Thaum twg kuv hu rau tub ceev xwm?

English kujTsis English

It can be hard to know when to call the police for help

It can be hard to know when to call the police for help

Hu mus rau tus tub ceev xwm

Calling the police

Paub thaum twg yuav tau hu rau cov tub ceev xwm yog ib qho tseem ceeb tshaj plaws. Nws yog zoo yuav tsum paub yuav ua li cas thaum muaj ib qho xwm ceev. Thaum koj hu xov tooj rau cov tub ceev xwm, koj yuav pab tiv thaiv koj tus kheej thiab kuj ua rau kom ua ib tug zoo pej xeem. Koj muaj peev xwm hu rau cov tub ceev xwm los ntawm txhua lub xov tooj nyob rau hauv tej qhov chaw nyob rau hauv lub US los ntawm dialing 9-1-1.

Knowing when to call the police is an important thing. It is good to know what to do when there is an emergency. When you call the police, you can help protect yourself and also contribute to being a good citizen. You can call the police from any phone in any place in the US by dialing 9-1-1.

Feem ntau cov American tub ceev xwm departments muaj ib tug kev sib txuas lus nruab nrab ntawd nce mus txog tub ceev xwm tub ceev xwm nyob rau hauv ib tug xov tooj cua mus rau hauv lawv cov tsheb. Cov tub ceev xwm tub ceev xwm nqa headsets (cov zoo li earphones) rau kev sib txuas lus thaum deb ntawm lawv lub tsheb. Tub ceev xwm lub tsheb nqa ib tug computer txuas mus rau ib tug network uas tso cai rau lawv mus saib lub tsheb ntaub ntawv, criminal cov ntaub ntawv, thiab lwm yam lus rhiab.

Most American police departments have a communication center that reaches police officers on a radio into their vehicles. Individual police officers carry headsets (these look like earphones) for communication when away from their vehicle. Police cars carry a computer linked to a network that allows them to view vehicle information, criminal records, and other sensitive information.

Thaum hu mus rau

When to call

Nyob rau hauv lub US, cov neeg hu rau tub ceev rau tag nrho cov nram qab no:

In the US, people call the police for all of the following situations:

  • Ib tug ua txhaum, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog tias yog tseem nyob rau hauv kev kawm, xws li ib tug tub sab tub nyiag los yog kev nyiag
  • Ib lub tsheb sib tsoo, tshwj xeeb tshaj yog yog ib tug neeg raug mob
  • qhov hluav taws kub
  • Ib tug kev kho mob thaum muaj xwm ceev, xws li lub plawv nres, tshwm los ntshav, los yog kev tsis haum cov tshuaj tiv thaiv
  • Domestic ua nruj ua tsiv los yog lub sijhawm twg los ntawm ib tug me nyuam raug tsis saib xyuas, lub cev los yog kev sib deev ua phem rau
  • Lwm yam uas nkawd zoo li ib tug thaum muaj xwm ceev
  • A crime, especially if is still in progress, such as a theft or burglary
  • A car crash, especially if someone is injured
  • A fire
  • A medical emergency, such as heart attack, uncontrollable bleeding, or allergic reaction
  • Domestic violence or suspicion of a child being neglected, physically or sexually abused
  • Anything else that seems like an emergency

Tej zaum koj kuj hu xov tooj rau cov tub ceev xwm thaum muaj tej yam txawv txav, xws li:

You may also call the police when there is suspicious activity, such as:

  • Ib tug neeg loj leeb los ntawm yards nyob rau hauv lub zej zog - qhov no yuav yog ib tug kos npe rau tias tus neeg yog ua mus ua txhaum nyob rau hauv mus rau hauv ib lub tsev
  • Ib tug neeg ua rau qhib tsheb qhov rooj - qhov no yuav yog ib tug kos npe rau tias tus neeg yog sim mus nyiag ib lub tsheb
  • Someone wandering through yards in the neighborhood – this could be a sign that the person is trying to break in into a house
  • Someone trying to open car doors – this could be a sign that the person is trying to steal a car

Tsis txhob xav tias ib tug neeg twg tau twb hu tub ceev xwm thaum muaj ib tug tej yam txawv txav tshwm sim. Cov neeg tos yuav tau hu rau cov tub ceev xwm rau kev ntshai ntawm tau txais kev koom tes los yog raug victimized. Txawm li cas los, cov tub ceev xwm xav tau thiab xav kom pab tiv thaiv kev ua txhaum.

