şokeke çandî

English jîNo English

Wekî ku hûn ji bo avakirina çandeke nû eyar, hûn dikarin bi riya heyamên cuda ku tu hest bi awayên cuda here. Part of the process is known as “şokeke çandî.” Understanding about culture shock will help you accept the feelings and make it easier to adjust.

As you adjust to a new culture, you may go through different periods where you feel different ways. Part of the process is known as “culture shock.” Understanding about culture shock will help you accept the feelings and make it easier to adjust.

Culture shock infographic
Image courtesy of the Cultural Orientation Resource Center
Culture shock infographic
Image courtesy of the Cultural Orientation Resource Center

The picture above shows how people feel as they go through the stages of cultural adjustment. Werin em li qonaxên binêrin li Faktayên zêdetir.

The picture above shows how people feel as they go through the stages of cultural adjustment. Let’s look at the stages in more detail.

1. Di qonaxa mayîne,

1. The honeymoon phase

Gava ku tu di destpêkê de di DYEyê, dibe ku hûn hest şa û heyecan. Hûn dikarin gelek ji armanc û hêvîyên ji bo çi wê di jiyana te ya nû bibe xwedî. Te dibe li benda dîtin ku bêm ba Amerîka ji bo demeke dirêj. You may have heard lots of great things about the USA. Tu hêvî dikim ku hûn ê bi lez karekî baş, xwedî mala nice, and earn English. Dibe ku tu bibe demarî, lê te bi hêvî me ku hemû tiştên nû li Amerîkayê.

When you first arrive in the USA, you may feel happy and excited. You may have lots of goals and expectations for what will happen in your new life. You have probably been waiting to come to America for a long time. You may have heard lots of great things about the USA. You expect that you will quickly get a good job, have a nice house, and earn English. You may be nervous, but you look forward to all the new things in America.

2. Di qonaxa şokeke çandî

2. The culture shock phase

Di vê heyamê de dem, tu dest bi xemgîn û xemgîn. Dibe ku tu dest bi hîs hêrs. Dibe ku hun hest bi şermokî yan jî bi rastî li welatê xwe teslîmî.

During this time period, you may start to feel upset and sad. You may start to feel angry. You might feel scared or really miss your home country.

Eger tu English dipeyivin ne, qonaxa şokeke çandî dikarin demeke dirêj bidome. Ji bo alîkarîya we di vê demê de, divê tu hewl bo hevdîtina penaberên din ên ji çanda xwe û bibîne dikanên ku xwarina kevneşopî te.

If you do not speak English, the culture shock phase can last a long time. To help you during this time, you should try to meet other refugees from your culture and find stores that sell your traditional food.

Îşaretên şokeke çandî de:

Signs of culture shock include:

  • helplessness
  • thinking that everything is dirty
  • feeling afraid
  • anger
  • boredom
  • sleeping too much
  • helplessness
  • thinking that everything is dirty
  • feeling afraid
  • anger
  • boredom
  • sleeping too much

Dibe ku tu dest bi guman dikin ku çanda Amerîkî xerab e an ku tu tiştekî li ser Amerîka ne wek. Ji kerema xwe dizanin ku ev pêvajoyeke hevbeş ji bo hemû kesên ku li çandên nû ye. Paştirîn, hûn dê ji bo qonaxa dahatû bar. Eger tu bar ne li ser, û hê jî hûn hest bi xemgînî an jî bi hêrs, you may need some extra help, and you should talk to your caseworker about it. Wekî penaber, hûn bi riya gelek tişt zehmet bû û ev hemû maf heye ku pêdivî bi alîkarîya zêde ye.

You may start to think that American culture is terrible or that you do not like anything about America. Please know that this is a common phase for all people living in new cultures. Eventually, you will move to the next phase. If you do not move on, and you still feel sad or angry, you may need some extra help, and you should talk to your caseworker about it. As a refugee, you have been through many hard things and it is all right to need extra help.

3. Di qonaxa ligorî

3. The adjustment phase

Piştî çend rojan, you will hopefully move past the culture shock phase and you will begin to adjust to life in the USA. You start to understand the reality of what life will be like in a new country. You may decide to take a low-paying job because it will help your family. Tu dest pê bikin û hîn English. Tu bi dibe dest bi xwedî rûtîn. Life dest bi hîs normal.

After some time, you will hopefully move past the culture shock phase and you will begin to adjust to life in the USA. You start to understand the reality of what life will be like in a new country. You may decide to take a low-paying job because it will help your family. You will begin to learn English. You are probably starting to have a routine. Life begins to feel normal.

One common challenge during this time period is that your children may be adjusting to life in the USA more quickly than you are. Ev pir têye, lê tiştên ku tu dikarî çi bikî ji bo alîkarîya zarokên xwe girêdayî çanda mala xwe li wir bimînin.

One common challenge during this time period is that your children may be adjusting to life in the USA more quickly than you are. This is very common, but there are things you can do to help your children stay connected to your home culture.

4. Di qonaxa entegrasyonê

4. The integration phase

Ev qonaxa dawî ya xebatekî çandî ye. Di vê demê de, Amerîka wê dest pê bikin wek mala xwe. Tu dê dest pê bike ji bo xwe wekî te ne li vir. Tu niha dikarî parçeyên çanda Amerîkî mix bi parçeyên din ên çanda xwe. dibe ku tiştên hûn bi rastî jî wek li ser Dewletên Yekbûyî yên Amerîkayê û tiştên ku tu bi rastî jî ji welatê xwe, binirxînin û li wê derê. Hûn dikarin bi hêsanî jiyana we ya rojane navigate li Dewletên Yekbûyî yên Amerîkayê. Tu bêguman hin dostên me yên Amerîkî û hin hevalên wî yên ku bi koçberan û penaberan in. Niha dema ku berdewam ji bo baştirkirina perwerdeya xwe ye. You may choose to become an American citizen.

This is the final phase of cultural adjustment. During this time, America will begin to feel like home. You will start to feel like you belong here. You can now mix parts of American culture with parts of your culture. There may be things you really like about the United States and things you really treasure from your home country. You can easily navigate your daily life in the United States. You probably have some American friends and some friends who are also immigrants and refugees. Now is the time to continue to improve your education. You may choose to become an American citizen.

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