Npaj rau ib txoj hauj lwm kev sib tham

English kujTsis English

A man comining into an office for a job interview

A man comining into an office for a job interview

Lub tswv yim rau kev sib tham: txhim kho koj txoj hauj lwm kev sib tham kev txawj ntse thiab kev kawm yuav ua li cas los npaj rau ib tug kev sib tham rau tej txoj hauj lwm

Tips for interviews: improve your job interview skills and learn how to prepare for a interview for any job

Vim li cas kuv yuav tsum tau los npaj rau ib txoj hauj lwm kev sib tham?

Why do I need to prepare for a job interview?

Ib txoj hauj lwm kev sib tham yog ib tug kev sib tham ntawm koj thiab lub chaw ua hauj lwm. Thaum lub sij hawm qhov kev sib tham, lub chaw ua hauj lwm yuav nug koj ntau cov lus nug. Koj yuav tsum paub yuav ua li cas los npaj rau kev sib tham vim hais tias nws yog ib tug ntawm cov tseem ceeb tshaj plaws cov kauj ruam nyob rau hauv tau txais ib txoj hauj lwm.

A job interview is a conversation between you and the employer. During the interview, the employer will ask you many questions. You need to know how to prepare for an interview because it is one of the most important steps in getting a job.

Lub chaw ua hauj lwm yuav nug txog koj kev ua hauj lwm kev. Lawv yuav xav paub txog koj txoj kev kawm thiab tej kev kawm uas koj tau. Koj cov lus teb rau cov lus nug tham kuj qhia dab tsi txog cov neeg yog. Yog hais tias koj paub yuav ua li cas los npaj rau kev sib tham, koj yuav qhia cov chaw ua hauj lwm tias koj yog ib tug neeg zoo rau cov hauj lwm

The employer will ask about your work experience. They will want to know about your education and any training you have had. Your answers to interview questions also show what kind of person are. If you know how to prepare for an interview, you will show the employer that you are a good person for the job

Txoj hauj lwm sib tham yeej tsis muab qhov chaw nyob rau hauv tus neeg. Tej zaum koj yuav muaj ib tug xov tooj sib tham thawj. Siv sij hawm no los qhia yuav ua li cas koj yuav pab tau lub tuam txhab. Yog hais tias koj kis tau tus xov tooj sib tham, ces koj yuav tau xam phaj nyob rau hauv tus neeg. Rau ntau cov hauj lwm, koj yuav muaj ib tug xov tooj sib tham thiab tsawg kawg yog ib tug nyob rau hauv-neeg kev sib tham. Los yog tej zaum lawv yuav teem ib lub video hu nrog koj.

Job interviews do not always take place in person. You may have a phone interview first. Use this chance to show how you would benefit the company. If you pass the phone interview, then you will be interviewed in person. For many jobs, you will have one phone interview and at least one in-person interview. Or they may set up a video call with you.

Ua ntej koj ua ntawv thov rau koj tom ntej no txoj hauj lwm, siv cov kauj ruam kom koj paub yuav ua li cas los npaj rau kev sib tham thiab kawm tau ntawv zoo nyob rau hauv tau txais ib txoj hauj lwm:

Before you apply for your next job, use these steps so you know how to prepare for an interview and succeed in getting a job:

Tshawb nrhiav txog qhov ua lag ua luam

Research the business

Nrhiav txhua yam uas koj ua tau txog lub tuam txhab. Yog hais tias koj cov lus nug thiab lus teb qhia kev txawj ntse txog cov lag luam, lub xam phaj yuav paub tias koj mus txog lub chaw ua hauj lwm.

Find out everything you can about the company. If your questions and answers show knowledge about the business, the interviewer will know that you care about the work.