Do not assume someone else has already called the police when there is a suspicious activity occurring. People hesitate to call the police for fear of getting involved or being victimized. However, the police need and want to help prevent crime.

Yuav ua li cas thaum koj hu rau tub ceev xwm

What to do when you call the police

Yuav kom hu rau tub ceev Dial 911. Nyob twj ywm thaum hu thiab muab koj lub npe, chaw nyob, thiab xov tooj. Yog hais tias koj siv ib tug xov tooj ntawm tes, muab lub xeev thiab lub nroog koj hu los ntawm. Ces qhia tus neeg yog vim li cas koj hu.

To call the police dial 911. Remain calm when calling and give your name, address, and phone number. If you are using a cell phone, provide the state and city you are calling from. Then tell the person why you are calling.

Yog hais tias koj hu 911 los ntawm yuam kev, tsis khwb vim tias yuav ua kom 911 ua hauj lwm xav hais tias ib qho xwm ceev tiag tiag tshwm sim. Es tsis txhob cia li qhia rau tus neeg uas koj hu ua los ntawm yuam kev.

If you dial 911 by mistake, do not hang up because that could make 911 officials think that an emergency really exists. Instead just tell the person that you called by mistake.

Cov dej num ntawm tus tub ceev xwm

Responsibilities of the police

Tub ceev xwm tub ceev xwm, los yog tub ceev xwm tub ceev xwm, yog muab tej yam powers los pab kom lawv ua li cas lawv ua hauj lwm. Thaum muaj ib tug yog vim li cas mus ntseeg tau hais tias ib tug neeg tau ua txhaum ib tug loj ua txhaum, ib tug tub ceev xwm yuav handcuff thiab ntes ib tug neeg. Cov tuav tus neeg yuav tsum tau noj mus rau ib tug tub ceev xwm chaw nres tsheb los yog jailed nyob ntawm ib tug tso.

Law enforcement officers, or police officers, are given certain powers to enable them to do their work. When there is a reason to believe that a person has committed a serious crime, an officer can handcuff and arrest a person. The detained person will be taken to a police station or jailed depending on a bail.

Cov hauj lwm ntawm ib tug tub ceev xwm tub ceev xwm yuav ua tau heev uas nws kim heev thiab tej zaum yuav txawv nyob ntawm seb qhov teeb meem no tiam sis ntawm no yog ib tug nyuag lus piav qhia txog lawv lub ntsiab lub hom phiaj thaum pab. Thaum tub ceev xwm tub ceev xwm yog tawm policing cov zej zog, lawv hom phiaj tseem ceeb yog yuav muaj kev txiav txim. Lawv txoj hauj lwm yuav txais kom kev thaj yeeb thiab tiv thaiv kom tus cwj pwm uas tej zaum yuav cuam tshuam lwm tus. Ib qho piv txwv ntawm no tiv thaiv yog hom twg los ntawm intervening nyob rau hauv ib tug sib ntaus rau kev siv ceev xwmphem nrov music ua si. Nyob rau hauv cov neeg mob qhov teeb meem no yog leej twg nrog kev txiav txim es tsis raws li ib tug ua txhaum. Txawm li cas los, muaj tej zaum yuav muaj thaum tej yam no yuav ua txhaum txoj cai lij choj.

The duties of a law enforcement officer can be very extensive and vary depending on the situation but here is a brief description of their main goal while serving. When police officers are out policing communities, their main objective is to maintain order. Their job entails keeping peace and preventing behaviors which might disturb others. An example of this prevention ranges from intervening in a fight to stopping loud music playing. In these cases the situation is handled with discretion rather than as a crime. However, there might be instances when these situations can violate the law.

