Hervestiging in Amerika

Engels ookgeen Engels

Wat gebeur wanneer jy 'n vlugteling in Amerika?

What happens when you are a refugee in America?

Hervestiging in Amerika

Resettlement in America

Aankoms in die Verenigde State

Arriving in the United States

Wanneer jy die eerste keer kom in die Verenigde State van Amerika, Jy sal waarskynlik word begroet by die lughawe deur vrywilligers uit jou hervestiging Agentskap. Hulle sal jou neem na jou woonstel. Die organisasie wat is om jou te help het slegs 'n klein hoeveelheid geld te vind jy 'n plek om te woon. Dit beteken die woonstel is dalk klein en dalk 'n paar dinge in dit het net. Amerikaanse gesinne geskenk waarskynlik huishoudelike items, soos 'n bed en tafel, vir jou woonstel.

When you first arrive in the United States, you will probably be greeted at the airport by volunteers from your resettlement agency. They will take you to your apartment. The organization that is helping you only has a small amount of money to find you a place to live. This means the apartment might be small and might only have a few things in it. American families probably donated household items, such as a bed and table, for your apartment.

Jy sal moet leer hoe om die nuwe items in jou woonstel – byvoorbeeld, jou yskas, mikrogolf en wasmasjien. Hierdie bladsy op basiese vaardighede het inligting om jou te help leer hoe om hierdie items gebruik. Jy kan hierdie bladsy te besoek leer oor kos en eet in die VSA.

You will have to learn how to use the new items in your apartment – for example, your fridge, microwave and washing machine. This page on basic skills has information to help you learn how to use these items. You can visit this page to learn about food and eating in the USA.

Jou caseworker

Your caseworker

Nadat jy opdaag, Jy sal toegeken word aan 'n caseworker. Hierdie persoon sal help aanpas by die VSA. Jou caseworker sal waarskynlik baie besig om te help om ander gesinne word, ook. Jou caseworker moet volg die baie reëls van vlugteling hervestiging. Dit is belangrik om te handhaaf 'n goeie verhouding met jou caseworker.

After you arrive, you will be assigned to a caseworker. This person will help you adjust to the USA. Your caseworker will probably be very busy helping other families, too. Your caseworker must follow the many rules of refugee resettlement. It is important to maintain a good relationship with your caseworker.

Jy sal moet 'n klomp papierwerk voltooi. Hierdie papierwerk is nodig vir jou om geld te kry. Afhangende van watter toestand jy leef, Jy sal 'n klein hoeveelheid geld ontvang vir jou gesin. Dit is sogenaamde vlugtelinge kontant bystand of dit dalk genoem word tydelike hulp vir behoeftige gesinne. Jy sal waarskynlik ook ontvang iets genaamd "kos seëls" of SNAP. Dit is om te betaal vir kruideniersware. Jy kan meer inligting oor die voordele wat jy kan ontvang op hierdie bladsy op openbare voordele.

You will have to complete a lot of paperwork. This paperwork is required for you to receive money. Depending on what state you live in, you will receive a small amount of money for your family. This might be called Refugee Cash Assistance or it might be called Temporary Assistance for Needy Families. You will probably also receive something called “food stamps” or SNAP. This is to pay for groceries. You can learn more about the benefits you might receive at this page on public benefits.

Mediese eksamen

Medical exams

Almal in jou familie sal moet kry mediese ondersoeke. Jy waarskynlik het 'n mediese eksamen voordat jy na Amerika gekom. Jy en jou kinders kan moes kry inentings om te verhoed dat jy siektes. Leer meer oor gesondheidsorg in die VSA, besoek dit bladsy op die Amerikaanse mediese stelsel. As jy 'n mediese probleem het, Jy moet 'n dokter sien gedurende die eerste agt maande jy is in die VSA, want jy het goeie mediese versekering.

Everyone in your family will have to get medical examinations. You probably had a medical exam before you came to America. You and your children may have to get vaccinations to prevent you from getting diseases. To learn more about healthcare in the US, visit this page on the US medical system. If you have a medical problem, you should see a doctor during the first eight months you are in the US, because you have good medical insurance.

Leerderliggaam jou kinders in die skool

Enrolling your children in school

As jy kinders het, Jy moet hulle in skool inskryf. Jy kan hierdie bladsy lees op openbare skole Leer meer oor Amerikaanse skole. Die meeste state vereis dat kinders ouderdomme 5 om 18 skool bywoon.

If you have children, you must enroll them in school. You can read this page on public schools to learn more about US schools. Most states require children ages 5 to 18 to attend school.

Wil jy dalk, of behoefte, jonger kinders om aan te stuur voorskool. Daar is ook gratis programme genoem HeadStart en vroeë Headstart vir kinders wat te jonk vir skool.

You may want, or need, to send younger children to preschool. There are also free programs called HeadStart and early Headstart for children who are too young for school.

Om 'n werk te vind

Finding a job

Jou hervestiging Agentskap en geval Bestuurder sal help kry 'n werk. As 'n vlugteling, Jy kan begin werk onmiddellik deur die inskrywing stempel op jou paspoort toon. Die doel van die VSA hervestiging program is "selfversorging." Dit beteken die regering wil hê jy moet 'n werk kry so gou as jy kan. Jy sal waarskynlik moet neem die eerste werk jy aangebied. Jy mag dalk nie wil het hierdie werk. Dit is belangrik om te onthou dat jy kan hou op soek na 'n beter werk. Leer meer oor die vind van 'n werk of om 'n beter werk te kry, Jy kan besoek ons loopbaan bladsy.

