ບ່ອນທີ່ຈະຊື້ອາຫານແລະເຄື່ອງນຸ່ງຫົ່ມ

ພາສາອັງກິດຍັງNo ອັງກິດ

Some newcomers are not sure where to buy the groceries they need, and they may miss traditional foods from their native country. There are many different places and ways to go shopping in the USA. Learn about the kinds of shops for buying food. Find out how to buy traditional foods. Read about where to buy clothes and how to shop online.

Some newcomers are not sure where to buy the groceries they need, and they may miss traditional foods from their native country. There are many different places and ways to go shopping in the USA. Learn about the kinds of shops for buying food. Find out how to buy traditional foods. Read about where to buy clothes and how to shop online.

Where to buy in the US, photo copyright UK Aid, CC.
ໄປຊື້ເຄື່ອງໃນສະຫະລັດ, ລິຂະສິດພາບ UK Aid, CC..
Where to buy in the US, photo copyright UK Aid, CC.
Shopping in the US, photo copyright UK Aid, CC..

ອາຫານຊື້

Buying food

The word groceries means food you buy. ທ່ານຄວນພະຍາຍາມທີ່ຈະໃຊ້ປະມານ 20% or less of your total family income on groceries each month. ນີ້ຫມາຍຄວາມວ່າຖ້າຫາກວ່າມີ $1,000 ໃນລາຍໃນແຕ່ລະເດືອນ, ທ່ານຄວນໃຊ້ $200 or less on groceries. ຖ້າຫາກວ່າທ່ານໄດ້ຮັບ $500 ໃນແຕ່ລະເດືອນ, ທ່ານສາມາດທີ່ຈະໃຊ້ພຽງແຕ່ $100 ຫຼືຫນ້ອຍກ່ຽວກັບອາຫານ, if you are to also pay for housing and utilities.

The word groceries means food you buy. You should try to spend about 20% or less of your total family income on groceries each month. This means if have $1,000 in income each month, you should spend $200 or less on groceries. If you get $500 each month, you can afford to spend only $100 or less on food, if you are to also pay for housing and utilities.

Here are some useful things to know about buying food:

Here are some useful things to know about buying food:

  • Some things that cost little in your home country may be expensive in the USA. ຍົກ​ຕົວ​ຢ່າງ, ຊາວອົບພະຍົບຈາກມຽນມາອາດຈະຕ້ອງການທີ່ຈະກິນອາຫານຫມາກພ້າວສົດແລະຫມາກມ່ວງ, ແຕ່ລາຍການເຫຼົ່ານີ້ມີລາຄາແພງ.
  • Meat and fruit are often expensive in the USA. ດັ່ງນັ້ນ, ທ່ານອາດຈະຈໍາເປັນຕ້ອງໄດ້ພະຍາຍາມກິນອາຫານອາຫານໃຫມ່ຈໍານວນຫນຶ່ງເຊັ່ນດຽວກັນກັບອາຫານພື້ນເມືອງຂອງທ່ານ.
  • ອາຫານຊື້, ໂດຍສະເພາະການປູກເຂົ້າແລະຖົ່ວເຫຼືອງ, ຖົ່ວແລະຜັກຈໍານວນຫຼາຍ, ຈາກຮ້ານຂາຍເຄື່ອງແຫ້ງແລະປຸງແຕ່ງອາຫານມັນຕົວທ່ານເອງແມ່ນໂດຍທົ່ວໄປລາຄາແພງຫນ້ອຍກ່ວາຊື້ອາຫານຈາກຮ້ານອາຫານ.
  • If an item in a store is priced, ທ່ານຈໍາເປັນຕ້ອງຈ່າຍຄ່າລາຄາທີ່. ຢ່າງໃດກໍຕາມ, ນີ້ແມ່ນຄວາມຈິງນ້ອຍໃນຕະຫຼາດຫຼືຮ້ານຂາຍສິນຄ້ານໍາໃຊ້.
  • Some things that cost little in your home country may be expensive in the USA. For example, refugees from Burma may like to eat fresh coconuts and mangoes, but these items are expensive.
  • Meat and fruit are often expensive in the USA. So, you may need to try to eat some new foods as well as your traditional foods.
  • Buying food, especially rice and beans and many vegetables, from the grocery store and cooking it yourself is generally less expensive than buying food from a restaurant.
  • If an item in a store is priced, you have to pay that price. However, this is less true in markets or stores selling used goods.

