Public School nyob rau hauv lub teb chaws USA
Lub tsev kawm ntawv nyob rau hauv America
School in America
Public School yog free tsev kawm ntawv muaj rau tag nrho cov me nyuam nyob rau hauv lub tebchaws United States.
Public School is free school available to all children in the United States.
Yuav ua li cas hom ntawm pej xeem cov tsev kawm ntawv yog muaj?
What types of public schools are there?
Me nyuam tseem yau txoj kev kawm ntawv
Early childhood education
Early kev kawm ntawv yog ib lub sij hawm siv los tham txog cov me nyuam yaus raug kev kawm ntawv. Txawm tias thaum twg koj tus me nyuam yog ib tug me nyuam, nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb los pab nyeem ntawv rau lawv, hu nkauj nrog lawv thiab pab lawv kawm ob qho tib si koj thawj hom lus thiab lus Askiv. Muaj kev tshawb fawb uas qhia tau hais tias cov me nyuam uas yog tau ob yam lus, hais lus ob lossis ntau hom lus, muaj ntau zoo tshaj cov me nyuam uas txawj hais lus tsuas yog ib cov lus. Me nyuam tseem yau txoj kev kawm ntawv chaw zov me nyuam thiab chaw zov me nyuam uas muaj nyob rau cov me nyuam mos los ntawm cov me nyuam muaj hnub nyoog plaub los yog tsib.
Early education is a term used to talk about young children being exposed to education. Even when your child is a baby, it is important to help read to them, sing with them and help them learn both your first language and English. There is research that shows children who are bilingual, speaking two or more languages, have more advantages than children who speak only one language. Early childhood education centers and daycare centers are available for infants through children age four or five.
Preschool pab cov me nyuam (muaj hnub nyoog peb thiab plaub) tsim. Nws yuav pab kom lawv npaj txhij rau lub tsev kawm ntawv thaum muaj hnub nyoog tsib los sis rau. Ib tug kev xaiv rau preschool yog hu ua Head Start. Preschool-hnub nyoog cov me nyuam los ntawm tsev neeg txom nyem yuav tau mus koom Head Start cov kev pab cuam. Head Start yog ib tug uas tsis muaj nqi preschool khiav los ntawm cov tsoom fwv. Koj muaj peev xwm nrhiav rau ib tug Head Start pab cuam nyob ze ntawm koj.
Preschool helps children (ages three and four) develop. It helps them be ready for school at age five or six. One option for preschool is called Head Start. Preschool-aged children from low-income families can attend Head Start programs. Head Start is a low-cost preschool run by the government. You can search for a Head Start program near you.
Elementary tsev kawm ntawv
Feem ntau cov menyuam pib kawm ntawv qib qis nrog kindergarten (K) thaum muaj hnub nyoog tsib xyoos thiab tseem mus txog qib tsib los sis rau. Lawv tawm tsev kawm ntawv nyob ib ncig ntawm lub hnub nyoog kaum los yog kaum ib. Cov me nyuam kawm ntau yam los ntawm ib tug xib fwb qhia ntawv nyob rau hauv ib chav kawm ntawv.
Children usually begin elementary school with kindergarten (K) at age five and continue through grade five or six. They leave elementary school around age ten or eleven. Children learn many subjects from one teacher in a single classroom.
Middle tsev kawm ntawv (kuj hu ua junior high school)
Middle school (also called junior high school)
Middle tsev kawm ntawv qhia cov tub ntxhais kawm qib rau los ntawm yim. Lawv yog cov nyob ib ncig ntawm cov muaj hnub nyoog kaum rau 14. Middle tsev kawm ntawv cov tub ntxhais kawm feem ntau hloov los ntawm chav kawm mus hauv chav kawm ntawv. Tej zaum lawv yuav muaj ntau yam sib txawv cov xib fwb nyob rau hauv ib lub tsev kawm hnub.
Middle school teaches students grades six through eight. They are around ages ten to 14. Middle school students usually switch from classroom to classroom. They may have many different teachers in one school day.