  • Koj yuav nyeem tau los ntawm lub tuam txhab website ntaub ntawv. Koj tseem yuav nrhiav tau cov lus qhia txog lub tuam txhab nyob rau LinkedIn. Saib cov lus teb rau cov lus nug no:
    1. Yuav ua li cas yog lub tuam txhab lub hom phiaj?
    2. Yuav ua li cas yog lub tuam txhab lub hom phiaj?
    3. Yuav ua li cas yog lub tuam txhab lub ntsiab project / ua hauj lwm txoj cai tam sim no?
    4. Yuav ua li cas yuav koj cov kev txawj pab tau lub tuam txhab?
  • You can read through the company’s website information. You can also find information about the company on LinkedIn. Look for answers to these questions:
    1. What are the company’s goals?
    2. What is the company’s mission?
    3. What is the company’s main project/work right now?
    4. How can your skills benefit the company?
  • Nrhiav rau lub npe ntawm lub tuam txhab nyob rau hauv Google thiab ces nias "xov zoo" rau yog hais tias koj nrhiav tau tej xov xwm txog lub tuam txhab. Yog hais tias koj pom zoo xov xwm, koj yuav hais nws nyob rau hauv koj cov kev sib tham.
  • Nrhiav lub tuam txhab nyob rau hauv Glassdoor, uas yog ib lub website uas ua hauj lwm tham txog lub tuam txhab.
  • Yog hais tias nws yog ib tug pej xeem qhov chaw, xws li ib lub khw los yog lub tsev noj mov, mus nyob rau hauv thiab mus xyuas.
  • Search for the name of the company on Google and then click “news” to see if you find any news about the company. If you see good news, you can mention it in your interview.
  • Find the company on Glassdoor, which is a website where employees talk about the company.
  • If it’s a public place, such as a store or restaurant, go in and visit.

Thaum koj ua li koj kev tshawb fawb, pib xav txog tej lus nug uas koj muaj peev xwm nug nyob rau hauv koj cov kev sib tham, thiab sau lawv cia.

As you do your research, start thinking of some questions you can ask in your interview, and write them down.

Saib xyuas koj lub hnab

Review your resume

Koj twb ua thiab xa mus rau hauv koj lub hnab. Lub chaw ua hauj lwm yuav nug kom paub ntau ntxiv hais txog dab tsi sau rau ntawm koj lub hnab. Nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb uas koj nyeem koj xav ua ntej qhov kev sib tham. Koj yuav tsum tau piav qhia txog lub tuam txhab uas muag koj ua hauj lwm los yog tuaj rau nyob rau hauv lub yav dhau los.

You have already made and sent in your resume. The employer will ask more details about anything written on your resume. It is important that you read your resume before the interview. You should be able to describe the companies you worked or volunteered for in the past.

Paub qhov twg koj yuav mus

Know where you are going

Yog hais tias koj ua tau, ua ib tug xyaum taug txoj kev mus rau qhov kev sib tham qhov chaw ua ntej koj sib tham hnub. Kawm koj txoj kev. Yog hais tias nws yog ib tug loj tsev, nrhiav txoj cai nkag. Ces koj yuav tau npaj rau hnub ntawd.

If you can, make a practice journey to the interview location before your interview day. Learn your route. If it’s a big building, find the right entrance. Then you will be prepared for the day.

Nej yuav tsum sij hawm!

Be on time!

Npaj ua ntej thiab muab koj tus kheej sij hawm ntxiv. Nws yog zoo dua rau yuav ntxov tshaj lig vim hais tias koj yuav tos kom nyob ze. Tuaj ntawm cov kev sib tham 10 feeb thaum ntxov tab sis tsis muaj ua ntej lawm.

Plan ahead and give yourself extra time. It’s better to be early than late because you can wait nearby. Arrive at the interview 10 minutes early but no earlier.

Ua ib tug zoo neeg ua hauj lwm txhais tau tias los ua hauj lwm rau lub sij hawm. Los rau koj sib tham lig qhia tau hais tias lub xam phaj uas tej zaum koj yuav lig rau kev ua hauj lwm yog hais tias koj ntiav. Nws yuav txo feem uas koj yuav ntiav txawm yog tias koj muaj txoj hauj lwm zoo sib tham kev txawj ntse.

Being a good employee means coming to work on time. Coming to your interview late shows the interviewer that you might be late for work if you are hired. It will lower your chances of being hired even if you have great job interview skills.