Where to buy groceries

Where to buy groceries

ຕໍ່ໄປນີ້ແມ່ນສະຖານທີ່ທີ່ແຕກຕ່າງກັນທີ່ທ່ານສາມາດຊື້ສະບຽງອາຫານແມ່ນ:

Here are some different places you can buy food:

ຮ້ານຂາຍເຄື່ອງແຫ້ງ

Grocery stores

ຮ້ານຂາຍເຄື່ອງແຫ້ງໃນສະຫະລັດແມ່ນຮ້ານຂະຫນາດໃຫຍ່ທີ່ປະຕິບັດປະເພດທີ່ແຕກຕ່າງກັນຈໍານວນຫຼາຍຂອງອາຫານ. ມີຫຼາຍຄົນຂະຫນາດໃຫຍ່ແມ່ນ “ຮ້ານລະບົບຕ່ອງໂສ້.” ລະບົບຕ່ອງໂສ້ເປັນກຸ່ມຂອງຮ້ານທີ່ມີຄືກັນຢູ່ໃນເມືອງທີ່ແຕກຕ່າງກັນໃນທົ່ວສະຫະລັດ. ຮ້ານຂາຍເຄື່ອງແຫ້ງແບ່ງອອກເປັນພາກສ່ວນເຊັ່ນ: ຫມາກໄມ້ແລະຜັກ, ຊີ້ນ, ອາຫານຄືນຮູບ, ແລະອື່ນໆ. ຫຼາຍຮ້ານຂາຍເຄື່ອງແຫ້ງຂະຫນາດໃຫຍ່ແນະນໍາໃຫ້ທ່ານໄປລົງທະບຽນສໍາລັບການຟຣີ “ສະໂມສອນ” ບັດ, ຫຼື “ບັດສະມາຊິກ. ນີ້ແມ່ນດີທີ່ຈະເຮັດເພາະວ່າທ່ານມັກຈະໄດ້ຮັບສ່ວນຫຼຸດກ່ຽວກັບອາຫານຂອງທ່ານທີ່ມີບັດ, ເຖິງແມ່ນວ່າບັດແມ່ນບໍ່ເສຍຄ່າ. ຮ້ານອື່ນ, ເຊັ່ນ: Costco, ບໍ່ຄິດຄ່າບໍລິການບັດຂອງເຂົາເຈົ້າແລະຂາຍຈໍານວນຫລາຍຂອງອາຫານລາຄາຖືກ. ເຫຼົ່ານີ້ແມ່ນຕົກເປັນມູນຄ່າເຂົ້າຮ່ວມຖ້າຫາກວ່າທ່ານມີຄອບຄົວຂະຫນາດໃຫຍ່ແລະມີການຊື້ສະບຽງອາຫານແລະໃຊ້ໃນຄົວເຮືອນລາຍການໃນປະລິມານຂະຫນາດໃຫຍ່.

Grocery stores in the US are large stores that carry many different types of food. There are several large grocery “chain stores.” A chain is a group of stores that are the same in different cities across the US. Grocery stores are divided into sections such as fruit and vegetables, meat, canned foods, etc. Many large grocery stores encourage you to sign up for free “Club” cards, or “membership cards. This is good to do because you often receive a discount on your food with a card, even though the card is free. Other stores, such as Costco, do charge for their cards and sell large quantities of food more cheaply. These are worth joining if you have a big family and are buying food and household items in large quantities.