Cov powers ntawm txoj cai tub ceev xwm yog feem ntau es tsuas nyob rau hauv tus neeg mob qhov twg li txoj cai tau raug ua txhaum thiab ib tug neeg phem yuav tsum tau qhia thiab apprehended. Cuab ua txhaum cai yog burglary, tshuaj trafficking, tua neeg, thiab tub sab tub nyiag.

The powers of the law enforcement are typically enforced only in cases where the law has been violated and a suspect must be identified and apprehended. Obvious violations are burglary, drug trafficking, murder, and robbery.

Lwm yam kev pab tub ceev xwm tub ceev xwm nqa tawm xws li muab thawj pab los yog neeg mus ncig tebchaws ntaub ntawv, los sis ua raws li cov kws qhia ntawv. Tub ceev xwm cov koom haum yog muaj nyob rau ib xyoo puag ncig, 24 teev ib hnub twg, li ntawd, cov pej xeem hu rau tub ceev xwm tsis tau tsuas yog thaum nyob rau hauv cov teeb meem tab sis thaum nyob rau hauv tsis yooj yim rau lub sijhawm zoo li. Raws li ib tug tshwm sim, tub ceev xwm cov kev pab cuam mus dhau combating txhaum rau pab nrog tsheb breakdowns, muab cov ntaub ntawv hais txog lwm lub koom haum, thiab pab nrhiav poob tsiaj lossis tej khoom vaj tse.

Other services police officer carry out include providing first aid or tourist information, or acting as educators. Police agencies are available year-round, 24 hours a day, so citizens call the police department not only when in trouble but when in inconvenient situations as well. As a result, police services go beyond combating crime to assisting with vehicle breakdowns, providing information about other agencies, and helping locate lost pets or property.

Paub koj cov cai

Know your rights

Nws yog ib qho tseem ceeb kom paub txog koj cov cai yog hais tias koj puas tau nyob rau hauv ib qhov teeb meem nyob qhov twg koj yog puas tau raug ntes los yog teb los ntawm tub ceev xwm. Nco paub cai thiab muaj kev sib fwm. Tsis txhob dag, cam, thaum nws, los yog khiav! Nco ntsoov, nyob rau hauv lub tebchaws United States cov tub ceev xwm feem ntau yog zoo thiab xav pab koj.

It is important to know your rights if you are ever in a situation where you are being arrested or questioned by law enforcement. Be polite and respectful. Never lie, argue, resist, or flee! Remember, in the United States the police generally are good and want to help you.

Yog hais tias koj raug nres nyob rau hauv ib lub tsheb

If you are stopped in a car

  • Koj muaj txoj cai los mus nyob twj ywm ntsiag to thiab tsis teb cov lus nug. Txawm li cas los thaum tau txais ib tug citation (ib daim pib rau speeding piv txwv li) koj yuav tsum muab koj tus ID, kev tuav pov hwm, thiab lub tsheb sau npe yog tias thov.
  • Tsis tsis tau lub cev thaum nws ib plws los yog nrhiav. Es tsis txhob hais, "Kuv tsis pom zoo rau ib tug kev tshawb fawb." Ib tug pat down yog feem ntau ib tug saum npoo nrhiav ua tshaj cov khaub ncaws yog hais tias tus tub ceev xwm muaj ib tug yog vim li cas mus ntseeg tau hais tias yog ib yam dab tsi txawv txawv mas, tab sis nws los yog nws tsis tau mus los ntawm koj twb. Nyob rau hauv ib tug kev tshawb fawb, lawv muaj ib tug ntau txhij txhua txoj kev. Koj yog yam raug cai tau tso cai rau tsis kam ob leeg.
  • Hais kom tus tub ceev xwm, yog hais tias koj muaj kev ywj siab tawm, thiab yog hais tias tus tub ceev xwm hais tias yog, ces mus kev deb calmly. Txawm li cas los, yog hais tias tus tub ceev xwm hais tias tsis muaj ces koj yuav tsum nyob twj ywm.
  • Tsis txhob khiav deb!
  • You have the right to remain silent and not answer any questions. However when receiving a citation (a ticket for speeding for example) you have to provide your ID, insurance, and car registration if requested.
  • Don’t physically resist a pat down or search. Instead say, “I do not consent to a search.” A pat down is typically a surface search done over clothes if the officer has a reason to believe there is something suspicious happening, but he or she cannot go through your pockets. In a search, they have a more thorough method. You are legally allowed to refuse both of them.
  • Ask the officer if you are free to leave, and if the officer says yes, then walk away calmly. However, if the officer says no then you must stay.
  • Never run away!