High tsev kawm ntawv
Cov menyuam kawm ntawv mus kawm high school uas muaj hnub nyoog 14 thiab feem ntau 17 los yog 18. Cov chav kawm cov txheej txheem los ntawm kev kawm. Ib tug me nyuam kawm ntawv tej zaum yuav muaj ntau yam cov xib fwb nyob rau hauv ib hnub. Qee cov menyuam kawm yuav siv sij hawm hoob. Qee cov menyuam kawm yuav siv sij hawm kawm ntawv uas npaj lawv rau kev ua hauj lwm los yog kev kawm qib siab. High tsev kawm ntawv muaj clubs, kev ua ub no, kev ua si, ua hauj lwm kev kawm npaj, thiab lwm yam kev ua ub no.
Students attend high school between the ages of 14 and usually 17 or 18. The classes are arranged by subjects. A student may have many teachers in one day. Some students can take advanced classes. Some students can take classes that prepare them for work or for college. High schools have clubs, activities, sports, work-study arrangements, and other activities.
Leej twg ua hauj lwm tom tsev kawm ntawv?
Who works at schools?
Cov neeg tej zaum koj yuav tau raws li nyob rau hauv cov tsev kawm ntawv:
People you might meet at the school:
Cov xib fwb
Cov xib fwb yog cov neeg ncaj qha lub luag hauj lwm rau kev kawm ntawv cov tub ntxhais kawm. Lawv lead kawm kev ua ub no nyob rau hauv chav kawm ntawv. Nyob rau hauv lub US, tsev neeg qhia kev hwm rau cov xib fwb los ntawm ua hauj lwm nrog cov xib fwb los muab kev kawm thiab txhawb lawv cov me nyuam.
Teachers are the people directly responsible for educating students. They lead learning activities in classrooms. In the US, families show respect for teachers by working with the teachers to educate and support their children.
Nyob rau hauv muaj ntau yam tsev kawm ntawv, pab pab cov xib fwb nyob rau hauv lawv cov chav kawm. Ib txhia chav kawm ntawv muaj ntau yam pab thiab ib co tsis muaj, nyob ntawm seb cov kev xav tau ntawm cov tub ntxhais kawm tsis pub dhau lub chav kawm ntawv. Pab tej zaum yuav pab tau ib tug me nyuam kawm ntawv uas yog kawm lus Askiv. Pab tej zaum yuav pab tau tej pawg me me ntawm cov tub ntxhais kawm kom tiav lawv cov ua hauj lwm.
In many schools, aides help teachers in their classrooms. Some classrooms have multiple aides and some have none, depending on the needs of students within the classroom. Aides might help a student who is learning English. Aides might help small groups of students complete their work.
Thawj Tswj Tsev Kawm
Tus thawj xib fwb yog lub taub hau khiav dej num ntawm lub tsev kawm ntawv. Tus thawj xib fwb yog lub luag hauj lwm rau xyuas tag nrho cov xib fwb nyob rau hauv lub tsev kawm ntawv. Tus thawj xib fwb yog tus thawj coj ntawm cov xib fwb. Tus thawj xib fwb tsis qhia cov menyuam kawm. Es tsis txhob, tus thawj xib fwb yuav pab cov xib fwb, pab nrog qhuab qhia, thiab ua rau yus lub tsev kawm ntawv. Nyob rau hauv loj cov tsev kawm ntawv, tseem muaj lwm cov thawj. Vice tuam thawj xib fwb pab tus thawj xib fwb. Nyob rau hauv lub US, Yog hais tias ib tug niam txiv muaj teeb meem nrog ib tug xib fwb, niam txiv feem ntau yog hais lus rau tus thawj xib fwb.
The principal is the head administrator at a school. The principal is responsible for overseeing all the teachers in the school building. The principal is the leader of the teachers. The principal does not teach students. Instead, the principal helps the teachers, helps with discipline, and leads the school. In big schools, there are also vice principals. Vice principals help the principal. In the US, if a parent has trouble with a teacher, the parent usually talks to the principal.