Yog hais tias nws yog ib tug yees duab sib tham, koj tseem yuav tau npaj ua ntej thiab muab koj tus kheej sij hawm ntxiv. Xyuas kom tseeb tias hais tias koj yog nyob rau hauv ib tug nyob ntsiag to qhov chaw thiab koj yuav tsis tau tu ncua. Yog hais tias koj tsis muaj internet los yog ib tug computer nyob tom tsev, nrhiav ib tug phooj ywg uas yeej ua tau thiab ua rau kev sib tham nyob rau ntawm lawv lub tsev. Koj yuav tau tham nrog koj tus hauv zos tsev qiv ntawv saib yog hais tias lawv yuav pab tau teem koj sib tham. Txawm ib tug kev sib tham video, koj yuav tsum tau npaj txhij thiab tos ib tug ob peb feeb thaum ntxov.

If it is a video interview, you still need to plan ahead and give yourself extra time. Make sure that you are in a quiet place and you will not get interrupted. If you do not have internet or a computer at home, find a friend who does and do the interview at their house. You can also talk to your local library to see if they will help set up your interview. Even for a video interview, you need to be ready and waiting a few minutes early.

saib kev

Look professional

Saib kev txawm tias koj txoj hauj lwm kev sib tham yuav ua li cas rau ib tug video hu. Ntawm no yog ib co kev yuav ua li cas los npaj rau kev sib tham los ntawm kev saib kev:

Look professional even if your job interview will happen on a video call. Here are some ways how to prepare for an interview by looking professional:

  • ua neeg huv

    Yuav hnav huv si khaub ncaws mus rau ib qho kev sib tham. Siv ib tug da dej ua ntej yuav mus rau ib qho kev sib tham. Txhuam koj cov hniav thiab ntsis koj cov plaub hau.

  • Be clean

    Always wear clean clothes to an interview. Take a shower before going to an interview. Brush your teeth and comb your hair.

  • Tsis txhob yuav ib yam nkaus thiab xws li

    Tsis txhob hnav khau khiab los yog tig-flops rau kev sib tham. Hnav thom khwm thiab nkawm khau. Tsis txhob hnav xws li cov khaub ncaws xws li ris los yog ib tug t-shirt. Tsis txhob hnav ris luv los yog tank saum. Tsis txhob hnav cov kaus mom, stocking kaus mom, los yog looj tsom iav dub thaum lub sij hawm ib tug kev sib tham. Tsis txhob hniav nyiaj hniav kub uas yog heev loj thiab cov yeeb yuj.

  • Don’t be too casual

    Do not wear sandals or flip-flops to an interview. Wear socks and shoes. Do not wear casual clothes such as jeans or a t-shirt. Do not wear shorts or tank tops. Do not wear hats, stocking caps, or sunglasses during an interview. Avoid jewelry that is very large and colorful.

  • Hnav ua lag ua luam khaub ncaws

    Kev cob qha cov khaub ncaws rau cov txiv neej txhais tau tias hnav ris uas tsis ris thiab ib tug ntev-lub tes tsho tsho nrog cov nyees khawm. Yog hais tias txoj hauj lwm yog heev kev, koj yuav tsum tau ib tug nplua thiab ib tug khi. rau cov poj niam, ib tug coj tus hnav ris tsho los yog ib tug lub tsho poj niam nrog ib tug tiab los sis txawj ntse ris yuav tau. Tab sis koj tsis tas yuav siv nyiaj ntau ntau! Koj yuav nrhiav tau zoo sib tham khaub ncaws nyob rau hauv koj lub zos thib ob-tes khw, xws li Goodwill.

  • Wear business clothes

    Professional clothing for men means wearing pants that are not jeans and a long-sleeve shirt with buttons. If the job is very professional, you will need a suit and a tie. For women, a modest dress or a blouse with a skirt or smart pants will be acceptable. But you do not need to spend lots of money! You will find good interview clothes at your local second-hand store, such as Goodwill.

