karkerên’ mafên

English jîNo English

Carekê tu karekî peyda, hûn xwedî maf, hin ji bo parastina te li ser kar. Li DYA, everyone must be treated fairly. Your boss must follow laws or he/she will be fined or punished by the law. Read to learn more about workersrights in the USA.

Once you find a job, you have certain rights to protect you at work. In the USA, everyone must be treated fairly. Your boss must follow laws or he/she will be fined or punished by the law. Read to learn more about workers’ rights in the USA.

Workers' rights - woman worker

Workers' rights - woman worker

The government in the USA has workers’ qanûnên mafên ku dibêjin ka çiqas pare tu divê. bi qanûnên li ser çend demjimêran tu kar û çawa kardêrê te xatirgirtin hene. kardêrê te divê li cihekî ewle û saxlem û ji bo we ji bo xebatê ne. If he or she does not, they can be punished by law.

The government in the USA has workers’ rights laws that say how much money you must make. There are also laws about how many hours you can work and how your employer treats you. Your employer must provide a safe and healthy place for you to work. If he or she does not, they can be punished by law.

meaşê asgarî

Minimum wage

Hikûmeta federal jî qanûnên ji bo tevahiya welêt. Hikûmetên dewletê bide qanûnên li welatên wan. Hikûmeta federal û her dewletê a set a meaşê asgarî. Meaşê asgarî ji meblexa ku xwedîkar, divê karmendên xwe bidin e. Mûçeyê federal e $7.25 Serî saetê. Ev tê wê wateyê ku xwedîyê kar ji her derê li Dewletên Yekbûyî yên Amerîkayê (Must) hûn qet nebe bidin $7.25 Serî saetê.

The federal government makes laws for the whole country. The state governments make laws in their states. The federal government and every state have a set a minimum wage. Minimum wage is the lowest amount that employers must pay their employees. The federal minimum wage is $7.25 per hour. This means that an employer anywhere in the United States MUST pay you at least $7.25 per hour.

meaşê asgarî ya Dewletê

State minimum wage

Carna herî kêm dewlet meaşê bilindtir e ji meaşê asgarî federal e. Bo nimûne, dewletê yên California a meaşê asgarî yên $8.00 Serî saetê. Arizona a meaşê asgarî yên $7.65 Serî saetê. Di van dewletan de, xwedîkar, divê karkerên mîqdara mezintir bidin.

Sometimes the state minimum wage is higher than the federal minimum wage. For example, the state of California has a minimum wage of $8.00 per hour. Arizona has a minimum wage of $7.65 per hour. In these states, employers must pay workers the higher amount.

Meaşê asgarî û tips

Minimum wage and tips

Tips pere ji mişterî ji we re spas dikim ji bo xizmeta ku we. Tips bi xwarinê an bacê li gorî mêjera di nav de ne. Ger tu li xwaringehekê yan di karekî de dixebitin ku tu tips bêtir ji qebûl $30 mehek, hingê hûn dikarin wek mendî “Xebatkarê bi serûbinkirina.” karmendên bi serûbinkirina divê qet nebe bêne razandin $2.13 serê saetekê plus tips xwe. Tips, divê zêdetir be $5.12 saetê de, da ku hûn bi hê jî bi maaş mûçeyê herî kêm federal ya $7.25 ($2.13 + $5.12 = $7.25). There are some restaurants that include the tip in the bill. When you are hired, your boss will tell you the rules about tipping. You can read more about the rules for tipped employees vir.

Tips are money from customers to thank you for your service. Tips are not included in the meal or tax amount. If you work in a restaurant or in a job where you receive tips of more than $30 a month, then you can be employed as a “tipped employee.” Tipped employees must be paid at least $2.13 per hour plus their tips. Tips must be more than $5.12 per hour so that you are still earning the federal minimum wage of $7.25 ($2.13 + $5.12 = $7.25). There are some restaurants that include the tip in the bill. When you are hired, your boss will tell you the rules about tipping. You can read more about the rules for tipped employees here.

meaşê wekhev

Equal wages

Li hin welatan, mêr û jinan bi hev cuda tê dayîn. Lebê, ME qanûnên destûr nadin vê yekê. Heke tu bi kirina karê eynî wekî co-karker, hûn divê bê heman. Divê tu bi heman pay mesaiya zêde bistînin, saetan tatîlê de, û prîman. Employees should only get more if they are in different positions or do more in the same position. They can also be paid more if they have better skills or more experience in the field they work in.

In some countries, men and women are paid differently. However, US laws don’t allow this. If you are doing the same job as a co-worker, you must be paid the same. You should also get the same overtime pay, vacation hours, and bonuses. Employees should only get more if they are in different positions or do more in the same position. They can also be paid more if they have better skills or more experience in the field they work in.

