Ken jou regte as 'n vlugteling in die Verenigde State van Amerika

Engels ookgeen Engels



Hierdie inligting is bedoel om jou te voed oor jou regte. Dit moet nie in enige manier beskou regsadvies. Ons bedoeling is vir mense om voorbereid te wees en nie bang nie.

This information is meant to educate you about your rights. It should not be in any way considered legal advice. Our intention is for people to be prepared and NOT scared.

  • Nie-VS. burgers, insluitende wettige permanente inwoners, vlugtelinge en asylees, oor die algemeen het dieselfde regte as burgers.
  • As jy glo dat jou regte geskend, jy 'n prokureur moet praat.
  • As jy of jou familie lede is ooit 'n behoefte aan noodbystand, dadelik 911.
  • Non-U.S. citizens, including lawful permanent residents, refugees and asylees, generally have the same rights as citizens.
  • If you believe your rights have been violated, you should talk to a lawyer.
  • If you or your family members are ever in need of emergency assistance, immediately call 911.

inleiding

Introduction

Ons leef in moeilike tye. Onlangse optrede teen vlugtelinge hervestiging, vlugtelinge en immigrante in die Verenigde State van Amerika het vrees en bekommernisse geskep vir baie. Elkeen het regte, insluitend vlugtelinge, asielsoekers, asylees, immigrante, wettige permanente inwoners (groen kaarthouers), VS. burgers, en individue in die Verenigde State van Amerika sonder status.

We are living in difficult times. Recent actions against refugee resettlement, refugees and immigrants in the United States have created fear and concerns for many. Everyone has rights, including refugees, asylum seekers, asylees, immigrants, lawful permanent residents (green card holders), U.S. citizens, and individuals in the United States without status.

Ons almal verdien om behandel te word met waardigheid en respek, ongeag van waar ons is of hoe ons bid. Ons het almal regte. Hierdie hulpbron is bedoel om vlugtelinge met dringend nodig inligting verskaf. Jy moet ken jou regte in reaksie op die belangrike kwessies waarmee ons gemeenskappe. Hierdie skakel is nie bedoel om vrees vir wetstoepassing entiteite skep. Dit is belangrik om te verstaan ​​dat nooddiens personeel (polisie, mediese personeel, en brandbestryders) is beskikbaar vir enige persoon help in 'n noodgeval. altyd 'n beroep 911 in 'n noodgeval. Ken jou regte - regte van vlugtelinge.

We all deserve to be treated with dignity and respect, regardless of where we are from or how we pray. We all have rights. This resource is meant to provide refugees with urgently needed information. You must know your rights in response to the important issues facing our communities. This resource is not intended to create fear of law enforcement entities. It is important to understand that emergency service personnel (police, medical personnel, and firefighters) are available to help any person in an emergency. Always call 911 in an emergency. Know your rights – refugee rights.

Jou regte by die huis

Your rights at home

Wat gebeur as die federale agente gekom om my huis met my praat?

What if federal agents come to my home to talk to me?

Daar is verslae van agente van die Federal Bureau of Investigation was (FBI) en / of die Departement van Binnelandse Veiligheid (DHS) besoek vlugtelinge se huise om met hulle te praat.

There have been reports of agents from the Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI) and/or the Department of Homeland Security (DHS) visiting refugees’ homes to talk to them.

Hier is wat jy kan doen as iemand probeer om jou huis te betree:

Here is what you can do if someone tries to enter your home:

Moenie die deur oopmaak

Do not open the door

Immigrasie handhawing of die FBI kan nie in jou huis kom sonder 'n lasbrief. As 'n lasbrief word, check die datum en handtekening. As dit is onderteken deur 'n regter en die datum is geldig, jy moet hulle in laat en kan jou reg om te swyg uitoefen. As 'n lasbrief nie aangebied, hulle kan net kom in as jy of iemand anders hulle nooi in.

Immigration enforcement or the FBI can’t come into your home without a warrant. If a warrant is presented, check the date and signature. If it is signed by a judge and the date is valid, you must let them in and can exercise your right to remain silent. If a warrant is not presented, they can only come in if you or someone else invites them in.

Moenie praat nie

Do not speak

In Amerika, jy het die reg om stil te bly en niks gesê nie by die polisie. Enigiets wat jy sê kan en sal teen jou gebruik word in die hof. Jy kan jou vertel die agente, “Ek pleit die vyfde amendement” en praat nie.

In America, you have the right to be silent and not say anything to the police. Anything you say can and will be used against you in court. You can tell the agents, “I plead the Fifth Amendment” and do not speak.

