Kultūrinis šokas

Taip pat lietuviųNe anglų kalba

Kaip jums prisitaikyti prie naujos kultūros, Jūs galite eiti per įvairių laikotarpių, kur jaučiate įvairiais būdais. Part of the process is known as “kultūrinį šoką.” Understanding about culture shock will help you accept the feelings and make it easier to adjust.

As you adjust to a new culture, you may go through different periods where you feel different ways. Part of the process is known as “culture shock.” Understanding about culture shock will help you accept the feelings and make it easier to adjust.

Culture shock infographic
Image courtesy of the Cultural Orientation Resource Center
Culture shock infographic
Image courtesy of the Cultural Orientation Resource Center

The picture above shows how people feel as they go through the stages of cultural adjustment. Pažvelkime į etapus išsamiau.

The picture above shows how people feel as they go through the stages of cultural adjustment. Let’s look at the stages in more detail.

1. Medaus mėnesį etapas

1. The honeymoon phase

Kada jūs pirmą kartą atvyksta į JAV, gali jaustis laimingas ir susijaudinęs. Turite daug tikslų ir lūkesčių, kas bus jūsų naujas gyvenimas. Jūs tikriausiai buvo laukti ilgą laiką atvykti į Ameriką. You may have heard lots of great things about the USA. Tikitės, kad greitai gausite gerą darbą, ar gražus namas, and earn English. Jums gali būti nervų, Tačiau jūsų laukia visų naujų dalykų Amerikoje.

When you first arrive in the USA, you may feel happy and excited. You may have lots of goals and expectations for what will happen in your new life. You have probably been waiting to come to America for a long time. You may have heard lots of great things about the USA. You expect that you will quickly get a good job, have a nice house, and earn English. You may be nervous, but you look forward to all the new things in America.

2. Kultūrinis šokas etapas

2. The culture shock phase

Per tą laiką, jums gali pradėti jaustis nusiminusi ir liūdna. Jums gali pradėti jaustis piktas. Galbūt jaučiasi išsigandęs ar tikrai praleidote savo šalyje.

During this time period, you may start to feel upset and sad. You may start to feel angry. You might feel scared or really miss your home country.

Jei jūs nekalbate angliškai, kultūrinis šokas etapas gali trukti ilgai. Padėti jums tuo metu, galite bandyti patenkinti kitų tautybių pabėgėliams iš savo kultūrą ir rasti parduotuvių, kurios parduoda savo tradicinį maistą.

If you do not speak English, the culture shock phase can last a long time. To help you during this time, you should try to meet other refugees from your culture and find stores that sell your traditional food.

Kultūrinis šokas požymiai:

Signs of culture shock include:

  • helplessness
  • thinking that everything is dirty
  • feeling afraid
  • pyktis
  • boredom
  • sleeping too much
  • helplessness
  • thinking that everything is dirty
  • feeling afraid
  • anger
  • boredom
  • sleeping too much

Galite pradėti galvoti, kad Amerikos kultūra yra baisi arba kad jums nepatinka ką nors apie Amerika. Atminkite, kad tai yra bendra visiems žmonėms, gyvenantiems naujas kultūras. Galų gale, pereisite į kitą etapą. Jei jūs neturite judėti, ir vis tiek jaučiatės piktas arba, you may need some extra help, and you should talk to your caseworker about it. Pabėgėliu, you have been through many hard things and it is all right to need extra help.

You may start to think that American culture is terrible or that you do not like anything about America. Please know that this is a common phase for all people living in new cultures. Eventually, you will move to the next phase. If you do not move on, and you still feel sad or angry, you may need some extra help, and you should talk to your caseworker about it. As a refugee, you have been through many hard things and it is all right to need extra help.

3. Keitimo laikotarpiu

3. The adjustment phase

Po tam tikro laiko, you will hopefully move past the culture shock phase and you will begin to adjust to life in the USA. You start to understand the reality of what life will be like in a new country. You may decide to take a low-paying job because it will help your family. Jums bus pradėti mokytis anglų kalbos. Jūs tikriausiai jau turi įprastas. Gyvenimas pradeda jaustis normalus.

After some time, you will hopefully move past the culture shock phase and you will begin to adjust to life in the USA. You start to understand the reality of what life will be like in a new country. You may decide to take a low-paying job because it will help your family. You will begin to learn English. You are probably starting to have a routine. Life begins to feel normal.

One common challenge during this time period is that your children may be adjusting to life in the USA more quickly than you are. Tai yra labai dažnas, Tačiau yra dalykų, kuriuos galite padaryti, siekiant padėti savo vaikams, palaikyti ryšį su savo namų kultūra.

One common challenge during this time period is that your children may be adjusting to life in the USA more quickly than you are. This is very common, but there are things you can do to help your children stay connected to your home culture.

4. Integracijos etapas

4. The integration phase

Tai yra galutinis etapas kultūros koregavimo. Per šį laiką, Amerika pradės jaustis kaip namie. Jūs pradėsite jaustis kaip jūs priklausote čia. Dabar galite maišyti dalis Amerikos kultūrą su savo kultūra. There may be things you really like about the United States and things you really treasure from your home country. Jūs galite lengvai naršyti jūsų kasdienio gyvenimo Jungtinėse Amerikos Valstijose. Jūs tikriausiai kai kurie amerikiečių draugų ir kai kurie draugai, kurie taip pat yra imigrantų ir pabėgėlių. Dabar atėjo laikas ir toliau gerinti savo švietimo. You may choose to become an American citizen.

This is the final phase of cultural adjustment. During this time, America will begin to feel like home. You will start to feel like you belong here. You can now mix parts of American culture with parts of your culture. There may be things you really like about the United States and things you really treasure from your home country. You can easily navigate your daily life in the United States. You probably have some American friends and some friends who are also immigrants and refugees. Now is the time to continue to improve your education. You may choose to become an American citizen.

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