Ib tug tub ceev xwm tub ceev xwm tej zaum yuav luv luv lawj ib tug neeg uas tsim nyog lub sijhawm twg los ntawm kev koom tes nyob rau hauv ib txoj kev txhaum yog hais tias muaj yog tsis txaus tej zaum ua rau raug ntes.

A law enforcement officer may briefly detain a person with reasonable suspicion of involvement in a crime if there is not enough probable cause to arrest.

Yog hais tias koj tau raug ntes los yog coj mus rau ib tug tub ceev xwm chaw nres tsheb

If you are arrested or taken to a police station

  • Koj muaj txoj cai los mus nyob twj ywm ntsiag to thiab tham nrog ib tug kws lij choj
  • Koj muaj cai los mus ua kom 3 hu xov tooj hauv 3 teev ntawm tau txais puas tau raug ntes
  • Koj yuav qhia tau cov tub ceev xwm cov ntaub ntawv txog koj tus kheej tab sis tsis muaj ntau kom txog thaum koj tus kws lij choj tuaj txog
  • Tsis txhob sib tham txog koj txoj nrog leej twg tab sis koj tus kws lij choj
  • You have the right to remain silent and talk to a lawyer
  • You are allowed to make 3 phone calls within 3 hours of getting arrested
  • You can tell the police basic information about yourself but no more until your lawyer arrives
  • Don’t discuss your immigrant status with anyone but your lawyer

Yog hais tias ib tug tub ceev xwm tub ceev xwm xav mus nrhiav koj lub tsev los sis lub tsheb

If a police officer wants to search your home or car

  • Koj yuav tsum tsis txhob cia ib tug tub ceev xwm nkag mus rau koj lub tsev tshwj tsis yog tias lawv muaj ib tug kev cai
  • Cov kev cai yuav tsum tau kos npe rau los ntawm ib tug kws txiav txim plaub
  • Yog hais tias ib tug tub ceev xwm tseem hais nyob rau hauv kev nkag mus kawm tsis muaj ib tug kev cai tsis tawv tab sis ua lub xeev uas koj tsis tso cai rau nws, ces tam sim ntawd hu rau ib tug kws lij choj
  • You should not let an officer enter your home unless they have a warrant
  • The warrant should be signed by a judge
  • If an officer still insists in entering without a warrant do not resist but do state that you do not allow it, then immediately call a lawyer

Lub Supreme Court tsuas pub ib tug tub ceev xwm tub ceev xwm mus nkag rau ib lub tsev tsis muaj khob yog hais tias lawv muaj "ib tug tsim nyog lub sijhawm twg los" uas tshaj tawm lawv muaj tej zaum yuav txaus ntshai los yog tej zaum yuav tso cai rau tus neeg phem los rhuav tshem tej pov thawj.

The Supreme Court only allows a law enforcement officer to enter a house without knocking if they have “a reasonable suspicion” that announcing their presence might be dangerous or might allow the suspect to destroy any evidence.

Yog xav paub ntxiv los pab koj to taub txog koj cov cai, mus saib peb lub Paub Koj Cov Cai page.

For more information to help you understand your rights, visit our Know Your Rights page.

Yog muaj lus nug thiab lus teb

Questions and answers

Lo lus nug: Kuv puas yuav tau teb cov lus nug los ntawm tub ceev xwm?