  • Tsis txhob haus luam yeeb thiab haus dej haus cawv

    Tsis txhob ntsuas peeb lab lossis haus luam yeeb ua ntej los yog thaum lub sij hawm ib tug kev sib tham. Tsis txhob haus luam yeeb los yog siv dej cawv ua ntej kev sib tham. Kev haus luam yeeb yuav ua tau koj cov khaub ncaws tsis hnov ​​tsw phem. Haus dej cawv yog tsis tau tso cai thaum twg los tau txoj hauj lwm.

  • Avoid smoking and alcohol

    Do not chew betel nut or tobacco before or during an interview. Do not smoke or use alcohol before an interview. Smoking can make your clothes smell bad. Alcohol is not allowed at any job.

co tes, tshwj tsis yog tias koj tsis tau vim hais tias kev cai dab qhuas los yog kab lis kev cai

Shake hands, unless you can’t because of religion or culture

Handshakes muaj ntau nyob rau hauv America. Nws yog siv tau rau tuav tes mean thiab cov poj niam mus tuav tes nrog txhua lwm yam. Yog hais tias koj tsis xav kom tuav tes, uas yog li cas. Es tsis txhob, muab koj ob txhais tes thoob plaws koj lub hauv siab thiab me ntsis qaij koj lub taub hau rau pem hauv ntej. hais kom meej meej, "Nws yog zoo li ntawd kom tau raws li koj. Ua tsaug rau koj lub sij hawm mus tham nrog kuv hnub no. "Ib txhia neeg yuav ras tias koj tsis xav kom muab ob txhais tes. Yog hais tias koj xav tias nyiam, piav qhia hais tias kev tuav tes nrog cov opposite pw ua ke yog tiv thaiv koj kev ntseeg.

Handshakes are common in America. It is acceptable to shake hands mean and women to shake hands with each other. If you do not want to shake hands, that is okay. Instead, place your hands across your chest and slightly tilt your head forward. Say clearly, “It is so nice to meet you. Thank you for taking the time to interview me today.” Some people be surprised that you do not want to share hands. If you feel comfortable, explain that shaking hands with the opposite sex is against your religion.

Luag thiab ua qhov muag ntsia

Smile and make eye contact

Sim luag ntxhi thiab saib cov neeg nyob rau hauv lub qhov muag. Qhov no qhia tau hais tias lub xam phaj koj yog zoo thiab tus phooj ywg. Txawm tias qhov no tej zaum yuav txawv dua li nyob rau hauv koj lub kab lis kev cai, nws yog ib tug ntawm cov tseem ceeb tshaj plaws tej yam uas koj yuav tau ua nyob rau hauv lub tebchaws United States los pab koj tau txais ib txoj hauj lwm. rau cov neeg Asmeskas, ua qhov muag ntsia qhia tau hais tias kev sib hwm thiab pab cov neeg ntseeg you.When koj txog ntawm qhov kev sib tham, tej zaum koj yuav tsum greeted los ntawm cov neeg sib txawv. Nco paub cai rau txhua leej txhua tus koj ntsib thiab sim saib thiab luag ntxhi rau ntawm txhua leej txhua tus.

Try to smile and look people in the eye. This shows the interviewer you are positive and friendly. Although this might be different than in your culture, it is one of the most important things you can do in the United States to help you get a job. For Americans, making eye contact shows respect and helps people trust you.When you arrive at the interview, you might be greeted by different people. Be polite to everyone you meet and try to look and smile at everyone.

Xyuas kom tseeb tias koj lub xov tooj yog muab tua

Make sure your phone is turned off

Tig koj lub xov tooj ua ntej qhov kev sib tham. Tsis txhob saib koj lub xov tooj. Yog hais tias koj tsis nco qab, thiab koj lub xov tooj rings, tam sim ntawd silence nws thiab thov txim rau qhov kev cuam tshuam. Tsis txhob teb nws!

Turn your phone off before the interview. Do not look at your phone. If you forget, and your phone rings, immediately silence it and apologize for the interruption. Do not answer it!

