Da zarar ka sami wani aiki, kana da wasu hakkoki a kare ku a wurin aiki. A USA, everyone must be treated fairly. Your boss must follow laws or he/she will be fined or punished by the law. Read to learn more about workers’ rights in the USA.
Once you find a job, you have certain rights to protect you at work. In the USA, everyone must be treated fairly. Your boss must follow laws or he/she will be fined or punished by the law. Read to learn more about workers’ rights in the USA.
The government in the USA has workers’ hakkokin dokokin cewa ce nawa kudi dole ne ka yi. Akwai kuma dokoki game da yadda da yawa hours za ka iya aiki da kuma yadda ka m bi ka. Dauke ka aiki dole ne samar da wani aminci da lafiya wuri domin ka aiki. If he or she does not, they can be punished by law.
The government in the USA has workers’ rights laws that say how much money you must make. There are also laws about how many hours you can work and how your employer treats you. Your employer must provide a safe and healthy place for you to work. If he or she does not, they can be punished by law.
Mafi qarancin albashi
Gwamnatin tarayya da ke sa dokoki domin dukan ƙasar. A gwamnatocin jihohi yin dokoki a jihohinsu. Gwamnatin tarayya da kowane jiha sun a kafa wani albashi. Mafi qarancin la'ada ne mafi ƙasƙanci adadin da cewa ma'aikata dole ne ya biya da ma'aikata. A tarayya albashi ne $7.25 awa. Wannan yana nufin cewa wani m ko'ina a Amurka dole ne ya biya ku a kalla $7.25 awa.
The federal government makes laws for the whole country. The state governments make laws in their states. The federal government and every state have a set a minimum wage. Minimum wage is the lowest amount that employers must pay their employees. The federal minimum wage is $7.25 per hour. This means that an employer anywhere in the United States MUST pay you at least $7.25 per hour.
State minimum wage
Wani lokaci jihar albashi ne mafi girma fiye da na tarayya albashi. Misali, Jihar California yana da wani albashi na $8.00 awa. Arizona yana da wani albashi na $7.65 awa. A wadannan jihohi, ma'aikata dole ne ya biya ma'aikata mafi girma adadin.
Sometimes the state minimum wage is higher than the federal minimum wage. For example, the state of California has a minimum wage of $8.00 per hour. Arizona has a minimum wage of $7.65 per hour. In these states, employers must pay workers the higher amount.
Albashi da kuma tips
Minimum wage and tips
Tips ne kudi daga abokan ciniki in gode maka da ka sabis. Tips ba kunshe a cikin abinci, ko haraji adadin. Idan ka yi aiki a wani gidan cin abinci, ko a cikin wani aiki inda ka samu tips na fiye da $30 a wata, sa'an nan ka za a iya aiki a matsayin “tipped ma'aikaci.” Tipped ma'aikata dole ne a biya akalla $2.13 awa da su tips. Tips dole ne fiye da $5.12 awa sabõda haka, kana har yanzu samun tarayya albashi na $7.25 ($2.13 + $5.12 = $7.25). There are some restaurants that include the tip in the bill. When you are hired, your boss will tell you the rules about tipping. You can read more about the rules for tipped employees nan.
Tips are money from customers to thank you for your service. Tips are not included in the meal or tax amount. If you work in a restaurant or in a job where you receive tips of more than $30 a month, then you can be employed as a “tipped employee.” Tipped employees must be paid at least $2.13 per hour plus their tips. Tips must be more than $5.12 per hour so that you are still earning the federal minimum wage of $7.25 ($2.13 + $5.12 = $7.25). There are some restaurants that include the tip in the bill. When you are hired, your boss will tell you the rules about tipping. You can read more about the rules for tipped employees here.
A wasu ƙasashe, maza da mata ana biya daban. Duk da haka, Amurka dokokin ba da damar wannan. Idan kana yin wannan aiki a matsayin co-ma'aikacin, dole ne ka za a biya wannan. Ya kamata ka kuma samu cikin wannan ƙarin aiki bayan lokaci biya, vacation sa'o'i, da kuma kari. Employees should only get more if they are in different positions or do more in the same position. They can also be paid more if they have better skills or more experience in the field they work in.
In some countries, men and women are paid differently. However, US laws don’t allow this. If you are doing the same job as a co-worker, you must be paid the same. You should also get the same overtime pay, vacation hours, and bonuses. Employees should only get more if they are in different positions or do more in the same position. They can also be paid more if they have better skills or more experience in the field they work in.