Bel 'n prokureur

Call a lawyer

Jy kan 'n pro-bono prokureur op soek Immigrationlawhelp.org. Of jy kan bel jou plaaslike ACLU.

You can find a pro-bono lawyer on Immigrationlawhelp.org. Or you can call your local ACLU.

Moenie enigiets teken

Do not sign anything

Moenie jou naam nie teken op enige papiere sonder om te praat om 'n prokureur.

Don’t sign your name on any papers without talking to a lawyer.

Bly sterk

Stay strong

Kry 'n betroubare prokureur. ook, vra jou gemeenskap om te pleit vir jou. As jy in hegtenis geneem, jy mag in staat wees om borgtog te kry en vrygelaat. Moenie moed opgee.

Get a trustworthy lawyer. Also, ask your community to advocate for you. If you are detained, you may be able to get bail and be released. Don’t give up hope.

onthou: jy het die reg om te kies enige vrae te beantwoord.

Remember: you have the right to choose not to answer any questions.

Jou reg om te reis

Your right to travel

Kan ek nog reis buite die VS. met vlugtelingstatus of 'n groen kaart?

Can I still travel outside of the U.S. with refugee status or a green card?

Ons beveel aan individue uit ses lande - Sirië, Iran, Soedan, Somalië, Jemen en Libië - reis nie op hierdie tyd, tensy dit 'n uiters dringende of 'n noodgeval.

We recommend individuals from six countries – Syria, Iran, Sudan, Somalia, Yemen and Libya – do not travel at this time, unless it is extremely urgent or an emergency.

  • Daar is 'n hoë risiko van reis buite die Verenigde State van Amerika vir individue wat ons nie het burgerskap.
  • As jy of jou geliefdes is buite die Verenigde State van Amerika en van plan is om terug te keer, moet jy hier in die VSA kontak 'n prokureur voordat hulle op jou reis. Die persoon reis moet seker maak om al hul dokumente, insluitend 'n paspoort, groen kaart, of reis vlugteling dokument.
  • Vlugtelinge wat doen nie 'n groen kaart of Amerikaanse burgerskap moet nie te reis buite die VSA in hierdie tyd vir een of ander rede, selfs al is jy nie van die ses vernoem lande.
  • Wetstoepassers op die lughawe en by die hawe van inskrywings het die gesag om 'n "roetine search" uit te voer van alle bagasie en om jou vrae vra oor jou burgerskap en reisplan. As jy gekies vir 'n sekondêre onderhoud by die lughawe, jy het die reg om te vra vir 'n prokureur. Baie prokureurs maak hulself gratis beskikbaar vir hierdie doel.
  • As jy of iemand wat jy ken is in hegtenis geneem, jy moet kontak: airport@refugeerights.org, roep jou plaaslike ACLU, en rapporteer oor jou ervaring met behulp van hierdie vorm.
  • There is a high risk of traveling outside of the United States for individuals who do not have US citizenship.
  • If you or your loved ones are outside the United States and are planning to return, you should contact an attorney here in the US before embarking on your journey. The person traveling should make sure to have all their documents, including a passport, green card, or refugee travel document.
  • Refugees who do not have a green card or US citizenship should not travel outside of the US at this time for any reason, even if you are not from the six named countries.
  • Law enforcement officers at the airport and at port of entries have the authority to conduct a “routine search” of all luggage and to ask you questions about your citizenship and travel itinerary. If you are selected for a secondary interview at the airport, you have the right to ask for a lawyer. Many lawyers are making themselves available free of charge for this purpose.
  • If you or someone you know is detained, you should contact: airport@refugeerights.org, call your local ACLU, and report about your experience using this form.

onthou: jy sal nodig hê om jou dokumente saam te bring wanneer jy reis.

Remember: you will need to bring your documents with you when you travel.

Jou reg om veilig in jou gemeenskap

Your right to be safe in your community

Wat gebeur as ek 'n slagoffer van teistering in my huis of buurt?

What if I am a victim of harassment in my home or neighborhood?