Nug tsawg kawg yog ib lo lus nug

Ask at least one question

Ua ntej koj yuav tuaj mus rau txoj hauj lwm kev sib tham, npaj ib daim ntawv teev txog 5 cov lus nug. Yog muaj lus nug yuav ua tau txog lub tuam txhab nyob rau hauv kev los yog hais txog koj lub luag hauj lwm. Nug cov lus uas qhia tau tias koj xav nyob rau hauv txoj hauj lwm thiab lub tuam txhab. Koj tsis nug cov lus nug hais txog cov nyiaj hli los yog sij hawm so mus txog rau thaum koj tau qhia paj nyob rau hauv lub chaw ua hauj lwm thiab cov lag luam. Nug koj cov lus nug rau ntawm qhov kawg ntawm qhov kev sib tham, los yog thaum tus tswv hauj lwm hais tias, "Koj puas muaj tej lus nug?"Yog hais tias tag nrho koj cov lus nug twb tau teb, ces hais tias, "Yuav ua li cas yog cov kauj ruam tom ntej?"los yog, "Thaum twg kuv thiaj xav tias yuav hnov ​​los ntawm koj?"

Before you come to the job interview, prepare a list of about 5 questions. Questions can be about the company in general or about your role. Ask questions that show you are interested in the job and company. Do not ask questions about salary or time off until you have shown interest in the work and the business. Ask your questions at the end of the interview, or when the employer says, “Do you have any questions?” If all your questions have already been answered, then say, “What are the next steps?” or, “When can I expect to hear from you?”

Sim so kom txaus thiab ua koj zoo tshaj plaws

Try to relax and do your best

Nco ntsoov, koj twb tau lub hardest ib feem vim hais tias koj twb tau txais txoj hauj lwm kev sib tham. Koj tau kawm yuav ua li cas los npaj rau kev sib tham thiab koj tau npaj zoo. Tam sim no nws yog lub sij hawm los cia li ua rau koj zoo tshaj plaws. Sawv daws ua yuam kev thaum lub sij hawm sib tham. Yog hais tias koj ua ib qho yuam kev, coj ib lub caij mus ncua thiab rov qab pib dua.

Remember, you have already done the hardest part because you already got the job interview. You have learned how to prepare for an interview and you have prepared well. Now it is time to just do your best. Everyone makes mistakes during interviews. If you make an error, take a moment to pause and start again.

Hais kom ua lag ua luam phaib

Ask for business cards

Thaum cov kev sib tham lawm thiab koj yuav tau txais mus rau tawm, nug rau cov ua lag ua luam phaib ntawm cov neeg uas koj hais rau. Thaum lawv tes rau koj, ua tsaug rau lawv lolus. Yog hais tias lawv tsis muaj ib tug ua lag ua luam daim, nug kom lawv sau lawv cov npe tag nrho thiab chaw nyob email. Qhov no txoj kev, koj yuav tau lawv cov ntaub ntawv tiv tauj kom koj thiaj li muaj peev xwm xa lawv ib tug ua tsaug koj nco ntsoov.

When the interview is over and you are getting to leave, ask for the business cards of the people you spoke to. When they hand them to you, thank them politely. If they do not have a business card, ask them to write down their full name and email address. This way, you will have their contact information so you can send them a thank you note.

Xa ib tug ua tsaug koj email los yog tsab ntawv tom qab txoj hauj lwm kev sib tham

Send a thank you email or letter after the job interview

Koj muaj peev xwm xa ib tug ua tsaug koj nco ntsoov li ib tsab ntawv los ntawm lub chaw ua hauj lwm post los yog los ntawm email. Feem ntau cov neeg siv email. Yog hais tias koj tsis nco qab hais kom ib tug ua lag ua luam daim, koj yuav email los yog hu xov tooj rau qhov chaw ua hauj thiab thov kom sib cuag.

You can send a thank you note as a letter through the post office or by email. Most people use email. If you forgot to ask for a business card, you can email or call the office and ask for contact information.