Lub tsev kawm ntawv cov counselors pab cov menyuam kawm ntawv kev kawm, tus kheej, social, thiab cov hauj lwm kev loj hlob xav tau kev pab. Lub tsev kawm ntawv cov counselors ua cov kev pab cuam uas yuav pab tau cov tub ntxhais kawm ua tau zoo nyob rau hauv tsev kawm ntawv. Cov counselors yuav pab heev rau neeg tawg rog cov tsev neeg. Cov counselors yuav pab tau koj tus me nyuam kawm ntawv kho mus rau lawv lub tsev kawm ntawv tshiab. Counselors yuav paub txog kev kawm tshwj xeeb rau cov tub ntxhais kawm thoj nam tawg rog. Counselors tej zaum kuj pab tau nrog kev puas hlwb thiab lub cev tus kws kho. Ib tug kws pab tswv yim yog ib tug neeg zoo los tham rau ntawm lub tsev kawm ntawv yog tias koj xav tias koj tus menyuam kawm ntawv tej zaum yuav xav tau kev pab ntxiv.
School counselors help students’ academic, personal, social, and career development needs. School counselors lead programs that help students succeed in school. Counselors can be very helpful for refugee families. Counselors can help your student adjust to their new school. Counselors might know about special programs for refugee students. Counselors sometimes also help with mental and physical healthcare. A counselor is a good person to talk to at the school if you think your student might need extra help.
Nurses ua hauj lwm nyob rau hauv cov tsev kawm ntawv kom cov tub ntxhais kawm muaj kev nyab xeeb thiab noj qab nyob zoo. Yog hais tias ib tug me nyuam kawm ntawv yog koj muaj mob, tus kws qhia ntawv tej zaum yuav xa mus rau tus nais maum. Yog hais tias tus menyuam kawm ntawv yog muaj mob, tus nais maum txiav txim siab xa lawv tsev kom txog rau thaum lawv xav tias zoo dua. Nyob rau hauv lub US, kev saib xyuas ntawm cov menyuam kawm ntawv puas siab puas ntsws noj qab haus huv yog ib qho tseem ceeb ib feem ntawm lub tsev kawm ntawv yuav mus. Tej zaum, me nyuam kawm ntawv muaj ib lub sij hawm nyob rau hauv chav kawm ntawv vim hais tias lawv muaj ib lub sij hawm kho mus rau lub neej nyob rau hauv lub US. Tej zaum lawv yuav xav tau kev pab ntxiv vim hais tias tuaj mus rau lub US los ntawm ib tug txawv teb chaws yog ib qhov nyuaj heev. Nurses yuav pab txhawb cov tub ntxhais kawm uas muaj teeb meem kho.
Nurses work in schools to keep students safe and healthy. If a student is feeling sick, the teacher might send them to the nurse. If the student is sick, the nurse decides to send them home until they feel better. In the US, taking care of students’ mental health is an important part of going to school. Sometimes, students have a hard time in class because they are having a hard time adjusting to life in the US. They might need extra help because coming to the US from a different country is very hard. Nurses can help support students who are having difficulty adjusting.
Lub tsev kawm ntawv secretary pab tus thawj xib fwb thiab feem ntau ua hauj lwm nyob rau hauv pem hauv ntej chaw ua hauj lwm ntawm lub tsev kawm ntawv. Thaum koj tuaj mus rau koj tus me nyuam lub tsev kawm ntawv, tej zaum koj yuav tau kos npe rau ib daim ntawv mus xyuas nyob rau hauv. Qhov no yuav pab kom cov tub ntxhais kawm muaj kev nyab xeeb. Lub secretary yuav pab tau koj kos npe rau hauv. Lub secretary yuav qhia koj mus qhov twg. Yog hais tias koj xav tau kev pab kos npe rau lub tsev kawm ntawv, tus tuav ntaub ntawv pab. Ib txhia tsev kawm ntawv yuav tsum tau koj kos npe rau ib daim ntawv coj koj tus menyuam hauv tsev los ntawm lub tsev kawm ntawv thaum ntxov. Lub secretary yuav pab tau koj kos npe rau koj tus me nyuam tawm. Qhov no yog kom koj tus me nyuam muaj kev nyab xeeb. Lawv muaj peev xwm tsuas mus tsev nrog ib tug neeg laus.
The school secretary helps the principal and often works in the front office of the school building. When you come to your child’s school, you may need to sign a paper to check in. This helps keep students safe. The secretary will help you sign in. The secretary can show you where to go. If you need help signing up for school, the secretary helps. Some schools require you to sign a paper to take your child home from school early. The secretary will help you sign your child out. This is to keep your child safe. They can only go home with a trusted adult.
