Asilo en América
¿Cómo solicito el asilo? Esta página tiene información para ayudarlo a aprender cómo solicitar asilo.
How do I apply for asylum in the USA? This page has information about what asylum is and how to apply for asylum.
¿Qué es el asilo?
El asilo es cuando recibe protección del gobierno de los Estados Unidos porque no puede regresar de manera segura a su país de origen. Cada año, las personas vienen a los Estados Unidos en busca de protección porque han sufrido persecución o temen ser perseguidos por: raza, religión, nacionalidad, pertenencia a un grupo social en particular u opinión política.
What is asylum?
Esta página está destinada a ayudarlo a comprender más sobre el asilo y a ayudarlo a encontrar recursos si necesita solicitar asilo. Esta página no pretende ser un consejo legal.
Asylum is when you receive protection from the United States government because you cannot safely return to your home country. Every year people come to the USA seeking protection because they have suffered persecution or fear that they will suffer persecution due to: race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion.
¿Cómo solicito asilo?
This page is meant to help you understand more about asylum and to help you find resources if you need to apply for asylum. This page is not intended as legal advice.
Para solicitar asilo, debe estar en los Estados Unidos cuando presente su solicitud. Si llega a los Estados Unidos con una visa válida o con la forma de ingresar a los Estados Unidos, puede ingresar a los Estados Unidos y luego presentar su solicitud de asilo. La mayoría de las veces, debe solicitar el asilo dentro del año posterior a su llegada a los Estados Unidos, aunque puede solicitar una exención.
How do I apply for asylum?
¿Qué pasa si estoy en la frontera de Estados Unidos y México?
To apply for asylum, you need to be in the United States when you apply. If you arrive to the United States with a valid visa or way to enter the United States, you can enter the United States and then submit your asylum application. Most of the time, you must apply for asylum within one year of arriving in the United States, although you can ask for an exemption.
La administración de Trump está actualmente violando la ley internacional y no permitiendo que los solicitantes de asilo entren a los Estados Unidos. Todos los solicitantes de asilo están detenidos en campamentos o centros de detención. Los niños están siendo quitados de sus padres. Lea más información sobre las nuevas reglas para los solicitantes de asilo en la frontera de los EE. UU
What if I am on the US-Mexico border?
The US administration is trying to prevent more people from seeking asylum in the USA. Asylum seekers are being held in camps or detention centers. Children have been taken away from their parents. Read updates for asylum seekers on the US border.
- Documentos de identificación (ejemplos: su pasaporte, certificado o acta de nacimiento, identificación de estudiante, el registro de su casa, tarjeta o carnet nacional de identidad o tarjeta de miembro de algún partido político)
- Documentos de identificación de miembros de su familia que hayan viajado con usted a los Estados Unidos.
- Certificado de matrimonio y si tiene hijos certificado o acta de nacimientos de sus hijos
- Historial académico o escolar (por ejemplo: constancias de estudios, certificados y diplomas)
- Historial médico de hospitalizaciones o tratamientos consecuencia de maltrato o violencia en su país
- Historial o registro de la cárcel o la corte
- Cualquier escrito preliminar de asilo o declaración jurada (declaraciones juradas) que usted haya creado
- Cualquier documento que haya sido llenado en cualquier oficina del gobierno Americano
- Cualquier otro documento(o) que usted considere relevante(s)
In order to get asylum in the US,A it helps your case if you have evidence to prove you were persecuted or abused, and that your government did not protect you. The more evidence you have the better chance you have to win your asylum case to be able to stay in the United States. Be sure to always tell the truth, otherwise you could immediately have your case denied. You also need to be very specific about the details. It is important to spend time remembering exactly what happened, on the exact date. If you make a mistake, the government may think you are lying.
Si usted no puede traer estos documentos consigo mientras escapaba de su país, usted debe venir a contarnos su situación y juntos ver cómo podemos ayudarlo con su caso.
Here are types of evidence that you can use to support your asylum case:
Más recursos sobre cómo solicitar asilo
- Identity documents (i.e. your passport, birth certificate, student identification card, household registry, national identity card, or political party membership card)
- Identity documents of family members who traveled to the United States with you
- Marriage certificate and birth certificates for children
- Academic records (i.e. school records, certificates, and diplomas)
- Medical records from hospitalization or treatment due to mistreatment in home country
- Jail or court records
- Any draft asylum applications or affidavits that you may have created
- Any document that has been filed with any part of the United States government
- Any other documents that you think might be important
If you were not able to bring these documents with you when you fled your home country, that is okay. You can read more later on this page about proving your asylum case without documents.
More resources on our website
Aquí encontrará explicaciones sobre los diferentes tipos de remedios para los que usted podría ser elegible. Aprenda más sobres asilo, negación de remoción, la convención de las Naciones Unidas en contra de la tortura, el proceso de aplicación de asilo, como buscar asilo mientras se encuentra detenido por inmigración, estado especial de inmigrante juvenil y estado temporal protegido.
