te tahi mau taime e utu. Te nuinga o kaitukumahi kore e ui mo te aro mātai kia he reira pai ki te tatari noa ako koe ki te he noa hoki te mahi e rapu koutou mo tenei.
You may want to consider having your degree evaluated by World Education Services. This is an organization that will look at your past education and will explain what is similar to in America. This service can sometimes be expensive. Most employers will not ask for an evaluation so it is best to wait until you learn if this is common for the jobs you are looking for.
Ki te i mohiotia pai te kura wānanga ranei tae koe i roto i tou whenua te kāinga, kia tino ki te tuhituhi e i raro i te ingoa o te kura i runga i te anō. Ka taea e koe te mea te tahi mea rite, "Whakaaro te Institute o te Philippines Hangarau kua tetahi o nga kura pai i roto i te whenua."
If the school or university you attended was well known in your home country, make sure to write that under the school’s name on the resume. You can say something like, “The Technological Institute of the Philippines is considered one of the best schools in the country.”
Ahakoa, ki te kahore i whakaotia koutou kura nui ranei haere ki kāreti, kia whakauru koe i tetahi atu whakangungu kua oti koe, ina te whakarārangi koe i tō mātauranga mua. hei tauira, Kua tangohia maha rerenga akomanga ārahi whakangungu hauora hapori ranei i roto i te puni i muri i whakaruru ranei. kia tuhituhi iho e koe tetahi whakangungu i tangohia e koe.
Even if you did not finish high school or go to college, you should include any other training you have completed when you list your past education. For example, many refugees have taken leadership classes or community health training in camp or after resettlement. You should write down any training you have taken.
Tirohia mēnā ki te tuhituhi hoki ki raro nga reo e korero koe. Tō kaha ki te korero neke atu i te kotahi te reo e taea e te pūkenga rawa faufaa i roto i to koutou rapu umanga.
Make sure to also write down every language you speak. Your ability to speak more than one language can be a very valuable skill during your career search.
Tō ngā mōhiohio whakapā
Your contact information
Ka Me ki mohio katoa o tou mōhiohio whakapā koe, tae atu me pehea ki te whakahōputu koutou tuatahi, waenganui, me te whakamutunga ingoa i roto i te tono, koutou tau waea, wāhitau a wāhitau īmēra. I roto i to koutou anō, e kore e hiahia ana koe ki te whakauru i ngā mōhiohio whaiaro pēnei i tou rā o whanau, tau, ranei mana raua moe tahi, engari kia hiahia koe ki te faaite i taua mōhiohio i roto i tono.
You will need to know all of your contact information, including how to format your first, middle and last names in applications, your phone number, address and email address. In your resume, you will not need to include personal information such as your date of birth, age, or marital status, but you might need to share that information in applications.
Tohu e whakaaetia koe ki te mahi i roto i te United States
Proof you are allowed to work in the United States
Ka Me ki hoatu mōhiohio e pā ana ki to koutou paearu whakauru koe ki te mahi i roto i te US. Tenei te tikanga whai koe ki te whakamatau e ture whakaaetia koe ki te mahi. Ka Me koe ki te hoatu i tō tau haumarutanga pāpori ki tō kaiwhakawhiwhi mahi. kia hoki whai koe ki te whakaoti i tētahi haki papamuri me whakamatau ki tou kaituku mahi e kore i koe mahia tetahi hara i roto i te US.
You will need to give information about your eligibility to work in the US. This means you have to prove you are legally allowed to work. You will need to give your social security number to your employer. You may also have to complete a background check and prove to your employer you have not committed any crimes in the US.
Mōhiohio e pā ana te mea haora me ra ka taea e koe te mahi
Information about what hours and days you can work
Tuhia ki raro aha ra, haora, me ngā wā e pai ki te mahi koe. hei tauira, Ka taea e koe te mahi i te po? Ka taea e koe te mahi i runga i te wiki? Ki te hiahia koe ki te, e koe pai ki te haere mo te mahi?
Write down what days, hours, and times you are willing to work. For example, can you work at night? Can you work on the weekends? If you need to, are you willing to travel for work?
tohutoro ngaio He iwi ko wai e mea ko koe te kaimahi pai. I roto i te US, koutou tohutoro mahi he iwi kua mahi koe ki ranei mahi hoki i roto i te mua te tikanga. Ka taea e waiho te reira uaua ki te tuku tohutoro ka koe tuatahi tae, no te mea he koutou tohutoro mahi mua i roto i tetahi atu whenua. Ka taea e koe te whakamahi i tētahi tohutoro tāwāhi ki te taea to koutou tohutoro me tō kaitukumahi korero te reo kotahi. Ki te korero koutou tohutoro Ingarihi me korero koutou kaiwhakawhiwhi mahi English, ki te ranei e korero ratou e rua Somali, kia taea ki te whakamahi ia ratou kia rite ki te tohutoro koe.
Professional references are people who will say you are a good worker. In the US, your job references are usually people you have worked with or worked for in the past. It can be hard to supply references when you first arrive, because your past job references are in another country. You can use an overseas reference if your reference and your employer can speak the same language. If your reference speaks English and your employer speaks English, or if they both speak Somali, you may be able to use them as a reference.