Tus thawj saib cheebtsam ua ntau thawj xib fwb thiab cov tsev kawm ntawv. Superintendents ua kev txiav txim siab nyob rau hauv txoj cai, cov ntaub ntawv kawm (dab tsi cov menyuam kawm ntawv kawm nyob rau hauv chav kawm ntawv), thiab koog tsev kawm ntawv cov kev cai. Vim hais tias cov thawj tswj ua hauj lwm nrog ntau lub tsev kawm ntawv, lawv yuav tsis muaj nyob rau hauv tib lub tsev kawm ntawv raws li koj tus me nyuam.
The superintendent leads many principals and schools. Superintendents lead decisions on policy, curriculum (what the students learn in classrooms), and district rules. Because superintendents work with many schools, they might not be in the same school building as your child.
Yuav ua li cas ua ub no yuav kuv tus me nyuam ua tau nyob rau lub tsev kawm ntawv?
What activities can my child do at school?
Cov tsev kawm ntawv nyob rau hauv lub US ua tau ntau tshaj muab cov chav kawm. Cov tsev kawm ntawv muaj lwm yam txuj, zoo li teb mus ncig ua si, ntxiv-curricular activities, txheej xwm, tom qab-tsev kawm ntawv cov kev pab cuam, thiab lub caij ntuj sov camps. Cov no yuav pab tau koj tus me nyuam kawm ntawv ua phooj ywg. Lub sij hawm yuav pab tau koj tus menyuam kawm ntawv kaj siab rau hauv lub tsev kawm ntawv. Qhov no txhais tau tias lawv yuav pab tau koj tus menyuam kawm ntawv kawm tau ntawv zoo tom tsev kawm ntawv!
Schools in the US do more than provide classes. Schools offer other opportunities, like field trips, extra-curricular activities, events, after-school programs, and summer camps. These can help your student make friends. The opportunities can help your student feel welcome at the school. This means they can help your student succeed at school!
Tutoring kev pab txhawb nqa
Tutoring pab cov tub ntxhais kawm. Ib tug neeg laus, xib fwb, los yog lwm tus menyuam kawm ntawv tej zaum yuav tau pab qhia ib tug me nyuam kawm ntawv. Koj tus menyuam tej zaum yuav tau pab qhia lwm cov tub ntxhais kawm, heev. Ib txhia tsev kawm ntawv muaj cov kev pab cuam tom qab tsev kawm ntawv los yog thaum lub sij hawm tej chav kawm rau cov menyuam kawm ntawv tau txais kev pab qhia.
Tutoring helps students. An adult, teacher, or another student may be able to tutor a student. Your student may be able to tutor other students, too. Some schools have programs after school or during certain classes for students to receive tutoring.
Tib neeg thiab cov private tuam txhab uas muag kuj pab qhia. Tutors yog feem ntau muaj rau cov ib yam kev kawm teeb meem. Private pab qhia feem ntau yog tshwm sim tom qab lub tsev kawm ntawv thiab yuav raug nqi nyiaj. Koj kuj yuav muaj peev xwm nrhiav dawb pab qhia kev pab rau koj tus menyuam kawm ntawv los ntawm ib lub zos kev pab cuam ntawm ib tug nyob ze lub koom haum, kev cai dab qhuas zej zog, los yog tom qab tsev kawm ntawv qhov kev pab cuam. Tej zaum yuav muaj cov koom haum cia li rau pab cov neeg tawg rog thiab lwm yam newcomer me nyuam kawm ntawv. Koj lub tsev kawm ntawv chaw ua hauj lwm tej zaum yuav muaj ib daim ntawv teev ntiag tug pab qhia ntawv thiab dawb lub pab qhia nyob ze.
Individuals and private companies also tutor. Tutors are typically available for any subject matter. Private tutoring usually happens after school and will cost money. You may also be able to find free tutoring help for your student from a local program at a nearby organization, religious community, or after-school program. There may be organizations just for helping refugees and other newcomer students. Your school office may have a list of private tutors and free tutoring nearby.
