Yaya za a nemi mafakar siyasa

Turanci mababu English

Ta yaya zan nemi mafakar siyasa a Amurka? Wannan shafin yana bayani game da abin da mafaka ne da kuma yadda za a nema a gare mafaka.

How do I apply for asylum in the USA? This page has information about what asylum is and how to apply for asylum.

mafaka nema 2018
Photo: Hector Silva - Kwastam da Border Kariya
Asylum Applicants 2018
Photo: Hector Silva – Customs and Border Protection

Mene ne mafaka?

What is asylum?

Mafaka ne a lokacin da ka sami kariya daga gwamnatin Amurka domin ba za ka iya amince komawa zuwa ƙasarka. A kowace shekara mutane zo zuwa Amurka neman kariya domin sun sha wahala tsananta ko tsoron cewa za su sha tsanani saboda: tseren, addini, kabila, membobinsu a cikin wata} kungiyar, ko ra'ayin siyasa.

Asylum is when you receive protection from the United States government because you cannot safely return to your home country. Every year people come to the USA seeking protection because they have suffered persecution or fear that they will suffer persecution due to: race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion.

Wannan page da ake nufi ya taimake ka fahimta game da mafaka da kuma ya taimake ka sami albarkatu idan kana bukatar ka nemi mafaka. Wannan page ba a yi nufin kamar yadda doka shawara.

This page is meant to help you understand more about asylum and to help you find resources if you need to apply for asylum. This page is not intended as legal advice.

Ta yaya zan nemi mafaka?

How do I apply for asylum?

Don nemi mafaka, kana bukatar ka zama a Amurka lokacin da ka yi amfani. Idan ka zo zuwa Amurka tare da mai aiki visa ko hanyar shiga Amurka, za ka iya shigar da United States sa'an nan sallama ka mafaka aikace-aikace. Mafi yawan lokaci, dole ne ka nemi mafaka a cikin shekara guda da ta isa a Amurka, ko da yake ba za ka iya tambaya domin wata barã'aa.

To apply for asylum, you need to be in the United States when you apply. If you arrive to the United States with a valid visa or way to enter the United States, you can enter the United States and then submit your asylum application. Most of the time, you must apply for asylum within one year of arriving in the United States, although you can ask for an exemption.

Infographic na mafaka tsari a cikin USA
Overview na mafaka tsari a cikin USA ladabi da Human Rights farko
Infographic of the asylum process in the USA
Overview of the asylum process in the USA courtesy of Human Rights First

Abin da idan ina a Amurka-Mexico iyakar?

What if I am on the US-Mexico border?

Gwamnatin Amurka yana kokarin hana karin mutane daga neman mafaka a Amurka. Hijiran da ake gudanar a sansanonin ko ake tsare da cibiyoyin. Yara da aka kwashe daga iyayensu. Karanta updates for hijiran kan Amurka iyakar.

The US administration is trying to prevent more people from seeking asylum in the USA. Asylum seekers are being held in camps or detention centers. Children have been taken away from their parents. Read updates for asylum seekers on the US border.

Domin samun mafaka a Amurka,A yana taimaka your hali, idan kana da shaida mai tabbatar da kuka kasance tsananta ko azaba, da kuma cewa gwamnati ba ta kare ka. A mafi shaida muku da mafi alhẽri damar kana da lashe your mafaka hali don su iya zama a Amurka. Tabbata a ko da yaushe gaya gaskiya, in ba haka ba za ka iya nan da nan sun your hali hana. Kana bukatar kuma ka zama sosai musamman game da bayani. Yana da muhimmanci a kashe lokaci ambaton daidai da abin da ya faru, a kan ainihin ranar. Idan ka yi kuskure, gwamnatin na iya zaton kana kwance.

In order to get asylum in the US,A it helps your case if you have evidence to prove you were persecuted or abused, and that your government did not protect you. The more evidence you have the better chance you have to win your asylum case to be able to stay in the United States. Be sure to always tell the truth, otherwise you could immediately have your case denied. You also need to be very specific about the details. It is important to spend time remembering exactly what happened, on the exact date. If you make a mistake, the government may think you are lying.