Question: Do I have to answer questions asked by law enforcement?

teb: Koj muaj cai tau txais nyob twj ywm ntsiag to li ntawd, koj tsis tas yuav teb cov lus nug. Koj tsis muaj los tham rau tej tub ceev xwm los yog lwm leej lwm tus, thiab nws yog ib lub tswv yim mus tham nrog ib tug kws lij choj ua ntej teb cov lus cov lus nug. Qhia cov tub ceev xwm tub ceev xwm uas koj xaiv tsis teb cov lus. Tab sis yeej ib txwm hwm thiab paub cai raws li ntau li ntau tau. Tsis tas li ntawd ua tiag txav maj mam thiab nco ntsoov cia kom koj ob txhais tes pom.

Answer: You have a constitutional right to remain silent so you do not need to answer questions. You do not have to talk to any officers or anyone else, and it is a good idea to talk to a lawyer before answering any questions. Tell the police officer you choose not to answer. But always be respectful and polite as much as possible. Also try to move slowly and always keep your hands visible.

Lo lus nug: Yuav ua li cas yog tias tub ceev xwm tub ceev xwm nres kuv nyob rau hauv kuv lub tsheb?

Question: What if law enforcement officers stop me in my car?

teb: Koj yuav tsum qhia koj daim ntawv tsav tsheb, tsheb sau npe, thiab cov pov thawj ntawm kev tuav pov hwm yog tias koj nug rau cov ntaub ntawv no los ntawm ib tug tub ceev xwm. Xyuas kom tseeb tias koj cia koj txhais tes pom mus rau tus tub ceev xwm. Cov tub ceev xwm yuav hais kom koj mus rau kauj ruam tawm ntawm lub tsheb. Lawv tsis tau tso cai rau tshawb xyuas lub tsheb tshwj tsis yog tias muaj yog "tej zaum ua."

Answer: You must show your driver’s license, vehicle registration, and proof of insurance if you are asked for these documents by an officer. Make sure you keep your hands visible to the officer. The officer can ask you to step out of the car. They are not allowed to check the car unless there is “probable cause.”

Lo lus nug: Yuav ua li cas yog hais tias kuv kho phem heev los ntawm tub ceev xwm tub ceev xwm?

Question: What if I am treated badly by law enforcement officers?

teb: Koj muaj txoj cai los nug tus tub ceev xwm rau nws cov lus qhia xws li nws lub npe thiab cov ntawv uas qhia xov tooj. Sim nrhiav tim khawv thiab yog hais tias koj raug mob nqa duab sai li sai tau. Hu rau ib tug kws lij choj los yog hauv koj lub zos tib neeg txoj cai kev pab tiv thaiv chaw ua hauj lwm.

Answer: You have the right to ask the officer for his information such as his name and badge number. Try to find witnesses and if you are injured take pictures as soon as possible. Call a lawyer or your local human rights protection office.

Lo lus nug: Yuav tub ceev xwm tub ceev xwm nrhiav kuv lub tsev?

Question: Can law enforcement officers search my home?

teb: Tub ceev xwm tsis pub mus nrhiav koj lub tsev tsis muaj koj kev tso cai los yog ib tug kev tshawb fawb kev cai. Yog hais tias koj tsis nyob hauv tsev, cov tub ceev xwm yuav nrhiav koj lub tsev yog ib co lwm tso cai rau nws.

Answer: Law enforcement is not allowed to search your home without your consent or a search warrant. If you are away from home, the police can search your home if some else consents to it.

Lo lus nug: Kuv puas yuav tau qhia tub ceev xwm kuv tuaj txawv teb chaws cov ntaub ntawv?

Question: Do I have to show officers my immigration documents?

teb: Tsis-pej xeem uas yog 18 xyoo los yog laus dua yuav tsum nqa lawv cov ntaub ntawv nrog lawv nyob rau ntawm txhua lub sij hawm. los yog. Yog hais tias koj muaj ntaub ntawv piav thiab yuav tsis qhia U.S. ntawv nkag tebchaws, koj muaj cai xaiv tsis teb cov lus nug txog koj raws li txoj cai, xws li, “Yog koj ib tug pej xeem?” los yog, “Koj tauj qhov tawn tauj?” Tsis txhob pw txog koj raws li txoj cai, tab sis hais es tsis txhob hais tias koj xaiv tsis teb cov lus.