Visite nuestra página de Pro-Bono Legal Resources and Additional Help para encontrar a alguien que pueda ofrecerle consejo profesional para su caso.
Are you on either side of the United States/Mexico border and not sure what to do next? Are you looking for shelter, legal support, food, and help with claiming asylum? Are you under 18? Here are some organizations that may be able to help provide you with basic necessities and advice for your case.
Resources and information to help you know your rights at the border and as an immigrant in the USA.
Visit our legal resources page to find free or low-cost legal help.
Use our local resource finder to find resources and services near you. First enter your language. Then enter your city. Then choose “resetttlement and asylum.”
Other resources to help you apply for asylum
Mire los siguientes vídeos que pueden ayudarle en su caso
An easy to read, step-by-step explanation with a lot of information on preparing for the asylum application process.
The asylum process, explained by the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services. View the I-589 Application for Asylum and Withholding of Removal. Study the application. You need to fill it out within one year of arriving to the United States.
You might have many questions. Here are some answers for questions asked by people seeking protection in the United States.
The UNHCR pages about how to apply for asylum are in English, French, Spanish and Arabic.
Vídeo “Aplicando por asilo – ganando su caso” Applying for Asylum-Winning your Case Video
Learn more about asylum, withholding of removal, the United Nations Convention against torture, the process for applying for asylum, how to seek asylum while in immigrant detention, special immigrant juvenile status, and temporary protected status.
A presentation about how to put together documents for an asylum case.
What happens during the asylum interview?
In this video, a lawyer pretends to be an asylum officer and asks questions that would normally be asked to you during an interview. This will help you prepare your own answers to the questions they will ask you.
¡Conozca sus derechos!
How can I win my asylum case if I don’t have proof I was harmed?
This video is about how to win an asylum case even if you don’t have proof that you were harmed. It can be done if you can demonstrate that there is a pattern or practice of harm in your country.
Applying for asylum – winning your case
In this video, former Immigration and Naturalization Service Attorney Carl Shusterman talks about how you can win your asylum case through careful preparation.
Several ways an asylum case can be made in the USA
This video has more information about how you could apply and qualify for asylum in the United States.
Know your rights!
These manuals are intended to provide basic information to give immigrants an understanding of their rights under U.S. law during immigration proceedings or if they are arrested and detained by the Department of Homeland Security. The information in these manuals should not be considered legal advice, and detained immigrants and their loved ones are encouraged to seek qualified legal advice from the National Immigrant Justice Center or another credible organization.
Para personas de la comunidad LGBTQ
If you do not have a lawyer
If there has been an order issued for your removal or deportation, you still have a chance for applying for asylum, even if you do not have a lawyer. Here are some guidelines for filing for asylum without a lawyer.
Information for the LGBTQ community
A document is for people who are afraid to return to their home countries because they are lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender (LGBT) and/or due to their HIV status. You may have a defense against deportation if you fear you will be harmed or tortured if you are deported to your home country. The National Immigrant Justice Center is available to provide legal counsel and provide legal referrals. You can contact the National Immigrant Justice Center at its toll free number: (312) 263-0901.
Recursos Legales sin cargo (Pro Bono) y ayuda adicional
Aplicando por estatus de refugiados/asilo político en los Estados Unidos: Procesos y organizaciones que ayudan
Applying for refugee status/political asylum in the United States: processes and organizations that help
ASHN works with hosts to provide shelter and social support for asylum seekers. Hosts include a group house in Baltimore and individuals who open a room in their homes. Hosts and the larger ASHN community provide social support to clients.
Tel: 443-850-0627. Provides a nurturing community and many services to asylum seekers and asylees, including case management, employment training, English classes, wellness and nutrition programming Monday-Thursday. Additionally, AWE provides transitional housing to women seeking asylum. Service area: Baltimore
Their pro bono legal representation program matches good lawyers with asylum-seekers who need help and would not otherwise be able to afford high-quality legal representation.
Tel: 410-230-2700. National organization for migrant and refugee advocacy and programming that works with many other groups in the U.S. They focus on refugee resettlement and community integration, alternatives to detention for asylum seekers, family reunification and foster care for unaccompanied migrant youth. Service area: Nationwide.
Tel: 1-888-373-7888 or text “HELP” or “INFO” to BeFree (233733). A national, toll-free hotline that connects trafficking victims, professionals, and community members to information and referrals, as well as resources for training and technical assistance. Service area: Nationwide.
Northwest Immigrant Rights Project offers services in community education, impact litigation, direct legal services, support for survivors of domestic violence and other crimes, asylum, family services, support for children & youth, citizenship, Deferred Action & DACA, and detention and deportation defense.
This page shows the free or reduced priced legal services available in countries all over the world. Check for legal services in your country.
Read this information to protect yourself from people who are not real lawyers! There are people who will pretend to help you so they can keep your money. Learn how to recognize them and protect yourself! The Immigrant Legal Resource Center (ILRC) made information to protect you from fraud. You can read and download the information in English. Or you can read and download the information in Spanish.
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