A nan ne shaidun nan iri da ka iya amfani da su goyi bayan ka mafaka hali:

Here are types of evidence that you can use to support your asylum case:

  • Identity takardun (i.e. fasfo, haihuwa takardar shaidar, dalibi ganewa katin, iyali rajista, kasa katin shaida, ko jam'iyyar siyasa membobinsu da katin)
  • Identity takardun na 'yan uwa da suka yi tafiya zuwa Amurka tare da ku
  • Aure takardar shaidar da haihuwa da takardun shaida ga yara
  • Academic records (i.e. makaranta records, takardun shaida, kuma diplomas)
  • Medical records daga asibiti ko magani saboda musguna a gida kasar
  • Jail ko kotun records
  • Duk wani daftarin mafaka aikace-aikace ko affidavits cewa za ka iya halitta
  • Duk wani daftarin aiki da aka yi tare da wani bangare na gwamnatin Amurka
  • Wani sauran takardun da ka yi tunanin zai yi muhimmanci
  • Identity documents (i.e. your passport, birth certificate, student identification card, household registry, national identity card, or political party membership card)
  • Identity documents of family members who traveled to the United States with you
  • Marriage certificate and birth certificates for children
  • Academic records (i.e. school records, certificates, and diplomas)
  • Medical records from hospitalization or treatment due to mistreatment in home country
  • Jail or court records
  • Any draft asylum applications or affidavits that you may have created
  • Any document that has been filed with any part of the United States government
  • Any other documents that you think might be important

Idan ka ba su iya kawo wadannan takardu tare da ku sa'ad da kake guje žasarka, cewa ze. Za ka iya karanta more daga baya a kan wannan shafi game da gaskatashi your mafaka hali ba tare da takardun.

If you were not able to bring these documents with you when you fled your home country, that is okay. You can read more later on this page about proving your asylum case without documents.

More albarkatu a kan shafin yanar

More resources on our website

Shin ku a kan ko dai gefen Amurka / Mexico kan iyaka da kuma tabbata ba abin da ya yi gaba? Ana neman tsari, lauyoyi, abinci, da kuma taimaka tare da iƙirarin mafaka? Shin ku a karkashin 18? Ga wasu kungiyoyi da cewa iya taimaka samar maka da asali bukatu da shawara ga harka.

Are you on either side of the United States/Mexico border and not sure what to do next? Are you looking for shelter, legal support, food, and help with claiming asylum? Are you under 18? Here are some organizations that may be able to help provide you with basic necessities and advice for your case.

Resources da bayanai zuwa taimake ku san your hakkin a kan iyaka da kuma matsayin haure a Amurka.

Resources and information to help you know your rights at the border and as an immigrant in the USA.

Ziyarci mu doka albarkatun page samu free ko low-cost doka taimako.

Visit our legal resources page to find free or low-cost legal help.

Use our local resource finder to find resources and services near you. Da farko shigar da harshen. Sa'an nan shigar da birninka. Sa'an nan zabi “resetttlement da mafaka.”

Use our local resource finder to find resources and services near you. First enter your language. Then enter your city. Then choose “resetttlement and asylum.”

Sauran albarkatun don taimaka ka nemi mafaka

Other resources to help you apply for asylum

An sauki karanta, taka-ta-mataki bayani da yawa bayani a kan shirya domin mafaka aikace-aikace tsari.

An easy to read, step-by-step explanation with a lot of information on preparing for the asylum application process.

A mafaka tsari, bayyana ta Amurka Yankasanci kuma Shige da fice Services. Duba I-589 Application for Mafaka kuma kaki na Removal. Nazarin aikace-aikace. Kana bukatar ka cika shi daga cikin shekara guda na isa ga Amurka.

The asylum process, explained by the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services. View the I-589 Application for Asylum and Withholding of Removal. Study the application. You need to fill it out within one year of arriving to the United States.

Ka iya samun dama tambayoyi. Ga wasu amsoshi ga tambayoyi tambaye ta mutane neman kariya a Amurka.

You might have many questions. Here are some answers for questions asked by people seeking protection in the United States.

Hukumar UNHCR shafukan game da yadda za su nemi mafaka ne a cikin Turanci, Faransa, Spanish da Larabci.

The UNHCR pages about how to apply for asylum are in English, French, Spanish and Arabic.

Žara koyo game mafaka, kaki na kau, Majalisar Dinkin Duniya Yarjejeniyar da azabtarwa, kan aiwatar da ake ji neman mafakar siyasa, yadda za a neman mafaka yayin da a haure tsare, musamman haure na yara matsayi, kuma wucin gadi kariya matsayi.

Learn more about asylum, withholding of removal, the United Nations Convention against torture, the process for applying for asylum, how to seek asylum while in immigrant detention, special immigrant juvenile status, and temporary protected status.