  • Jou vlugtelingstatus verleen jy regstatus in die Verenigde State van Amerika, en jy het die reg om dieselfde behandeling as burgers van die VSA ontvang.
  • Jou plaaslike polisie is daar om jou te dien as 'n lid van die gemeenskap en jou te beskerm wanneer jy dit nodig het. As jy die slagoffer van 'n misdaad, jy moet onmiddellik die polisie te bel: 911.
  • As jy voel dat jy in gevaar, of as iemand wat dreigemente teen jou of jou familie, Moenie probeer om met hulle te praat of te konfronteer hulle. Jy moet dadelik die polisie te bel op die nommer 911.
  • As jy bekommerd is oor jou veiligheid, praat met iemand by jou vlugteling hervestiging agentskap of 'n prokureur.
  • As jy jou mening of iemand wat jy ken het 'n slagoffer van 'n misdaad is of teen gediskrimineer as gevolg van jou godsdiens, nasionaliteit, of groeplidmaatskap, moet jy ook rapporteer dit by: https://www.splcenter.org/reporthate.
  • Your refugee status grants you legal status in the United States, and you have the right to receive the same treatment as US citizens.
  • Your local police are there to serve you as a member of the community and protect you when you need it. If you are the victim of a crime, you should immediately call the police: 911.
  • If you feel that you are in danger, or if someone is making threats against you or your family, do not try to talk to them or confront them. You should immediately call the police by dialing 911.
  • If you are worried about your safety, talk to someone at your refugee resettlement agency or to a lawyer.
  • If you believe you or someone you know has been a victim of a crime or discriminated against because of your religion, nationality, or group membership, you should also report it at: https://www.splcenter.org/reporthate.

onthou: oproep 911 As jy of iemand wat jy ken is in gevaar.

Remember: call 911 if you or someone you know is in danger.

Jou reg om jou godsdiens te beoefen

Your right to practice your religion

Kan ek my geloof te beoefen sonder enige vrees vir geviktimiseer?

Can I practice my faith without any fear of being victimized?

Jy het 'n grondwetlike reg om jou godsdiens te beoefen. Jy het die reg om te gaan na 'n plek van aanbidding, bywoon en preke en godsdienstige lesings hoor, deelneem aan gemeenskapsaktiwiteite, en bid in die openbaar. As jy ervaar godsdienstige diskriminasie of geteiken as gevolg van godsdiens, jy kan kontak Cair.

You have a constitutional right to practice your religion. You have the right to go to a place of worship, attend and hear sermons and religious lectures, participate in community activities, and pray in public. If you experience religious discrimination or are targeted because of religion, you can contact CAIR.

onthou: die wet is aan jou kant om jou te beskerm.

Remember: the law is on your side to protect you.

Jou reg om te pleit vir jou gemeenskap

Your right to advocate for your community

As 'n vlugteling, jy is 'n baie belangrike advokaat. Jou stem kan 'n groot impak hê omdat jy 'n vlugteling. Jy het die reg om:

As a refugee, you are a very important advocate. Your voice can have a great impact because you are a refugee. You have the right to:

  • Bel en ontmoet met verkose amptenare in jou dorp, staat, en in die Kongres om 'n verhouding te ontwikkel, op te voed hulle oor jou bydrae tot die gemeenskap, en soek hul steun vir vlugtelinge hervestiging en kwessies jy omgee.
  • Deel jou storie as 'n vlugteling te help omskep die publiek verhaal oor vlugtelinge.
  • Aan te sluit diverse stemme soos hervestiging personeel, geloof leiers, werkgewers, militêre veterane, ander leiers van vlugtelinge, en ondersteunende lede van die gemeenskap tot aksie saam te neem.
  • Call and meet with elected officials in your town, state, and in Congress to develop a relationship, educate them about your contribution to the community, and seek their support for refugee resettlement and issues you care about.
  • Share your story as a refugee to help transform the public narrative about refugees.
  • Join diverse voices such as resettlement staff, faith leaders, employers, military veterans, other refugee leaders, and supportive community members to take action together.

onthou: jou stem sake.

Remember: your voice matters.

Wettige permanente inwoners wat beskuldig word van misdade

Lawful permanent residents who are accused of crimes

As jy nog nie 'n burger en jy is in hegtenis geneem of beskuldig van 'n misdaad, maak seker dat jou prokureur verstaan ​​jou immigrasie status omdat minder ernstige oortredings kan lei tot deportasie vir nie-burgers van die VSA. Pleit skuldig as deel van 'n pleitooreenkoms kan jou wetlike status in gevaar stel en kan uiteindelik lei tot verwydering.

If you are not yet a citizen and you are arrested or accused of a crime, make sure your lawyer understands your immigration status because minor offenses can result in deportation for non-US citizens. Pleading guilty as part of a plea bargain can jeopardize your legal status and could eventually lead to removal.