Answer: Non-citizens who are 18 years or older should carry their documents with them at all times. or. If you are undocumented and cannot show U.S. immigration documents, you can choose not to answer questions about your status, such as, “Are you a citizen?” or, “Where are you from?” Do not lie about your status, but say instead that you choose not to answer.

Txheej txheem cej luam ntawm lub US tub ceev xwm system

Overview of the US law enforcement system

Tub ceev xwm yog ib tug ntawm peb lub Cheebtsam ntawm lub txim txhaum kev ncaj ncees system ntawm lub tebchaws United States, nrog rau tsev hais plaub thiab kho. Tub ceev xwm kev khiav dej num mas los ntawm tsoom fwv cov tub ceev xwm cov koom haum, uas txawv txawv theem. Txawv cov koom haum ua hauj lwm ua ke los ua kom tsis txhob teeb meem txhaum cai. Muaj peb sib txawv ntawm cov koom haum:

Law enforcement is one of the three components of the criminal justice system of the United States, along with courts and corrections. Law enforcement functions mainly through governmental police agencies, which vary at different levels. Different agencies work together to try to stop crimes. There are three different types of agencies:

Tsoom Fwv Teb Chaws

Federal

Cov koom haum uas ua hauj lwm nyob rau hauv tsoom fwv teb chaws theem muaj teb chaws ciaj ciam los tswj cov kev cai lij choj. Tag nrho tsoom fwv teb chaws cov koom haum uas muaj kev txwv mus soj ntsuam xwb tus neeg mob uas muaj nyob rau hauv lawv lub hwj chim. Lub Department of Justice yog lub luag hauj lwm rau feem ntau tub ceev xwm tes num ua nyob hauv lub tsoom fwv teb chaws theem. Lwm yam paub cov koom haum xws li Tsoom Fwv Teb Chaws Bureau of tshawb nrhiav (FBI), lub Drug Administration Ceev Xwm (DEA), hauv lub tebchaws United States Marshals Service, thiab tsoom fwv teb chaws Bureau of cov tsev loj cuj ntawm lwm tus neeg.

The agencies that work under the federal level have nationwide jurisdiction to enforce the law. All federal agencies are limited to investigate only cases that are within their power. The Department of Justice is responsible for most law enforcement duties at the federal level. Other known agencies include the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI), the Drug Enforcement Administration (DEA), the United States Marshals Service, and the Federal Bureau of Prisons among others.

State

State

Feem ntau cov xeev cov koom haum ua nyob rau hauv lub xeev tsoom fwv cov koom haum uas muab kev cai lij choj ceev xwm cov kev pab cuam. Lawv txoj hauj lwm muaj xws li kev soj ntsuam thiab lub xeev patrols - lawv tej zaum yuav hu ua lub xeev cov tub ceev xwm los yog kev loj saib xyuas. Capitol tub ceev xwm, lub tsev kawm ntawv lub tsev kawm ntawv cov tub ceev xwm, thiab lub tsev kho mob cov tub ceev xwm lwm yam ceg uas khiav lag luam nyob rau hauv lub xeev lub koom haum.

Most state agencies function in statewide government agencies that provide law enforcement services. Their duties include investigations and state patrols – they may be called state police or highway patrol. Capitol police, school campus police, and hospital police are other branches that operate under the state agency.

Muncipal

Muncipal

Muaj ntau txoj thiab ib tug neeg lub zos muaj lawv tus kheej tub ceev xwm phiajcim nrog rau lwm cov tub ceev xwm departments nyob rau hauv thiaj li yuav xyuas kom meej muaj kev ruaj ntseg. Cov lub zos los yog lub zos nrog loj zej zog muaj loj departments nrog ntau dua pob nyiaj siv, kev pab, thiab cov luag num.

Many towns and individual cities have their own police department merging with other law enforcement departments in order to ensure safety. Those cities or towns with larger communities have larger departments with greater budgets, resources, and responsibilities.

Puas nplooj ntawv no pab tau koj? Nyuj nyav ntsej muag Yog frown lub ntsej muag Tsis
Ua tsaug rau koj cov tswv yim!