A gabatar game da yadda za a sa tare da takardun zuwa ga wani mafaka hali.

A presentation about how to put together documents for an asylum case.

Abin da ya faru a lokacin da mafaka hira?

What happens during the asylum interview?

A wannan video, wani lauya pretends zama wani mafaka jami'in ya tambaye tambayoyi cewa zai kullum a tambaye ku, a lokacin wata hira. Wannan zai taimake ka shirya naka amsoshin tambayoyi da za su tambaye ka.

In this video, a lawyer pretends to be an asylum officer and asks questions that would normally be asked to you during an interview. This will help you prepare your own answers to the questions they will ask you.

Ta yaya zan iya lashe ta mafaka hali idan ba na da hujja na aka cũtar?

How can I win my asylum case if I don’t have proof I was harmed?

Wannan video ne game da yadda za a lashe wani mafaka harka ko da idan ba ka da tabbaci cewa muku uƙũbar. Yana za a iya yi idan ba za ka iya nuna cewa akwai wani juna ko yi na cũta a cikin kasar.

This video is about how to win an asylum case even if you don’t have proof that you were harmed. It can be done if you can demonstrate that there is a pattern or practice of harm in your country.



Da ake ji wa mafaka - lashe your hali

Applying for asylum – winning your case

A wannan video, Tsohon Shige da fice da kuma Naturalization Service atoni Carl Shusterman yayi Magana game da yadda za ka iya lashe your mafaka harka ta hanyar mai da hankali shiri.

In this video, former Immigration and Naturalization Service Attorney Carl Shusterman talks about how you can win your asylum case through careful preparation.



Hanyoyi da dama an mafaka hali za a iya sanya a cikin USA

Several ways an asylum case can be made in the USA

Wannan video yana da ƙarin bayani game da yadda za ka iya amfani da isa ga mafaka a Amurka.

This video has more information about how you could apply and qualify for asylum in the United States.

Ku sani your yancin!

Know your rights!

These manuals are intended to provide basic information to give immigrants an understanding of their rights under U.S. law during immigration proceedings or if they are arrested and detained by the Department of Homeland Security. The bayanai a wadannan Littattafan kamata ba za a dauke doka shawara, and detained immigrants and their loved ones are encouraged to seek qualified legal advice from the National Immigrant Justice Center or another credible organization.

These manuals are intended to provide basic information to give immigrants an understanding of their rights under U.S. law during immigration proceedings or if they are arrested and detained by the Department of Homeland Security. The information in these manuals should not be considered legal advice, and detained immigrants and their loved ones are encouraged to seek qualified legal advice from the National Immigrant Justice Center or another credible organization.

If you do not have a lawyer

If you do not have a lawyer

Idan akwai ya kasance wani tsari bayar domin ku kau ko fitarwa, har yanzu kana da damar domin da ake ji wa mafaka, ko idan ba ka da wani lauya. Ga wasu jagororin ga jerawa neman mafakar siyasa ba tare da wani lauya.

If there has been an order issued for your removal or deportation, you still have a chance for applying for asylum, even if you do not have a lawyer. Here are some guidelines for filing for asylum without a lawyer.

Bayani ga LGBTQ al'umma

Information for the LGBTQ community

A daftarin aiki ne ga mutãne ne mãsu tsõro kõmãwa zuwa ga gida kasashe domin su ne 'yan madigo, gay, bisexual ko transgender (LGBT) da / ko saboda su HIV. Za ka iya samun tsaro da fitarwa idan kun ji tsõron ku zai iya cũtar ko azaba idan kana tura zuwa žasarka. The National Shige da Fice, Justice Center ne samuwa don samar da lauya da kuma samar da doka Miƙa. Za ka iya tuntuɓar da National Shige da Fice, Justice Center at ta kuɗin fito free lamba: (312) 263-0901.

A document is for people who are afraid to return to their home countries because they are lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender (LGBT) and/or due to their HIV status. You may have a defense against deportation if you fear you will be harmed or tortured if you are deported to your home country. The National Immigrant Justice Center is available to provide legal counsel and provide legal referrals. You can contact the National Immigrant Justice Center at its toll free number: (312) 263-0901.

Da ake ji wa 'yan gudun hijira matsayi / mafakar siyasa a kasar a Amurka: matakai da kuma kungiyoyi da cewa taimaka

Applying for refugee status/political asylum in the United States: processes and organizations that help

ASHN aiki tare da rundunõninsa su samar da tsari da kuma zaman jama'a da goyon baya ga hijiran. Runduna hada da wani rukuni gidan a Baltimore, kuma mutane da suka bude wani dakin a cikin gidajensu. Runduna kuma ya fi girma ASHN al'umma samar da zaman jama'a da goyon baya ga abokan ciniki.