ຊາວກະສິກອນ’ ຕະຫຼາດ

Farmers’ markets

ເມືອງສ່ວນໃຫຍ່ໃນສະຫະລັດມີຊາວກະສິກອນ’ ຕະຫຼາດ, ໂດຍສະເພາະແມ່ນຢູ່ໃນຮ້ອນໄດ້. ໃນຊາວກະສິກອນ’ ຕະຫຼາດ, ທ່ານສາມາດຊອກຫາຫມາກໄມ້ສົດແລະຜັກການຂະຫຍາຍຕົວແລະຂາຍໂດຍຊາວກະສິກອນຂອງເຂົາເຈົ້າເອງ. ໃນ​ລະ​ດູ​ຮ້ອນ, ທ່ານອາດຈະໃຊ້ເງິນຫນ້ອຍຫຼັງຈາກນັ້ນທ່ານຈະຢູ່ໃນຮ້ານຂາຍເຄື່ອງແຫ້ງເປັນສໍາລັບລາຍການດຽວກັນ, ແຕ່ບໍ່ສະເຫມີໄປ - ບາງຮ້ານຂາຍເຄື່ອງແຫ້ງຂະຫນາດໃຫຍ່ມີຄວາມສາມາດທີ່ຈະຂາຍສໍາລັບການຫນ້ອຍກ່ວາຊາວກະສິກອນຜູ້ທີ່ຂະຫຍາຍຕົວຈໍານວນຂະຫນາດນ້ອຍຂອງຜະລິດຕະພັນປອດສານພິດ, ຍົກ​ຕົວ​ຢ່າງ.

Most cities in the US have farmers’ markets, especially in the summer. At a farmers’ market, you can find fresh fruit and vegetables grown and sold by the farmers themselves. In summer, you may spend less money then you would at a grocery store for the same items, but not always – some big grocery stores are able to sell for less than farmers who grow small amount of organic produce, for example.

ຮ້ານສະດວກຊື້

Convenience stores

ເຫຼົ່ານີ້ແມ່ນຮ້ານຂະຫນາດນ້ອຍທີ່ບາງຄັ້ງຂາຍປະລິມານຂະຫນາດນ້ອຍຂອງຂາຍເຄື່ອງແຫ້ງຫຼືອາຫານ. ໃນຂະນະທີ່ຮ້ານເຫຼົ່ານີ້ອາດຈະສະດວກເພາະວ່າພວກເຂົາເຈົ້າມີຄວາມໃກ້ຊິດກັບເຮືອນຂອງທ່ານ, ພວກເຂົາເຈົ້າແມ່ນມັກຈະມີລາຄາແພງຫຼາຍກ່ວາຮ້ານຂາຍເຄື່ອງແຫ້ງ.

These are small stores that sometimes sell small amounts of groceries or food. While these stores may be convenient because they are close to your house, they are often more expensive than the grocery store.

ຮ້ານປະຈໍາຊາດ

Ethnic stores

ຊຸມຊົນບາງຄົນມີຮ້ານຊົນເຜົ່າ, ຊຶ່ງຫມາຍຄວາມວ່າຮ້ານທີ່ຂາຍໃນລາຄາຂາຍເຄື່ອງແຫ້ງຈາກຄວາມເປັນມາຊົນເຜົ່າໂດຍສະເພາະເປັນ. ຍົກ​ຕົວ​ຢ່າງ, ມີອາດຈະເປັນ “ຕະຫຼາດອິນເດຍ” ຫຼື “ຕະຫຼາດຈີນ” ຂາຍໃນລາຄາອາຫານຈາກປະເທດເຫຼົ່ານັ້ນ. You can find ethnic grocery stores in many cities in FindHello.

Some communities have ethnic stores, meaning a store that sells groceries from a particular ethnic background. For example, there might be an “Indian Market” or a “Chinese Market” that sells foods from those countries. You can find ethnic grocery stores in many cities in FindHello.

ຮ້ານອາຫານ

Restaurants

Restaurants in the USA tend to be the most expensive place to get food. ຮ້ານອາຫານໄວອາຫານມີລາຄາຖືກກ່ວາຮ້ານອາຫານປົກກະຕິ, but you have to choose carefully so as to not eat too much unhealthy food.

Restaurants in the USA tend to be the most expensive place to get food. Fast-food restaurants are cheaper than regular restaurants, but you have to choose carefully so as to not eat too much unhealthy food.

ອອນໄລນ໌

Online

There are a number of websites selling ethnic food and other specialty foods that are hard to find locally in your town or city. One example is eFood Depot.

There are a number of websites selling ethnic food and other specialty foods that are hard to find locally in your town or city. One example is eFood Depot.