Your resettlement agency and case manager will help you get a job. As a refugee, you can start working immediately by showing the entry stamp on your passport. The goal of the US resettlement program is “self-sufficiency.” This means the government wants you to get a job as soon as you can. You will probably be required to take the first job you are offered. You might not want to have this job. It is important to remember that you can keep looking for a better job. To learn more about finding a job or getting a better job, you can visit our career page.

Kry 'n maatskaplike sekuriteit nommer

Getting a Social Security number

Jy het ook om aansoek te doen vir 'n Sosiale sekerheid nommer. Jou caseworker sal waarskynlik help doen dit. Dit is 'n syfer wat wys jy kan woon in die VSA. Wanneer jy werk, Sommige van jou geld is geneem uit jou salaris as belastings en sommige vir sosiale sekuriteit.

You also have to apply for a Social Security number. Your caseworker will probably help you do this. This is a number that shows you can live in the US. When you work, some of your money is taken out of your paycheck as taxes and some for social security.

Leer hoe om te ry

Learn how to drive

Jy sal moet leer hoe om te neem die bus of hoe om te ry. In die VSA, Jy moet 'n toets slaag en verdien jou Bestuurder se lisensie te ry. Jy moet ook betaal vir jou motor, versekering vir jou kar, en die koste van instandhouding.

You will need to learn how to take the bus or how to drive. In the US, you must pass a test and earn your driver’s license in order to drive. You also have to pay for your car, insurance for your car, and the cost of maintenance.

leer Engels

Learn English

Dit is baie belangrik dat jy fokus op leer Engels. Dit is waarskynlik die belangrikste ding wat jy kan doen om jou te help jou familie succeed. Jou hervestiging Agentskap sal waarskynlik teken jy vir Engelse klasse. Jy kan ook neem Engelse klasse aanlyn of vind klasse by ander plekke in jou gemeenskap. Dit is ook belangrik om te probeer om jou te help jou kinders leer jou moedertaal.

It is very important that you focus on learning English. This is probably the most important thing you can do to help your family succeed. Your resettlement agency will probably sign you up for English classes. You can also take English classes online or find classes at other places in your community. It is also important to try to help your kids learn your native language.

Aanpas by Amerikaanse kultuur

Adjust to American culture

Gedurende al hierdie tyd, Jy sal ook leer om aan te pas om Amerikaanse kultuur. Jy kan in die gesig staar kultuurskok. Dit is belangrik dat jy onthou jy kultuur is waardevol en dat jy bring baie van bates met jou na die Verenigde State. Jy kan help leer Amerikaners oor jou kultuur.

During all of this time, you will also be learning to adapt to American culture. You may face culture shock. It is important that you remember you culture is valuable and that you bring lots of assets with you to the United States. You can help teach Americans about your culture.

Na een jaar, kry 'n groen kaart

After one year, get a Green Card

Een jaar nadat jy in die VSA aangekom het, Jy kan aansoek doen vir permanente tert ('n groen kaart). Jou caseworker sal waarskynlik jou help om geld.

One year after you have arrived in the US, you can apply for permanent residency (a green card). Your caseworker will probably help you apply.

Na die eerste jaar, Jy sal waarskynlik ophou om jou geval werker. maar, Daar is nog baie ander organisasies en mense wat jou kan help om in die VSA. As jy moet help om programme te vind in jou gemeenskap, Jy kan soek ons databasis van hulpbronne In jou stad.

After the first year, you will probably stop seeing your case worker. But, there are still lots of other organizations and people that can help you in the US. If you need help finding programs in your community, you can search our database of resources In Your City.

Beweeg na 'n nuwe stad

Moving to a new city

soms, vlugtelinge besluit hulle hou nie die Stad hulle was resettled en hulle wil skuif na 'n nuwe Stad. Terwyl daar kan word voordele om dit as jy kan nader beweeg aan familie of vriende of iewers met 'n goeie werk, Dit kan ook baie moeilik wees. Dit is belangrik om te weet dat wanneer jy beweeg, Jy moet weer aansoek doen vir jou voordele. As jy dink oor dit beweeg na 'n nuwe plek, Lees asseblief hierdie bladsy op beweeg na 'n nuwe Stad voor jy skuif.

Sometimes, refugees decide they do not like the city they were resettled and they want to move to a new city. While there can be benefits to this if you can move closer to family or friends or somewhere with a good job, it can also be very hard. It is important to know that when you move, you have to reapply for your benefits. If you are thinking about moving to a new place, please read this page on moving to a new city before you move.

Hoërskool voltooi en verdien jou GED

Finish high school and earn your GED

Na jou eerste jaar, ten einde 'n beter werk kry, moet jy dalk ook klaar jou opvoeding, veral as jy het nie Hoërskool in jou land klaar. Die RCO het 'n gratis program om jou te help verdien jou Hoërskool equivalency diploma. Jy kan hierdie bladsy om meer te leer oor besoek Kollege en ander opvoedkundige geleenthede in die VSA.

After your first year, in order to get a better job, you may also need to finish your education, especially if you did not finish high school in your country. The RCO has a free program to help you earn your high school equivalency diploma. You can visit this page to learn more about college and other educational opportunities in the USA.

Bring jou gesin na die Verenigde State

Bring your family to the United States

Jy kan ook wil toepas op ander familielede na Amerika bring. Oor die algemeen, Jy moet toepas om dit te doen binne die eerste twee jaar jy kom na die VSA. Jy kan hierdie bladsy op besoek familie reunification Kom meer te wete of praat met jou caseworker oor dit.

You may also want to apply to bring other family members to America. In general, you need to apply to do this within the first two years you come to the USA. You can visit this page on family reunification to learn more or talk to your caseworker about it.

As jy meer vrae het oor jou eerste jaar in Amerika, besoek asseblief ons aanlyn forums sodat jy kan vrae vra.

If you have more questions about your first year in America, please visit our online forums so you can ask questions.

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