ASHN works with hosts to provide shelter and social support for asylum seekers. Hosts include a group house in Baltimore and individuals who open a room in their homes. Hosts and the larger ASHN community provide social support to clients.

Tel: 443-850-0627. Samar da wani nurturing al'umma da kuma da yawa da sabis don neman mafaka asylees, ciki har da hali management, da aikin horo, Turanci azuzuwan, na zaman lafiya da kuma abinci mai gina jiki shirye-shirye Litinin-Alhamis. Bugu da ƙari, Awe samar da tsaka gidaje ga mata da ke neman mafakar siyasa. Service yanki: Baltimore

Tel: 443-850-0627. Provides a nurturing community and many services to asylum seekers and asylees, including case management, employment training, English classes, wellness and nutrition programming Monday-Thursday. Additionally, AWE provides transitional housing to women seeking asylum. Service area: Baltimore

Su pro bono lauyoyi shirin wasannin kyau lauyoyi da mafaka-neman wanda bukatar taimako da kuma ba in ba haka ba su iya iya high quality-lauyoyi.

Their pro bono legal representation program matches good lawyers with asylum-seekers who need help and would not otherwise be able to afford high-quality legal representation.

Tel: 410-230-2700. National kungiyar for migrant da kuma 'yan gudun hijira da bayar da shawarwari da kuma shirye-shirye da cewa aiki tare da wasu ƙungiyoyi da dama a cikin U.S. Su mayar da hankali a kan 'yan gudun hijira sake ma su matsugunni da kuma al'umma hadewa, zabi zuwa tsare for hijiran, iyali sauyin da kuma dauki reno da kulawa ga unaccompanied migrant matasa. Service yanki: Ma'aikata.

Tel: 410-230-2700. National organization for migrant and refugee advocacy and programming that works with many other groups in the U.S. They focus on refugee resettlement and community integration, alternatives to detention for asylum seekers, family reunification and foster care for unaccompanied migrant youth. Service area: Nationwide.

Tel: 1-888-373-7888 ko rubutu "HELP" ko "Info" to BeFree (233733). A kasa, kyauta hotline cewa ya haɗu da fataucin wadanda, professionals, da kuma al'umma members to bayanai da Miƙa, kazalika da albarkatun ga horo kuma fasaha taimako. Service yanki: Ma'aikata.

Tel: 1-888-373-7888 or text “HELP” or “INFO” to BeFree (233733). A national, toll-free hotline that connects trafficking victims, professionals, and community members to information and referrals, as well as resources for training and technical assistance. Service area: Nationwide.

Northwest} i Rights Project yayi ayyuka a cikin al'umma da ilimi, tasiri kai kara, kai tsaye doka sabis, goyon baya ga wadanda suka tsira daga gida tashin hankali da kuma sauran laifuka, mafaka, iyali da sabis, goyon baya ga yara & matasa, dan kasa, tsagaita Action & IF, da kuma ake tsare da kuma fitarwa tsaro.

Northwest Immigrant Rights Project offers services in community education, impact litigation, direct legal services, support for survivors of domestic violence and other crimes, asylum, family services, support for children & youth, citizenship, Deferred Action & DACA, and detention and deportation defense.

Wannan page ya nuna da free ko rage farashi doka ayyuka samuwa a kasashen ko'ina cikin duniya,. Duba for doka sabis a cikin kasar.

This page shows the free or reduced priced legal services available in countries all over the world. Check for legal services in your country.

Anti-zamba gargadi

Anti-fraud warning

Karanta wannan bayanin don kare kanka daga mutane wanda ba real lauyoyi! Akwai mutanen da suka za da'awa ya taimake ka don haka ba za su iya ci gaba da kudi. Koyi yadda za a gane su, kuma ka kare kanka! A} i Legal Resource Center (ILRC) sanya bayanai don kare ka daga zamba. Za ka iya karanta da kuma download da bayanai in English. Ko za ku iya karanta da kuma download da bayanai in Spanish.

Read this information to protect yourself from people who are not real lawyers! There are people who will pretend to help you so they can keep your money. Learn how to recognize them and protect yourself! The Immigrant Legal Resource Center (ILRC) made information to protect you from fraud. You can read and download the information in English. Or you can read and download the information in Spanish.

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