You can find specialty foods by searching online. Type the words “buy [food you are looking for] online.

You can find specialty foods by searching online. Type the words “buy [food you are looking for] online.”

 

 

Where to buy clothing and household items

Where to buy clothing and household items

ຢູ່ອາເມລິກາ, you have lots of options of where to shop for clothes and things for your home. ທ່ານສະເຫມີຄວນຈະພະຍາຍາມທີ່ຈະຊື້ສິ່ງໃນເວລາທີ່ພວກເຂົາເຈົ້າແມ່ນກ່ຽວກັບການຂາຍ!

In the USA, you have lots of options of where to shop for clothes and things for your home. You should always try to buy things when they are on sale!

ຮ້ານ Thrift ຫຼືຮ້ານໃຫມ່ແລະມືສອງ

Thrift stores or used and secondhand stores

ໃນເວລາທີ່ທ່ານກໍາລັງຄິດຂອງບ່ອນທີ່ຈະຊື້ເຄື່ອງນຸ່ງຫົ່ມ, ພິຈາລະນາຮ້ານ thrift ຖ້າຫາກວ່າທ່ານຕ້ອງການທີ່ຈະຊ່ວຍປະຢັດເງິນ. ຮ້ານ Thrift ຂາຍເຄື່ອງນຸ່ງຫົ່ມ, ລາຍການຫນ້າທໍາອິດ, ແລະປະຊາຊົນອື່ນໆເຄື່ອງເຟີນີເຈີໄດ້ໃຫ້ໄປ. ຖ້າຫາກວ່າທ່ານໃຊ້ເວລາເວລາທີ່ຈະເບິ່ງ, ທ່ານຈະສາມາດຊອກຫາເຄື່ອງນຸ່ງຫົ່ມທີ່ດີທີ່ສຸດ, ລາຍການສໍາລັບເຮືອນຄົວຂອງທ່ານ, ເຄື່ອງເຟີນີເຈີ, ຫຼິ້ນ, ແລະອື່ນ ໆ ທີ່ຮ້ານ thrift. ຮ້ານເຫຼົ່ານີ້ມີແນວໂນ້ມທີ່ຈະຫຼາຍຕ່ໍາຄ່າໃຊ້ຈ່າຍ, ແລະພວກເຂົາເຈົ້າມັກຈະມີວັນທີ່ທຸກສິ່ງທຸກຢ່າງໃນຮ້ານນີ້ແມ່ນກ່ຽວກັບການຂາຍ.

When you are thinking of where to buy clothes, consider thrift stores if you want to save money. Thrift stores sell clothes, home items, and furniture other people have given away. If you take time to look, you can often find very nice clothes, items for your kitchen, furniture, toys, and more at thrift stores. These stores tend to be very low-cost, and they often have days where everything in the store is on sale.

ຂາຍ Garage ແລະການຂາຍເດີ່ນ

Garage sales and yard sales

A ຂາຍ garage ຫຼືເດີ່ນຂາຍເປັນສະຖານທີ່ທີ່ຍິ່ງໃຫຍ່ເພື່ອຊອກຫາເຄື່ອງນຸ່ງຫົ່ມແລະຄອບຄົວລາຍການໃຫມ່. ລາຍການເຫຼົ່ານີ້ແມ່ນປົກກະຕິລາຄາຂ້ອນຂ້າງ. Garage sales and yard sales are one of the few places you can barter in the USA. ນີ້ຫມາຍຄວາມວ່າຖ້າຫາກວ່າທ່ານຢູ່ໃນ garage ຫຼືເດີ່ນຂາຍ, ທ່ານສາມາດພະຍາຍາມທີ່ຈະຮ້ອງຂໍໃຫ້ມີລາຄາຕ່ໍາກ່ວາສິ່ງທີ່ລາຍລັກອັກສອນກ່ຽວກັບການລາຍການທີ່.

A garage sale or yard sale is a great place to find used clothing and household items. These items are normally quite cheap. Garage sales and yard sales are one of the few places you can barter in the USA. This means if you are at a garage or yard sale, you can try to ask for a lower price than what is written on the item.