Nyob rau hauv koj ua tsaug koj nco ntsoov, koj yuav tsum hais:

In your thank you note, you should mention:

  • Hais tias koj yog xav thov ua tsaug rau lub sij hawm lawv siv xam phaj koj
  • Yuav ua li cas yam koj yuav tau coj mus rau lub tuam txhab
  • Hais tias koj saib rau pem hauv ntej rau lub rooj sib los ntawm lawv sai sai
  • That you are grateful for the time they spent interviewing you
  • What skills you can bring to the company
  • That you look forward to hearing from them soon

Hauv qab no yog ib qho piv txwv ntawm ib tug ua tsaug koj nco ntsoov:

Below is an example of a thank you note:

Nyob zoo [xam phaj Lub npe],

Dear [Interviewer Name],

Ua tsaug rau koj heev npaum li cas rau lub rooj sib tham nrog kuv hnub no. Nws yog ib tug Library rau kawm paub ntau ntxiv txog cov pab neeg thiab txoj hauj lwm. Kuv pog heev txog lub sijhawm mus koom [lub tuam txhab lub npe] thiab pab [coj nyob rau hauv tshiab neeg / pab koj cov neeg muas zaub / txhua yam koj yuav tau ua] nrog koj pab neeg.

Thank you so much for meeting with me today. It was such a pleasure to learn more about the team and position. I am very excited about the opportunity to join [company name] and help [bring in new clients/serve your customers/anything else you would be doing] with your team.

Kuv saib rau pem hauv ntej rau lub rooj sib hais los ntawm koj txog lub kauj ruam tom ntej nyob rau hauv lub ntiav txheej txheem. Thov tsis txhob ua siab deb hu rau kuv yog hais tias kuv yuav muab tau cov lus qhia ntxiv.

I look forward to hearing from you about the next steps in the hiring process. Please do not hesitate to contact me if I can provide additional information.

Qhov zoo tshaj plaws regards,

Best regards,

[koj lub npe]

[Your Name]

Hais kom cov tswv yim

Ask for feedback

Yog hais tias koj tsis tau txais txoj hauj lwm, xa koj xam phaj ib daim ntawv ua nws tsaug nws los yog nws rau kuv xam phaj koj. Nug lawv seb lawv yuav muab koj lub tswv yim txog vim li cas koj tsis tau txais txoj hauj lwm. Qhia rau lawv tias koj npaj rau kev siv mus nug rau ntau cov hauj lwm thiab xav kom. Tsis yog txhua tus yuav teb koj, tab sis ib txhia ntawm lawv tej zaum yuav muaj ib co lus uas yuav pab tau koj ua tau zoo rau hauv lub tom ntej no lub sij hawm!

If you don’t get the job, send your interviewer a note thanking him or her for interviewing you. Ask them if they will give you feedback on why you didn’t get the job. Tell them that you plan on interviewing for more jobs and want to improve. Not everyone will answer you, but some of them may have some comments that will help you succeed the next time!

Tam sim no koj paub yuav ua li cas los npaj rau kev sib tham - dab tsi tom ntej no?

Now you know how to prepare for an interview – what next?

Qhov no yog ib tug ntau ntawm cov ntaub ntawv. Tab sis paub yuav ua li cas los npaj rau ib txoj hauj lwm kev sib tham yog ib tug ntawm qhov zoo tshaj plaws tej yam uas koj yuav kawm tau. Nrhiav ib txoj hauj lwm yuav tsis yooj yim rau cov tuaj tshiab rau hauv lub tebchaws United States. Peb xav los pab txhawb koj nyob rau hauv txoj kev mus rau kev vam meej.

This is a lot of information. But knowing how to prepare for a job interview is one of the best things you can learn. Finding a job can be challenging for newcomers to the United States. We want to support you on the path to success.

Koj puas muaj ntau cov hauj lwm cov lus nug?

Thov kom lwm cov neeg tawg rog thiab cov neeg tsiv teb rau tswv yim rau peb Forums.

Do you have more career questions?

Ask other refugees and immigrants for advice on our Forums.

Puas nplooj ntawv no pab tau koj? Nyuj nyav ntsej muag Yog frown lub ntsej muag Tsis
Ua tsaug rau koj cov tswv yim!