Nuna Bambanci dokokin karfafa masu daukansu aiki don su yi ijara mutane daga daban-daban dabam da za mu bi da kowa da kowa guda. Shi ne ba bisa doka ba domin wani aiki to BA hayan ku saboda:
Discrimination laws encourage employers to hire people from different backgrounds and to treat everyone the same. It is illegal for an employer to NOT hire you because of:
- tawaya: da ciwon jiki da matsaloli ko wani rashin lafiya
- Age: kasancewa 40 ko dadadde
- National asalin: inda ka zo daga
- Disability: having physical problems or an illness
- Age: being 40 or older
- National origin: where you come from
aikin raunin da ya faru
Raunin da ya faru da zai iya faruwa gare ka, alhãli kuwa aiki. Idan ka sami m yayin da aiki, yana da muhimmanci sosai ga gaya your manajan samunsa. Kana bukatar kuma ka samu likita don mu bi ka rauni. ma'aikata’ diyya dokokin iya kare hakkin a yi magani. Wasu daga your magani da kuma sakamakon da za a iya biya don ta your kamfanin.
Injuries can happen to you while working. If you get hurt while working, it is very important to tell your manager right away. You also need to find a doctor to treat your injury. Workers’ compensation laws can protect your rights to have treatment. Some of your treatment and wages could be paid for by your company.
Dama zuwa sirrinka
Right to privacy
Your kamfanin ba a yarda ya duba a ga keɓaɓɓen abubuwa. your jaka, bags, ajiya kabad, kuma briefcases ne kawai domin ku. Idan ka sami mail cewa yana da sunanka a kan shi, your manajan ba a yarda ya karanta shi.
Your company is not allowed to look at your personal things. Your purse, bags, storage lockers, and briefcases are only for you. If you receive mail that has your name on it, your manager is not allowed to read it.
Idan ka yi amfani da kwamfuta na aikin, ka shugaba da aka yarda su kalle ka imel. Idan ka yi amfani da wayar, wasu kamfanoni suna yarda don sauraron wayar ka da kira da kuma saƙonnin. Wannan shi ne daban-daban ga kowane kamfanin. Ya kamata ka taba ce ko rubuta korau abubuwa game da kamfanin.
If you use a computer for work, your boss is allowed to look at your emails. If you use a phone, some companies are allowed to listen to your phone calls and messages. This is different for every company. You should never say or write negative things about your company.
M karewa yana nufin cewa za ka samu kora don wani ba bisa doka ba dalili. Idan kun yi zaton ku rasa aikinku saboda nuna bambanci, wani aikin rauni, ko dama, kamata ka yi tunani game da magana da wani lauya. Akwai lauyoyi wadanda taimakawa mutane tare da workers'rights.
Unfair termination means that you got fired for an illegal reason. If you think that you lost your job because of discrimination, a work injury, or harassment, you should think about talking to a lawyer. There are lawyers who help people with workers’rights.
Idan ka yi tunanin ba bisa doka ba abubuwa suna faruwa a cikin wurin aiki, gaya aikinka. Idan ka m ne ba su iya taimaka, rubũta abin da ke faruwa. Zaka iya bukatar wannan bayanai daga baya.
If you think illegal things are happening in your workplace, tell your employer. If your employer is not able to help, write down what is happening. You may need this information later.
Wurin aiki aminci
Dauke ka aiki dole ne ka tabbata ka wurin aiki ne mai lafiya, kuma ba tare da hadura. Hadura abubuwa da za su iya cutar da ku, kamar sunadarai ko unsafe kayayyakin aiki, ko kayan aiki. Wani lokaci, aikinku bukatar ka yi wani abu unsafe. Misali, a yi ma'aikacin iya yi hawa a kan gine-gine. A karkashin dokar, ma'aikata dole gaya muku game da m hatsarori a wurin aiki. Su ma suna da horar da ku a cikin wani harshe da ka fahimta. Idan ka ji ko ganin wani abu ne unsafe cewa manajan bai sani ba game da, gaya musu.
Your employer must make sure your workplace is safe and without hazards. Hazards are things that can harm you, such as chemicals or unsafe tools or equipment. Sometimes, your job requires you to do something unsafe. For example, a construction worker might have to climb up on tall buildings. Under the law, employers have to tell you about the potential dangers at the workplace. They also have to train you in a language that you understand. If you feel or see something is unsafe that your manager does not know about, tell them.
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