Biçûkdîtinî

Discrimination

qanûnên Cudakarîya patron, teşwîq to hire gel ji kokên cuda cuda û ji bo tedawîya herkes bi heman. Ev qedexe ye ji bo ji karsaz hûn ji ber hire NOT:

Discrimination laws encourage employers to hire people from different backgrounds and to treat everyone the same. It is illegal for an employer to NOT hire you because of:

  • Regez
  • Nîjad
  • Ol
  • Karnezanî: pirsgirêkên fîzîkî an jî nexweşiyeke
  • Kalbûn: ku 40 an kevntir
  • eslê neteweyî: hûn ji ku derê
  • Gender
  • Race
  • Religion
  • Disability: having physical problems or an illness
  • Age: being 40 or older
  • National origin: where you come from

birîndar work

Work injuries

Birîndar dikarin ji we re bibe dema kar. Ger tu dixeyîdin dema kar, pir girîng e ji bo gerînendeyê te re dibêjim mafê dûr. Tu jî divê doktor ji bo tedawîya ziyana te bibînin. karkerên’ qanûnên tezmînatê dikarin mafên xwe biparêzin, ji bo dermankirinê. Hinek ji tedawî û meaşê xwe nikaribû wê ji bo ji aliyê şîrketa xwe pere.

Injuries can happen to you while working. If you get hurt while working, it is very important to tell your manager right away. You also need to find a doctor to treat your injury. Workers’ compensation laws can protect your rights to have treatment. Some of your treatment and wages could be paid for by your company.

Mafê taybetmendiya

Right to privacy

şîrketa te qedexe ye, ku li tiştên we yên şexsî mêze. cizdanê xwe, bags, de dolabên depo, û briefcases ne bi tenê ji bo te. Ger tu mail ku ji navê te li ser wê bistîne, Gerînendeyê te destûr ne ji bo wê bixwînin.

Your company is not allowed to look at your personal things. Your purse, bags, storage lockers, and briefcases are only for you. If you receive mail that has your name on it, your manager is not allowed to read it.

Ger tu komputerê bikar bînin ji bo karê, Karsazê te destûr heye ku li mailên xwe binêre,. Eger tu bi kar telefona, hin şîrketên bi destûr to listen to telefon û peyamên we. Ev ji bo her şîrketa cuda ye. Divê hûn tu caran dibêjin an dinivîsin tiştên neyinî li ser şîrketa xwe.

If you use a computer for work, your boss is allowed to look at your emails. If you use a phone, some companies are allowed to listen to your phone calls and messages. This is different for every company. You should never say or write negative things about your company.

bighêne nerewa

Unfair termination

bighêne nerewa wê maneyê ku tu ji ber sedemeke neqanûnî, gulebaran kir. Eger tu difikirî ku tu karê xwe ji ber cudakarî ji dest da, birîndar kar, tacîz an jî, divê hûn li ser dipeyivin bi parêzer difikirin. in ku parêzerên kesên bi kedkaran alîkariyê hene.

Unfair termination means that you got fired for an illegal reason. If you think that you lost your job because of discrimination, a work injury, or harassment, you should think about talking to a lawyer. There are lawyers who help people with workers’rights.

Eger tu bawer tiştên neqanûnî bi li karê te çi diqewime, kardêrê te re dibêjim,. Ger kardêrê te ye ji bo alîkariye ne, nivîsandina tiştên ku diqewimin. Hûn dikarin ev agahî piştre divê.

If you think illegal things are happening in your workplace, tell your employer. If your employer is not able to help, write down what is happening. You may need this information later.

selametîyê li cihê kar

Workplace safety

kardêrê te divê bi cîh bikin karê te ewle ye û bê bibihurin.. Nûxwaziyê tiştên ku dikarin ji we biêşîne in, yên wek kîmyewîyan an Amûrên bişkê an alavên. Carna, karê xwe de tu tiştekî ne ewle. Bo nimûne, a Karkerê înşaatê, dibe ku rabim ser avahîyên bilind. Di bin Şerîetê de, karmendan ji we re li ser xetera potansîyel li kargehan re dibêjim. Ew jî ji bo we perwerde dikin, zimanê ku hûn fêm bikin hene. Ger tu hest an jî dîtina tiştekî ne ewle ye ku rêveberê te nayê nizanin, ji wan re bêje.

Your employer must make sure your workplace is safe and without hazards. Hazards are things that can harm you, such as chemicals or unsafe tools or equipment. Sometimes, your job requires you to do something unsafe. For example, a construction worker might have to climb up on tall buildings. Under the law, employers have to tell you about the potential dangers at the workplace. They also have to train you in a language that you understand. If you feel or see something is unsafe that your manager does not know about, tell them.

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