Tō kaitukumahi kia manako te tohutoro mahi e ora ana i waho o te US. Otiia ka tauturu i te reira koe ki te whai te iwi i roto i te US ko wai taea tūtohu koe mo te mahi - hei tauira, te tangata e matau ana koutou i tūao. Ki te whai koe i kahore tetahi atu, Ka taea e koe ui i te kaiwhakahaere take ranei tautäwhi ki hei koutou tohutoro. Ko te tikanga, e kore koe e taea e te whakamahi i hoa ranei te utuafare rite tohutoro mahi mo te mahi.
Your employer might accept a job reference who lives outside of the US. But it will help you to have people in the US who can recommend you for a job – for example, someone you know from volunteering. If you have no one else, you can ask a case manager or mentor to be your reference. Usually, you cannot use friends or family as job references for work.
Ko te tangata e whakamahi koe mo te tohutoro, e hiahia ana koe ki te whakarato i ō rātou ingoa ki tonu i, taitara mahi, kaituku mahi, tau waea, me te wāhitau īmēra. Ka whai hoki koe ki te mea i to outou hononga ki a ratou. Ka taea e kitea e koe he tauira mo koutou tohutoro i runga i te paetukutuku RCO. Kia mahara ki te whakakapi i te mōhiohio kitea e koe i runga i te tauira ki to koutou ake mōhiohio. Ki te hiahia koe tohutoro iti atu i reira he i runga i te tātauira, Ka taea e koe te tango i te hunga e kore e koutou hiahia.
Whoever you use for a reference, you will need to provide their full name, job title, employer, phone number and email address. You will also have to say your relationship with them. You can find a template for your references on the RCO website. Remember to replace the information you find on the template with your own information. If you need fewer references than there is on the template, you can remove those you do not need.
He mea nui kia hanga e koe he whatunga ngaio tenei tikanga te hono ki te iwi nei kia hoatu koutou tohutoro ranei te āwhina kitea e koe mahi. I roto i to koutou mahi tuatahi, hei tauira, whiwhi ki te mohio te iwi e mahi tahi koutou, ina taea te wā. Teie te tahi atu mau rave'a ki te hanga hononga ki te iwi, me te hanga i to koutou whatunga:
It is important that you build a professional network This means connecting with people who may give your references or help you find jobs. In your first job, for example, get to know the people who work with you when time allows. Here are some other ways to make connections with people and build your network:
Tahuri mai hokohokonga mahi i roto i to koutou hapori
Attend job fairs in your community
maha mau Kamupene ngā kaupapa ka taea e te wahi ratou korero ki a koutou e pā ana ki te tatau mahi i ratou, te ahua o te kaimahi e rapu ratou mo, a me pehea e taea e koe te tono. A, no te haere ki te ataahua mahi, kia tino kawea koe kape o tou anō ki a koe. Fakafe'iloaki koe ki te māngai o te kamupene rite koe, whakamārama he aha te momo o te mahi e rapu ana koutou mo, a hoatu ratou tou mōhiohio.
Companies often hold events where they can tell you about the job openings they have, the kind of employee they are looking for, and how you can apply. When going to a job fair, make sure you bring copies of your resume with you. Introduce yourself to the representatives of the companies you like, explain what type of job you are looking for, and give them your information.
Waitohu ake hoki taputapu rapu mahi ipurangi
Sign up for online job search tools
Waihanga i te aroaro ngaio online mā te hanga i te kōtaha i runga i paetukutuku rapu mahi. Ko te taputapu tino rongonui mo koutou rapu umanga ngā LinkedIn, CareerBuilder, Ko e mo'oni, Glassdoor, ZipRecruiter, a idealist.
Hono tautooraa tūao
Join volunteer efforts
A, no te whai wā koe, tūao i te whakahaere ā-rohe. Ka taea ki te whakamahi i to koutou pūkenga ranei whakawhanake mea hou i te tauturu ia koe ētahi atu koe. Ka whai hua koe i te pūkenga riro koe i roto i tou rapu umanga ,a ka whai koe i te whai wāhi ki te ako atu e pā ana ki US ahurea. Ka hanga ano e koe hoapā nei e ai taea ki te korero i runga i mo koutou ina e hiahia ana koe i te tohutoro mahi.
When you have time, volunteer at a local organization. You will be able to use your skills or develop new ones while you help others. The skills you gain will benefit you in your career search ,and you will have the chance to learn more about US culture. You will also create contacts who might be able to speak on your behalf when you need a job reference.
Ka taea e kitea e koe kōtuitui ngā i roto i to koutou rohe mā te toro i te whārangi takahanga facebook, taki LinkedIn hoki ngā whai wāhitanga kōtuitui ka ū mai, ranei te takiuru ake mō whakahōunga i runga i Eventbrite a Meetup.
Ētahi atu mahi me mahi ihirangi i te Refugee Center Online
More jobs and careers content from the Refugee Center Online
Ako free English ngaio ipurangi
Learn free professional English online