ພະແນກຮ້ານຄ້າແລະສູນການ

Department stores and malls

ນອກນັ້ນທ່ານຍັງສາມາດຊື້ສິນຄ້າທີ່ຮ້ານຂອງພະແນກຫຼືສູນການຄ້າ. ຮ້ານເຫຼົ່ານີ້ມີແນວໂນ້ມທີ່ມີລາຄາແພງຫຼາຍແລະມີຍີ່ຫໍ້ທີ່ມີຊື່ສຽງຊື່. ນີ້ຫມາຍຄວາມວ່າລາຍໄດ້ຮັບຄວາມນິຍົມເນື່ອງຈາກວ່າຖ່ານກ້ອນແມ່ນດີທີ່ຮູ້ຈັກ, ເຊັ່ນ: ເກີບ Nike.

You can also shop at department stores or the mall. These stores tend to be more expensive and have famous name brands. This means the items are popular because the brand is well-known, such as Nike shoes.

superstores

Superstores

Superstores are stores in the USA that sell nearly everything. ເຫຼົ່ານີ້ລວມມີຮ້ານຄື Walmart, ເປົ້າຫມາຍ, ແລະ Kmart. ຮ້ານເຫຼົ່ານີ້ແມ່ນໂດຍທົ່ວໄປລາຄາຖືກກວ່າຮ້ານຂອງພະແນກການຄ້າ.

Superstores are stores in the USA that sell nearly everything. These include stores like Walmart, Target, and Kmart. These stores are generally cheaper than name brand department stores.

ໄປຊື້ເຄື່ອງຢູ່ໃນທ້ອງຖິ່ນ

Shopping locally

There are probably lots of local stores in your new town. ມັນເປັນການດີທີ່ຈະຊື້ຢູ່ໃນທ້ອງຖິ່ນເພາະວ່າເງິນຂອງທ່ານຢູ່ໃນຊຸມຊົນຂອງທ່ານ. ເຖິງແມ່ນວ່າທ່ານອາດຈະຊອກຫາຮ້ານເຈົ້າຂອງໂດຍຊາວອົບພະຍົບອີກ.

There are probably lots of local stores in your new town. It is nice to shop locally because your money stays in your community. You may even find a store owned by another refugee.

ຮ້ານອຸປະກອນ

Hardware stores

ຖ້າຫາກວ່າທ່ານຕ້ອງການລາຍການສໍາລັບເຮືອນຂອງທ່ານຫຼືການສ້ອມແປງເຮືອນຂອງທ່ານ, ທ່ານສາມາດຊື້ສິນຄ້າທີ່ຮ້ານຂາຍເຄື່ອງໂລ. The people who work at these stores will answer your questions about home repair.

If you need items for your house or to repair your home, you can shop at a hardware store. The people who work at these stores will answer your questions about home repair.

Online and mail order

Online and mail order

A lot of Americans buy their clothes online or from catalogs that come in the mail. ຢູ່ອາເມລິກາ, you can return clothes you buy online or from a catalog, just like you can return items bought in stores.

A lot of Americans buy their clothes online or from catalogs that come in the mail. In the USA, you can return clothes you buy online or from a catalog, just like you can return items bought in stores.

ກັບຄືນລາຍການ

Returning items

Stores in the USA let people return goods if there is something wrong with them or even if they just change their mind. But they will not allow you to return something after you have used it. ເມື່ອໃດກໍຕາມທີ່ທ່ານໄປຊື້, ຮັກສາໄດ້ຮັບຂອງທ່ານ. This is proof that you bought the item and when you bought it. ຖ້າຫາກວ່າທ່ານຕັດສິນໃຈທີ່ທ່ານຕ້ອງການທີ່ຈະກັບຄືນລາຍການ, you will need the receipt. It is harder to return fresh foods, but you should always return food if you found it was spoiled or past itssell by” ວັນ.

Stores in the USA let people return goods if there is something wrong with them or even if they just change their mind. But they will not allow you to return something after you have used it. Whenever you shop, keep your receipt. This is proof that you bought the item and when you bought it. If you decide you want to return an item, you will need the receipt. It is harder to return fresh foods, but you should always return food if you found it was spoiled or past its “sell by” date.

ຮຽນຮູ້ເພີ່ມເຕີມ

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