Kuv tus me nyuam yuav tsum mus rau lub tsev kawm ntawv? Yuav ua li cas yog tsev kawm ntawv ntiav?
Does my child have to go to public school? What is private school?
Cov me nyuam yuav tsum mus rau lub tsev kawm ntawv nyob rau hauv lub tebchaws United States. Yog hais tias koj tsis txhob xa koj cov me nyuam mus kawm ntawv, koj yuav tau txais nyob rau hauv cov teeb meem.
Children must go to school in the United States. If you do not send your children to school, you can get in trouble.
Koj yuav xaiv dab tsi hom tsev kawm ntawv rau koj xa koj cov me nyuam rau. Feem ntau cov me nyuam mus rau lub tsev kawm ntawv vim hais tias nws yog dawb. Nws muaj lwm yam hom tsev kawm ntawv nyob rau hauv lub tebchaws United States dua li pej xeem cov tsev kawm ntawv. Muaj tsev kawm ntawv ntiav uas tus menyuam kawm ntawv yuav tsum them mus kawm. Muaj ntau tsev kawm ntawv ntiav yog tswj los ntawm lub koom txoos los kev cai dab qhuas cov koom haum. Txhua tsev kawm ntawv ntiav muaj ntau nqi. Ib txhia yog kim heev. Tab sis ib co muaj nyiaj pab kawm ntawv los pab cov me nyuam mus rau lub tsev kawm ntawv yog hais tias lawv tsev neeg tsis muaj nyiaj txaus los them rau lub tsev kawm ntawv ntiav. Tsev kawm ntawv ntiav yuav muaj ntau cov kev cai tshaj cov tsev kawm ntawv.
You can choose what type of school to send your children to. Most children go to public school because it is free. There are other types of schools in the United States besides public schools. There are private schools that students must pay to attend. Many private schools are managed by churches or religious organizations. Each private school has different costs. Some are very expensive. But some have scholarships to help children go to the schools if they family does not have enough money to pay for the private school. Private schools may have different rules than public schools.
Lwm hom tsev kawm ntawv yog ib tug tsev kawm ntawv charter. Charter tsev kawm ntawv raws li cov tib kev kawm thiab kev cai lij choj uas yuav tsum tau raws li tsoos pej xeem cov tsev kawm ntawv, tab sis lawv muaj txawv tswv tshaj cov tsev kawm ntawv, uas yog ua los ntawm cov tsoom fwv. Charter tsev kawm ntawv tsis muaj ua raws li ib co ntawm cov kev uas pej xeem cov tsev kawm ntawv yuav tsum ua raws li. Charter tsev kawm ntawv yog free. Feem ntau koj thov rau npe, thiab tej zaum lawv muaj ib tug nyob tos.
Another type of school is a charter school. Charter schools meet the same academic and legal requirements as traditional public schools, but they have different operators than public schools, which are operated by the government. Charter schools do not have to follow some of the constraints that public schools must follow. Charter schools are free. Usually you apply to enroll, and sometimes they have a waiting list.
Tsev tsev yog lwm txoj kev ntawm kev kawm ntawv. Tsev-schooled cov menyuam kawm ntawv tau qhia nyob rau hauv tsev los ntawm lawv niam lawv txiv. Muaj cai nyob rau hauv txhua txhua lub xeev txog hauv tsev. Cov niam txiv yog lub luag hauj lwm rau kev paub txog lub xeev cov kev cai rau tsev thiab rau koj paub tseeb tias cov kev cai yog ua raws li.
Home schooling is another method of education. Home-schooled students are taught at home by their parents. There are rules in every state about home schooling. The parent is responsible for knowing the state’s rules for home schooling and for making sure the rules are followed.
ntau cov kev pab
Nyeem txog cov cai koj thiab koj tus me nyuam kawm ntawv muaj nyob rau hauv cov tsev kawm ntawv nyob rau hauv America nyob rau hauv cov lus:
Read about the rights you and your student have in schools in America in these languages:
Nrhiav kev pab nyob ze ntawm koj
Siv FindHello mus nrhiav cov kev pab thiab cov kev pab nyob rau hauv koj lub zos.Pib koj nrhiav