As jy 'n kriminele skuldigbevinding op jou rekord, Dit word aanbeveel dat jy kontak 'n prokureur om al jou opsies te verstaan. As jy in staat is om te kry 'n "opsy gesit" of "verdryf" jou oortuiging, dit kan jou rekord skoon te maak, maar die wette is anders in elke staat, so dit is die beste om 'n prokureur oor hierdie vrae te raadpleeg.

If you have a criminal conviction on your record, it is recommended that you contact a lawyer to understand all your options. If you are able to get a “set aside” or “expunge” your conviction, this could clear your record, but the laws are different in each state, so it is best to consult a lawyer about these questions.

onthou: praat met 'n prokureur as jy daarvan beskuldig dat selfs 'n klein misdaad.

Remember: talk to a lawyer if you are accused of even a minor crime.

Jou regte as jy 'n onderhoud deur 'n federale agent

Your rights if you are interviewed by a federal agent

Agente van die FBI of DHS kan soek met jou te praat. Jy het die reg om te weier om 'n onderhoud, maar dit kan met agterdog bejeën. Praat met jou prokureur of verteenwoordiger van jou hervestiging agentskap eerste oor die onderhoud versoek.

Agents from the FBI or DHS may seek to talk with you. You have the right to decline to be interviewed, but this can be viewed with suspicion. Talk to your lawyer or representative from your resettlement agency first about the interview request.

As jy saam met 'n onderhoud:

If you agree to an interview:

  • Jy het die reg om 'n prokureur teenwoordig te hê. Vind regsdienste by https://cliniclegal.org/directory of http://www.ailalawyer.org/.
  • Jy kan die tyd kies en plaas vir die onderhoud.
  • Jy kan versoek om te weet wat die vrae sal wees by die onderhoud en het 'n tolk teenwoordig.
  • Moenie enige vals inligting nie gee tydens jou onderhoud. Jy hoef nie al die vrae wat jy gevra word beantwoord, as jy nie gemaklik.
  • As jy wag vir jou familielid te hervestig na die VS, dit kan langer neem, maar hulle het nog steeds dieselfde geleentheid om aansoek te doen vir hervestiging.
  • You have the right to have an attorney present. Find legal services at https://cliniclegal.org/directory or http://www.ailalawyer.org/.
  • You can choose the time and place for the interview.
  • You can request to know what the questions will be at the interview and have an interpreter present.
  • Do not give any false information during your interview. You do not have to answer all the questions you are asked, if you are not comfortable.
  • If you are waiting for your family member to be resettled to the U.S., it may take longer, but they still have the same opportunity to apply for resettlement.

onthou: Jy moenie vals inligting gee tydens jou onderhoud. Dit sal 'n kriminele oortreding beskou word en kan lei tot negatiewe gevolge.

Remember: you MUST NOT give false information during your interview. It will be considered a criminal offense and may result in negative consequences.

Bewus te wees van wetstoepassing toesig

Be aware of law enforcement surveillance

verstrikking

Entrapment

Verstrikking is 'n praktyk waarvolgens 'n wetstoepassingsbeampte veroorsaak 'n persoon aan 'n kriminele oortreding begaan wat die persoon anders onwaarskynlik dat pleeg mag gewees het. Sedert onderdak agente soms Moslem of immigrante gemeenskappe te monitor, Dit is belangrik om altyd in stand te hou bewustheid en bewustheid situasie, hou getrou aan jou waardes, en nie gelok word in aktiwiteite wat onwettig kan wees.

Entrapment is a practice whereby a law enforcement officer induces a person to commit a criminal offense that the person may have otherwise been unlikely to commit. Since undercover agents sometimes may monitor Muslim or immigrant communities, it is important to always maintain situational awareness and consciousness, hold true to your values, and not be lured into activities that could be illegal.

toesig

Surveillance

Jy en jou gesin kan een of ander vorm van toesig ervaar. Die doel van toesig is om inligting in te samel en die tegnieke kan gekategoriseer word in drie tipes: koverte, openlike, en elektroniese toesig:

You and your families may experience some form of surveillance. The purpose of surveillance is to gather information and the techniques can be categorized into three types: covert, overt, and electronic surveillance:

  • koverte toesig is wanneer die individu nie in staat is om iemand inligtingversameling op te spoor op hulle. Dit kan gedoen word deur die individu op 'n afstand, soek deur vullis houers links van openbare eiendom, en die gebruik van mikrofone om in te luister op gesprekke.
  • Openlike toesig is sigbaar en is dit wat die meeste gerapporteer deur gemeenskappe vlugteling. Hierdie tipe van toesig kan bereik word deur klop op die deure en vrae te vra, openlik praat met bure, ens.
  • elektroniese toesig fokus op die monitering internet, webblaaie, en die gebruik van luister toestelle. algehele, toesig is 'n regsproses wat deur plaaslike, staat, en federale wetstoepassing. Die spesifieke wette en regulasies wissel van staat tot staat en dit word aanbeveel met 'n prokureur te praat as jy voel jy is onder toesig.
  • Covert surveillance is when the individual is not able to detect someone gathering information on them. This can be done by following the individual from a distance, searching through garbage receptacles left of public property, and using microphones to listen in on conversations.
  • Overt surveillance is visible and is what is being most frequently reported by refugee communities. This type of surveillance can be accomplished by knocking on doors and asking questions, openly talking to neighbors, etc.
  • Electronic surveillance focuses on monitoring internet, website pages, and using listening devices. Overall, surveillance is a legal process used by local, state, and federal law enforcement. The specific laws and regulations vary from state to state and it is advised to speak with a lawyer if you feel you are under surveillance.

Monitering van die internet aktiwiteite

Monitoring of internet activities

Wees versigtig om nie na webwerwe wat ekstremistiese ideologie mag inhou of betrokke te raak in die aanlyn gesprekke met ander mense wat radikaal sienings mag inhou besoek.

Be careful not to visit websites that might hold extremist ideologies or engage in online conversations with others who might hold radical views.

Daar is dikwels 'n generasie gaping tussen hoe ouers is gewoond aan die gebruik van die internet en hoe kinders of jongmense gebruik sosiale media. Praat met jou kinders en tieners oor wat gepas web sites om te besoek en wat jy hulle verwag om te verhoed dat. Monitor jou kinders en aktiwiteit tieners se aanlyn en hulle aan te moedig om nie te webtuistes besoek of deelneem aan online aktiwiteit wat as problematies kan word waargeneem. Oorweeg om riglyne voor die tyd of selfs die gebruik van sagteware wat hulle gebruik kan beperk (sien hulpbronne hier). Daar is programme wat jy kan gebruik soos Teensafe wat kan help ouers hul kinders se selfoon aktiwiteite op te spoor.

There is often a generation gap between how parents are accustomed to using the internet and how children or youth use social media. Talk to your children and teenagers about what are appropriate internet sites to visit and what you expect them to avoid. Monitor your children and teenagers’ activity online and encourage them not to visit websites or participate in online activity that could be perceived as problematic. Consider setting guidelines ahead of time or even using software that can restrict their use (see resources here). There are apps you can use such as Teensafe that can help parents track their children’s cell phone activities.

onthou: Dit is belangrik om versigtig oor wat webwerwe wat jy besoek om te wees. Moenie webwerwe met uitsig ekstremistiese besoek omdat die regering kon dink jy is verbind tot terrorisme.

Remember: it is important to be careful about what websites you visit. Do not visit sites with extremist views because the government could think you are connected to terrorism.

Bykomende inligting en hulpbronne

Additional information and resources

Daar is baie organisasies wat nuttige inligting en hulpbronne oor jou regte en maniere om jouself te hou bied, jou familie, en jou gemeenskap veilig. Ongelukkig, Daar is ook gerugte en vals inligting wat sirkuleer op sosiale media en aanlyn-gemeenskappe, sowel as swendelary wat probeer om voordeel te trek uit die vlugtelinge en ander immigrante neem. Maak asseblief seker dat jy inligting van geloofwaardige bronne te soek, veral wanneer jy soek vir inligting aanlyn.

There are many organizations that offer helpful information and resources about your rights and ways to keep yourself, your family, and your community safe. Unfortunately, there are also rumors and false information circulating on social media and online communities, as well as scams that seek to take advantage of refugees and other immigrants. Please make sure that you seek information from credible sources, especially when searching for information online.

'N paar goeie aanlyn hulpbronne sluit:

Some good online resources include:

Baie dankie aan Kerk World Service vir die voorbereiding van hierdie materiaal om vlugtelinge te help KEN JOU REGTE – vlugtelingstatus. Jy kan hierdie inligting af te laai as 'n PDF van Greateras1.org.

Thank you to Church World Service for preparing these materials to help refugees KNOW YOUR RIGHTS – REFUGEE RIGHTS. You can download this information as a PDF from Greateras1.org.

Church World Service know your rights for refugees

Church World Service know your rights for refugees

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